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Gitfred

Gitfred

In-memory git-like library for managing textual content.

I've made the library as part of my work on poet.codes where I need to store multiple files and their different versions. Storing all the content every time simply doesn't scale so I needed a smarter approach. Something like Git but running in the browser. It needed to be lightweight and to provide similar diff/patch experience. That's what Gitfred is.


Installation

npm install gitfred / yarn add gitfred

or directly using https://unpkg.com/gitfred

Usage

const git = gitfred();

git.save("foo.js", { content: "hello winter" });

We have no commits yet, but we have our file in the working directory. If we run git.export() we'll see the following:

{
  "commits": {},
  "stage": [],
  "working": [
    [
      "foo.js",
      { "content": "hello winter" }
    ]
  ],
  "head": null
}

Let's stage our file.

git.add('foo.js');

No we have our file staged. The working directory and our staging area contain the same information.

{
  "commits": {},
  "stage": [
    [
      "foo.js",
      { "content": "hello winter" }
    ]
  ],
  "working": [
    [
      "foo.js",
      { "content": "hello winter" }
    ]
  ],
  "head": null
}

Let's make our first commit:

git.commit('first commit');

We just created a new commit with a hash equal to _1. There is nothing in our staging area and head now points to our first commit.

{
  "commits": {
    "_1": {
      "message": "first commit",
      "parent": null,
      "files": "[[\"foo.js\",{\"content\":\"hello winter\"}]]"
    }
  },
  "stage": [],
  "working": [
    [
      "foo.js",
      { "content": "hello winter" }
    ]
  ],
  "head": "_1"
}

We'll continue by editing our file and making another commit.

git.save("foo.js", { content: "winter is coming" });
git.add('foo.js');
git.commit('second commit');

There are two commits now and head points to the second one (with a hash of _2).

{
  "commits": {
    "_1": {
      "message": "first commit",
      "parent": null,
      "files": "[[\"foo.js\",{\"content\":\"hello winter\"}]]"
    },
    "_2": {
      "message": "second commit",
      "parent": "_1",
      "files": "@@ -20,20 +20,25 @@\n t\":\"\n-hello \n winter\n+ is comming\n \"}]]\n"
    }
  },
  "stage": [],
  "working": [
    [
      "foo.js",
      { "content": "winter is comming" }
    ]
  ],
  "head": "_2"
}

Also notice that the second commit does not contain the whole file but a patch on top of the first commit.

We may now go back to our first commit:

git.checkout('_1');

The head again points to _1 and our working directory contains also the files from that first commit.

{
  "commits": {
    "_1": {
      "message": "first commit",
      "parent": null,
      "files": "[[\"foo.js\",{\"content\":\"hello winter\"}]]"
    },
    "_2": {
      "message": "second commit",
      "parent": "_1",
      "files": "@@ -20,20 +20,25 @@\n t\":\"\n-hello \n winter\n+ is comming\n \"}]]\n"
    }
  },
  "stage": [],
  "working": [
    [
      "foo.js",
      { "content": "hello winter" }
    ]
  ],
  "head": "_1"
}

API

save(filepath:<string>, file:<object>):<object>

Saves a file in the working directory.

type description
filepath <string> A file path (ex. script.js).
file <object> A file object (ex. { "content": "let foo = 'bar';" }).
returns <object> A file object.

save(files:<object>):<object>

Saves multiple files in the working directory.

type description
files <object> A map where the keys are filepaths and the values are file objects. (ex. { "script.js": { content: "let foo = 'bar';" } })
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

discard():<object>

Cleans up the working directory.

type description
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

saveAll(file:<object>):<object>

Sometimes we need to update all the files at once with a single property. This method allows that.

type description
file <object> A file object (ex. { "content": "" })
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

If we for example use { "content": "" } all the files in the working directory will have empty content property.

del(filepath:<string>):<object>

Deletes a file from the working directory.

type description
filepath <string> A file path (ex. script.js).
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

get(filepath:<string>):<object>

Gets a file (from the working directory) behind a specific file path.

type description
filepath <string> A file path (ex. script.js).
returns <object> A file object or undefined if the file is not found.

getAll():<array>

Gets all the files in the working directory.

type description
returns <array> An array with all the files.

rename(oldFilepath:<string>, newFilepath:<string>):<object>

It renames a file or in other words updates a filepath but keeps the file object assign to it.

type description
oldFilepath <string> A file path (ex. scriptA.js).
newFilepath <string> A file path (ex. scriptB.js).
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

getFilepath(file:<object>):<string>

Gets a file path which responds to a specific file object.

type description
file <object> A file object.
returns <object> A file path (ex. script.js) or undefined if the file object is not found.

exists(filepath:<string>):<boolean>

Checks if the file exists in the current working directory.

type description
filepath <string> A file path.
returns <boolean> true or false.

add(filepath:<string>):<object>

Adds a file to the staging area.

type description
filepath <string> A file path (ex. script.js).
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

add():<object>

Like the above one but it adds all the files from the working directory to the staging area.

type description
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

commit(message:<string>, meta:<object>):<string>

Registers a commit, cleans the staging area and sets the head to point to the new commit.

type description
message <string> The message of the commit
meta <object> Optional. A meta data that could be attached to the commit. (ex. { flag: true })
returns <string> The hash of the commit which is nothing fancy but _<number>

amend(hash:<string>, changes:<object>):<object>

Amends an already existing commit.

type description
hash <string> Hash of the commit that needs to be amended.
changes <string> An object key-value pairs. Check below.
returns <object> It returns the commit object.

The changes object has the following structure:

{
  message: <string>,
  meta: <object>,
  files: {
    <filepath:string>: <file:object>,
    <filepath:string>: <file:object>
  }
}

For example:

{
  message: 'A better message',
  meta: { flag: false, foo: 'bar' },
  files: {
    'a.js': { content: 'Foo' },
    'b.js': { content: 'Bar' }
  }
};

If the method is called with no arguments Gitfred takes whatever is in the current working directory and applies it to the commit where the head points to.

show(hash:<string>):<object>

Gets a commit behind a specific hash. If used with no arguments returns the commit where the head points to.

type description
hash <string> Hash of a commit.
returns <object> It returns a commit object.

diff():<object>

Shows the diff between the current working directory and the commit which the head points to.

type description
returns <object> It returns null if there's no diff or an object { text:<string>, html:<string> }.

adios(hash):<object>

You probably wonder why I picked such a method name right? This method deletes a specific commit. There is no such a thing in Git. We have revert and rebase but that's not really deleting. Gitfred has ridicules simple structure and it is quite easy to implement such functionality.

type description
hash <string> Hash of a commit.
returns <object> It returns the commit which is deleted.

checkout(hash:<string>, force:<boolean>):<object>

Sets the head to point to a specific commit.

type description
hash <string> Hash of a commit.
force <boolean> false by default. Gitfred throws an error if the staging area is empty or there is unstaged files. By setting this flag to true you are skipping those checks.
returns <object> Gitfred instance.

head():<string>

type description
returns <string> Returns a hash of a commit or null.

log():<object>

Get all the commits.

type description
returns <object> It returns all the commits in a single object where the commit hash is a key and the commit object a value.

logAsTree():<object>

Get all the commits.

type description
returns <object> It returns all the commits in a tree of objects.

rollOut():<object>

Get all the commits but with actual file content. .log and .logAsTree deliver the files as patches.

type description
returns <object> It returns all the commits.

export():<object>

It dumps all the data of Gitfred.

type description
returns <object> All the data of Gitfred.

import(data:<object>):<object>

The opposite of export method.

type description
data <object> Gitfred data.
returns <object> The working directory object.

listen(callback:<function>):<nothing>

Send a listener function which will be called when the working tree is changed (ON_CHANGE event), when the staging area is changed (ON_ADD event), when a new commit is made (ON_COMMIT event) and when the head is updated (ON_CHECKOUT event).

type description
callback <function> Fired with either one of the following: ON_CHANGE, ON_ADD, ON_COMMIT, or ON_CHECKOUT.
returns <nothing>

commitDiffToHTML(hash:<string>):<string>

It returns a HTML string containing the diff in a specific commit

type description
hash <string> Hash of a commit.
returns <string> HTML string.

calcStrDiff(a:<string>, b:string):<object>

Compares string a with string b. Returns either null or a diff object which contains text and html properties.

type description
a <string> Old Text
b <string> New text
returns <string> null or object { text:<string>, html:<string> }.

Static variables:

  • git.ON_CHANGE - send to the listener passed to listen method. Fired when something in the working directory is changed.
  • git.ON_ADD - send to the listener passed to listen method
  • git.ON_COMMIT - send to the listener passed to listen method
  • git.ON_CHECKOUT - send to the listener passed to listen method

Scripts

  • yarn release - building the library
  • yarn test - running the tests once
  • yarn dev - running the tests in a watch mode

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In-memory git-like interface for managing content

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