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/*
Copyright 2016 The Kubernetes Authors.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
*/
package rest
import (
"context"
"errors"
"fmt"
"io/ioutil"
"net"
"net/http"
"os"
"path/filepath"
gruntime "runtime"
"strings"
"time"
metav1 "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/apis/meta/v1"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/runtime"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/runtime/schema"
"k8s.io/client-go/pkg/version"
clientcmdapi "k8s.io/client-go/tools/clientcmd/api"
"k8s.io/client-go/transport"
certutil "k8s.io/client-go/util/cert"
"k8s.io/client-go/util/flowcontrol"
"k8s.io/klog"
)
const (
DefaultQPS float32 = 5.0
DefaultBurst int = 10
)
var ErrNotInCluster = errors.New("unable to load in-cluster configuration, KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST and KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT must be defined")
// Config holds the common attributes that can be passed to a Kubernetes client on
// initialization.
type Config struct {
// Host must be a host string, a host:port pair, or a URL to the base of the apiserver.
// If a URL is given then the (optional) Path of that URL represents a prefix that must
// be appended to all request URIs used to access the apiserver. This allows a frontend
// proxy to easily relocate all of the apiserver endpoints.
Host string
// APIPath is a sub-path that points to an API root.
APIPath string
// ContentConfig contains settings that affect how objects are transformed when
// sent to the server.
ContentConfig
// Server requires Basic authentication
Username string
Password string
// Server requires Bearer authentication. This client will not attempt to use
// refresh tokens for an OAuth2 flow.
// TODO: demonstrate an OAuth2 compatible client.
BearerToken string
// Path to a file containing a BearerToken.
// If set, the contents are periodically read.
// The last successfully read value takes precedence over BearerToken.
BearerTokenFile string
// Impersonate is the configuration that RESTClient will use for impersonation.
Impersonate ImpersonationConfig
// Server requires plugin-specified authentication.
AuthProvider *clientcmdapi.AuthProviderConfig
// Callback to persist config for AuthProvider.
AuthConfigPersister AuthProviderConfigPersister
// Exec-based authentication provider.
ExecProvider *clientcmdapi.ExecConfig
// TLSClientConfig contains settings to enable transport layer security
TLSClientConfig
// UserAgent is an optional field that specifies the caller of this request.
UserAgent string
// DisableCompression bypasses automatic GZip compression requests to the
// server.
DisableCompression bool
// Transport may be used for custom HTTP behavior. This attribute may not
// be specified with the TLS client certificate options. Use WrapTransport
// to provide additional per-server middleware behavior.
Transport http.RoundTripper
// WrapTransport will be invoked for custom HTTP behavior after the underlying
// transport is initialized (either the transport created from TLSClientConfig,
// Transport, or http.DefaultTransport). The config may layer other RoundTrippers
// on top of the returned RoundTripper.
//
// A future release will change this field to an array. Use config.Wrap()
// instead of setting this value directly.
WrapTransport transport.WrapperFunc
// QPS indicates the maximum QPS to the master from this client.
// If it's zero, the created RESTClient will use DefaultQPS: 5
QPS float32
// Maximum burst for throttle.
// If it's zero, the created RESTClient will use DefaultBurst: 10.
Burst int
// Rate limiter for limiting connections to the master from this client. If present overwrites QPS/Burst
RateLimiter flowcontrol.RateLimiter
// The maximum length of time to wait before giving up on a server request. A value of zero means no timeout.
Timeout time.Duration
// Dial specifies the dial function for creating unencrypted TCP connections.
Dial func(ctx context.Context, network, address string) (net.Conn, error)
// Version forces a specific version to be used (if registered)
// Do we need this?
// Version string
}
var _ fmt.Stringer = new(Config)
var _ fmt.GoStringer = new(Config)
type sanitizedConfig *Config
type sanitizedAuthConfigPersister struct{ AuthProviderConfigPersister }
func (sanitizedAuthConfigPersister) GoString() string {
return "rest.AuthProviderConfigPersister(--- REDACTED ---)"
}
func (sanitizedAuthConfigPersister) String() string {
return "rest.AuthProviderConfigPersister(--- REDACTED ---)"
}
// GoString implements fmt.GoStringer and sanitizes sensitive fields of Config
// to prevent accidental leaking via logs.
func (c *Config) GoString() string {
return c.String()
}
// String implements fmt.Stringer and sanitizes sensitive fields of Config to
// prevent accidental leaking via logs.
func (c *Config) String() string {
if c == nil {
return "<nil>"
}
cc := sanitizedConfig(CopyConfig(c))
// Explicitly mark non-empty credential fields as redacted.
if cc.Password != "" {
cc.Password = "--- REDACTED ---"
}
if cc.BearerToken != "" {
cc.BearerToken = "--- REDACTED ---"
}
if cc.AuthConfigPersister != nil {
cc.AuthConfigPersister = sanitizedAuthConfigPersister{cc.AuthConfigPersister}
}
return fmt.Sprintf("%#v", cc)
}
// ImpersonationConfig has all the available impersonation options
type ImpersonationConfig struct {
// UserName is the username to impersonate on each request.
UserName string
// Groups are the groups to impersonate on each request.
Groups []string
// Extra is a free-form field which can be used to link some authentication information
// to authorization information. This field allows you to impersonate it.
Extra map[string][]string
}
// +k8s:deepcopy-gen=true
// TLSClientConfig contains settings to enable transport layer security
type TLSClientConfig struct {
// Server should be accessed without verifying the TLS certificate. For testing only.
Insecure bool
// ServerName is passed to the server for SNI and is used in the client to check server
// ceritificates against. If ServerName is empty, the hostname used to contact the
// server is used.
ServerName string
// Server requires TLS client certificate authentication
CertFile string
// Server requires TLS client certificate authentication
KeyFile string
// Trusted root certificates for server
CAFile string
// CertData holds PEM-encoded bytes (typically read from a client certificate file).
// CertData takes precedence over CertFile
CertData []byte
// KeyData holds PEM-encoded bytes (typically read from a client certificate key file).
// KeyData takes precedence over KeyFile
KeyData []byte
// CAData holds PEM-encoded bytes (typically read from a root certificates bundle).
// CAData takes precedence over CAFile
CAData []byte
// NextProtos is a list of supported application level protocols, in order of preference.
// Used to populate tls.Config.NextProtos.
// To indicate to the server http/1.1 is preferred over http/2, set to ["http/1.1", "h2"] (though the server is free to ignore that preference).
// To use only http/1.1, set to ["http/1.1"].
NextProtos []string
}
var _ fmt.Stringer = TLSClientConfig{}
var _ fmt.GoStringer = TLSClientConfig{}
type sanitizedTLSClientConfig TLSClientConfig
// GoString implements fmt.GoStringer and sanitizes sensitive fields of
// TLSClientConfig to prevent accidental leaking via logs.
func (c TLSClientConfig) GoString() string {
return c.String()
}
// String implements fmt.Stringer and sanitizes sensitive fields of
// TLSClientConfig to prevent accidental leaking via logs.
func (c TLSClientConfig) String() string {
cc := sanitizedTLSClientConfig{
Insecure: c.Insecure,
ServerName: c.ServerName,
CertFile: c.CertFile,
KeyFile: c.KeyFile,
CAFile: c.CAFile,
CertData: c.CertData,
KeyData: c.KeyData,
CAData: c.CAData,
NextProtos: c.NextProtos,
}
// Explicitly mark non-empty credential fields as redacted.
if len(cc.CertData) != 0 {
cc.CertData = []byte("--- TRUNCATED ---")
}
if len(cc.KeyData) != 0 {
cc.KeyData = []byte("--- REDACTED ---")
}
return fmt.Sprintf("%#v", cc)
}
type ContentConfig struct {
// AcceptContentTypes specifies the types the client will accept and is optional.
// If not set, ContentType will be used to define the Accept header
AcceptContentTypes string
// ContentType specifies the wire format used to communicate with the server.
// This value will be set as the Accept header on requests made to the server, and
// as the default content type on any object sent to the server. If not set,
// "application/json" is used.
ContentType string
// GroupVersion is the API version to talk to. Must be provided when initializing
// a RESTClient directly. When initializing a Client, will be set with the default
// code version.
GroupVersion *schema.GroupVersion
// NegotiatedSerializer is used for obtaining encoders and decoders for multiple
// supported media types.
//
// TODO: NegotiatedSerializer will be phased out as internal clients are removed
// from Kubernetes.
NegotiatedSerializer runtime.NegotiatedSerializer
}
// RESTClientFor returns a RESTClient that satisfies the requested attributes on a client Config
// object. Note that a RESTClient may require fields that are optional when initializing a Client.
// A RESTClient created by this method is generic - it expects to operate on an API that follows
// the Kubernetes conventions, but may not be the Kubernetes API.
func RESTClientFor(config *Config) (*RESTClient, error) {
if config.GroupVersion == nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("GroupVersion is required when initializing a RESTClient")
}
if config.NegotiatedSerializer == nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("NegotiatedSerializer is required when initializing a RESTClient")
}
baseURL, versionedAPIPath, err := defaultServerUrlFor(config)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
transport, err := TransportFor(config)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
var httpClient *http.Client
if transport != http.DefaultTransport {
httpClient = &http.Client{Transport: transport}
if config.Timeout > 0 {
httpClient.Timeout = config.Timeout
}
}
rateLimiter := config.RateLimiter
if rateLimiter == nil {
qps := config.QPS
if config.QPS == 0.0 {
qps = DefaultQPS
}
burst := config.Burst
if config.Burst == 0 {
burst = DefaultBurst
}
if qps > 0 {
rateLimiter = flowcontrol.NewTokenBucketRateLimiter(qps, burst)
}
}
var gv schema.GroupVersion
if config.GroupVersion != nil {
gv = *config.GroupVersion
}
clientContent := ClientContentConfig{
AcceptContentTypes: config.AcceptContentTypes,
ContentType: config.ContentType,
GroupVersion: gv,
Negotiator: runtime.NewClientNegotiator(config.NegotiatedSerializer, gv),
}
return NewRESTClient(baseURL, versionedAPIPath, clientContent, rateLimiter, httpClient)
}
// UnversionedRESTClientFor is the same as RESTClientFor, except that it allows
// the config.Version to be empty.
func UnversionedRESTClientFor(config *Config) (*RESTClient, error) {
if config.NegotiatedSerializer == nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("NegotiatedSerializer is required when initializing a RESTClient")
}
baseURL, versionedAPIPath, err := defaultServerUrlFor(config)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
transport, err := TransportFor(config)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
var httpClient *http.Client
if transport != http.DefaultTransport {
httpClient = &http.Client{Transport: transport}
if config.Timeout > 0 {
httpClient.Timeout = config.Timeout
}
}
rateLimiter := config.RateLimiter
if rateLimiter == nil {
qps := config.QPS
if config.QPS == 0.0 {
qps = DefaultQPS
}
burst := config.Burst
if config.Burst == 0 {
burst = DefaultBurst
}
if qps > 0 {
rateLimiter = flowcontrol.NewTokenBucketRateLimiter(qps, burst)
}
}
gv := metav1.SchemeGroupVersion
if config.GroupVersion != nil {
gv = *config.GroupVersion
}
clientContent := ClientContentConfig{
AcceptContentTypes: config.AcceptContentTypes,
ContentType: config.ContentType,
GroupVersion: gv,
Negotiator: runtime.NewClientNegotiator(config.NegotiatedSerializer, gv),
}
return NewRESTClient(baseURL, versionedAPIPath, clientContent, rateLimiter, httpClient)
}
// SetKubernetesDefaults sets default values on the provided client config for accessing the
// Kubernetes API or returns an error if any of the defaults are impossible or invalid.
func SetKubernetesDefaults(config *Config) error {
if len(config.UserAgent) == 0 {
config.UserAgent = DefaultKubernetesUserAgent()
}
return nil
}
// adjustCommit returns sufficient significant figures of the commit's git hash.
func adjustCommit(c string) string {
if len(c) == 0 {
return "unknown"
}
if len(c) > 7 {
return c[:7]
}
return c
}
// adjustVersion strips "alpha", "beta", etc. from version in form
// major.minor.patch-[alpha|beta|etc].
func adjustVersion(v string) string {
if len(v) == 0 {
return "unknown"
}
seg := strings.SplitN(v, "-", 2)
return seg[0]
}
// adjustCommand returns the last component of the
// OS-specific command path for use in User-Agent.
func adjustCommand(p string) string {
// Unlikely, but better than returning "".
if len(p) == 0 {
return "unknown"
}
return filepath.Base(p)
}
// buildUserAgent builds a User-Agent string from given args.
func buildUserAgent(command, version, os, arch, commit string) string {
return fmt.Sprintf(
"%s/%s (%s/%s) kubernetes/%s", command, version, os, arch, commit)
}
// DefaultKubernetesUserAgent returns a User-Agent string built from static global vars.
func DefaultKubernetesUserAgent() string {
return buildUserAgent(
adjustCommand(os.Args[0]),
adjustVersion(version.Get().GitVersion),
gruntime.GOOS,
gruntime.GOARCH,
adjustCommit(version.Get().GitCommit))
}
// InClusterConfig returns a config object which uses the service account
// kubernetes gives to pods. It's intended for clients that expect to be
// running inside a pod running on kubernetes. It will return ErrNotInCluster
// if called from a process not running in a kubernetes environment.
func InClusterConfig() (*Config, error) {
const (
tokenFile = "/var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token"
rootCAFile = "/var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt"
)
host, port := os.Getenv("KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST"), os.Getenv("KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT")
if len(host) == 0 || len(port) == 0 {
return nil, ErrNotInCluster
}
token, err := ioutil.ReadFile(tokenFile)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
tlsClientConfig := TLSClientConfig{}
if _, err := certutil.NewPool(rootCAFile); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Expected to load root CA config from %s, but got err: %v", rootCAFile, err)
} else {
tlsClientConfig.CAFile = rootCAFile
}
return &Config{
// TODO: switch to using cluster DNS.
Host: "https://" + net.JoinHostPort(host, port),
TLSClientConfig: tlsClientConfig,
BearerToken: string(token),
BearerTokenFile: tokenFile,
}, nil
}
// IsConfigTransportTLS returns true if and only if the provided
// config will result in a protected connection to the server when it
// is passed to restclient.RESTClientFor(). Use to determine when to
// send credentials over the wire.
//
// Note: the Insecure flag is ignored when testing for this value, so MITM attacks are
// still possible.
func IsConfigTransportTLS(config Config) bool {
baseURL, _, err := defaultServerUrlFor(&config)
if err != nil {
return false
}
return baseURL.Scheme == "https"
}
// LoadTLSFiles copies the data from the CertFile, KeyFile, and CAFile fields into the CertData,
// KeyData, and CAFile fields, or returns an error. If no error is returned, all three fields are
// either populated or were empty to start.
func LoadTLSFiles(c *Config) error {
var err error
c.CAData, err = dataFromSliceOrFile(c.CAData, c.CAFile)
if err != nil {
return err
}
c.CertData, err = dataFromSliceOrFile(c.CertData, c.CertFile)
if err != nil {
return err
}
c.KeyData, err = dataFromSliceOrFile(c.KeyData, c.KeyFile)
if err != nil {
return err
}
return nil
}
// dataFromSliceOrFile returns data from the slice (if non-empty), or from the file,
// or an error if an error occurred reading the file
func dataFromSliceOrFile(data []byte, file string) ([]byte, error) {
if len(data) > 0 {
return data, nil
}
if len(file) > 0 {
fileData, err := ioutil.ReadFile(file)
if err != nil {
return []byte{}, err
}
return fileData, nil
}
return nil, nil
}
func AddUserAgent(config *Config, userAgent string) *Config {
fullUserAgent := DefaultKubernetesUserAgent() + "/" + userAgent
config.UserAgent = fullUserAgent
return config
}
// AnonymousClientConfig returns a copy of the given config with all user credentials (cert/key, bearer token, and username/password) and custom transports (WrapTransport, Transport) removed
func AnonymousClientConfig(config *Config) *Config {
// copy only known safe fields
return &Config{
Host: config.Host,
APIPath: config.APIPath,
ContentConfig: config.ContentConfig,
TLSClientConfig: TLSClientConfig{
Insecure: config.Insecure,
ServerName: config.ServerName,
CAFile: config.TLSClientConfig.CAFile,
CAData: config.TLSClientConfig.CAData,
NextProtos: config.TLSClientConfig.NextProtos,
},
RateLimiter: config.RateLimiter,
UserAgent: config.UserAgent,
DisableCompression: config.DisableCompression,
QPS: config.QPS,
Burst: config.Burst,
Timeout: config.Timeout,
Dial: config.Dial,
}
}
// CopyConfig returns a copy of the given config
func CopyConfig(config *Config) *Config {
return &Config{
Host: config.Host,
APIPath: config.APIPath,
ContentConfig: config.ContentConfig,
Username: config.Username,
Password: config.Password,
BearerToken: config.BearerToken,
BearerTokenFile: config.BearerTokenFile,
Impersonate: ImpersonationConfig{
Groups: config.Impersonate.Groups,
Extra: config.Impersonate.Extra,
UserName: config.Impersonate.UserName,
},
AuthProvider: config.AuthProvider,
AuthConfigPersister: config.AuthConfigPersister,
ExecProvider: config.ExecProvider,
TLSClientConfig: TLSClientConfig{
Insecure: config.TLSClientConfig.Insecure,
ServerName: config.TLSClientConfig.ServerName,
CertFile: config.TLSClientConfig.CertFile,
KeyFile: config.TLSClientConfig.KeyFile,
CAFile: config.TLSClientConfig.CAFile,
CertData: config.TLSClientConfig.CertData,
KeyData: config.TLSClientConfig.KeyData,
CAData: config.TLSClientConfig.CAData,
NextProtos: config.TLSClientConfig.NextProtos,
},
UserAgent: config.UserAgent,
DisableCompression: config.DisableCompression,
Transport: config.Transport,
WrapTransport: config.WrapTransport,
QPS: config.QPS,
Burst: config.Burst,
RateLimiter: config.RateLimiter,
Timeout: config.Timeout,
Dial: config.Dial,
}
}
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