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README.md

Fluency

Maven Central Coverage Status

High throughput data ingestion logger to Fluentd, AWS S3 and Treasure Data

This document is for version 2. If you're looking for a document for version 1, see this.

Ingestion to Fluentd

Features

Install

Gradle

dependencies {
    compile "org.komamitsu:fluency-core:${fluency.version}"
    compile "org.komamitsu:fluency-fluentd:${fluency.version}"
}

Maven

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.komamitsu</groupId>
    <artifactId>fluency-core</artifactId>
    <version>${fluency.version}</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.komamitsu</groupId>
    <artifactId>fluency-fluentd</artifactId>
    <version>${fluency.version}</version>
</dependency>

Usage

Create Fluency instance

For single Fluentd
// Single Fluentd(localhost:24224 by default)
//   - TCP heartbeat (by default)
//   - Asynchronous flush (by default)
//   - Without ack response (by default)
//   - Flush attempt interval is 600ms (by default)
//   - Initial chunk buffer size is 1MB (by default)
//   - Threshold chunk buffer size to flush is 4MB (by default)
//   - Threshold chunk buffer retention time to flush is 1000 ms (by default)
//   - Max total buffer size is 512MB (by default)
//   - Use off heap memory for buffer pool (by default)
//   - Max retries of sending events is 8 (by default)
//   - Max wait until all buffers are flushed is 10 seconds (by default)
//   - Max wait until the flusher is terminated is 10 seconds (by default)
//   - Socket connection timeout is 5000 ms (by default)
//   - Socket read timeout is 5000 ms (by default)
Fluency fluency = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd().build();
For multiple Fluentd with failover
// Multiple Fluentd(localhost:24224, localhost:24225)
Fluency fluency = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd().build(
        Arrays.asList(
                new InetSocketAddress(24224),
                new InetSocketAddress(24225)));
Enable ACK response mode
// Single Fluentd(localhost:24224)
//   - With ack response
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setAckResponseMode(true);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Enable file backup mode

In this mode, Fluency takes backup of unsent memory buffers as files when closing and then resends them when restarting

// Single Fluentd(localhost:24224)
//   - Backup directory is the temporary directory
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setFileBackupDir(System.getProperty("java.io.tmpdir"));
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Buffer configuration

Fluency has some parameters to configure a flush timing of buffer. This diagram may help to understand it. buffer-flush

For high throughput data ingestion with high latency
// Single Fluentd(xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:24224)
//   - Initial chunk buffer size is 16MB
//   - Threshold chunk buffer size to flush is 64MB
//     Keep this value (BufferRetentionSize) between `Initial chunk buffer size` and `Max total buffer size`
//   - Max total buffer size = 1024MB
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setBufferChunkInitialSize(16 * 1024 * 1024);
builder.setBufferChunkRetentionSize(64 * 1024 * 1024);
builder.setMaxBufferSize(1024 * 1024 * 1024L);
Fluency fluency = builder.build("xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx", 24224);
Socket configuration
// Single Fluentd(localhost:24224)
//   - Socket connection timeout is 15000 ms
//   - Socket read timeout is 10000 ms
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setConnectionTimeoutMilli(15000);
builder.setReadTimeoutMilli(10000);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Waits on close sequence
// Single Fluentd(localhost:24224)
//   - Max wait until all buffers are flushed is 30 seconds
//   - Max wait until the flusher is terminated is 40 seconds
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setWaitUntilBufferFlushed(30);
builder.setWaitUntilFlusherTerminated(40);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Register Jackson modules
// Single Fluentd(localhost:24224)
//   - SimpleModule that has FooSerializer is enabled
SimpleModule simpleModule = new SimpleModule();
simpleModule.addSerializer(Foo.class, new FooSerializer());

FluentdRecordFormatter.Config recordFormatterConfig =
	new FluentdRecordFormatter.Config();

recordFormatterConfig.setJacksonModules(
	Collections.singletonList(simpleModule));

Fluency fluency = new FluencyBuilder().buildFromIngester(
        new FluentdRecordFormatter(recordFormatterConfig),
        new FluentdIngester(new TCPSender());
Set a custom error handler
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setErrorHandler(ex -> {
  // Send a notification
});
Fluency fluency = builder.build();

    :

// If flushing events to Fluentd fails and retried out, the error handler is called back.
fluency.emit("foo.bar", event);
Send requests over SSL/TLS
// Single Fluentd(localhost:24224)
//   - Enable SSL/TLS
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setSslEnabled(true);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();

If you want to use a custom truststore, specify the JKS file path using -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore (and -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword if needed). You can create a custom truststore like this:

$ keytool -import -file server.crt -alias mytruststore -keystore truststore.jks

For server side configuration, see https://docs.fluentd.org/v1.0/articles/in_forward#how-to-enable-tls/ssl-encryption .

Other configurations
// Multiple Fluentd(localhost:24224, localhost:24225)
//   - Flush attempt interval is 200ms
//   - Max retry of sending events is 12
//   - Use JVM heap memory for buffer pool
FluencyBuilderForFluentd builder = new FluencyBuilderForFluentd();
builder.setFlushAttemptIntervalMillis(200);
builder.setSenderMaxRetryCount(12);
builder.setJvmHeapBufferMode(true);
Fluency fluency = builder.build(
        Arrays.asList(
                new InetSocketAddress(24224),
                new InetSocketAddress(24225));

Emit event

String tag = "foo_db.bar_tbl";
Map<String, Object> event = new HashMap<String, Object>();
event.put("name", "komamitsu");
event.put("age", 42);
event.put("rate", 3.14);
fluency.emit(tag, event);

If you want to use EventTime as a timestamp, call Fluency#emit with an EventTime object in the following way

int epochSeconds;
int nanoseconds;
    :
EventTime eventTime = EventTime.fromEpoch(epochSeconds, nanoseconds);

// You can also create an EventTime object like this
// EventTime eventTime = EventTime.fromEpochMilli(System.currentTimeMillis());

fluency.emit(tag, eventTime, event);

Error handling

Fluency#emit keeps buffered data in memory even if a retriable exception happens. But in case of buffer full, the method throws org.komamitsu.fluency.BufferFullException. There are 2 options to handle the exception.

a) Ignore the exception so that main application isn't blocked
try {
    fluency.emit(tag, event);
}
catch (BufferFullException e) {
    // Just log the error and move forward
    logger.warn("Fluency's buffer is full", e);
}
b) Retry until the data is successfully buffered
// Considering maximum retry count would be also good
while (true) {
	try {
	    fluency.emit(tag, event);
	    break;
	}
	catch (BufferFullException e) {
	    // Log the error, sleep and retry
	    logger.warn("Fluency's buffer is full. Retrying", e);
	    TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(5);
	}
}

Which to choose depends on how important the data is and how long the application can be blocked.

Wait until buffered data is flushed and release resource

fluency.close();

Know how much Fluency is allocating memory

LOG.debug("Memory size allocated by Fluency is {}", fluency.getAllocatedBufferSize());

Know how much Fluency is buffering unsent data in memory

LOG.debug("Unsent data size buffered by Fluency in memory is {}", fluency.getBufferedDataSize());

Ingestion to Treasure Data

Features

  • Asynchronous flush
  • Backup of buffered data on local disk
  • Automatic database/table creation

Install

Gradle

dependencies {
    compile "org.komamitsu:fluency-core:${fluency.version}"
    compile "org.komamitsu:fluency-treasuredata:${fluency.version}"
}

Maven

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.komamitsu</groupId>
    <artifactId>fluency-core</artifactId>
    <version>${fluency.version}</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.komamitsu</groupId>
    <artifactId>fluency-treasuredata</artifactId>
    <version>${fluency.version}</version>
</dependency>

Create Fluency instance

Default configuration
// Asynchronous flush (by default)
// Flush attempt interval is 600ms (by default)
// Initial chunk buffer size is 4MB (by default)
// Threshold chunk buffer size to flush is 64MB (by default)
// Threshold chunk buffer retention time to flush is 30000 ms (by default)
// Max total buffer size is 512MB (by default)
// Use off heap memory for buffer pool (by default)
// Max retries of sending events is 10 (by default)
// Max wait until all buffers are flushed is 10 seconds (by default)
// Max wait until the flusher is terminated is 10 seconds (by default)
Fluency fluency = new FluencyBuilderForTreasureData().build(yourApiKey);
Buffer configuration for high throughput data ingestion with high latency
// Initial chunk buffer size is 32MB
// Threshold chunk buffer size to flush is 256MB
// Threshold chunk buffer retention time to flush is 120 seconds
// Max total buffer size is 1024MB
// Sender's working buffer size 32KB
FluencyBuilderForTreasureData builder = new FluencyBuilderForTreasureData();
builder.setBufferChunkInitialSize(32 * 1024 * 1024);
builder.setMaxBufferSize(1024 * 1024 * 1024L);
builder.setBufferChunkRetentionSize(256 * 1024 * 1024);
builder.setBufferChunkRetentionTimeMillis(120 * 1000);
builder.setSenderWorkBufSize(32 * 1024);
Fluency fluency = builder.build(yourApiKey);
Customize Treasure Data endpoint
Fluency fluency = new FluencyBuilderForTreasureData()
						.build(yourApiKey, tdEndpoint);
Other configurations

Some of other usages are same as ingestion to Fluentd. See Ingestion to Fluentd > Usage above.

Ingestion to AWS S3

Features

  • Asynchronous flush
  • Backup of buffered data on local disk
  • Several format supports
    • CSV
    • JSONL
    • MessagePack
  • GZIP compression
  • Customizable S3 bucket/key decision rule

Install

Gradle

dependencies {
    compile "org.komamitsu:fluency-core:${fluency.version}"
    compile "org.komamitsu:fluency-aws-s3:${fluency.version}"
}

Maven

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.komamitsu</groupId>
    <artifactId>fluency-core</artifactId>
    <version>${fluency.version}</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.komamitsu</groupId>
    <artifactId>fluency-aws-s3</artifactId>
    <version>${fluency.version}</version>
</dependency>

Create Fluency instance

Default configuration for JSONL format
// Asynchronous flush (by default)
// Flush attempt interval is 600ms (by default)
// Initial chunk buffer size is 4MB (by default)
// Threshold chunk buffer size to flush is 64MB (by default)
// Threshold chunk buffer retention time to flush is 30000 ms (by default)
// Max total buffer size is 512MB (by default)
// Use off heap memory for buffer pool (by default)
// Sender's working buffer size 8KB (by default)
// Max retries of sending events is 10 (by default)
// Initial retry interval of sending events is 1000 ms (by default)
// Retry backoff factor of sending events is 2.0 (by default)
// Max retry interval of sending events is 30000 ms (by default)
// Max wait until all buffers are flushed is 10 seconds (by default)
// Max wait until the flusher is terminated is 10 seconds (by default)
// Destination S3 bucket is specified by Fluency#emit()'s "tag" parameter (by default)
// Destination S3 key format is "yyyy/MM/dd/HH/mm-ss-SSSSSS" (by default)
// Destination S3 key is decided as UTC (by default)
// GZIP compression is enabled (by default)
// File format is JSONL
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.JSONL);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Default configuration for MessagePack format
// File format is MessagePack
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.MESSAGE_PACK);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Default configuration for CSV format
// File format is CSV
// Expected columns are "time", "age", "name", "comment"
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.CSV);
builder.setFormatCsvColumnNames(Arrays.asList("time", "age", "name", "comment"));
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
AWS S3 configuration

fluency-aws-s3 follows default credential provider chain. If you want to explicitly specify credentials, use the following APIs.

// AWS S3 region is "us-east-1"
// AWS S3 endpoint is "https://another.s3.endpoi.nt"
// AWS access key id is "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST"
// AWS secret access key is "ZaQ1XsW2CdE3VfR4BgT5NhY6"
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.JSONL);
builder.setAwsRegion("us-east-1");
builder.setAwsEndpoint("https://another.s3.endpoi.nt");
builder.setAwsAccessKeyId("ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST");
builder.setAwsSecretAccessKey("ZaQ1XsW2CdE3VfR4BgT5NhY6");
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Disable compression
// GZIP compression is disabled
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.JSONL);
builder.setCompressionEnabled(false);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Change timezone used in S3 key decision rule
// Destination S3 key is decided as JST
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.JSONL);
builder.setS3KeyTimeZoneId(ZoneId.of("JST", SHORT_IDS));
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Customize S3 destination decision rule
// Destination S3 bucket is "fixed-bucket-name"
// Destination S3 key format is UNIX epoch seconds rounded to 1 hour range
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.JSONL);
builder.setCustomS3DestinationDecider((tag, time) ->
    new S3DestinationDecider.S3Destination(
        "fixed-bucket-name",
        String.format("%s-%d", tag, time.getEpochSecond() / 3600)
));
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Buffer configuration for high throughput data ingestion with high latency
// Initial chunk buffer size is 32MB
// Threshold chunk buffer size to flush is 256MB
// Threshold chunk buffer retention time to flush is 120 seconds
// Max total buffer size is 1024MB
// Sender's working buffer size 32KB
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.JSONL);
builder.setBufferChunkInitialSize(32 * 1024 * 1024);
builder.setMaxBufferSize(1024 * 1024 * 1024L);
builder.setBufferChunkRetentionSize(256 * 1024 * 1024);
builder.setBufferChunkRetentionTimeMillis(120 * 1000);
builder.setSenderWorkBufSize(32 * 1024);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Retry configuration
// Max retries of sending events is 16
// Initial retry interval of sending events is 500 ms
// Retry backoff factor of sending events is 1.5
// Max retry interval of sending events is 20000 ms
FluencyBuilderForAwsS3 builder = new FluencyBuilderForAwsS3();
builder.setFormatType(FluencyBuilderForAwsS3.FormatType.JSONL);
builder.setSenderRetryMax(16);
builder.setSenderRetryIntervalMillis(500);
builder.setSenderRetryFactor(1.5f);
builder.setSenderMaxRetryIntervalMillis(20000);
Fluency fluency = builder.build();
Other configurations

Some of other usages are same as ingestion to Fluentd. See Ingestion to Fluentd > Usage above.

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