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Asset Management for PHP

README.md

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Assetic is an asset management framework for PHP.

<?php

use Assetic\Asset\AssetCollection;
use Assetic\Asset\FileAsset;
use Assetic\Asset\GlobAsset;

$js = new AssetCollection(array(
    new GlobAsset('/path/to/js/*'),
    new FileAsset('/path/to/another.js'),
));

// the code is merged when the asset is dumped
echo $js->dump();

Assets

An Assetic asset is something with filterable content that can be loaded and dumped. An asset also includes metadata, some of which can be manipulated and some of which is immutable.

Property Accessor Mutator
content getContent setContent
mtime getLastModified n/a
source root getSourceRoot n/a
source path getSourcePath n/a
target path getTargetPath setTargetPath

The "target path" property denotes where an asset (or an collection of assets) should be dumped.

Filters

Filters can be applied to manipulate assets.

<?php

use Assetic\Asset\AssetCollection;
use Assetic\Asset\FileAsset;
use Assetic\Asset\GlobAsset;
use Assetic\Filter\LessFilter;
use Assetic\Filter\Yui;

$css = new AssetCollection(array(
    new FileAsset('/path/to/src/styles.less', array(new LessFilter())),
    new GlobAsset('/path/to/css/*'),
), array(
    new Yui\CssCompressorFilter('/path/to/yuicompressor.jar'),
));

// this will echo CSS compiled by LESS and compressed by YUI
echo $css->dump();

The filters applied to the collection will cascade to each asset leaf if you iterate over it.

<?php

foreach ($css as $leaf) {
    // each leaf is compressed by YUI
    echo $leaf->dump();
}

The core provides the following filters in the Assetic\Filter namespace:

  • CoffeeScriptFilter: compiles CoffeeScript into Javascript
  • CompassFilter: Compass CSS authoring framework
  • CssEmbedFilter: embeds image data in your stylesheets
  • CssImportFilter: inlines imported stylesheets
  • CssMinFilter: minifies CSS
  • CssRewriteFilter: fixes relative URLs in CSS assets when moving to a new URL
  • DartFilter: compiles Javascript using dart2js
  • EmberPrecompileFilter: precompiles Handlebars templates into Javascript for use in the Ember.js framework
  • GoogleClosure\CompilerApiFilter: compiles Javascript using the Google Closure Compiler API
  • GoogleClosure\CompilerJarFilter: compiles Javascript using the Google Closure Compiler JAR
  • GssFilter: compliles CSS using the Google Closure Stylesheets Compiler
  • HandlebarsFilter: compiles Handlebars templates into Javascript
  • JpegoptimFilter: optimize your JPEGs
  • JpegtranFilter: optimize your JPEGs
  • JSMinFilter: minifies Javascript
  • JSMinPlusFilter: minifies Javascript
  • JSqueezeFilter: compresses Javascript
  • LessFilter: parses LESS into CSS (using less.js with node.js)
  • LessphpFilter: parses LESS into CSS (using lessphp)
  • OptiPngFilter: optimize your PNGs
  • PackagerFilter: parses Javascript for packager tags
  • PackerFilter: compresses Javascript using Dean Edwards's Packer
  • PhpCssEmbedFilter: embeds image data in your stylesheet
  • PngoutFilter: optimize your PNGs
  • Sass\SassFilter: parses SASS into CSS
  • Sass\ScssFilter: parses SCSS into CSS
  • ScssphpFilter: parses SCSS using scssphp
  • SprocketsFilter: Sprockets Javascript dependency management
  • StylusFilter: parses STYL into CSS
  • TypeScriptFilter: parses TypeScript into Javascript
  • UglifyCssFilter: minifies CSS
  • UglifyJs2Filter: minifies Javascript
  • UglifyJsFilter: minifies Javascript
  • Yui\CssCompressorFilter: compresses CSS using the YUI compressor
  • Yui\JsCompressorFilter: compresses Javascript using the YUI compressor

Asset Manager

An asset manager is provided for organizing assets.

<?php

use Assetic\AssetManager;
use Assetic\Asset\FileAsset;
use Assetic\Asset\GlobAsset;

$am = new AssetManager();
$am->set('jquery', new FileAsset('/path/to/jquery.js'));
$am->set('base_css', new GlobAsset('/path/to/css/*'));

The asset manager can also be used to reference assets to avoid duplication.

<?php

use Assetic\Asset\AssetCollection;
use Assetic\Asset\AssetReference;
use Assetic\Asset\FileAsset;

$am->set('my_plugin', new AssetCollection(array(
    new AssetReference($am, 'jquery'),
    new FileAsset('/path/to/jquery.plugin.js'),
)));

Filter Manager

A filter manager is also provided for organizing filters.

<?php

use Assetic\FilterManager;
use Assetic\Filter\Sass\SassFilter;
use Assetic\Filter\Yui;

$fm = new FilterManager();
$fm->set('sass', new SassFilter('/path/to/parser/sass'));
$fm->set('yui_css', new Yui\CssCompressorFilter('/path/to/yuicompressor.jar'));

Asset Factory

If you'd rather not create all these objects by hand, you can use the asset factory, which will do most of the work for you.

<?php

use Assetic\Factory\AssetFactory;

$factory = new AssetFactory('/path/to/asset/directory/');
$factory->setAssetManager($am);
$factory->setFilterManager($fm);
$factory->setDebug(true);

$css = $factory->createAsset(array(
    '@reset',         // load the asset manager's "reset" asset
    'css/src/*.scss', // load every scss files from "/path/to/asset/directory/css/src/"
), array(
    'scss',           // filter through the filter manager's "scss" filter
    '?yui_css',       // don't use this filter in debug mode
));

echo $css->dump();

The AssetFactory is constructed with a root directory which is used as the base directory for relative asset paths.

Prefixing a filter name with a question mark, as yui_css is here, will cause that filter to be omitted when the factory is in debug mode.

You can also register Workers on the factory and all assets created by it will be passed to the worker's process() method before being returned. See Cache Busting below for an example.

Dumping Assets to static files

You can dump all the assets an AssetManager holds to files in a directory. This will probably be below your webserver's document root so the files can be served statically.

<?php

use Assetic\AssetWriter;

$writer = new AssetWriter('/path/to/web');
$writer->writeManagerAssets($am);

This will make use of the assets' target path.

Cache Busting

If you serve your assets from static files as just described, you can use the CacheBustingWorker to rewrite the target paths for assets. It will insert an identifier before the filename extension that is unique for a particular version of the asset.

This identifier is based on the modification time of the asset and will also take depended-on assets into consideration if the applied filters support it.

<?php

use Assetic\Factory\AssetFactory;
use Assetic\Factory\Worker\CacheBustingWorker;

$factory = new AssetFactory('/path/to/asset/directory/');
$factory->setAssetManager($am);
$factory->setFilterManager($fm);
$factory->setDebug(true);
$factory->addWorker(new CacheBustingWorker());

$css = $factory->createAsset(array(
    '@reset',         // load the asset manager's "reset" asset
    'css/src/*.scss', // load every scss files from "/path/to/asset/directory/css/src/"
), array(
    'scss',           // filter through the filter manager's "scss" filter
    '?yui_css',       // don't use this filter in debug mode
));

echo $css->dump();

Internal caching

A simple caching mechanism is provided to avoid unnecessary work.

<?php

use Assetic\Asset\AssetCache;
use Assetic\Asset\FileAsset;
use Assetic\Cache\FilesystemCache;
use Assetic\Filter\Yui;

$yui = new Yui\JsCompressorFilter('/path/to/yuicompressor.jar');
$js = new AssetCache(
    new FileAsset('/path/to/some.js', array($yui)),
    new FilesystemCache('/path/to/cache')
);

// the YUI compressor will only run on the first call
$js->dump();
$js->dump();
$js->dump();

Twig

To use the Assetic Twig extension you must register it to your Twig environment:

<?php

$twig->addExtension(new AsseticExtension($factory));

Once in place, the extension exposes a stylesheets and a javascripts tag with a syntax similar to what the asset factory uses:

{% stylesheets '/path/to/sass/main.sass' filter='sass,?yui_css' output='css/all.css' %}
    <link href="{{ asset_url }}" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" />
{% endstylesheets %}

This example will render one link element on the page that includes a URL where the filtered asset can be found.

When the extension is in debug mode, this same tag will render multiple link elements, one for each asset referenced by the css/src/*.sass glob. The specified filters will still be applied, unless they are marked as optional using the ? prefix.

This behavior can also be triggered by setting a debug attribute on the tag:

{% stylesheets 'css/*' debug=true %} ... {% stylesheets %}

These assets need to be written to the web directory so these URLs don't return 404 errors.

<?php

use Assetic\AssetWriter;
use Assetic\Extension\Twig\TwigFormulaLoader;
use Assetic\Extension\Twig\TwigResource;
use Assetic\Factory\LazyAssetManager;

$am = new LazyAssetManager($factory);

// enable loading assets from twig templates
$am->setLoader('twig', new TwigFormulaLoader($twig));

// loop through all your templates
foreach ($templates as $template) {
    $resource = new TwigResource($twigLoader, $template);
    $am->addResource($resource, 'twig');
}

$writer = new AssetWriter('/path/to/web');
$writer->writeManagerAssets($am);

Assetic is based on the Python webassets library (available on GitHub).

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