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Binarize

Binarize is going to be an efficient, small and flexible binary serialization format. It will support serialization of dynamic objects, like lists or Hashtables as well as custom objects. It's still under heavy development and cannot be considered stable.

Example

class TestEnum(enum.Enum):
    TEST1 = 'string'
    TEST2 = ('tuple', 1, 2, 3)

class Test1(binarize.Structure):
    field1 = binarize.UINT8
    field2 = binarize.STRING(size=20)
    field3 = binarize.UUID

class Test2(Test1):
    field4 = TestEnum
    
class Test3(binarize.Structure):
    test2 = Test2
    abc = binarize.STRING(size=3)
<Structure:Test1 [<Field name="field1", type="<Primitive:UINT8>">,
                  <Field name="field2", type="<Primitive:STRING, size=20>">,
                  <Field name="field3", type="<Primitive:UUID>">]>
<Structure:Test2 [<Field name="field1", type="<Primitive:UINT8>">,
                  <Field name="field2", type="<Primitive:STRING, size=20>">,
                  <Field name="field3", type="<Primitive:UUID>">,
                  <Field name="field4", type="<Enum:TestEnum>">]>
<Structure:Test3 [<Field name="test2", type="<StructureType:Test2 [
                      <Field name="field1", type="<Primitive:UINT8>">,
                      <Field name="field2", type="<Primitive:STRING, size=20>">,
                      <Field name="field3", type="<Primitive:UUID>">,
                      <Field name="field4", type="<Enum:TestEnum>">]>">,
                  <Field name="abc", type="<Primitive:STRING, size=3>">]>

<Structure:Test1 field1="34", field2="abcdef",
                 field3="3550d7e7-ec96-4b09-a233-8ab2e11e4230">
--> b'"abcdef              5P\xd7\xe7\xec\x96K\t\xa23\x8a\xb2\xe1\x1eB0'

<Structure:Test2 field1="255", field2="abc123",
                 field3="65501639-9f0c-4faf-8f55-11e568d7b6f5",
                 field4="TestEnum.TEST2">
--> (b'\xffabc123              eP\x169\x9f\x0cO\xaf\x8fU\x11\xe5h\xd7\xb6\xf5'
     b'\x01')
     
<Structure:Test3 test2="<Structure:Test2 field1="255", field2="abc123",
                            field3="65501639-9f0c-4faf-8f55-11e568d7b6f5",
                            field4="TestEnum.TEST2">",
                 abc="abc">
--> (b'\xffabc123              eP\x169\x9f\x0cO\xaf\x8fU\x11\xe5h\xd7\xb6\xf5'
     b'\x01abc')

Specification

Dynamic Serialization Format

Constructor Codes:
0b000           -> Positive 5-Bit Integer
0b001           -> Negative 5-Bit Integer
0b010           -> String (5-Bit Length)
0b011           -> Bytes (5-Bit Length)
0b100           -> List (5-Bit Length)
0b101           -> Hashtable (5-Bit Length)
0b110
     00         -> Fixed Width Integer
       00           -> 8-Bit Integer
         0              -> Positive
         1              -> Negative
       01           -> 16-Bit Integer
         0              -> Positive
         1              -> Negative
       10           -> 32-Bit Integer
         0              -> Positive
         1              -> Negative
       11           -> 64-Bit Integer
         0              -> Positive
         1              -> Negative
     01
       000      -> Float (32-Bit)
       001      -> Double (64-Bit)
       010      -> 32-Bit Decimal
       011      -> 64-Bit Decimal
       100      -> 128-Bit Decimal
       101      -> True
       110      -> False
       111      -> None
     10
       00       -> Variable Length Integer
         0          -> Positive
         1          -> Negative
       01
         0      -> UUID
         1      -> END
       10
         0      -> IPV4
         1      -> IPV6
       11
         0      -> DATE
         1      -> TIME
     11
       0        -> String
        00          -> 8-Bit Length
        01          -> 16-Bit Length
        10          -> 32-Bit Length
        11          -> 64-Bit Length
       1        -> Bytes
        00          -> 8-Bit Length
        01          -> 16-Bit Length
        10          -> 32-Bit Length
        11          -> 64-Bit Length
0b111
     0
      0
       000      -> DATETIME
       001      -> Regular Expression
       010      -> POINTER
       ...      -> reserved
      1
       0        -> Described Type
        00          -> 8-Bit Integer
        01          -> 16-Bit Integer
        10          -> 8-Bit Name
        11          -> 16-Bit Name
       1        -> Custom Type
        00          -> by 8-Bit Integer
        01          -> by 16-Bit Integer
        10          -> by Name (8-Bit Length)
        11          -> by Name (16-Bit Length)
     1          -> Blocks
      0
       0            -> Compressed (Default Options)
        00              -> DEFLATE
        10              -> GZIP
        01              -> LZMA
        11              -> Custom
      0
       1            -> Encrypted (Option Byte Follows)
        00              -> AES
        01              -> reserved
        10              -> reserved
        11              -> Custom
      1             -> Signed
       0                -> reserved
       1                -> reserver 
        00              -> ECDSA
        01              -> reserved
        10              -> reserved
        11              -> Custom

Variable Length Integer (little endian encoded):
    0b0         -> No More Bytes
    0b1         -> Bytes Follow

Length Encoding (0 to 590295810496146710655):
    0b0         -> 0 Bytes Follow (0 to 127)
    0b1         -> Length Bytes Follow 
       00       -> 8-Bit Length Follows (128 to 8319)
       01       -> 16-Bit Length Follows (8320 to 2105471)
       10       -> 32-Bit Length Follows (2105472 to 137441058943)
       11       -> 64-Bit Length Follows (137441058944 to 590295810496146710655)

Date Format:
    Bit  1 -  5     -> Day (1 - 31)
    Bit  6 -  9     -> Month (1 - 12)
    Bit 10 - 15     -> Year (1 - 9999)

Time Format:
    Bit  1 -  5     -> Hour (0 - 23)
    Bit  6 - 11     -> Minutes (0 - 59)
    Bit 12 - 17     -> Seconds (0 - 59)
    Bit 18          -> with Microsecond
    Bit 19          -> with Timezone
    
    Microsecond (0 - 999999):
        Bit 20 - 40
    
    Timezone (UTC offset in Minutes):
        With Microsecond:
            Bit 41          -> Offset Sign
            Bit 42 - 56     -> Minutes (0 - 1439)
        Without Microsecond:
            Bit 25          -> Offset Sign
            Bit 26 - 40     -> Minutes (0 - 1439)

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an efficient, small and flexible binary serialization format

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