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<?php
/**
* Wave Framework <http://www.waveframework.com>
* Index Gateway
*
* Index Gateway is an index/bootstrap file of Wave Framework that will serve almost every HTTP
* request made to the system built on Wave Framework. It analyzes the HTTP request, loads Logger
* and configuration as well as HTTP request Limiter, overwrites error handler of PHP and then
* executes the command through one of the request handlers that are stored in
* /engine/handler.[handler-type].php files.
*
* @package Index Gateway
* @author Kristo Vaher <kristo@waher.net>
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2012, Kristo Vaher
* @license GNU Lesser General Public License Version 3
* @tutorial /doc/pages/gateway.htm
* @since 1.0.0
* @version 3.7.0
*/
// SOLVING THE HTTP REQUEST
// For performance logging
$microTime=microtime(true);
// Custom error-handling and reporting is used
// Make sure to check for errors with /tools/debugger.php script (especially when you encounter a critical error page)
error_reporting(0);
// Getting resource without GET string
$tmp=explode('?',$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']);
$resourceAddress=array_shift($tmp);
// Stopping all direct requests to Index Gateway
if($resourceAddress==$_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME']){
header('HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden');
die();
}
// Currently known location of the file in filesystem
// Double replacement occurs since some environments give document root with the slash in the end, some don't (like Windows)
$resourceRequest=str_replace(DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR,DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR,$_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'].$resourceAddress);
// If requested URL does not point to a directory, then request is possibly made to a file
if(!is_dir($resourceRequest)){
// Getting directory, filename and extension information about current resource address
$resourceInfo=pathinfo($resourceRequest);
// Solving the folder that user agent is loading resource from
$resourceFolder=$resourceInfo['dirname'].DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR;
// Assigning file information
$resourceFile=$resourceInfo['basename'];
// If extension was detected then this too is used
if(isset($resourceInfo['extension'])){
$resourceExtension=$resourceInfo['extension'];
}
}
// LOADING CONFIGURATION
// Defining root directory, this is required by handlers in /engine/ subfolder
define('__ROOT__',__DIR__.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR);
//Configuration is stored in this array, it has to be defined even if no configuration is loaded
$config=array();
// Including the configuration
if(!file_exists(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'cache'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'resources'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'config.tmp') || filemtime(__ROOT__.'config.ini')>filemtime(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'cache'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'resources'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'config.tmp')){
// Configuration is parsed from INI file in the root of the system
$config=parse_ini_file(__ROOT__.'config.ini',false,INI_SCANNER_RAW);
// Loading version numbers
$versionsRaw=explode("\n",str_replace("\r",'',file_get_contents(__ROOT__.'.version')));
foreach($versionsRaw as $ver){
// Versions are separated by colon in the version file
$tmp=explode(':',$ver);
$config['version-'.$tmp[0]]=$tmp[1];
}
// List of logger IP's
if(isset($config['logger-ip'])){
$config['logger-ip']=explode(',',$config['logger-ip']);
}
// List of languages
if(isset($config['languages'])){
$config['languages']=explode(',',$config['languages']);
}
// Internal logging flags
if(isset($config['internal-logging'])){
$config['internal-logging']=explode(',',$config['internal-logging']);
}
// API logging settings
if(isset($config['api-logging'])){
$config['api-logging']=explode(',',$config['api-logging']);
}
// API versions
if(isset($config['api-versions'])){
// This also makes sure that the most recent version number exists in API versions list
$config['api-versions']=explode(',',$config['api-versions']);
if(!in_array($config['version-api'],$config['api-versions'])){
$config['api-versions'][]=$config['version-api'];
}
} else {
$config['api-versions']=array($config['version-api']);
}
// File extensions and defaults
if(isset($config['image-extensions'])){
$config['image-extensions']=explode(',',$config['image-extensions']);
} else {
$config['image-extensions']=array('jpeg','jpg','png');
}
if(isset($config['resource-extensions'])){
$config['resource-extensions']=explode(',',$config['resource-extensions']);
} else {
$config['resource-extensions']=array('css','js','txt','csv','xml','html','htm','rss','vcard','appcache');
}
if(isset($config['file-extensions'])){
$config['file-extensions']=explode(',',$config['file-extensions']);
} else {
$config['file-extensions']=array('pdf','doc','docx','xls','xlsx','ppt','pptx','zip','rar');
}
if(isset($config['forbidden-extensions'])){
$config['forbidden-extensions']=explode(',',$config['forbidden-extensions']);
} else {
$config['forbidden-extensions']=array('tmp','log','ht','htaccess','pem','crt','db','sql','version','conf','ini','empty');
}
// Required timezone setting
if(!isset($config['timezone'])){
// Setting GMT as the default timezone
$config['timezone']='Europe/London';
}
// Trusted proxies and IP address
if(isset($config['trusted-proxies'])){
$config['trusted-proxies']=explode(',',$config['trusted-proxies']);
} else {
$config['trusted-proxies']=array('*');
}
// Trusted proxies and IP address
if(isset($config['session-fingerprint'])){
$config['session-fingerprint']=explode(',',$config['session-fingerprint']);
}
// Cache of parsed INI file is stored for later use
if(!file_put_contents(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'cache'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'resources'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'config.tmp',serialize($config))){
header('HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error');
echo '<h1>HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error</h1>';
echo '<p>Cannot write cache in filesystem, please make sure filesystem folders are writable.</p>';
}
} else {
// Since INI file has not been changed, configuration is loaded from cache
$config=unserialize(file_get_contents(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'cache'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'resources'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'config.tmp'));
}
// Setting the timezone
date_default_timezone_set($config['timezone']);
// IP may be forwarded (such as when website is used through a proxy), this can check for such an occasion
if(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP']) && (in_array('*',$config['trusted-proxies']) || in_array($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'],$config['trusted-proxies']))){
$tmp=explode(',',$_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP']);
define('__IP__',trim(array_pop($tmp)));
} elseif(isset($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']) && (in_array('*',$config['trusted-proxies']) || in_array($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'],$config['trusted-proxies']))){
$tmp=explode(',',$_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']);
define('__IP__',trim(array_pop($tmp)));
} else {
define('__IP__',$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']);
}
// LOADING LOGGER
// Logger file is used for performance logging for later review
// Configuration file can set what type of logging is used
if(isset($config['logger']) && $config['logger']!=false && (!isset($config['logger-ip']) || in_array('*',$config['logger-ip']) || in_array(__IP__,$config['logger-ip'])) && ($config['logger']=='*' || preg_match($config['logger'],$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']))){
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'class.www-logger.php');
$logger=new WWW_Logger(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'logs'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR,$microTime);
}
// LOADING HTTP REQUEST LIMITER
// If limiter is configured to be used
if(isset($config['limiter']) && $config['limiter']){
// Limiter is used to block requests under specific conditions, like DOS attacks or when server load is too high
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'class.www-limiter.php');
$limiter=new WWW_Limiter(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'limiter'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR);
// Assigning logger to Limiter
// Logger is used to output log data in case Limiter stops the script pre-maturely
if(isset($logger)){
$limiter->logger=$logger;
}
// Load limiter blocks access if server load is detected to be too high at the moment of request
if(isset($config['limiter-load']) && $config['limiter-load']){
$limiter->limitServerLoad($config['limiter-load']);
}
// Load limiter allows access for certain IP's or blocks access to specific blacklist of IP's
if(isset($config['limiter-whitelist']) && $config['limiter-whitelist']){
$limiter->limitWhitelisted($config['limiter-whitelist']);
} elseif(isset($config['limiter-blacklist']) && $config['limiter-blacklist']){
$limiter->limitBlacklisted($config['limiter-blacklist']);
}
// If HTTPS limiter is used, the ststem returns a 401 error if the user agent attempts to access the site without HTTPS
if(isset($config['limiter-https']) && $config['limiter-https']){
$limiter->limitNonSecureRequests(); // By default the user agent is redirected to HTTPS address of the same request
}
// If HTTP authentication is turned on, the system checks for credentials and returns 401 if failed
if(isset($config['limiter-authentication']) && $config['limiter-authentication']){
$limiter->limitUnauthorized($config['http-authentication-username'],$config['http-authentication-password'],((isset($config['http-authentication-ip']))?$config['http-authentication-ip']:'*'));
}
// Request limiter keeps track of how many requests per minute are allowed on IP.
// If limit is exceeded, then IP is blocked for an hour.
if(isset($config['limiter-request']) && $config['limiter-request']){
$limiter->limitRequestCount($config['limiter-request']);
}
// Referrer limiter checks if the Referrer URL is allowed or not
if(isset($config['limiter-referrer']) && $config['limiter-referrer']){
$limiter->limitReferrer($config['limiter-referrer']);
}
}
// ERROR AND EXIT HANDLING
// This error handler replaces default PHP error handler and is tied to Exception class
function WWW_exitHandler($type=false,$message=false,$file=false,$line=false){
// if this is called through error handler
if($message){
$errorCheck=array();
$errorCheck['type']=$type;
$errorCheck['message']=$message;
$errorCheck['file']=$file;
$errorCheck['line']=$line;
} else {
// Getting the last thrown error, if any
$errorCheck=error_get_last();
}
// If there is an error and it is not a deprecated Line 0 error (which sporadically is thrown in PHP 5.3.4)
if($errorCheck && ($errorCheck['line']!=0 || $errorCheck['type']<E_DEPRECATED)){
// Using the global to access configuration settings beyond the scope of this method
global $config;
// Detecting if error is fatal - thus if error message should be shown to the user
$fatalError=false;
if(in_array($errorCheck['type'],array(E_ERROR,E_USER_ERROR,E_CORE_ERROR,E_PARSE))){
$fatalError=true;
}
// Testing the configuration option for error-reporting
if(!isset($config['errors-reporting']) || $config['errors-reporting']=='full' || ($fatalerror && $config['errors-reporting']=='critical')){
// Error report will be stored in this array
$errorReport=array();
// Setting GMT as the error-reporting timezone
$errorReport[]=date('d.m.Y H:i:s');
// Input data to error report
$error=array();
if(!empty($_GET)){
$error['get']=$_GET;
}
if(!empty($_POST)){
$error['post']=$_POST;
}
if(!empty($_FILES)){
$error['files']=$_FILES;
}
if(!empty($_COOKIE)){
$error['cookies']=$_COOKIE;
}
if(!empty($_SERVER)){
$error['server']=$_SERVER;
}
// Add to error array
$errorReport[]=$error;
//Adding backtrace
if(isset($config['errors-trace']) && $config['errors-trace']==1){
$errorReport[]=debug_backtrace();
}
// Writing current error and file to the array as well
$error=array();
$error['url']=$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
$error['type']=$errorCheck['type'];
$error['file']=$errorCheck['file'];
$error['line']=$errorCheck['line'];
$error['message']=$errorCheck['message'];
$errorReport[]=$error;
// This is the signature used for storing developer sessions
$signatureFolder=md5($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'].' '.$_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);
// If error folder does not yet exist
if(!is_dir(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'errors'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.$signatureFolder.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR)){
if(!mkdir(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'errors'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.$signatureFolder.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR,0755)){
trigger_error('Cannot create error folder',E_USER_ERROR);
}
file_put_contents(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'errors'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.$signatureFolder.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'signature.tmp',$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'].' '.$_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);
}
// Logging the error, the error filename is calculated from current error message (this makes sure there are no duplicates, if the error message is the same).
file_put_contents(__ROOT__.'filesystem'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'errors'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.$signatureFolder.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.md5($error['file'].$error['message']).'.tmp',json_encode($errorReport)."\n",FILE_APPEND);
// As long as the error level is set to display errors of this type
if($fatalError){
// Cleaning output buffer, if it exists
if(ob_get_level()>=1){
ob_end_clean();
}
// There was an error in code
// System returns 500 header even as a server error (possible bug in code)
header('HTTP/1.1 500 Internal Server Error');
// Regular users will be shown a friendly error message
if(isset($config['errors-verbose']) && $config['errors-verbose']==1){
echo '<div style="font:18px Tahoma; text-align:center;padding:100px 50px 10px 50px;">CRITICAL ERROR ENCOUNTERED</div>';
echo '<div style="font:12px Tahoma;width:500px;margin:auto;padding:5px 50px 5px 50px;"><b>TYPE</b>: '.htmlspecialchars($errorCheck['type']).'</div>';
echo '<div style="font:12px Tahoma;width:500px;margin:auto;padding:5px 50px 5px 50px;"><b>FILE</b>: '.htmlspecialchars($errorCheck['file']).'</div>';
echo '<div style="font:12px Tahoma;width:500px;margin:auto;padding:5px 50px 5px 50px;"><b>LINE</b>: '.htmlspecialchars($errorCheck['line']).'</div>';
echo '<div style="font:12px Tahoma;width:500px;margin:auto;padding:5px 50px 5px 50px;"><b>MESSAGE</b>: '.htmlspecialchars($errorCheck['message']).'</div>';
if(isset($config['errors-trace']) && $config['errors-trace']==1){
echo '<div style="font:14px Tahoma; text-align:center;padding:10px 50px 100px 50px;">FULL STACK TRACE AVAILABLE FROM DEBUGGER SCRIPT</div>';
} else {
echo '<div style="font:14px Tahoma; text-align:center;padding:10px 50px 100px 50px;">FULL STACK TRACE IS NOT LOGGED BY DEBUGGER</div>';
}
} else {
echo '<div style="font:18px Tahoma; text-align:center;padding:100px 50px 10px 50px;">WE ARE CURRENTLY EXPERIENCING A PROBLEM WITH YOUR REQUEST</div>';
echo '<div style="font:14px Tahoma; text-align:center;padding:10px 50px 100px 50px;">ERROR HAS BEEN LOGGED FOR FURTHER INVESTIGATION</div>';
}
// Closing the entire request
die();
}
}
}
}
// Setting the error handler
set_error_handler('WWW_exitHandler',E_ALL);
register_shutdown_function('WWW_exitHandler');
// LOADING HANDLERS
// Index Gateway works differently based on what file is being requested
// Handlers for all different modes are stored under /engine/ subfolder
// request has a file extension, then system will attempt to use another handler
if(isset($resourceExtension)){
// Handler is detected based on requested file extension
if(in_array($resourceExtension,$config['image-extensions'])){
// Image Handler allows for things such as dynamic image loading
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.image.php');
} elseif(in_array($resourceExtension,$config['resource-extensions'])){
// Text-based resources are handled by Resource Handler, except for two special cases (robots.txt and sitemap.xml)
if($resourceFile=='sitemap.xml'){
// Sitemap is dynamically generated from sitemap files in /resource/ subfolder
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.sitemap.php');
} elseif($resourceFile=='robots.txt'){
// Robots file is dynamically generated based on 'robots' configuration in config.php file
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.robots.php');
} elseif($resourceExtension=='appcache'){
// Appcache settings can be dynamically generated
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.appcache.php');
} else {
// In every other case the system loads text based resources with additional options, such as compressions and minifying, with Resource Handler
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.resource.php');
}
} elseif(in_array($resourceExtension,$config['file-extensions'])){
// File Handler is loaded for every other file request case
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.file.php');
} elseif(in_array($resourceExtension,$config['forbidden-extensions'])){
// These file extensions are not allowed, thus 403 error is returned
// Log category is 'file' due to it being a file with an extension
if(isset($logger)){
$logger->setCustomLogData(array('response-code'=>403,'category'=>'file'));
$logger->writeLog();
}
// Returning 403 header
header('HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden');
die();
} elseif($resourceExtension=='api'){
// Replacing the extension in the request to find handler filename
$apiHandler=str_replace('.api','',$resourceFile);
// Replacing all potentially sensitive characters from API handler name
$apiHandler=preg_replace('/[^0-9a-z\-\_]/i','',$apiHandler);
// If the file exists then system loads the new API, otherwise 404 is returned
if(file_exists(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.api-'.$apiHandler.'.php')){
// Custom API files need to be placed in engine subfolder
// To see how the default API is built, take a look at handler.api.php
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.api-'.$apiHandler.'.php');
} else {
// This allows API filename to define what type of data should be returned
if($apiHandler=='www'){
if(!isset($_GET['www-return-type'])){
$_GET['www-return-type']='php';
}
} elseif($apiHandler!='json' && $apiHandler!='www'){
$_GET['www-return-type']=$apiHandler;
}
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.api.php');
}
} else {
// Every other extension is handled by Data Handler, which loads URL and View controllers for website views
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.data.php');
}
} else {
// Every other request is handled by Data Handler, which loads URL and View controllers for website views
require(__ROOT__.'engine'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'handler.data.php');
}
?>
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