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A native <-> browser (webview) bridge library for react-native

Current Version: v0.11.4

Sous le pont Mirabeau coule la Seine et nos amours -- Guillaume Apollinaire

Le pont means "the bridge" in French.

You can bridge the webview and react-native by using lepont i.e. you can invoke the functions of react-native from the inside of browser (webview) and pass information back to browser (webview) from react-native side.

Do you remember PhoneGap (Cordova)? lepont is something like PhoneGap on top of react-native.

React Native already have large swathe of library ecosystem. You can leverage its power from browser by using lepont.

Usage

First install it:

npm install --save lepont
# or
yarn add lepont

Let's vibrate your phone from browser (using React Native's Vibration module).

On react-native side:

import { useBridge } from 'lepont'
import { Vibration } from 'react-native'
import { WebView } from 'react-native-webview'

const App = () => {
  const [ref, onMessage] = useBridge(
    (registry) => {
      // Registers the `vibrate` handler on react-native side
      registry.register('vibrate', () => Vibration.vibrate(1000))
    }
  )

  return (
    <WebView
      // Loads html.
      source={{ uri: 'Web.bundle/index.html' }}
      // Sets "ref" to send the messages to the browser
      ref={ref}
      // Sets "onMessage" to receive the messages from the browser
      onMessage={onMessage}
      javaScriptEnabled
    />
  )
}

export default App

Then send vibrate message from the browser:

import { sendMessage } from 'lepont/browser'

await sendMessage({ type: 'vibrate' })

This makes the phone vibrate for 1000 milliseconds! πŸ‘

Sends multiple events from react-native side

On react-native side

import { useBridge } from 'lepont'
import { WebView } from 'react-native-webview'

const App = () => {
  const [ref, onMessage] = useBridge((registry) => {
    registry.register('streaming-message', (_, bridge) => {
      setInterval(() => {
        bridge.sendMessage({
          type: 'streaming-event',
          payload: 'stream data!',
        })
      }, 1000)
    })
  })

  return (
    <WebView
      source={{ uri: 'Web.bundle/index.html' }}
      ref={ref}
      onMessage={onMessage}
      javaScriptEnabled
    />
  )
}

export default App

Browser side

import { sendMessage, on } from 'lepont/browser'

// This triggers the event streaming
sendMessage({ type: 'streaming-message' })

on('streaming-event', (payload) => {
  // This fires every second from react-native side! :)
  console.log(`payload=${payload}`)
})

Package html in the App

You can package your html and all other assets (css, js) into your app, and we strongly recommend that strategy for reducing significantly the app load time.

See this article for how to bundle the static web assets in your react-native apps.

Module (LePont bridge) ecosystem

LePont aims to have wide range of plugin ecosystem. A lepont plugin is called a lepont bridge.

Currently LePont supports a few of plugins, but tries to support as many as possible in future.

The example of plugin usage:

import React from 'react'
import { WebView } from 'react-native-webview'
import { useBridge } from 'lepont'
import { AsyncStorageBridge } from '@lepont/async-storage/bridge'
import AsyncStorage from '@react-native-community/async-storage'

const App = () => {
  const [ref, onMessage] = useBridge(
    AsyncStorageBridge(AsyncStorage)
  )

  return (
    <WebView
      source={{ uri: 'Web.bundle/index.html' }}
      ref={ref}
      onMessage={onMessage}
      javaScriptEnabled
    />
  )
}

The browser side:

import { setItem, getItem } from '@lepont/async-storage'

await setItem('key', 'value')
await getItem('key') // => 'value'

API

lepont module

lepont module is for react-native side.

useBridge(...bridgeOptions: BridgeOption[]): [WebViewRef, WebViewOnMessage, { registry: Registry }]

Registers the bridge to the registry by the given BridgeOptions. This returns ref and onMessage of WebView. You need to set these to WebView component to communicate with it.

example:

const [ref, onMessage] = useBridge(registry => {
  registry.register('my-bridge', MyBridgeImpl)
})

return <WebView ref={ref} onMessage={onMessage} />

type BridgeOption = (registry: Registry) => unknown

You can pass BridgeOpion functional option to useBridge hook. In this function you can register your bridge type and implementation through registry.register method.

Registry.register<T>(type: string, impl: BridgeImpl<T>): void

You can register your bridge type and implementation with this method.

type BridgeImpl = <T>(payload: T, brdige: Bridge) => unknown

This is the type of bridge implemetation. The 1st param is the payload of your bridge call. The second param is the bridge object. The returned value is serialized and sent back to browser as the result of bridge call. If you like to send back data multiple times to browser you can use bridge.sendMessage method.

bridge.sendMessage(message: Message): void

Sends the message to browser side. To handle this message, you can register on(type, handler) call on browser side.

lepont/browser module

lepont/browser module is for browser side.

sendMessage<T>(message: Message): Promise<T>

Sends the message to react-native side.

on(type: string, handler: any => void)

Registers the handler to the event of the given type name.

off(type: string, handler: any => void)

Unregisters the handler from the event of the given type name.

Write lepont plugin

You can write reusable lepont plugin by using the above APIs.

See the following official plugins and their implementations for how to write a plugin. We also have yeoman generator for lepont plugin.

You can scaffold the plugin repository by hitting the following command:

npm i -g yo generator-lepont-bridge
yo lepont-bridge

Official Plugins

TODO Plugins (contributions welcome)

  • @lepont/cameraroll
    • Wrapper of @react-native-community/cameraroll
  • @lepont/fs
    • Wrapper of react-native-fs
  • @lepont/device-info
  • @lepont/communications

License

MIT