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Apt-cyg, an apt-get like tool for Cygwin
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Fix behavior for exact matching.
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README.md

apt-cyg

apt-cyg is a command-line installer for Cygwin which cooperates with Cygwin Setup and uses the same repository. The syntax is similar to apt-get.

Usage

Command line

apt-cyg [<options>] [<subcommand> [<parameters> ...]]

Subcommands

Subcommand Description
install <package names> to install packages
remove <package names> to remove packages
update to update setup.ini
show to show installed packages
find <patterns> to find packages matching patterns
describe <patterns> to describe packages matching patterns
packageof <command or file names> ... to locate parent packages
pathof {cache|mirror|mirrordir|cache/mirrordir|setup.ini} to show path
key-add <files> ... to add keys contained in <files>
key-del <keyids> ... to remove keys <keyids>
key-list to list keys
key-finger to list fingerprints
upgrade-self to upgrade apt-cyg
depends <package names> ... to show forward dependency information for packages with depth.
rdepends <package names> ... to show reverse dependency information for packages with depth.
completion-install to install completion.
completion-uninstall to uninstall completion.
mirrors-list to show list of mirrors.
benchmark-mirrors <urls> ... to benchmark mirrors.
benchmark-parallel-mirrors <urls> ... to benchmark mirrors in parallel.
benchmark-parallel-mirrors-list to benchmark mirrors-list in parallel.
scriptinfo to show script information.
show-packages-busyness <package names> ... to show if packages are busy or not.
dist-upgrade to upgrade all packages that is installed. This subcommand uses setup-*.exe
update-setup to update setup.exe
setup [<params> ...] to call setup.exe
packages-total-count count number of total packages from setup.ini
packages-total-size [<pattern of section>] count size of total packages from setup.ini
packages-cached-count count number of cached packages in cache/mirrordir.
packages-cached-size count size of cached packages in cache/mirrordir.
repair-acl repair the windows ACL (Access Control List).
source <package names> ... download source archive.
download <package names> ... download the binary package into the current directory.
mirror <package names> ... download the binary package into the current cache/mirrordir as mirror.
listfiles <package names> ... List files 'owned' by package(s).
get-proxy Get proxies for eval.
ls-categories List categories.
ls-pkg-with-category List packages with category.
setuprc-get <section> Get section from setup.rc.
set-cache [<cache>] Set cache.
set-mirror [<mirrors> ...] Set mirrors. Note: setup-x86{,_64}.exe uses all of them but currently apt-cyg uses the first one only.
mark-auto [<packages> ...] Mark the given packages as automatically installed.
mark-manual [<packages> ...] Mark the given packages as manually installed.
mark-showauto Print the list of automatically installed packages.
mark-showmanual Print the list of manually installed packages.
call [<internal_function> [<args> ...]] Call internal function in apt-cyg.
time [<internal_function> [<args> ...]] Report time consumed to call internal function in apt-cyg.

Options

Option Description
--ag use the silver searcher (currently work only at packageof subcommand)
--charch <arch> change archetecture
--ignore-case, -i ignore case distinctions for <patterns>
--force-remove force remove
--force-fetch-trustedkeys force fetch trustedkeys
--force-update-packageof-cache force update packageof cache
--no-verify, -X Don't verify setup.ini signatures
--no-check-certificate Don't validate the server's certificate
--no-update-setup Don't update setup.exe
--no-header Don't print header
--proxy, -p {auto|inherit|none|<url>} set proxy (default: ${APT_CYG_PROXY:-auto})
--completion-get-subcommand get subcommand (for completion internal use)
--completion-disable-autoupdate disable completion autoupdate
--max-jobs, -j <n> Run <n> jobs in parallel
--mirror, -m <url> set mirror
--cache, -c <dir> set cache
--file, -f <file> read package names from <file>
--noupdate, -u don't update setup.ini from mirror
--ipv4, -4 wget prefer ipv4
--no-progress hide the progress bar in any verbosity mode
--quiet, -q quiet (no output)
--verbose, -v verbose
--help Display help and exit
--version Display version and exit

Requirements

apt-cyg requires the Cygwin default environment and the additional Cygwin packages:

wget, ca-certificates, gnupg

In 32bit version of cygwin, wget requires an additional setting for the ca-certificates package. Choose one of below settings.

# 1. Create symbolic link for the default ca-directory of wget. 
ln -s /usr/ssl /etc/

# or
# 2. Set ca-directory paramete in '/etc/wgetrc'. 
echo "ca-directory = /usr/ssl/certs" >> /etc/wgetrc

# or
# 3. Set ca-directory paramete in '~/.wgetrc'. 
echo "ca-directory = /usr/ssl/certs" >> ~/.wgetrc

Remarks: Above additional settings for wget is not required for 64bit version of cygwin. But, as of 2014-01-17, perhaps ca-certificates package makes fail of certification in 64bit version of cygwin with Windows 8. See below:

Quick start

The most recommended way to deploy this fork can be seen from a link below:

apt-cyg is a simple script. Once you have a copy, make it executable:

chmod +x /bin/apt-cyg

Optionally place apt-cyg in a bin/ folder on your path.

Then use apt-cyg, for example:

apt-cyg install nano

New features

dist-upgrade support

This fork has achieved dist-upgrade command by using setup-x86.exe and setup-x86_64.exe as a backend. Note that all of running tasks on the cygwin will be killed before starting dist-upgrade.

Multiple hash algorithms support

After the middle of 2015-03, the cygwin project changed the hash algorithm for checking tarball from md5 to sha512. But, as of 2015-04-09, the cygwinports project seems still using md5. This fork is available for both of cygwin and cygwinports by supporting algorithm of md5, sha1, sha224, sha256 and sha512.

True multi-architecture support

Let think a case that you want to install the x86 package when you are working under the x86_64 environment. For example:

apt-cyg --charch x86 install chere

As of 2013-10-26, chere package is provided for only the repository for x86.

Remarks: Of course, you must install both environments of x86_64 and x86, beforehand.

Signature check and key management by GnuPG

The default action of apt-cyg has been changed to check signature for 'setup.ini'. Of course you can also avoid signature check by using --no-verify or -X options. Public keys of cygwin and cygwinports are already registered to trusted keys of embeded. If you want to use some other public keys, please use key-* subcommands.

Upgrade apt-cyg

If apt-cyg is under Git version control, this fork can upgrade itself by upgrade-self subcommand. Therefore, the most recommended way to deploy this fork is copy and paste below commands to cygwin console:

# cd $DIR # Change working directory where you want to install apt-cyg
git clone https://github.com/kou1okada/apt-cyg.git
ln -s "$(realpath apt-cyg/apt-cyg)" /usr/local/bin/

If you want to use another fork, which forked from https://github.com/kou1okada/apt-cyg, rewrite the URL for apropriate one.

Proxy support

Use --proxy, -p option. This option must take a parameter from one of "auto", "inherit", "none" and URL.

  • "auto" will determine a proxy using a part of the Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Protocol (WPAD). The current implementation will look for a string of "PROXY URL" from "http://wpad/wpad.dat". If "wpad.dat" could not be downloaded, the proxy settings are inherited from the parent environment.
  • "inherit" will inherit the proxy settings from the parent environment.
  • "none" will not use the proxy.
  • URL can take a string like "protocol://hostname:port".

For example:

apt-cyg --proxy http://proxy.home:8080 update

The default parameter is "${APT_CYG_PROXY:-auto}". At the environment where is not provided the WPAD server, it makes the lag for a few seconds at startup. So, if you don't want to use WPAD, please define APT_CYG_PROXY environment variable as below:

export APT_CYG_PROXY=inherit

Bash completion support

Bash completion script can be installed to "/etc/bash_completion.d/apt-cyg" by completion-install subcommand. It will be automatically updated when apt-cyg is upgraded to newer version. If you don't want to update it automatically, execute completion-install subcommand in conjunction with --completion-disable-autoupdate option. And completion-uninstall subcommand removes "/etc/bash_completion.d/apt-cyg".

Some other forks, Milly / apt-cyg under the cfg / apt-cyg fork, ashumkin / apt-cyg and etc, are also supported it.

Contributing

This project has been re-published on GitHub to make contributing easier. Feel free to fork and modify this script.

The Google Code project has a list of open issues.

Forks on the github

Caution: Please do not merge forks that have incompatible licenses.

Ex.) Merging to the GPL from the MIT is possible. But merging to the MIT from the GPL is impossible.

See other_forks.md

Todo

  • Support multi mirrors: Cygwin setup can use multi mirrors. They are recorded at last-mirror section in '/etc/setup/setup.rc'. It's useful for using Cygwinports.
  • Support upgrade: But maybe, busy resources can not be upgraded, and rebase problem will happen. Cygwin setup resolves by replacing them at next reboot.
  • Support dependency check for remove subcommand.

Known Problems

For older known problems see known_problems.md.

License

The MIT license

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