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Stop the War in Ukraine!

I am Russian living in Ukraine for almost 12 years.

https://dearrussian.wtf/

https://stop-war-in-ukraine.github.io/stop-russia-it/

I prohibit to use this library in any Russian government related project!

Jaffree Sparkline

Jaffree stands for JAva FFmpeg and FFprobe FREE command line wrapper. Jaffree supports programmatic video production and consumption (with transparency)

It integrates with ffmpeg via java.lang.Process.

Inspired by ffmpeg-cli-wrapper

Tested with the help of GitHub Actions

Tests Coverage

OS: Ubuntu, MacOS, Windows

JDK: 8, 11, 17

Usage

Maven Central

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.kokorin.jaffree</groupId>
    <artifactId>jaffree</artifactId>
    <version>${jaffree.version}</version>
</dependency>

<!--
    You should also include slf4j into dependencies.
    This is done intentionally to allow changing of slf4j version.
  -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
    <version>1.7.25</version>
</dependency>

Examples

Checking media streams with ffprobe

See whole example here.

FFprobeResult result = FFprobe.atPath()
    .setShowStreams(true)
    .setInput(pathToVideo)
    .execute();

for (Stream stream : result.getStreams()) {
    System.out.println("Stream #" + stream.getIndex()
        + " type: " + stream.getCodecType()
        + " duration: " + stream.getDuration() + " seconds");
}

Detecting exact media file duration

Sometimes ffprobe can't show exact duration, use ffmpeg trancoding to NULL output to get it.

See whole example here.

final AtomicLong durationMillis = new AtomicLong();

FFmpegResult ffmpegResult = FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(
        UrlInput.fromUrl(pathToVideo)
    )
    .addOutput(new NullOutput())
    .setProgressListener(new ProgressListener() {
        @Override
        public void onProgress(FFmpegProgress progress) {
            durationMillis.set(progress.getTimeMillis());
        }
    })
    .execute();

System.out.println("Exact duration: " + durationMillis.get() + " milliseconds");

Re-encode and track progress

See whole example here.

final AtomicLong duration = new AtomicLong();
FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(UrlInput.fromUrl(pathToSrc))
    .setOverwriteOutput(true)
    .addOutput(new NullOutput())
    .setProgressListener(new ProgressListener() {
        @Override
        public void onProgress(FFmpegProgress progress) {
            duration.set(progress.getTimeMillis());
        }
    })
    .execute();

FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(UrlInput.fromUrl(pathToSrc))
    .setOverwriteOutput(true)
    .addArguments("-movflags", "faststart")
    .addOutput(UrlOutput.toUrl(pathToDst))
    .setProgressListener(new ProgressListener() {
        @Override
        public void onProgress(FFmpegProgress progress) {
            double percents = 100. * progress.getTimeMillis() / duration.get();
            System.out.println("Progress: " + percents + "%");
        }
    })
    .execute();

Cut and scale media file

Pay attention that arguments related to Input must be set at Input, not at FFmpeg.

See whole example here.

FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(
        UrlInput.fromUrl(pathToSrc)
                .setPosition(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .setDuration(42, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
    )
    .setFilter(StreamType.VIDEO, "scale=160:-2")
    .setOverwriteOutput(true)
    .addArguments("-movflags", "faststart")
    .addOutput(
        UrlOutput.toUrl(pathToDst)
                 .setPosition(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
    )
    .execute();

Custom parsing of ffmpeg output

See whole example here.

// StringBuffer - because it's thread safe
final StringBuffer loudnormReport = new StringBuffer();

FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(UrlInput.fromUrl(pathToVideo))
    .addArguments("-af", "loudnorm=I=-16:TP=-1.5:LRA=11:print_format=json")
    .addOutput(new NullOutput(false))
    .setOutputListener(new OutputListener() {
        @Override
        public void onOutput(String line) {
            loudnormReport.append(line);
        }
    })
    .execute();

System.out.println("Loudnorm report:\n" + loudnormReport);

Supplying and consuming data with SeekableByteChannel

Ability to interact with SeekableByteChannel is one of the features, which distinct Jaffree from similar libraries. Under the hood Jaffree uses tiny FTP server to interact with SeekableByteChannel.

See whole example here.

try (SeekableByteChannel inputChannel =
         Files.newByteChannel(pathToSrc, StandardOpenOption.READ);
     SeekableByteChannel outputChannel =
         Files.newByteChannel(pathToDst, StandardOpenOption.CREATE,
                 StandardOpenOption.WRITE, StandardOpenOption.READ,
                 StandardOpenOption.TRUNCATE_EXISTING)
) {
    FFmpeg.atPath()
        .addInput(ChannelInput.fromChannel(inputChannel))
        .addOutput(ChannelOutput.toChannel(filename, outputChannel))
        .execute();
}

Supplying and consuming data with InputStream and OutputStream

Notice It's recommended to use ChannelInput & ChannelOutput since ffmpeg leverage seeking in input and requires seekable output for many formats.

Under the hood pipes are not OS pipes, but TCP Sockets. This allows much higher bandwidth.

See whole example here.

try (InputStream inputStream =
         Files.newInputStream(pathToSrc);
     OutputStream outputStream =
         Files.newOutputStream(pathToDst, StandardOpenOption.CREATE,
                 StandardOpenOption.WRITE, StandardOpenOption.TRUNCATE_EXISTING)
) {
    FFmpeg.atPath()
        .addInput(PipeInput.pumpFrom(inputStream))
        .addOutput(
                PipeOutput.pumpTo(outputStream)
                        .setFormat("flv")
        )
        .execute();
}

Screen Capture

See whole example here.

FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(CaptureInput
            .captureDesktop()
            .setCaptureFrameRate(30)
            .setCaptureCursor(true)
    )
    .addOutput(UrlOutput
            .toPath(pathToVideo)
            // Record with ultrafast to lower CPU usage
            .addArguments("-preset", "ultrafast")
            .setDuration(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
    )
    .setOverwriteOutput(true)
    .execute();

//Re-encode when record is completed to optimize file size 
Path pathToOptimized = pathToVideo.resolveSibling("optimized-" + pathToVideo.getFileName());
FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(UrlInput.fromPath(pathToVideo))
    .addOutput(UrlOutput.toPath(pathToOptimized))
    .execute();

Files.move(pathToOptimized, pathToVideo, StandardCopyOption.REPLACE_EXISTING);

Produce Video in Pure Java Code

See whole example here. Check also more advanced example which produce both audio and video

FrameProducer producer = new FrameProducer() {
    private long frameCounter = 0;

    @Override
    public List<Stream> produceStreams() {
        return Collections.singletonList(new Stream()
                .setType(Stream.Type.VIDEO)
                .setTimebase(1000L)
                .setWidth(320)
                .setHeight(240)
        );
    }

    @Override
    public Frame produce() {
        if (frameCounter > 30) {
            return null; // return null when End of Stream is reached
        }

        BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(320, 240, BufferedImage.TYPE_3BYTE_BGR);
        Graphics2D graphics = image.createGraphics();
        graphics.setPaint(new Color(frameCounter * 1.0f / 30, 0, 0));
        graphics.fillRect(0, 0, 320, 240);
        long pts = frameCounter * 1000 / 10; // Frame PTS in Stream Timebase
        Frame videoFrame = Frame.createVideoFrame(0, pts, image);
        frameCounter++;

        return videoFrame;
    }
};

FFmpeg.atPath()
    .addInput(FrameInput.withProducer(producer))
    .addOutput(UrlOutput.toUrl(pathToVideo))
    .execute();

Here is an output of the above example:

example output

Consume Video in Pure Java Code

See whole example here.

FFmpeg.atPath()
        .addInput(UrlInput
                .fromPath(pathToSrc)
        )
        .addOutput(FrameOutput
                .withConsumer(
                        new FrameConsumer() {
                            private long num = 1;

                            @Override
                            public void consumeStreams(List<Stream> streams) {
                                // All stream type except video are disabled. just ignore
                            }

                            @Override
                            public void consume(Frame frame) {
                                // End of Stream
                                if (frame == null) {
                                    return;
                                }

                                try {
                                    String filename = "frame_" + num++ + ".png";
                                    Path output = pathToDstDir.resolve(filename);
                                    ImageIO.write(frame.getImage(), "png", output.toFile());
                                } catch (Exception e) {
                                    e.printStackTrace();
                                }
                            }
                        }
                )
                // No more then 100 frames
                .setFrameCount(StreamType.VIDEO, 100L)
                // 1 frame every 10 seconds
                .setFrameRate(0.1)
                // Disable all streams except video
                .disableStream(StreamType.AUDIO)
                .disableStream(StreamType.SUBTITLE)
                .disableStream(StreamType.DATA)
        )
        .execute();

FFmpeg stop

See whole examples here.

Grace stop

Start ffmpeg with FFmpeg#executeAsync and stop it with FFmpegResultFuture#graceStop (ffmpeg only). This will pass q symbol to ffmpeg's stdin.

Note output media finalization may take some time - up to several seconds.

FFmpegResultFuture future = ffmpeg.executeAsync();

Thread.sleep(5_000);
future.graceStop();

Force stop

There are 3 ways to stop ffmpeg forcefully.

Note: ffmpeg may not (depending on output format) correctly finalize output. It's very likely that produced media will be corrupted with force stop.

  • Throw an exception in ProgressListener (ffmpeg only)
final AtomicBoolean stopped = new AtomicBoolean();
ffmpeg.setProgressListener(
        new ProgressListener() {
            @Override
            public void onProgress(FFmpegProgress progress) {
                if (stopped.get()) {
                    throw new RuntimeException("Stopped with exception!");
                }
            }
        }
);
  • Start ffmpeg with FFmpeg#executeAsync and stop it with FFmpegResultFuture#forceStop (ffmpeg only)
FFmpegResultFuture future = ffmpeg.executeAsync();

Thread.sleep(5_000);
future.forceStop();
  • Start ffmpeg with FFmpeg#execute (or ffprobe with FFprobe#execute) and interrupt thread
Thread thread = new Thread() {
    @Override
    public void run() {
        ffmpeg.execute();
    }
};
thread.start();

Thread.sleep(5_000);
thread.interrupt();

Java 8 Completion API

See whole examples here.

ffmpeg.executeAsync().toCompletableFuture()
    .thenAccept(res -> {
        // get the result of the operation when it is done
    })
    .exceptionally(ex -> {
        // handle exceptions produced during operation
    });

Complex Filtergraph (mosaic video)

More details about this example can be found on ffmpeg wiki: Create a mosaic out of several input videos

FFmpegResult result = FFmpeg.atPath(BIN)
        .addInput(UrlInput.fromPath(VIDEO1_MP4).setDuration(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS))
        .addInput(UrlInput.fromPath(VIDEO2_MP4).setDuration(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS))
        .addInput(UrlInput.fromPath(VIDEO3_MP4).setDuration(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS))
        .addInput(UrlInput.fromPath(VIDEO4_MP4).setDuration(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS))

        .setComplexFilter(FilterGraph.of(
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.withName("nullsrc")
                                .addArgument("size", "640x480")
                                .addOutputLink("base")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink(StreamSpecifier.withInputIndexAndType(0, StreamType.ALL_VIDEO))
                                .setName("setpts")
                                .addArgument("PTS-STARTPTS"),
                        Filter.withName("scale")
                                .addArgument("320x240")
                                .addOutputLink("upperleft")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink(StreamSpecifier.withInputIndexAndType(1, StreamType.ALL_VIDEO))
                                .setName("setpts")
                                .addArgument("PTS-STARTPTS"),
                        Filter.withName("scale")
                                .addArgument("320x240")
                                .addOutputLink("upperright")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink(StreamSpecifier.withInputIndexAndType(2, StreamType.ALL_VIDEO))
                                .setName("setpts")
                                .addArgument("PTS-STARTPTS"),
                        Filter.withName("scale")
                                .addArgument("320x240")
                                .addOutputLink("lowerleft")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink(StreamSpecifier.withInputIndexAndType(3, StreamType.ALL_VIDEO))
                                .setName("setpts")
                                .addArgument("PTS-STARTPTS"),
                        Filter.withName("scale")
                                .addArgument("320x240")
                                .addOutputLink("lowerright")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink("base")
                                .addInputLink("upperleft")
                                .setName("overlay")
                                .addArgument("shortest", "1")
                                .addOutputLink("tmp1")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink("tmp1")
                                .addInputLink("upperright")
                                .setName("overlay")
                                //.addArgument("shortest", "1")
                                .addArgument("x", "320")
                                .addOutputLink("tmp2")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink("tmp2")
                                .addInputLink("lowerleft")
                                .setName("overlay")
                                //.addArgument("shortest", "1")
                                .addArgument("y", "240")
                                .addOutputLink("tmp3")
                ),
                FilterChain.of(
                        Filter.fromInputLink("tmp3")
                                .addInputLink("lowerright")
                                .setName("overlay")
                                //.addArgument("shortest", "1")
                                .addArgument("x", "320")
                                .addArgument("y", "240")
                )
        ))

        .addOutput(UrlOutput.toPath(outputPath))
        .execute();

Programmatic mosaic video creation

Jaffree allows simultaneous reading from several sources (with one instance per every source and target). You can find details in Mosaic example.

Build & configuration

IntelliJ IDEA

This project uses maven-git-versioning-extension to set project version automatically. Check its intellij-setup documentation.

JDK

JDK8 is required to compile this project. JDK9 is required to compile this project with Java 9 module support.

JDK8

mvn clean install

JDK9

Maven profile J9-module enables two pass compilation:

  1. Compile all sources with Java 9 target version (including module-info.java).
  2. Recompile all sources (except module-info.java) with Java 8 target version.

After this all classes will have Java 8 bytecode (version 52), while module-info.class will have Java 9 bytecode (version 53).

mvn clean install -PJ9-module