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README.md

WinstonCleaner

WinstonCleaner is a software tool for detecting and removing cross-contaminated contigs from assembled transcriptomes. The program uses BLAST to identify suspicious contigs and RPKM values to sort these as either correct or contamination.

Requirements

To run WinstonCleaner, the following requirements must be satisfied:

Installation

  1. Make sure that you use Python 2.7

  2. pip install winston-cleaner

Quick Start

  1. Prepare the folder with input data and an empty folder for the results

  2. Generate the config.yml file by running winston_generate_config and specify input, output paths and other options

  3. Prepare the data for your dataset (Winston will BLAST your sequences and map reads to detect the coverage)

    winston_prepare_data

    In your output folder all necessary data will be created.

  4. winston_find_contaminations

Usage

Input

The input data should be presented as a set of triads of files for each dataset. For each dataset it is necessary to prepare:

  • left reads .fastq
  • right reads .fastq
  • assembled transcriptome .fasta file

Names of the files must be in the following format:

  • NAME_1.fastq
  • NAME_2.fastq
  • NAME.fasta

For example:

  • brucei_1.fastq
  • brucei_2.fastq
  • brucei.fasta
  • giardia_1.fastq
  • giardia_2.fastq
  • giardia.fasta

For file names only letters, digits and _ symbols are allowed.

All the files must be placed together in one folder.

Configuration

The dummy settings.yml file can be automatically generated by the script winston_generate_config:

Options:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --output_folder=OUTPUT_FOLDER
                        Where to put new settings.yml (current folder by
                        default)

The list of available settings:

  • winston.paths.input — input folder with reads and contigs
  • winston.paths.output — output folder with the results
  • winston.paths.tools.pileup_sh — (optional) bbtools pileup.sh execution command
  • winston.paths.tools.bowtie2 — (optional) bowtie2 execution command
  • winston.paths.tools.bowtie2_build — (optional) bowtie2-build execution command
  • winston.hits_filtering.len_ratio — minimal qcovhsp for hits filtering
  • winston.hits_filtering.len_minimum — minimal hit lenth for hits filtering
  • winston.coverage_ratio.regular — coverage ratio for REGULAR dataset pair type (lower values make contamination prediction more strict, less contaminations will be found)
  • winston.coverage_ratio.close — coverage ratio for CLOSE dataset pair type
  • winston.threads.multithreading — enable multithreading (disabling is convenient for debugging purposes)
  • winston.threads.count — number of threads if multithreading enabled
  • winston.tools.blast.threads — number of threads for BLAST processing
  • winston.tools.bowtie.threads — number of threads for bowtie2 processing
  • winston.in_memory_db — load coverage database to RAM in the beginning. Makes contamination lookup faster, but requires decent amount of memory.
winston:
  in_memory_db: false

  paths:
    input: /path/to/folder/with/data/
    output: /path/to/output/folder

  hits_filtering:
    len_ratio: 70
    len_minimum: 100

  coverage_ratio:
    REGULAR: 1.1
    CLOSE: 0.04

  threads:
    multithreading:  true
    count:   8

  tools:
    blast:
      threads: 8
    bowtie:
      threads: 8

Data preparation

The first step is to prepare the data for WinstonCleaner processing.

winston_prepare_data

The result will be stored in the folder, specified in winston.paths.output option.

After the preparation the file types.csv can be inspected and edited. It contains all possible combinations of dataset pairs and their types.

The default types are:

  • CLOSE - taxonomically close organisms
  • REGULAR - simple pair of organisms

In types.csv there can also be specified any amount of custom types. Their names must be in upper case.

predator,prey,95.0,LEFT_EATS_RIGHT
prey,predator,95.0,RIGHT_EATS_LEFT

In these case coverage ratio for each custom type must be specified in winston.coverage_ratio section of settings.yml file:

...
  coverage_ratio:
    REGULAR: 1.1
    CLOSE: 0.04
    LEFT_EATS_RIGHT: 10
    RIGHT_EATS_LEFT: 0.1
...

Contamination cleanup

winston_find_contaminations

Output

The results will be saved in the folder, specified in winston.paths.output option.

For each datasets there will be the following structure of files.

  • DATASET_NAME_clean.fasta — clean contigs
  • DATASET_NAME_deleted.fasta — contaminated contigs
  • DATASET_NAME_suspicious_hits.csv — all suspicious BLAST hits
  • DATASET_NAME_contamination_sources.csv — sources of contaminations with a following columns: source contamination dataset name, number of sequences
  • DATASET_NAME_contaminations.csv — list of blast hits from which contaminations were detected
  • DATASET_NAME_missing_coverage.csv — list of contig ids without a coverage

TODO

  • Moving to python3
  • Logging system
  • Extended testing
  • export to graph format
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