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README.md

Build Status

skhd is a simple hotkey daemon for macOS that focuses on responsiveness and performance. Hotkeys are defined in a text file through a simple DSL. skhd is able to hotload its config file, meaning that hotkeys can be edited and updated live while skhd is running.

skhd uses a pid-file to make sure that only one instance is running at any moment in time. This also allows for the ability to trigger a manual reload of the config file by invoking skhd --reload at any time while an instance of skhd is running. The pid-file is saved as /tmp/skhd_$USER.pid and so the user that is running skhd must have write permission to said path.

list of features

feature skhd
hotload config file [x]
hotkey passthrough [x]
modal hotkey-system [x]
application specific hotkey [x]
blacklist applications [x]
use media-keys as hotkey [x]
synthesize a key-press [x]

Install

The first time skhd is ran, it will request access to the accessibility API.

After access has been granted, the application must be restarted.

Secure Keyboard Entry must be disabled for skhd to receive key-events.

Homebrew:

Requires xcode-8 command-line tools.

  brew install koekeishiya/formulae/skhd
  brew services start skhd

Source:

Requires xcode-8 command-line tools.

  git clone https://github.com/koekeishiya/skhd
  make install      # release version
  make              # debug version

Usage

-V | --verbose: Output debug information
    skhd -V

-P | --profile: Output profiling information
    skhd -P

-v | --version: Print version number to stdout
    skhd -v

-c | --config: Specify location of config file
    skhd -c ~/.skhdrc

-o | --observe: Output keycode and modifiers of event. Ctrl+C to quit
    skhd -o

-r | --reload: Signal a running instance of skhd to reload its config file
    skhd -r

-h | --no-hotload: Disable system for hotloading config file
    skhd -h

-k | --key: Synthesize a keypress (same syntax as when defining a hotkey)
    skhd -k "shift + alt - 7"

-t | --text: Synthesize a line of text
    skhd -t "hello, worldシ"

Configuration

The default configuration file is located at one of the following places (in order):

  • $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/skhd/skhdrc
  • $HOME/.config/skhd/skhdrc
  • $HOME/.skhdrc

A different location can be specified with the --config | -c argument.

A sample config is available here

A list of all built-in modifier and literal keywords can be found here

A hotkey is written according to the following rules:

hotkey       = <mode> '<' <action> | <action>

mode         = 'name of mode' | <mode> ',' <mode>

action       = <keysym> '[' <proc_map_lst> ']' | <keysym> '->' '[' <proc_map_lst> ']'
               <keysym> ':' <command>          | <keysym> '->' ':' <command>
               <keysym> ';' <mode>             | <keysym> '->' ';' <mode>

keysym       = <mod> '-' <key> | <key>

mod          = 'modifier keyword' | <mod> '+' <mod>

key          = <literal> | <keycode>

literal      = 'single letter or built-in keyword'

keycode      = 'apple keyboard kVK_<Key> values (0x3C)'

proc_map_lst = * <proc_map>

proc_map     = <string> ':' <command> | <string>     '~' |
               '*'      ':' <command> | '*'          '~'

string       = '"' 'sequence of characters' '"'

command      = command is executed through '$SHELL -c' and
               follows valid shell syntax. if the $SHELL environment
               variable is not set, it will default to '/bin/bash'.
               when bash is used, the ';' delimeter can be specified
               to chain commands.

               to allow a command to extend into multiple lines,
               prepend '\' at the end of the previous line.

               an EOL character signifies the end of the bind.

->           = keypress is not consumed by skhd

*            = matches every application not specified in <proc_map_lst>

~            = application is unbound and keypress is forwarded per usual, when specified in a <proc_map>

A mode is declared according to the following rules:


mode_decl = '::' <name> '@' ':' <command> | '::' <name> ':' <command> |
            '::' <name> '@'               | '::' <name>

name      = desired name for this mode,

@         = capture keypresses regardless of being bound to an action

command  = command is executed through '$SHELL -c' and
           follows valid shell syntax. if the $SHELL environment
           variable is not set, it will default to '/bin/bash'.
           when bash is used, the ';' delimeter can be specified
           to chain commands.

           to allow a command to extend into multiple lines,
           prepend '\' at the end of the previous line.

           an EOL character signifies the end of the bind.

General options that configure the behaviour of skhd:

# specify a file that should be included as an additional config-file.
# treated as an absolutepath if the filename begins with '/' otherwise
# the file is relative to the path of the config-file it was loaded from.

.load "/Users/Koe/.config/partial_skhdrc"
.load "partial_skhdrc"

# prevents skhd from monitoring events for listed processes.

.blacklist [
    "terminal"
    "qutebrowser"
    "kitty"
    "google chrome"
]
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