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README.md

Reason

Version License Platform

Usage

To run the example project, clone the repo, and run pod install from the Example directory first.

Installation

KSReason is available through CocoaPods. To install it add the following line to your Podfile:

pod "KSReason"

Usage

Backbone

Backbone is a component designed to implement models and collections (inspired by the web framework with the same name).

Models

Models are designed to be extended and include serialization, validations, getters, setters, archiving, and copying:

KSModel *model = [KSModel new];
[model parse:@{ @"id": @"...", @"title": @"...", @"description": @"..." }];
[model get:@"title"];
[model get:@"description"];

Collections

Collections are ordered sets of models and include serialization, enumeration, archiving, and copying:

KSCollection *collection = [KSCollection new];
[collection parse:@[@{ @"id": @"...", @"title": @"...", @"description": @"..." }]];
collection.models;

Events

Events can be applied to both models and collections to easily track modifications:

KSModel *model = [KSModel new];

void (^callback)(KSModel *) = ^(KSModel *model) {
  // ...
};

[model on:@"change" callback:callback];
[model parse:@{ @"id": @"...", @"title": @"...", @"description": @"..." }];
[model off:@"change" callback:callback];
KSCollection *collection = [KSCollection new];

void (^callback)(KSCollection *) = ^(KSCollection *collection) {
  // ...
};

[collection on:@"reset" callback:callback];
[model parse:@[@{ @"id": @"...", @"title": @"...", @"description": @"..." }]];
[collection off:@"reset" callback:callback];

Stateful

Stateful is a component designed to implement finite state machines. It support states, transitions, guards, and callbacks.

Configuration

Configuration of a finite state machine is done by configuring states, transitions, guards and callbacks:

__block typeof(self) bself = self;

KSFSM *fsm = [KSFSM new];

// States:

KSState *sleeping = [KSState named:@"sleeping"];
KSState *working = [KSState named:@"working"];
KSState *resting = [KSState named:@"resting"];
KSState *dead = [KSState named:@"dead"];

[fsm.states add:sleeping];
[fsm.states add:working];
[fsm.states add:resting];
[fsm.states add:dead];

fsm.states.initial = resting;

// Transitions:

[fsm.transitions add:[KSTransition named:@"work" from:sleeping to:working]];
[fsm.transitions add:[KSTransition named:@"rest" from:sleeping to:resting]];
[fsm.transitions add:[KSTransition named:@"sleep" from:@[working,resting] to:sleeping]];
[fsm.transitions add:[KSTransition named:@"sleep" from:@[sleeping,working,resting] to:dead]];

// Guards:

[work enterable:^BOOL {
  // i.e. return bself.weekday;
}];

[rest enterable:^BOOL {
  // i.e. return bself.weekend;
}];

[sleep exitable:^BOOL {
  // i.e. return bself.daytime;
}];

// Callbacks:

[sleeping entered:^(KSState *state, KSTransition *transition) {
  // i.e. ZZZ ZZZ ZZZ
}];

[sleeping exited:^(KSState *state, KSTransition *transition) {
  // i.e. BEEP BEEP BEEP
}];

Usage

Usage of a stateful object is done by executing transitions and checking for errors:

NSError *error;
[fsm reset]; // Optional.

[fsm transition:@"work" error:&error].execute;
fsm.state; // working;

[fsm transition:@"sleep" error:&error].execute;
fsm.state; // sleeping;

[fsm transition:@"rest" error:&error].execute;
fsm.state; // resting;

[fsm transition:@"sleep" error:&error].execute;
fsm.state; // sleeping;

[fsm transitionable:@"sleep"]; // i.e. YES or NO

if (![fsm transition:@"sleep" error:&error].execute);
  error; // <NSError @"invalid transition 'sleep' from 'sleeping' to 'sleeping">;

Enumerable

Enumerable offers a number of extentions to support better enumeration for arrays, dictionaries, and sets:

Each

Each performs a block once on each entry of a collection:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
[collection ks_each:^(NSString *object) {
  // ...
}];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects;@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
[collection ks_each:^(NSString *object) {
  // ...
}];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"Canada": @"Victoria", @"Russia": @"Moscow", @"Greece": @"Athens" };
[collection ks_each:^(NSString *key, NSString *value) {
  // ...
}];

Map

Map performs a block once on each element of a collection and returns a collection of the same type with the block results:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSSet *mapping = [collection ks_map:^NSString *(NSString *object) {
  // ex: NSString *mapping = [object reverse];
  return mapping;
}];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects;@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSArray *mapping = [collection ks_map:^NSString *(NSString *object) {
  // ex: NSString *mapping = [object reverse];
  return mapping;
}];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"Canada": @"Victoria", @"Russia": @"Moscow", @"Greece": @"Athens" };
NSDictionary *mapping = [collection ks_map:^NSString *(NSString *key, NSString *value) {
  // ex: NSString *mapping = [value reverse];
  return mapping;
}];

Reduce

Reduce performs a block once on each element of a collection tracking a memo that will be returned as every entry is iterated:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSString *reduction = [collection ks_reduce:^NSString *(NSString *memo, NSString *object){
  return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@ %@", memo, object];
} memo:@"reduction:"];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects;@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSString *reduction = [collection ks_reduce:^NSString *(NSString *memo, NSString *object){
  return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@ %@", memo, object];
} memo:@"reduction:"];

Dictionaries:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects;@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSString *reduction = [collection ks_reduce:^NSString *(NSString *memo, NSString *key, NSString *value){
  return [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@ %@", memo, value];
} memo:@"reduction:"];

Find

Find passes each element of a collection and returns the element matching the criteria:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSString *element = [collection ks_find:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  return [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSString *element = [collection ks_find:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  return [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"Canada" : @"Victoria", @"Greece": @"Athens", @"Russia": @"Moscow" };
NSString *element = [collection ks_find:^BOOL (NSString *key, NSString *value) {
  return [key isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Any

Any passes each element of a collection to a given block and returns a boolean indicating if the block matches any element:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
BOOL any = [collection ks_any:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  return [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
BOOL any = [collection ks_any:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  return [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"Canada" : @"Victoria", @"Greece": @"Athens", @"Russia": @"Moscow" };
BOOL any = [collection ks_any:^BOOL (NSString *key, NSString *value) {
  return [key isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

All

All passes each element of a collection to a given block and returns a boolean indicating if the block ever matches every element:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
BOOL all = [collection ks_all:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  return [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
BOOL all = [collection ks_all:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  return [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"Canada" : @"Victoria", @"Greece": @"Athens", @"Russia": @"Moscow" };
BOOL all = [collection ks_all:^BOOL (NSString *key, NSString *value) {
  return [key isEqualToString:@"..."];
}];

Filter

Filter passes each element of a collection to a given block and returns the filtered elements that do match the block:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSSet *filter = [collection ks_filter:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  // ex.: BOOL match = [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
  return match;
}];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSArray *filtered = [collection ks_filter:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  // ex.: BOOL match = [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
  return match;
}];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"Canada" : @"Victoria", @"Greece": @"Athens", @"Russia": @"Moscow" };
NSDictionary *filtered = [collection ks_filter:^BOOL (NSString *key, NSString *value) {
  // ex.: BOOL match = [key isEqualToString:@"..."] || [value isEqualToString:@"..."];
  return match;
}];

Reject

Reject passes each element of a collection to a given block and returns the filtered elements that do not match the block:

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSSet *filter = [collection ks_reject:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  // ex.: BOOL match = [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
  return match;
}];

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"Canada", @"Greece", @"Russia", NULL];
NSArray *filtered = [collection ks_reject:^BOOL (NSString *object) {
  // ex.: BOOL match = [object isEqualToString:@"..."];
  return match;
}];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"Canada" : @"Victoria", @"Greece": @"Athens", @"Russia": @"Moscow" };
NSDictionary *filtered = [collection ks_reject:^BOOL (NSString *key, NSString *value) {
  // ex.: BOOL match = [key isEqualToString:@"..."] || [value isEqualToString:@"..."];
  return match;
}];

Union

Union produces the union of the target collection and the parameter collection:

Sets:

NSSet *alpha = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"A", @"B", NULL];
NSSet *omega = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"B", @"C", NULL];
[alpha ks_union:omega]; // [NSSet setWithObjects:@"A", @"B", @"C", NULL];

Arrays:

NSArray *alpha = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"A", @"B", NULL];
NSArray *omega = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"B", @"C", NULL];
[alpha ks_union:omega]; // [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"A", @"B", @"C", NULL];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *alpha = @{ @"A": @"A", @"B": @"B" };
NSDictionary *omega = @{ @"B": @"B", @"C": @"C" };
[alpha ks_union:omega]; // @{ @"A": @"A", @"B": @"B", @"C": @"C" };

Intersection

Intersection produces the intersection of the target collection and the parameter collection:

Sets:

NSSet *alpha = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"A", @"B", NULL];
NSSet *omega = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"B", @"C", NULL];
[alpha ks_intersection:omega]; // [NSSet setWithObjects:@"B", NULL];

Arrays:

NSArray *alpha = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"A", @"B", NULL];
NSArray *omega = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"B", @"C", NULL];
[alpha ks_intersection:omega]; // [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"B", NULL];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *alpha = @{ @"A": @"A", @"B": @"B" };
NSDictionary *omega = @{ @"B": @"B", @"C": @"C" };
[alpha ks_intersection:omega]; // @{ @"B": @"B" };

Difference

Difference produces the difference of the target collection and the parameter collection:

Sets:

NSSet *alpha = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"A", @"B", NULL];
NSSet *omega = [NSSet setWithObjects:@"B", @"C", NULL];
[alpha ks_difference:omega]; // [NSSet setWithObjects:@"A", @"C", NULL];

Arrays:

NSArray *alpha = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"A", @"B", NULL];
NSArray *omega = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"B", @"C", NULL];
[alpha ks_difference:omega]; // [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"A", @"C", NULL];

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *alpha = @{ @"A": @"A", @"B": @"B" };
NSDictionary *omega = @{ @"B": @"B", @"C": @"C" };
[alpha ks_difference:omega]; // @{ @"A": @"A", @"C": @"C" };

Minimum

Minimum searches a collection using compare: to get the minimum element (elements must implement compare:):

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@1.0, @1.25, @0.75, NULL];
collection.ks_minimum; //0.75

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@1.00, @1.25, @0.75, NULL];
collection.ks_minimum; // 0.75;

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"USD": @1.00, @"CDN": @1.25, @"EUR": @0.75 };
collection.ks_minimum; // 0.75

Maximum

Maximum searches a collection using compare: to get the maximum element (elements must implement compare:):

Sets:

it (@"exposes the maximum in an set", ^{
NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@1.00, @1.25, @0.75, NULL];
collection.ks_maximum; // 1.25

Arrays:

it (@"exposes the maximum in an array", ^{
NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@1.0, @1.25, @0.75, NULL];
collection.ks_maximum; //1.25);

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"USD": @1.0, @"CDN": @1.25, @"EUR": @0.75 };
collection.ks_maximum; //1.25

Sample

Sample grabs a random element from a collection.

Sets:

NSSet *collection = [NSSet setWithObjects:@1.0, @1.25, @0.75, NULL];
collection.ks_sample; // (1.0 | 1.25 | 0.75)

Arrays:

NSArray *collection = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@1.0, @1.25, @0.75, NULL];
collection.ks_sample; // (1.0 | 1.25 | 0.75)

Dictionaries:

NSDictionary *collection = @{ @"USD": @1.0, @"CDN": @1.25, @"EUR": @0.75 };
collection.ks_sample; // (1.0 | 1.25 | 0.75)

Functions

Functions offers a number of helpers for working with blocks:

Debounce

Debounce defers a block from executing until after an interval elapses:

KSDebounce *debounce = [KSDebounce new];

__block typeof(self) bself;
[debounce debounce:0.2 block: ^{
  [bself search:self.mainSearchBar.text];
}];

Validations

Validate

NSDictionary *attributes = @{ @"name": @"John Smith", @"email": @"john.smith@mail.org", @"phone": @"+1 555-555-5555" };
NSDictionary *validations = @{
  @"name": @{ KSValidate.presence: @{ KSValidate.message: @"must be entered" } },
  @"tagline": @{ KSValidate.length: @{ KSValidate.minimum: @20, KSValidate.maximum: @80 } },
  @"email": @{ KSValidate.format: @{ KSValidate.with: KSValidateFormatEmail } },
  @"phone": @{ KSValidate.format: @{ KSValidate.with: KSValidateFormatPhone } },
  @"country": @{ KSValidate.inclusion: @{ KSValidate.of: @[@"Canada"] } },
  @"region": @{ KSValidate.exclusion: @{ KSValidate.of: @[@"PEI"] } },
};

KSValidator *validator = [KSValidator validator:validations];
[validator validate:attributes];

validator.errors;
// ex.:
// @{
//   @"tagline": @[@"must be between 20 and 80 characters", @"cannot contain inappriate language"],
//   @"email": @[@"is formatted wrong"], @"phone": @[@"is formatted wrong"]
// };

validator.humanize;
// @"tagline must be between 20 and 80 characters, tagline cannot contain inapproriate language, email is formatted wrong, phone is formatted wrong and name can't be blank"

Length

[KSValidator length:@"test" is:8]; // NO
[KSValidator length:@"test" is:4]; // YES

[KSValidator length:@"test" minimum:5]; // NO
[KSValidator length:@"test" minimum:4]; // YES
[KSValidator length:@"test" minimum:3]; // YES

[KSValidator length:@"test" maximum:3]; // NO
[KSValidator length:@"test" maximum:4]; // YES
[KSValidator length:@"test" maximum:5]; // YES

Format

[KSValidator format:@"tester" with:KSValidationEmail]; // NO
[KSValidator format:@"tester@mail.org" with:KSValidationEmail]; // YES

[KSValidator format:@"tester" with:KSValidationPhone]; // NO
[KSValidator format:@"+1 555-555-5555" with:KSValidationPhone]; // YES

[KSValidator format:@"..." with:@"\\...\\"]; // NO
[KSValidator format:@"abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz" with:@"\\..\\"]; // YES

Inclusion

[KSValidator inclusion:@"blue" collection:@[@"blue"]]; // YES
[KSValidator inclusion:@"pink" collection:@[@"blue"]]; // NO

Exclusion

[KSValidator exclusion:@"blue" collection:@[@"blue"]]; // YES
[KSValidator exclusion:@"pink" collection:@[@"blue"]]; // NO

Presence

[KSValidator presence:@"Greetings!"]; // YES

Absence

[KSValidator absence:@"Greetings!"]; // NO

The attribute names may also be addint the following to Localizable.strings:

Localizations

Messages:

"is invalid": "...";
"can't be blank": "...";
"can't be present": "...";
"must be exactly %@ characters": "...";
"must be between %@ and %@ characters": "...";
"must be a minimum of %@ characters": "...";
"must be a maximum of %@ characters": "...";

Attributes:

"ssn" = "social security number";

Inflections

Pluralize

[@"cookie" ks_pluralize]; // "cookies"
[@"cherry" ks_pluralize]; // "cherries"
[@"potato" ks_pluralize]; // "potatoes"

Singularize

[@"cookies" ks_singularize]; // "cookie"
[@"cherries" ks_singularize]; // "cherry"
[@"potatoes" ks_singularize]; // "potato"

Inflecting

[KSInflector.shared inflect:1 string:@"star"]; // "1 star" [KSInflector.shared inflect:2 string:@"star"]; // "2 stars" [KSInflector.shared inflect:3 string:@"star"]; // "3 stars"

Advanced

[KSInflector config:^(KSInflector *inflector) {
  [inflector singular:@"oxen$" replacement:@"ox"];
  [inflector plural:@"ox$" replacement:@"oxen"];
}];

Existentialism

Objects

[NSNull null].ks_exists; // NO
[NSObject new].ks_exists; // YES

Sets

[NSSet set].ks_exists; // NO
[NSSet setWithObject:object].ks_exists; // YES

Arrays

[NSArray set].ks_exists; // NO
[NSArray setWithObject:object].ks_exists; // YES

Dictionaries

@{}.ks_exists; // NO
@{ key: value }.ks_exists; // YES

Strings

@"".ks_exists; // NO
@"Greetings!".ks_exists; // YES

Author

Kevin Sylvestre, kevin@ksylvest.com

License

KSReason is available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.