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README.md

This is a simple configuration script use for some BSD.lv project sources. Its mission is to provide OpenBSD portability functions and feature testing.

It's built for C programs using make(1).

It allows easy porting to Linux (glibc 2.19 and greater and musl), FreeBSD, NetBSD, Mac OS X, SunOS (Solaris 11), and OmniOS (illumos). The continuity of this portability is maintained by BSD.lv's continuous integration system. Other systems may also be supported: please let us know if they are.

See versions.md for version information.

To use (tl;dr edition):

  1. copy configure, compats.c, and tests.c into your source tree
  2. have include Makefile.configure at the top of your Makefile
  3. have #include "config.h" as the first inclusion in your sources
  4. read over the documentation below in case you need to guard header inclusion
  5. compile compats.o with your sources and link with it

Source users

Run ./configure prior to running make. The configure script will check for common features as noted in the test files, e.g., pledge(2), and also provide compatibility for other functions, e.g., strlcpy(3).

The ./configure script may be executed in a cross-compiling environment with the compiler and linker set appropriately.

If you have Makefile flags you'd like to set, set them when you invoke configure as key-value pairs on the command-line, e.g.,

./configure PREFIX=/opt

These are set in the generated Makefile.configure, which should be included by the source's Makefile. The LDADD, LDFLAGS, CPPFLAGS, DESTDIR, PREFIX, MANDIR, LIBDIR, BINDIR, SHAREDIR, SBINDIR, and INCLUDEDIR variables are recognised. Anything else is discarded and warned about.

If you want to use an alternative CC or CFLAGS, specify them as an environmental variable. If the compiler is not found, oconfigure will try to locate clang and gcc before giving up.

CC=musl-gcc ./configure

Source developers

Using oconfigure requires some work within your sources to node compatibility areas, then some in your build environment:

#include "config.h" /* required inclusion */

#if HAVE_ERR /* sometimes err.h exists, sometimes not */
# include <err.h>
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int main(void) {
#if HAVE_PLEDGE /* do we have pledge? */
	if (pledge("stdio", NULL) == -1)
		err(EXIT_FAILURE, NULL);
#endif
	warnx("hello, world!"); /* compat provides this */
	return 0;
}

And then...

./configure
cc -o compats.o -c compats.c
cc -o main.o -c main.c
cc compats.o main.o

It's better to build this into your Makefile, as the output Makefile.configure will set compiler, compiler flags, installation utilities, and so on.

The following example also includes portable idioms for a depending library. It uses BSD make style. The compats.c is as given in oconfigure, and Makefile.configure and config.h are generated when running configure.

include Makefile.configure

LDADD_PKG != pkg-config --libs zlib || echo "-lz"
CFLAGS_PKG != pkg-config --cflags zlib || echo ""
LDADD += $(LDADD_PKG)
CFLAGS += $(CFLAGS_PKG)

main: main.o compats.o
	$(CC) -o $@ main.o compats.o $(LDFLAGS) $(LDADD)

install:
	mkdir -p $(DESTDIR)$(BINDIR)
	$(INSTALL_PROGRAM) main $(DESTDIR)$(BINDIR)

main.o compats.o: config.h

clean:
	rm -f main main.o compats.o

This framework was inspired by mandoc's configure script written by Ingo Schwarze.

Features

What follows is a description of the features and facilities provided by the package when included into your sources.

b64_ntop

This and its partner b64_pton are sometimes declared but not defined. The following will guard against that in your sources.

#if HAVE_B64_NTOP
# include <netinet/in.h>
# include <resolv.h>
#endif

Some systems (Linux in particular) with HAVE_B64_NTOP need -lresolv during linking. If so, set LDADD_B64_NTOP in Makefile.configure to -lresolv. Otherwise it is empty.

If the functions are not found, provides compatibility functions b64_ntop and b64_pton.

Since these functions are always poorly documented, the following demonstrates usage for b64_ntop, which translates src into an encoded NUL-terminated string dst and returns the string length or -1. The dstsz is the maximum size required for encoding.

srcsz = strlen(src);
dstsz = ((srcsz + 2) / 3 * 4) + 1;
dst = malloc(dstsz);
if (b64_ntop(src, srcsz, dst, dstsz) == -1)
	goto bad_size;

b64_pton reverses this situation from an encoded NUL-terminated string src into the decoded and NUL-terminated string dst (it's common not to need the NUL-terminator for the decoded string, which is meant to be binary). The dstsz is the maximum size required for decoding.

srcsz = strlen(src);
dstsz = srscsz / 4 * 3;
dst = malloc(dstsz + 1); /* NUL terminator */
if ((c = b64_pton(src, dst, dstsz)) == -1)
	goto bad_data;
dst[c] = '\0'; /* NUL termination */

Capsicum

Tests for FreeBSD's Capsicum subsystem, defining the HAVE_CAPSICUM variable with the result. Does not provide any compatibility.

#if HAVE_CAPSICUM
# include <sys/resource.h>
# include <sys/capsicum.h>
#endif

The guard is required for systems without these headers.

crypt(3)

On OpenBSD, passwords are managed primarily through crypt_newhash(3) and friends. However, the old crypt(3) function is still used in portable applications. Even though it's not very portable.

This tests for crypt(3), defining HAVE_CRYPT with the result.

On many systems with HAVE_CRYPT, you'll also need to add -lcrypt when you compile your system, else it will fail with undefined references.

The LDADD_CRYPT value provided in Makefile.configure will be set to -lcrypt if it's required. Otherwise it is empty.

endian.h

On most operating systems (Linux, OpenBSD), endian.h provides the POSIX.1 endian functions, e.g., htole32(3), be32toh(3), etc. On FreeBSD, however, these are in sys/endian.h. Mac OS X and SunOS have their own functions in their own places.

The required invocation to use the endian functions is:

#if HAVE_ENDIAN_H
# include <endian.h>
#elif HAVE_SYS_ENDIAN_H
# include <sys/endian.h>
#elif HAVE_OSBYTEORDER_H
# include <libkern/OSByteOrder.h>
#elif HAVE_SYS_BYTEORDER_H
# include <sys/byteorder.h>
#endif

Compatibility for the Mac OS X and SunOS functions to the usual htole32 style is provided.

To make this easier, the COMPAT_ENDIAN_H is also defined:

#include COMPAT_ENDIAN_H

This will paste the appropriate location.

err.h

Tests for the err(3) functions, defining HAVE_ERR variable with the result. If not found, provides compatibility functions err, errx, warn, warnx, vwarn, vwarnx.

#if HAVE_ERR
# include <err.h>
#endif

The err.h header needs to be guarded to prevent systems using the compatibility functions for failing, as the header does not exist.

explicit_bzero(3)

Tests for explicit_bzero(3) in string.h, defining HAVE_EXPLICIT_BZERO with the result.

#include <string.h> /* explicit_bzero */

If not found, provides a compatibility function. The compatibility layer will use memset_s, if found. HAVE_EXPLICIT_BZERO shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

fts(3)

Tests for the fts_open(3) family of functions in fts.h, defining HAVE_FTS with the result. If not found, provides compatibility functions.

#if HAVE_FTS
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <fts.h> /* fts_open(3) et al. */
#endif

The fts.h header needs to be guarded to prevent systems using the compatibility functions for failing, as the header does not exist.

getprogname(3)

Tests for getprogname(3) in stdlib.h, defining HAVE_GETPROGNAME with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <stdlib.h> /* getprogname */

The compatibility function tries to use __progname, program_invocation_short_name, or getexecname(). If none of these interfaces may be found, it will emit a compile-time error. HAVE_GETPROGNAME shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

INFTIM

Tests for INFTIM in poll(2), defining HAVE_INFTIM with the result. Provides a compatibility value if not found.

#include <poll.h> /* INFTIM */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_INFTIM shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

libsocket

On IllumOS-based distributions, all socket functions (bind(2), listen(2), socketpair(2), etc.) require linking to the -lsocket and -lnsl libraries.

If this is required, the LDADD_LIB_SOCKET variable in Makefile.configure will be set to the required libraries.

md5.h

Tests for the standalone md5(3) functions, defining HAVE_MD5 with the result.

If not found, provides a full complement of standalone (i.e., not needing any crypto libraries) MD5 hashing functions. These are MD5Init, MD5Update, MD5Pad, MD5Transform, MD5End, and MD5Final. The preprocessor macros MD5_BLOCK_LENGTH, MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH, and MD5_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH are also defined.

These differ ever-so-slightly from the OpenBSD versions in that they use C99 types for greater portability, e.g., uint8_t instead of u_int8_t.

If using these functions, you'll want to guard an inclusion of the system-default. Otherwise a partial md5.h may conflict with results, or a missing md5.h may terminate compilation.

#if HAVE_MD5
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <md5.h>
#endif

On some systems (FreeBSD in particular) with HAVE_MD5, you'll also need to add -lmd when you compile your system, else it will fail with undefined references.

The LDADD_MD5 value provided in Makefile.configure will be set to -lmd if it's required. Otherwise it is empty.

memmem(3)

Tests for memmem(3) in string.h, defining HAVE_MEMMEM with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <string.h> /* memmem */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_MEMMEM shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

memrchr(3)

Tests for memrchr(3) in string.h, defining HAVE_MEMRCHR with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <string.h> /* memrchr */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_MEMRCHR shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

minor(2)

major(2), minor(2), and makedev(2) all live in different places on different systems.

#if HAVE_SYS_MKDEV_H
# include <sys/types.h> /* dev_t */
# include <sys/mkdev.h> /* minor/major/makedev */
#elif HAVE_SYS_SYSMACROS_H
# include <sys/sysmacros.h> /* minor/major/makedev */
#else
# include <sys/types.h> /* minor/major/makedev */
#endif

This can be made much easier as follows, where COMPAT_MAJOR_MINOR_H is set to one of the above. sys/types.h may be included twice.

#include <sys/types.h>
#include COMPAT_MAJOR_MINOR_H

mkfifoat(2)

Tests for the mkfifoat(3) function, defining HAVE_MKFIFOAT with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

This is not a direct replacement, as the function is not atomic: it internally gets a reference to the current directory, changes into the "at" directory, runs the function, then returns to the prior current.

Upon errors, it makes a best effort to restore the current working directory to what it was.

mknodat(2)

Tests for the mknodat(3) function, defining HAVE_MKNODAT with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

This is not a direct replacement, as the function is not atomic: it internally gets a reference to the current directory, changes into the "at" directory, runs the function, then returns to the prior current.

Upon errors, it makes a best effort to restore the current working directory to what it was.

PATH_MAX

Tests for the PATH_MAX variable in limits.h, defining HAVE_PATH_MAX with the result. If not found, defines the PATH_MAX macro to be 4096.

#include <limits.h> /* PATH_MAX */

Since a compatibility value is provided, HAVE_PATH_MAX shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

pledge(2)

Test for pledge(2), defining HAVE_PLEDGE with the result. Does not provide any compatibility.

#include <unistd.h> /* pledge */

The HAVE_PLEDGE guard is not required except around the function invocation.

readpassphrase(3)

Tests for the readpassphrase(3) function, defining HAVE_READPASSPHRASE with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found. The <readpassphrase.h> header inclusion needs to be guarded for systems that include it by default; otherwise, the definitions are provided in the generated config.h:

#if HAVE_READPASSPHRASE
# include <readpassphrase.h>
#endif

If using this function, makes sure you explicitly zero the passphrase buffer as described in readpassphrase(3).

reallocarray(3)

Tests for reallocarray(3) in stdlib.h, defining HAVE_REALLOCARRAY with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <stdlib.h> /* reallocarray */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_REALLOCARRAY shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

recallocarray(3)

Tests for recallocarray(3) in stdlib.h, defining HAVE_RECALLOCARRAY with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <stdlib.h> /* recallocarray */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_RECALLOCARRAY shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

sandbox_init(3)

Tests for sandbox_init(3), defining HAVE_SANDBOX_INIT with the result. Does not provide any compatibility.

seccomp-filter(3)

Tests for Linux's prctl(2) function, which is the gateway for seccomp(2). Defines HAVE_SECCOMP_FILTER if found. Does not provide any compatibility.

Note: this test does not mean that the sandboxing is enabled. You'll need to perform a run-time check for prctl's return value in your sources.

sha2.h

Tests for the standalone sha2(3) functions, defining HAVE_MD5 with the result.

If not found, provides a full complement of standalone (i.e., not needing any crypto libraries) MD5 hashing functions. These are MD5Init, MD5Update, MD5Pad, MD5Transform, MD5End, and MD5Final. The preprocessor macros MD5_BLOCK_LENGTH, MD5_DIGEST_LENGTH, and MD5_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH are also defined.

These differ ever-so-slightly from the OpenBSD versions in that they use C99 types for greater portability, e.g., uint8_t instead of u_int8_t.

If using these functions, you'll want to guard an inclusion of the system-default. Otherwise a partial md5.h may conflict with results, or a missing md5.h may terminate compilation.

#if HAVE_MD5
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <md5.h>
#endif

On some systems (FreeBSD in particular) with HAVE_MD5, you'll also need to add -lmd when you compile your system, else it will fail with undefined references.

The LDADD_MD5 value provided in Makefile.configure will be set to -lmd if it's required. Otherwise it is empty.

SOCK_NONBLOCK

Tests for socketpair(2) in sys/socket.h supporting the SOCK_NONBLOCK mask as found on OpenBSD. Defines the HAVE_SOCK_NONBLOCK variable.

#if HAVE_SOCK_NONBLOCK
	socketpair(AF_UNIX, flags|SOCK_NONBLOCK, 0, fd);
#else
	socketpair(AF_UNIX, flags, 0, fd);
	fcntl(fd[0], F_SETFL, 
	      fcntl(fd[0], F_GETFL, 0)|O_NONBLOCK);
	fcntl(fd[1], F_SETFL, 
	      fcntl(fd[1], F_GETFL, 0)|O_NONBLOCK);
#endif

The guard is not required only around the variable usage, not header inclusion. However, the above example could have the fcntl.h header guarded by !HAVE_SOCK_NONBLOCK.

strlcat(3)

Tests for strlcat(3) in string.h, defining HAVE_STRLCAT with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <string.h> /* strlcat */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_STRLCAT shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

strlcpy(3)

Tests for strlcpy(3) in string.h, defining HAVE_STRLCPY with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <string.h> /* strlcpy */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_STRLCPY shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

strndup(3)

Tests for strndup(3) in string.h, defining HAVE_STRNDUP with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <string.h> /* strndup */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_STRNDUP shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

strnlen(3)

Tests for strnlen(3) in string.h, defining HAVE_STRNLEN with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <string.h> /* strnlen */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_STRNLEN shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

strtonum(3)

Tests for strtonum(3) in stdlib.h, defining HAVE_STRTONUM with the result. Provides a compatibility function if not found.

#include <stdlib.h> /* strtonum */

Since a compatibility value is provided, HAVE_STRTONUM shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

sys/queue.h

Tests for the queue(3) header, sys/queue.h. Defines HAVE_SYS_QUEUE if found and provides all of the queue macros if not. To use these macros, make sure to guard inclusion:

#if HAVE_SYS_QUEUE
# include <sys/queue.h>
#endif

This uses TAILQ_FOREACH_SAFE as a basis for determining whether the header exists and is well-formed. This is because glibc provides a skeleton sys/queue.h without this critical macro.

sys/tree.h

Tests for the tree(3) header, sys/tree.h. Defines HAVE_SYS_TREE if found and provides all of the tree macros if not. To use these macros, make sure to guard inclusion:

#if HAVE_SYS_TREE
# include <sys/tree.h>
#endif

systrace(4)

Tests for the deprecated systrace(4) interface. Defines HAVE_SYSTRACE if found. Does not provide any compatibility.

This function is never "found".

unveil(2)

Test for unveil(2), defining HAVE_UNVEIL with the result. Does not provide any compatibility.

#include <unistd.h> /* unveil */

The HAVE_UNVEIL guard is not required except around the function invocation.

WAIT_ANY

Tests for WAIT_ANY in waitpid(2), defining HAVE_WAIT_ANY with the result. Provides a compatibility value for both WAIT_ANY and WAIT_MYPGRP if not found.

#include <sys/wait.h> /* WAIT_ANY, WAIT_MYPGRP */

Since a compatibility function is provided, HAVE_WAIT_ANY shouldn't be directly used in most circumstances.

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