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/*
Copyright 2015 The Kubernetes Authors.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
*/
package iptables
//
// NOTE: this needs to be tested in e2e since it uses iptables for everything.
//
import (
"bytes"
"crypto/sha256"
"encoding/base32"
"fmt"
"net"
"reflect"
"strconv"
"strings"
"sync"
"sync/atomic"
"time"
v1 "k8s.io/api/core/v1"
discovery "k8s.io/api/discovery/v1beta1"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/types"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/wait"
utilfeature "k8s.io/apiserver/pkg/util/feature"
"k8s.io/client-go/tools/record"
"k8s.io/klog/v2"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/features"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/proxy"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/proxy/healthcheck"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/proxy/metaproxier"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/proxy/metrics"
utilproxy "k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/proxy/util"
proxyutiliptables "k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/proxy/util/iptables"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/util/async"
"k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/util/conntrack"
utiliptables "k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/util/iptables"
utilsysctl "k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/util/sysctl"
utilexec "k8s.io/utils/exec"
utilnet "k8s.io/utils/net"
)
const (
// the services chain
kubeServicesChain utiliptables.Chain = "KUBE-SERVICES"
// the external services chain
kubeExternalServicesChain utiliptables.Chain = "KUBE-EXTERNAL-SERVICES"
// the nodeports chain
kubeNodePortsChain utiliptables.Chain = "KUBE-NODEPORTS"
// the kubernetes postrouting chain
kubePostroutingChain utiliptables.Chain = "KUBE-POSTROUTING"
// KubeMarkMasqChain is the mark-for-masquerade chain
KubeMarkMasqChain utiliptables.Chain = "KUBE-MARK-MASQ"
// KubeMarkDropChain is the mark-for-drop chain
KubeMarkDropChain utiliptables.Chain = "KUBE-MARK-DROP"
// the kubernetes forward chain
kubeForwardChain utiliptables.Chain = "KUBE-FORWARD"
)
// KernelCompatTester tests whether the required kernel capabilities are
// present to run the iptables proxier.
type KernelCompatTester interface {
IsCompatible() error
}
// CanUseIPTablesProxier returns true if we should use the iptables Proxier
// instead of the "classic" userspace Proxier.
func CanUseIPTablesProxier(kcompat KernelCompatTester) (bool, error) {
if err := kcompat.IsCompatible(); err != nil {
return false, err
}
return true, nil
}
var _ KernelCompatTester = LinuxKernelCompatTester{}
// LinuxKernelCompatTester is the Linux implementation of KernelCompatTester
type LinuxKernelCompatTester struct{}
// IsCompatible checks for the required sysctls. We don't care about the value, just
// that it exists. If this Proxier is chosen, we'll initialize it as we
// need.
func (lkct LinuxKernelCompatTester) IsCompatible() error {
_, err := utilsysctl.New().GetSysctl(sysctlRouteLocalnet)
return err
}
const sysctlRouteLocalnet = "net/ipv4/conf/all/route_localnet"
const sysctlBridgeCallIPTables = "net/bridge/bridge-nf-call-iptables"
// internal struct for string service information
type serviceInfo struct {
*proxy.BaseServiceInfo
// The following fields are computed and stored for performance reasons.
serviceNameString string
servicePortChainName utiliptables.Chain
serviceFirewallChainName utiliptables.Chain
serviceLBChainName utiliptables.Chain
}
// returns a new proxy.ServicePort which abstracts a serviceInfo
func newServiceInfo(port *v1.ServicePort, service *v1.Service, baseInfo *proxy.BaseServiceInfo) proxy.ServicePort {
info := &serviceInfo{BaseServiceInfo: baseInfo}
// Store the following for performance reasons.
svcName := types.NamespacedName{Namespace: service.Namespace, Name: service.Name}
svcPortName := proxy.ServicePortName{NamespacedName: svcName, Port: port.Name}
protocol := strings.ToLower(string(info.Protocol()))
info.serviceNameString = svcPortName.String()
info.servicePortChainName = servicePortChainName(info.serviceNameString, protocol)
info.serviceFirewallChainName = serviceFirewallChainName(info.serviceNameString, protocol)
info.serviceLBChainName = serviceLBChainName(info.serviceNameString, protocol)
return info
}
// internal struct for endpoints information
type endpointsInfo struct {
*proxy.BaseEndpointInfo
// The following fields we lazily compute and store here for performance
// reasons. If the protocol is the same as you expect it to be, then the
// chainName can be reused, otherwise it should be recomputed.
protocol string
chainName utiliptables.Chain
}
// returns a new proxy.Endpoint which abstracts a endpointsInfo
func newEndpointInfo(baseInfo *proxy.BaseEndpointInfo) proxy.Endpoint {
return &endpointsInfo{BaseEndpointInfo: baseInfo}
}
// Equal overrides the Equal() function implemented by proxy.BaseEndpointInfo.
func (e *endpointsInfo) Equal(other proxy.Endpoint) bool {
o, ok := other.(*endpointsInfo)
if !ok {
klog.Error("Failed to cast endpointsInfo")
return false
}
return e.Endpoint == o.Endpoint &&
e.IsLocal == o.IsLocal &&
e.protocol == o.protocol &&
e.chainName == o.chainName
}
// Returns the endpoint chain name for a given endpointsInfo.
func (e *endpointsInfo) endpointChain(svcNameString, protocol string) utiliptables.Chain {
if e.protocol != protocol {
e.protocol = protocol
e.chainName = servicePortEndpointChainName(svcNameString, protocol, e.Endpoint)
}
return e.chainName
}
// Proxier is an iptables based proxy for connections between a localhost:lport
// and services that provide the actual backends.
type Proxier struct {
// endpointsChanges and serviceChanges contains all changes to endpoints and
// services that happened since iptables was synced. For a single object,
// changes are accumulated, i.e. previous is state from before all of them,
// current is state after applying all of those.
endpointsChanges *proxy.EndpointChangeTracker
serviceChanges *proxy.ServiceChangeTracker
mu sync.Mutex // protects the following fields
serviceMap proxy.ServiceMap
endpointsMap proxy.EndpointsMap
portsMap map[utilproxy.LocalPort]utilproxy.Closeable
nodeLabels map[string]string
// endpointsSynced, endpointSlicesSynced, and servicesSynced are set to true
// when corresponding objects are synced after startup. This is used to avoid
// updating iptables with some partial data after kube-proxy restart.
endpointsSynced bool
endpointSlicesSynced bool
servicesSynced bool
initialized int32
syncRunner *async.BoundedFrequencyRunner // governs calls to syncProxyRules
syncPeriod time.Duration
// These are effectively const and do not need the mutex to be held.
iptables utiliptables.Interface
masqueradeAll bool
masqueradeMark string
exec utilexec.Interface
localDetector proxyutiliptables.LocalTrafficDetector
hostname string
nodeIP net.IP
portMapper utilproxy.PortOpener
recorder record.EventRecorder
serviceHealthServer healthcheck.ServiceHealthServer
healthzServer healthcheck.ProxierHealthUpdater
// Since converting probabilities (floats) to strings is expensive
// and we are using only probabilities in the format of 1/n, we are
// precomputing some number of those and cache for future reuse.
precomputedProbabilities []string
// The following buffers are used to reuse memory and avoid allocations
// that are significantly impacting performance.
iptablesData *bytes.Buffer
existingFilterChainsData *bytes.Buffer
filterChains *bytes.Buffer
filterRules *bytes.Buffer
natChains *bytes.Buffer
natRules *bytes.Buffer
// endpointChainsNumber is the total amount of endpointChains across all
// services that we will generate (it is computed at the beginning of
// syncProxyRules method). If that is large enough, comments in some
// iptable rules are dropped to improve performance.
endpointChainsNumber int
// Values are as a parameter to select the interfaces where nodeport works.
nodePortAddresses []string
// networkInterfacer defines an interface for several net library functions.
// Inject for test purpose.
networkInterfacer utilproxy.NetworkInterfacer
}
// listenPortOpener opens ports by calling bind() and listen().
type listenPortOpener struct{}
// OpenLocalPort holds the given local port open.
func (l *listenPortOpener) OpenLocalPort(lp *utilproxy.LocalPort, isIPv6 bool) (utilproxy.Closeable, error) {
return openLocalPort(lp, isIPv6)
}
// Proxier implements proxy.Provider
var _ proxy.Provider = &Proxier{}
// NewProxier returns a new Proxier given an iptables Interface instance.
// Because of the iptables logic, it is assumed that there is only a single Proxier active on a machine.
// An error will be returned if iptables fails to update or acquire the initial lock.
// Once a proxier is created, it will keep iptables up to date in the background and
// will not terminate if a particular iptables call fails.
func NewProxier(ipt utiliptables.Interface,
sysctl utilsysctl.Interface,
exec utilexec.Interface,
syncPeriod time.Duration,
minSyncPeriod time.Duration,
masqueradeAll bool,
masqueradeBit int,
localDetector proxyutiliptables.LocalTrafficDetector,
hostname string,
nodeIP net.IP,
recorder record.EventRecorder,
healthzServer healthcheck.ProxierHealthUpdater,
nodePortAddresses []string,
) (*Proxier, error) {
// Set the route_localnet sysctl we need for
if err := utilproxy.EnsureSysctl(sysctl, sysctlRouteLocalnet, 1); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
// Proxy needs br_netfilter and bridge-nf-call-iptables=1 when containers
// are connected to a Linux bridge (but not SDN bridges). Until most
// plugins handle this, log when config is missing
if val, err := sysctl.GetSysctl(sysctlBridgeCallIPTables); err == nil && val != 1 {
klog.Warning("missing br-netfilter module or unset sysctl br-nf-call-iptables; proxy may not work as intended")
}
// Generate the masquerade mark to use for SNAT rules.
masqueradeValue := 1 << uint(masqueradeBit)
masqueradeMark := fmt.Sprintf("%#08x", masqueradeValue)
klog.V(2).Infof("iptables(%s) masquerade mark: %s", ipt.Protocol(), masqueradeMark)
endpointSlicesEnabled := utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.EndpointSliceProxying)
serviceHealthServer := healthcheck.NewServiceHealthServer(hostname, recorder)
isIPv6 := ipt.IsIPv6()
var incorrectAddresses []string
nodePortAddresses, incorrectAddresses = utilproxy.FilterIncorrectCIDRVersion(nodePortAddresses, isIPv6)
if len(incorrectAddresses) > 0 {
klog.Warning("NodePortAddresses of wrong family; ", incorrectAddresses)
}
proxier := &Proxier{
portsMap: make(map[utilproxy.LocalPort]utilproxy.Closeable),
serviceMap: make(proxy.ServiceMap),
serviceChanges: proxy.NewServiceChangeTracker(newServiceInfo, &isIPv6, recorder, nil),
endpointsMap: make(proxy.EndpointsMap),
endpointsChanges: proxy.NewEndpointChangeTracker(hostname, newEndpointInfo, &isIPv6, recorder, endpointSlicesEnabled, nil),
syncPeriod: syncPeriod,
iptables: ipt,
masqueradeAll: masqueradeAll,
masqueradeMark: masqueradeMark,
exec: exec,
localDetector: localDetector,
hostname: hostname,
nodeIP: nodeIP,
portMapper: &listenPortOpener{},
recorder: recorder,
serviceHealthServer: serviceHealthServer,
healthzServer: healthzServer,
precomputedProbabilities: make([]string, 0, 1001),
iptablesData: bytes.NewBuffer(nil),
existingFilterChainsData: bytes.NewBuffer(nil),
filterChains: bytes.NewBuffer(nil),
filterRules: bytes.NewBuffer(nil),
natChains: bytes.NewBuffer(nil),
natRules: bytes.NewBuffer(nil),
nodePortAddresses: nodePortAddresses,
networkInterfacer: utilproxy.RealNetwork{},
}
burstSyncs := 2
klog.V(2).Infof("iptables(%s) sync params: minSyncPeriod=%v, syncPeriod=%v, burstSyncs=%d",
ipt.Protocol(), minSyncPeriod, syncPeriod, burstSyncs)
// We pass syncPeriod to ipt.Monitor, which will call us only if it needs to.
// We need to pass *some* maxInterval to NewBoundedFrequencyRunner anyway though.
// time.Hour is arbitrary.
proxier.syncRunner = async.NewBoundedFrequencyRunner("sync-runner", proxier.syncProxyRules, minSyncPeriod, time.Hour, burstSyncs)
go ipt.Monitor(utiliptables.Chain("KUBE-PROXY-CANARY"),
[]utiliptables.Table{utiliptables.TableMangle, utiliptables.TableNAT, utiliptables.TableFilter},
proxier.syncProxyRules, syncPeriod, wait.NeverStop)
if ipt.HasRandomFully() {
klog.V(2).Infof("iptables(%s) supports --random-fully", ipt.Protocol())
} else {
klog.V(2).Infof("iptables(%s) does not support --random-fully", ipt.Protocol())
}
return proxier, nil
}
// NewDualStackProxier creates a MetaProxier instance, with IPv4 and IPv6 proxies.
func NewDualStackProxier(
ipt [2]utiliptables.Interface,
sysctl utilsysctl.Interface,
exec utilexec.Interface,
syncPeriod time.Duration,
minSyncPeriod time.Duration,
masqueradeAll bool,
masqueradeBit int,
localDetectors [2]proxyutiliptables.LocalTrafficDetector,
hostname string,
nodeIP [2]net.IP,
recorder record.EventRecorder,
healthzServer healthcheck.ProxierHealthUpdater,
nodePortAddresses []string,
) (proxy.Provider, error) {
// Create an ipv4 instance of the single-stack proxier
nodePortAddresses4, nodePortAddresses6 := utilproxy.FilterIncorrectCIDRVersion(nodePortAddresses, false)
ipv4Proxier, err := NewProxier(ipt[0], sysctl,
exec, syncPeriod, minSyncPeriod, masqueradeAll, masqueradeBit, localDetectors[0], hostname,
nodeIP[0], recorder, healthzServer, nodePortAddresses4)
if err != nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("unable to create ipv4 proxier: %v", err)
}
ipv6Proxier, err := NewProxier(ipt[1], sysctl,
exec, syncPeriod, minSyncPeriod, masqueradeAll, masqueradeBit, localDetectors[1], hostname,
nodeIP[1], recorder, healthzServer, nodePortAddresses6)
if err != nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("unable to create ipv6 proxier: %v", err)
}
return metaproxier.NewMetaProxier(ipv4Proxier, ipv6Proxier), nil // TODO move meta-proxier to mode-neutral package
}
type iptablesJumpChain struct {
table utiliptables.Table
dstChain utiliptables.Chain
srcChain utiliptables.Chain
comment string
extraArgs []string
}
var iptablesJumpChains = []iptablesJumpChain{
{utiliptables.TableFilter, kubeExternalServicesChain, utiliptables.ChainInput, "kubernetes externally-visible service portals", []string{"-m", "conntrack", "--ctstate", "NEW"}},
{utiliptables.TableFilter, kubeServicesChain, utiliptables.ChainForward, "kubernetes service portals", []string{"-m", "conntrack", "--ctstate", "NEW"}},
{utiliptables.TableFilter, kubeServicesChain, utiliptables.ChainOutput, "kubernetes service portals", []string{"-m", "conntrack", "--ctstate", "NEW"}},
{utiliptables.TableFilter, kubeServicesChain, utiliptables.ChainInput, "kubernetes service portals", []string{"-m", "conntrack", "--ctstate", "NEW"}},
{utiliptables.TableFilter, kubeForwardChain, utiliptables.ChainForward, "kubernetes forwarding rules", nil},
{utiliptables.TableNAT, kubeServicesChain, utiliptables.ChainOutput, "kubernetes service portals", nil},
{utiliptables.TableNAT, kubeServicesChain, utiliptables.ChainPrerouting, "kubernetes service portals", nil},
{utiliptables.TableNAT, kubePostroutingChain, utiliptables.ChainPostrouting, "kubernetes postrouting rules", nil},
}
var iptablesCleanupOnlyChains = []iptablesJumpChain{}
// CleanupLeftovers removes all iptables rules and chains created by the Proxier
// It returns true if an error was encountered. Errors are logged.
func CleanupLeftovers(ipt utiliptables.Interface) (encounteredError bool) {
// Unlink our chains
for _, jump := range append(iptablesJumpChains, iptablesCleanupOnlyChains...) {
args := append(jump.extraArgs,
"-m", "comment", "--comment", jump.comment,
"-j", string(jump.dstChain),
)
if err := ipt.DeleteRule(jump.table, jump.srcChain, args...); err != nil {
if !utiliptables.IsNotFoundError(err) {
klog.Errorf("Error removing pure-iptables proxy rule: %v", err)
encounteredError = true
}
}
}
// Flush and remove all of our "-t nat" chains.
iptablesData := bytes.NewBuffer(nil)
if err := ipt.SaveInto(utiliptables.TableNAT, iptablesData); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to execute iptables-save for %s: %v", utiliptables.TableNAT, err)
encounteredError = true
} else {
existingNATChains := utiliptables.GetChainLines(utiliptables.TableNAT, iptablesData.Bytes())
natChains := bytes.NewBuffer(nil)
natRules := bytes.NewBuffer(nil)
writeLine(natChains, "*nat")
// Start with chains we know we need to remove.
for _, chain := range []utiliptables.Chain{kubeServicesChain, kubeNodePortsChain, kubePostroutingChain} {
if _, found := existingNATChains[chain]; found {
chainString := string(chain)
writeBytesLine(natChains, existingNATChains[chain]) // flush
writeLine(natRules, "-X", chainString) // delete
}
}
// Hunt for service and endpoint chains.
for chain := range existingNATChains {
chainString := string(chain)
if strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-SVC-") || strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-SEP-") || strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-FW-") || strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-XLB-") {
writeBytesLine(natChains, existingNATChains[chain]) // flush
writeLine(natRules, "-X", chainString) // delete
}
}
writeLine(natRules, "COMMIT")
natLines := append(natChains.Bytes(), natRules.Bytes()...)
// Write it.
err = ipt.Restore(utiliptables.TableNAT, natLines, utiliptables.NoFlushTables, utiliptables.RestoreCounters)
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to execute iptables-restore for %s: %v", utiliptables.TableNAT, err)
metrics.IptablesRestoreFailuresTotal.Inc()
encounteredError = true
}
}
// Flush and remove all of our "-t filter" chains.
iptablesData.Reset()
if err := ipt.SaveInto(utiliptables.TableFilter, iptablesData); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to execute iptables-save for %s: %v", utiliptables.TableFilter, err)
encounteredError = true
} else {
existingFilterChains := utiliptables.GetChainLines(utiliptables.TableFilter, iptablesData.Bytes())
filterChains := bytes.NewBuffer(nil)
filterRules := bytes.NewBuffer(nil)
writeLine(filterChains, "*filter")
for _, chain := range []utiliptables.Chain{kubeServicesChain, kubeExternalServicesChain, kubeForwardChain} {
if _, found := existingFilterChains[chain]; found {
chainString := string(chain)
writeBytesLine(filterChains, existingFilterChains[chain])
writeLine(filterRules, "-X", chainString)
}
}
writeLine(filterRules, "COMMIT")
filterLines := append(filterChains.Bytes(), filterRules.Bytes()...)
// Write it.
if err := ipt.Restore(utiliptables.TableFilter, filterLines, utiliptables.NoFlushTables, utiliptables.RestoreCounters); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to execute iptables-restore for %s: %v", utiliptables.TableFilter, err)
metrics.IptablesRestoreFailuresTotal.Inc()
encounteredError = true
}
}
return encounteredError
}
func computeProbability(n int) string {
return fmt.Sprintf("%0.10f", 1.0/float64(n))
}
// This assumes proxier.mu is held
func (proxier *Proxier) precomputeProbabilities(numberOfPrecomputed int) {
if len(proxier.precomputedProbabilities) == 0 {
proxier.precomputedProbabilities = append(proxier.precomputedProbabilities, "<bad value>")
}
for i := len(proxier.precomputedProbabilities); i <= numberOfPrecomputed; i++ {
proxier.precomputedProbabilities = append(proxier.precomputedProbabilities, computeProbability(i))
}
}
// This assumes proxier.mu is held
func (proxier *Proxier) probability(n int) string {
if n >= len(proxier.precomputedProbabilities) {
proxier.precomputeProbabilities(n)
}
return proxier.precomputedProbabilities[n]
}
// Sync is called to synchronize the proxier state to iptables as soon as possible.
func (proxier *Proxier) Sync() {
if proxier.healthzServer != nil {
proxier.healthzServer.QueuedUpdate()
}
metrics.SyncProxyRulesLastQueuedTimestamp.SetToCurrentTime()
proxier.syncRunner.Run()
}
// SyncLoop runs periodic work. This is expected to run as a goroutine or as the main loop of the app. It does not return.
func (proxier *Proxier) SyncLoop() {
// Update healthz timestamp at beginning in case Sync() never succeeds.
if proxier.healthzServer != nil {
proxier.healthzServer.Updated()
}
// synthesize "last change queued" time as the informers are syncing.
metrics.SyncProxyRulesLastQueuedTimestamp.SetToCurrentTime()
proxier.syncRunner.Loop(wait.NeverStop)
}
func (proxier *Proxier) setInitialized(value bool) {
var initialized int32
if value {
initialized = 1
}
atomic.StoreInt32(&proxier.initialized, initialized)
}
func (proxier *Proxier) isInitialized() bool {
return atomic.LoadInt32(&proxier.initialized) > 0
}
// OnServiceAdd is called whenever creation of new service object
// is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnServiceAdd(service *v1.Service) {
proxier.OnServiceUpdate(nil, service)
}
// OnServiceUpdate is called whenever modification of an existing
// service object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnServiceUpdate(oldService, service *v1.Service) {
if proxier.serviceChanges.Update(oldService, service) && proxier.isInitialized() {
proxier.Sync()
}
}
// OnServiceDelete is called whenever deletion of an existing service
// object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnServiceDelete(service *v1.Service) {
proxier.OnServiceUpdate(service, nil)
}
// OnServiceSynced is called once all the initial event handlers were
// called and the state is fully propagated to local cache.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnServiceSynced() {
proxier.mu.Lock()
proxier.servicesSynced = true
if utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.EndpointSliceProxying) {
proxier.setInitialized(proxier.endpointSlicesSynced)
} else {
proxier.setInitialized(proxier.endpointsSynced)
}
proxier.mu.Unlock()
// Sync unconditionally - this is called once per lifetime.
proxier.syncProxyRules()
}
// OnEndpointsAdd is called whenever creation of new endpoints object
// is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointsAdd(endpoints *v1.Endpoints) {
proxier.OnEndpointsUpdate(nil, endpoints)
}
// OnEndpointsUpdate is called whenever modification of an existing
// endpoints object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointsUpdate(oldEndpoints, endpoints *v1.Endpoints) {
if proxier.endpointsChanges.Update(oldEndpoints, endpoints) && proxier.isInitialized() {
proxier.Sync()
}
}
// OnEndpointsDelete is called whenever deletion of an existing endpoints
// object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointsDelete(endpoints *v1.Endpoints) {
proxier.OnEndpointsUpdate(endpoints, nil)
}
// OnEndpointsSynced is called once all the initial event handlers were
// called and the state is fully propagated to local cache.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointsSynced() {
proxier.mu.Lock()
proxier.endpointsSynced = true
proxier.setInitialized(proxier.servicesSynced)
proxier.mu.Unlock()
// Sync unconditionally - this is called once per lifetime.
proxier.syncProxyRules()
}
// OnEndpointSliceAdd is called whenever creation of a new endpoint slice object
// is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointSliceAdd(endpointSlice *discovery.EndpointSlice) {
if proxier.endpointsChanges.EndpointSliceUpdate(endpointSlice, false) && proxier.isInitialized() {
proxier.Sync()
}
}
// OnEndpointSliceUpdate is called whenever modification of an existing endpoint
// slice object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointSliceUpdate(_, endpointSlice *discovery.EndpointSlice) {
if proxier.endpointsChanges.EndpointSliceUpdate(endpointSlice, false) && proxier.isInitialized() {
proxier.Sync()
}
}
// OnEndpointSliceDelete is called whenever deletion of an existing endpoint slice
// object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointSliceDelete(endpointSlice *discovery.EndpointSlice) {
if proxier.endpointsChanges.EndpointSliceUpdate(endpointSlice, true) && proxier.isInitialized() {
proxier.Sync()
}
}
// OnEndpointSlicesSynced is called once all the initial event handlers were
// called and the state is fully propagated to local cache.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnEndpointSlicesSynced() {
proxier.mu.Lock()
proxier.endpointSlicesSynced = true
proxier.setInitialized(proxier.servicesSynced)
proxier.mu.Unlock()
// Sync unconditionally - this is called once per lifetime.
proxier.syncProxyRules()
}
// OnNodeAdd is called whenever creation of new node object
// is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnNodeAdd(node *v1.Node) {
if node.Name != proxier.hostname {
klog.Errorf("Received a watch event for a node %s that doesn't match the current node %v", node.Name, proxier.hostname)
return
}
if reflect.DeepEqual(proxier.nodeLabels, node.Labels) {
return
}
proxier.mu.Lock()
proxier.nodeLabels = node.Labels
proxier.mu.Unlock()
proxier.syncProxyRules()
}
// OnNodeUpdate is called whenever modification of an existing
// node object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnNodeUpdate(oldNode, node *v1.Node) {
if node.Name != proxier.hostname {
klog.Errorf("Received a watch event for a node %s that doesn't match the current node %v", node.Name, proxier.hostname)
return
}
if reflect.DeepEqual(proxier.nodeLabels, node.Labels) {
return
}
proxier.mu.Lock()
proxier.nodeLabels = node.Labels
proxier.mu.Unlock()
proxier.syncProxyRules()
}
// OnNodeDelete is called whenever deletion of an existing node
// object is observed.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnNodeDelete(node *v1.Node) {
if node.Name != proxier.hostname {
klog.Errorf("Received a watch event for a node %s that doesn't match the current node %v", node.Name, proxier.hostname)
return
}
proxier.mu.Lock()
proxier.nodeLabels = nil
proxier.mu.Unlock()
proxier.syncProxyRules()
}
// OnNodeSynced is called once all the initial event handlers were
// called and the state is fully propagated to local cache.
func (proxier *Proxier) OnNodeSynced() {
}
// portProtoHash takes the ServicePortName and protocol for a service
// returns the associated 16 character hash. This is computed by hashing (sha256)
// then encoding to base32 and truncating to 16 chars. We do this because IPTables
// Chain Names must be <= 28 chars long, and the longer they are the harder they are to read.
func portProtoHash(servicePortName string, protocol string) string {
hash := sha256.Sum256([]byte(servicePortName + protocol))
encoded := base32.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(hash[:])
return encoded[:16]
}
// servicePortChainName takes the ServicePortName for a service and
// returns the associated iptables chain. This is computed by hashing (sha256)
// then encoding to base32 and truncating with the prefix "KUBE-SVC-".
func servicePortChainName(servicePortName string, protocol string) utiliptables.Chain {
return utiliptables.Chain("KUBE-SVC-" + portProtoHash(servicePortName, protocol))
}
// serviceFirewallChainName takes the ServicePortName for a service and
// returns the associated iptables chain. This is computed by hashing (sha256)
// then encoding to base32 and truncating with the prefix "KUBE-FW-".
func serviceFirewallChainName(servicePortName string, protocol string) utiliptables.Chain {
return utiliptables.Chain("KUBE-FW-" + portProtoHash(servicePortName, protocol))
}
// serviceLBPortChainName takes the ServicePortName for a service and
// returns the associated iptables chain. This is computed by hashing (sha256)
// then encoding to base32 and truncating with the prefix "KUBE-XLB-". We do
// this because IPTables Chain Names must be <= 28 chars long, and the longer
// they are the harder they are to read.
func serviceLBChainName(servicePortName string, protocol string) utiliptables.Chain {
return utiliptables.Chain("KUBE-XLB-" + portProtoHash(servicePortName, protocol))
}
// This is the same as servicePortChainName but with the endpoint included.
func servicePortEndpointChainName(servicePortName string, protocol string, endpoint string) utiliptables.Chain {
hash := sha256.Sum256([]byte(servicePortName + protocol + endpoint))
encoded := base32.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(hash[:])
return utiliptables.Chain("KUBE-SEP-" + encoded[:16])
}
// After a UDP or SCTP endpoint has been removed, we must flush any pending conntrack entries to it, or else we
// risk sending more traffic to it, all of which will be lost.
// This assumes the proxier mutex is held
// TODO: move it to util
func (proxier *Proxier) deleteEndpointConnections(connectionMap []proxy.ServiceEndpoint) {
for _, epSvcPair := range connectionMap {
if svcInfo, ok := proxier.serviceMap[epSvcPair.ServicePortName]; ok && conntrack.IsClearConntrackNeeded(svcInfo.Protocol()) {
endpointIP := utilproxy.IPPart(epSvcPair.Endpoint)
nodePort := svcInfo.NodePort()
svcProto := svcInfo.Protocol()
var err error
if nodePort != 0 {
err = conntrack.ClearEntriesForPortNAT(proxier.exec, endpointIP, nodePort, svcProto)
} else {
err = conntrack.ClearEntriesForNAT(proxier.exec, svcInfo.ClusterIP().String(), endpointIP, svcProto)
}
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to delete %s endpoint connections, error: %v", epSvcPair.ServicePortName.String(), err)
}
for _, extIP := range svcInfo.ExternalIPStrings() {
err := conntrack.ClearEntriesForNAT(proxier.exec, extIP, endpointIP, svcProto)
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to delete %s endpoint connections for externalIP %s, error: %v", epSvcPair.ServicePortName.String(), extIP, err)
}
}
for _, lbIP := range svcInfo.LoadBalancerIPStrings() {
err := conntrack.ClearEntriesForNAT(proxier.exec, lbIP, endpointIP, svcProto)
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to delete %s endpoint connections for LoabBalancerIP %s, error: %v", epSvcPair.ServicePortName.String(), lbIP, err)
}
}
}
}
}
const endpointChainsNumberThreshold = 1000
// Assumes proxier.mu is held.
func (proxier *Proxier) appendServiceCommentLocked(args []string, svcName string) []string {
// Not printing these comments, can reduce size of iptables (in case of large
// number of endpoints) even by 40%+. So if total number of endpoint chains
// is large enough, we simply drop those comments.
if proxier.endpointChainsNumber > endpointChainsNumberThreshold {
return args
}
return append(args, "-m", "comment", "--comment", svcName)
}
// This is where all of the iptables-save/restore calls happen.
// The only other iptables rules are those that are setup in iptablesInit()
// This assumes proxier.mu is NOT held
func (proxier *Proxier) syncProxyRules() {
proxier.mu.Lock()
defer proxier.mu.Unlock()
// don't sync rules till we've received services and endpoints
if !proxier.isInitialized() {
klog.V(2).Info("Not syncing iptables until Services and Endpoints have been received from master")
return
}
// Keep track of how long syncs take.
start := time.Now()
defer func() {
metrics.SyncProxyRulesLatency.Observe(metrics.SinceInSeconds(start))
klog.V(2).Infof("syncProxyRules took %v", time.Since(start))
}()
localAddrs, err := utilproxy.GetLocalAddrs()
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to get local addresses during proxy sync: %v, assuming external IPs are not local", err)
} else if len(localAddrs) == 0 {
klog.Warning("No local addresses found, assuming all external IPs are not local")
}
localAddrSet := utilnet.IPSet{}
localAddrSet.Insert(localAddrs...)
nodeAddresses, err := utilproxy.GetNodeAddresses(proxier.nodePortAddresses, proxier.networkInterfacer)
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to get node ip address matching nodeport cidrs %v, services with nodeport may not work as intended: %v", proxier.nodePortAddresses, err)
}
// We assume that if this was called, we really want to sync them,
// even if nothing changed in the meantime. In other words, callers are
// responsible for detecting no-op changes and not calling this function.
serviceUpdateResult := proxy.UpdateServiceMap(proxier.serviceMap, proxier.serviceChanges)
endpointUpdateResult := proxier.endpointsMap.Update(proxier.endpointsChanges)
staleServices := serviceUpdateResult.UDPStaleClusterIP
// merge stale services gathered from updateEndpointsMap
for _, svcPortName := range endpointUpdateResult.StaleServiceNames {
if svcInfo, ok := proxier.serviceMap[svcPortName]; ok && svcInfo != nil && conntrack.IsClearConntrackNeeded(svcInfo.Protocol()) {
klog.V(2).Infof("Stale %s service %v -> %s", strings.ToLower(string(svcInfo.Protocol())), svcPortName, svcInfo.ClusterIP().String())
staleServices.Insert(svcInfo.ClusterIP().String())
for _, extIP := range svcInfo.ExternalIPStrings() {
staleServices.Insert(extIP)
}
}
}
klog.V(2).Info("Syncing iptables rules")
success := false
defer func() {
if !success {
klog.Infof("Sync failed; retrying in %s", proxier.syncPeriod)
proxier.syncRunner.RetryAfter(proxier.syncPeriod)
}
}()
// Create and link the kube chains.
for _, jump := range iptablesJumpChains {
if _, err := proxier.iptables.EnsureChain(jump.table, jump.dstChain); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to ensure that %s chain %s exists: %v", jump.table, jump.dstChain, err)
return
}
args := append(jump.extraArgs,
"-m", "comment", "--comment", jump.comment,
"-j", string(jump.dstChain),
)
if _, err := proxier.iptables.EnsureRule(utiliptables.Prepend, jump.table, jump.srcChain, args...); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to ensure that %s chain %s jumps to %s: %v", jump.table, jump.srcChain, jump.dstChain, err)
return
}
}
//
// Below this point we will not return until we try to write the iptables rules.
//
// Get iptables-save output so we can check for existing chains and rules.
// This will be a map of chain name to chain with rules as stored in iptables-save/iptables-restore
existingFilterChains := make(map[utiliptables.Chain][]byte)
proxier.existingFilterChainsData.Reset()
err = proxier.iptables.SaveInto(utiliptables.TableFilter, proxier.existingFilterChainsData)
if err != nil { // if we failed to get any rules
klog.Errorf("Failed to execute iptables-save, syncing all rules: %v", err)
} else { // otherwise parse the output
existingFilterChains = utiliptables.GetChainLines(utiliptables.TableFilter, proxier.existingFilterChainsData.Bytes())
}
// IMPORTANT: existingNATChains may share memory with proxier.iptablesData.
existingNATChains := make(map[utiliptables.Chain][]byte)
proxier.iptablesData.Reset()
err = proxier.iptables.SaveInto(utiliptables.TableNAT, proxier.iptablesData)
if err != nil { // if we failed to get any rules
klog.Errorf("Failed to execute iptables-save, syncing all rules: %v", err)
} else { // otherwise parse the output
existingNATChains = utiliptables.GetChainLines(utiliptables.TableNAT, proxier.iptablesData.Bytes())
}
// Reset all buffers used later.
// This is to avoid memory reallocations and thus improve performance.
proxier.filterChains.Reset()
proxier.filterRules.Reset()
proxier.natChains.Reset()
proxier.natRules.Reset()
// Write table headers.
writeLine(proxier.filterChains, "*filter")
writeLine(proxier.natChains, "*nat")
// Make sure we keep stats for the top-level chains, if they existed
// (which most should have because we created them above).
for _, chainName := range []utiliptables.Chain{kubeServicesChain, kubeExternalServicesChain, kubeForwardChain} {
if chain, ok := existingFilterChains[chainName]; ok {
writeBytesLine(proxier.filterChains, chain)
} else {
writeLine(proxier.filterChains, utiliptables.MakeChainLine(chainName))
}
}
for _, chainName := range []utiliptables.Chain{kubeServicesChain, kubeNodePortsChain, kubePostroutingChain, KubeMarkMasqChain} {
if chain, ok := existingNATChains[chainName]; ok {
writeBytesLine(proxier.natChains, chain)
} else {
writeLine(proxier.natChains, utiliptables.MakeChainLine(chainName))
}
}
// Install the kubernetes-specific postrouting rules. We use a whole chain for
// this so that it is easier to flush and change, for example if the mark
// value should ever change.
// NB: THIS MUST MATCH the corresponding code in the kubelet
writeLine(proxier.natRules, []string{
"-A", string(kubePostroutingChain),
"-m", "mark", "!", "--mark", fmt.Sprintf("%s/%s", proxier.masqueradeMark, proxier.masqueradeMark),
"-j", "RETURN",
}...)
// Clear the mark to avoid re-masquerading if the packet re-traverses the network stack.
writeLine(proxier.natRules, []string{
"-A", string(kubePostroutingChain),
// XOR proxier.masqueradeMark to unset it
"-j", "MARK", "--xor-mark", proxier.masqueradeMark,
}...)
masqRule := []string{
"-A", string(kubePostroutingChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", `"kubernetes service traffic requiring SNAT"`,
"-j", "MASQUERADE",
}
if proxier.iptables.HasRandomFully() {
masqRule = append(masqRule, "--random-fully")
}
writeLine(proxier.natRules, masqRule...)
// Install the kubernetes-specific masquerade mark rule. We use a whole chain for
// this so that it is easier to flush and change, for example if the mark
// value should ever change.
writeLine(proxier.natRules, []string{
"-A", string(KubeMarkMasqChain),
"-j", "MARK", "--or-mark", proxier.masqueradeMark,
}...)
// Accumulate NAT chains to keep.
activeNATChains := map[utiliptables.Chain]bool{} // use a map as a set
// Accumulate the set of local ports that we will be holding open once this update is complete
replacementPortsMap := map[utilproxy.LocalPort]utilproxy.Closeable{}
// We are creating those slices ones here to avoid memory reallocations
// in every loop. Note that reuse the memory, instead of doing:
// slice = <some new slice>
// you should always do one of the below:
// slice = slice[:0] // and then append to it
// slice = append(slice[:0], ...)
endpoints := make([]*endpointsInfo, 0)
endpointChains := make([]utiliptables.Chain, 0)
// To avoid growing this slice, we arbitrarily set its size to 64,
// there is never more than that many arguments for a single line.
// Note that even if we go over 64, it will still be correct - it
// is just for efficiency, not correctness.
args := make([]string, 64)
// Compute total number of endpoint chains across all services.
proxier.endpointChainsNumber = 0
for svcName := range proxier.serviceMap {
proxier.endpointChainsNumber += len(proxier.endpointsMap[svcName])
}
// Build rules for each service.
for svcName, svc := range proxier.serviceMap {
svcInfo, ok := svc.(*serviceInfo)
if !ok {
klog.Errorf("Failed to cast serviceInfo %q", svcName.String())
continue
}
isIPv6 := utilnet.IsIPv6(svcInfo.ClusterIP())
protocol := strings.ToLower(string(svcInfo.Protocol()))
svcNameString := svcInfo.serviceNameString
allEndpoints := proxier.endpointsMap[svcName]
hasEndpoints := len(allEndpoints) > 0
// Service Topology will not be enabled in the following cases:
// 1. externalTrafficPolicy=Local (mutually exclusive with service topology).
// 2. ServiceTopology is not enabled.
// 3. EndpointSlice is not enabled (service topology depends on endpoint slice
// to get topology information).
if !svcInfo.OnlyNodeLocalEndpoints() && utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.ServiceTopology) && utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.EndpointSliceProxying) {
allEndpoints = proxy.FilterTopologyEndpoint(proxier.nodeLabels, svcInfo.TopologyKeys(), allEndpoints)
hasEndpoints = len(allEndpoints) > 0
}
svcChain := svcInfo.servicePortChainName
if hasEndpoints {
// Create the per-service chain, retaining counters if possible.
if chain, ok := existingNATChains[svcChain]; ok {
writeBytesLine(proxier.natChains, chain)
} else {
writeLine(proxier.natChains, utiliptables.MakeChainLine(svcChain))
}
activeNATChains[svcChain] = true
}
svcXlbChain := svcInfo.serviceLBChainName
if svcInfo.OnlyNodeLocalEndpoints() {
// Only for services request OnlyLocal traffic
// create the per-service LB chain, retaining counters if possible.
if lbChain, ok := existingNATChains[svcXlbChain]; ok {
writeBytesLine(proxier.natChains, lbChain)
} else {
writeLine(proxier.natChains, utiliptables.MakeChainLine(svcXlbChain))
}
activeNATChains[svcXlbChain] = true
}
// Capture the clusterIP.
if hasEndpoints {
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(kubeServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s cluster IP"`, svcNameString),
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"-d", utilproxy.ToCIDR(svcInfo.ClusterIP()),
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.Port()),
)
if proxier.masqueradeAll {
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
} else if proxier.localDetector.IsImplemented() {
// This masquerades off-cluster traffic to a service VIP. The idea
// is that you can establish a static route for your Service range,
// routing to any node, and that node will bridge into the Service
// for you. Since that might bounce off-node, we masquerade here.
// If/when we support "Local" policy for VIPs, we should update this.
writeLine(proxier.natRules, proxier.localDetector.JumpIfNotLocal(args, string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
}
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(svcChain))...)
} else {
// No endpoints.
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s has no endpoints"`, svcNameString),
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"-d", utilproxy.ToCIDR(svcInfo.ClusterIP()),
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.Port()),
"-j", "REJECT",
)
}
// Capture externalIPs.
for _, externalIP := range svcInfo.ExternalIPStrings() {
// If the "external" IP happens to be an IP that is local to this
// machine, hold the local port open so no other process can open it
// (because the socket might open but it would never work).
if (svcInfo.Protocol() != v1.ProtocolSCTP) && localAddrSet.Has(net.ParseIP(externalIP)) {
lp := utilproxy.LocalPort{
Description: "externalIP for " + svcNameString,
IP: externalIP,
Port: svcInfo.Port(),
Protocol: protocol,
}
if proxier.portsMap[lp] != nil {
klog.V(4).Infof("Port %s was open before and is still needed", lp.String())
replacementPortsMap[lp] = proxier.portsMap[lp]
} else {
socket, err := proxier.portMapper.OpenLocalPort(&lp, isIPv6)
if err != nil {
msg := fmt.Sprintf("can't open %s, skipping this externalIP: %v", lp.String(), err)
proxier.recorder.Eventf(
&v1.ObjectReference{
Kind: "Node",
Name: proxier.hostname,
UID: types.UID(proxier.hostname),
Namespace: "",
}, v1.EventTypeWarning, err.Error(), msg)
klog.Error(msg)
continue
}
replacementPortsMap[lp] = socket
}
}
if hasEndpoints {
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(kubeServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s external IP"`, svcNameString),
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"-d", utilproxy.ToCIDR(net.ParseIP(externalIP)),
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.Port()),
)
destChain := svcXlbChain
// We have to SNAT packets to external IPs if externalTrafficPolicy is cluster.
if !(utilfeature.DefaultFeatureGate.Enabled(features.ExternalPolicyForExternalIP) && svcInfo.OnlyNodeLocalEndpoints()) {
destChain = svcChain
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
}
// Allow traffic for external IPs that does not come from a bridge (i.e. not from a container)
// nor from a local process to be forwarded to the service.
// This rule roughly translates to "all traffic from off-machine".
// This is imperfect in the face of network plugins that might not use a bridge, but we can revisit that later.
externalTrafficOnlyArgs := append(args,
"-m", "physdev", "!", "--physdev-is-in",
"-m", "addrtype", "!", "--src-type", "LOCAL")
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(externalTrafficOnlyArgs, "-j", string(destChain))...)
dstLocalOnlyArgs := append(args, "-m", "addrtype", "--dst-type", "LOCAL")
// Allow traffic bound for external IPs that happen to be recognized as local IPs to stay local.
// This covers cases like GCE load-balancers which get added to the local routing table.
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(dstLocalOnlyArgs, "-j", string(destChain))...)
} else {
// No endpoints.
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeExternalServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s has no endpoints"`, svcNameString),
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"-d", utilproxy.ToCIDR(net.ParseIP(externalIP)),
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.Port()),
"-j", "REJECT",
)
}
}
// Capture load-balancer ingress.
fwChain := svcInfo.serviceFirewallChainName
for _, ingress := range svcInfo.LoadBalancerIPStrings() {
if ingress != "" {
if hasEndpoints {
// create service firewall chain
if chain, ok := existingNATChains[fwChain]; ok {
writeBytesLine(proxier.natChains, chain)
} else {
writeLine(proxier.natChains, utiliptables.MakeChainLine(fwChain))
}
activeNATChains[fwChain] = true
// The service firewall rules are created based on ServiceSpec.loadBalancerSourceRanges field.
// This currently works for loadbalancers that preserves source ips.
// For loadbalancers which direct traffic to service NodePort, the firewall rules will not apply.
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(kubeServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s loadbalancer IP"`, svcNameString),
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"-d", utilproxy.ToCIDR(net.ParseIP(ingress)),
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.Port()),
)
// jump to service firewall chain
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(fwChain))...)
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(fwChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s loadbalancer IP"`, svcNameString),
)
// Each source match rule in the FW chain may jump to either the SVC or the XLB chain
chosenChain := svcXlbChain
// If we are proxying globally, we need to masquerade in case we cross nodes.
// If we are proxying only locally, we can retain the source IP.
if !svcInfo.OnlyNodeLocalEndpoints() {
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
chosenChain = svcChain
}
if len(svcInfo.LoadBalancerSourceRanges()) == 0 {
// allow all sources, so jump directly to the KUBE-SVC or KUBE-XLB chain
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(chosenChain))...)
} else {
// firewall filter based on each source range
allowFromNode := false
for _, src := range svcInfo.LoadBalancerSourceRanges() {
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-s", src, "-j", string(chosenChain))...)
// ignore error because it has been validated
_, cidr, _ := net.ParseCIDR(src)
if cidr.Contains(proxier.nodeIP) {
allowFromNode = true
}
}
// generally, ip route rule was added to intercept request to loadbalancer vip from the
// loadbalancer's backend hosts. In this case, request will not hit the loadbalancer but loop back directly.
// Need to add the following rule to allow request on host.
if allowFromNode {
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-s", utilproxy.ToCIDR(net.ParseIP(ingress)), "-j", string(chosenChain))...)
}
}
// If the packet was able to reach the end of firewall chain, then it did not get DNATed.
// It means the packet cannot go thru the firewall, then mark it for DROP
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(KubeMarkDropChain))...)
} else {
// No endpoints.
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s has no endpoints"`, svcNameString),
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"-d", utilproxy.ToCIDR(net.ParseIP(ingress)),
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.Port()),
"-j", "REJECT",
)
}
}
}
// Capture nodeports. If we had more than 2 rules it might be
// worthwhile to make a new per-service chain for nodeport rules, but
// with just 2 rules it ends up being a waste and a cognitive burden.
if svcInfo.NodePort() != 0 {
// Hold the local port open so no other process can open it
// (because the socket might open but it would never work).
if len(nodeAddresses) == 0 {
continue
}
lps := make([]utilproxy.LocalPort, 0)
for address := range nodeAddresses {
lp := utilproxy.LocalPort{
Description: "nodePort for " + svcNameString,
IP: address,
Port: svcInfo.NodePort(),
Protocol: protocol,
}
if utilproxy.IsZeroCIDR(address) {
// Empty IP address means all
lp.IP = ""
lps = append(lps, lp)
// If we encounter a zero CIDR, then there is no point in processing the rest of the addresses.
break
}
lps = append(lps, lp)
}
// For ports on node IPs, open the actual port and hold it.
for _, lp := range lps {
if proxier.portsMap[lp] != nil {
klog.V(4).Infof("Port %s was open before and is still needed", lp.String())
replacementPortsMap[lp] = proxier.portsMap[lp]
} else if svcInfo.Protocol() != v1.ProtocolSCTP {
socket, err := proxier.portMapper.OpenLocalPort(&lp, isIPv6)
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("can't open %s, skipping this nodePort: %v", lp.String(), err)
continue
}
if lp.Protocol == "udp" {
// TODO: We might have multiple services using the same port, and this will clear conntrack for all of them.
// This is very low impact. The NodePort range is intentionally obscure, and unlikely to actually collide with real Services.
// This only affects UDP connections, which are not common.
// See issue: https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/issues/49881
err := conntrack.ClearEntriesForPort(proxier.exec, lp.Port, isIPv6, v1.ProtocolUDP)
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to clear udp conntrack for port %d, error: %v", lp.Port, err)
}
}
replacementPortsMap[lp] = socket
}
}
if hasEndpoints {
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(kubeNodePortsChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", svcNameString,
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.NodePort()),
)
if !svcInfo.OnlyNodeLocalEndpoints() {
// Nodeports need SNAT, unless they're local.
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
// Jump to the service chain.
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(svcChain))...)
} else {
// TODO: Make all nodePorts jump to the firewall chain.
// Currently we only create it for loadbalancers (#33586).
// Fix localhost martian source error
loopback := "127.0.0.0/8"
if isIPv6 {
loopback = "::1/128"
}
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-s", loopback, "-j", string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args, "-j", string(svcXlbChain))...)
}
} else {
// No endpoints.
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeExternalServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"%s has no endpoints"`, svcNameString),
"-m", "addrtype", "--dst-type", "LOCAL",
"-m", protocol, "-p", protocol,
"--dport", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.NodePort()),
"-j", "REJECT",
)
}
}
if !hasEndpoints {
continue
}
// Generate the per-endpoint chains. We do this in multiple passes so we
// can group rules together.
// These two slices parallel each other - keep in sync
endpoints = endpoints[:0]
endpointChains = endpointChains[:0]
var endpointChain utiliptables.Chain
for _, ep := range allEndpoints {
epInfo, ok := ep.(*endpointsInfo)
if !ok {
klog.Errorf("Failed to cast endpointsInfo %q", ep.String())
continue
}
endpoints = append(endpoints, epInfo)
endpointChain = epInfo.endpointChain(svcNameString, protocol)
endpointChains = append(endpointChains, endpointChain)
// Create the endpoint chain, retaining counters if possible.
if chain, ok := existingNATChains[utiliptables.Chain(endpointChain)]; ok {
writeBytesLine(proxier.natChains, chain)
} else {
writeLine(proxier.natChains, utiliptables.MakeChainLine(endpointChain))
}
activeNATChains[endpointChain] = true
}
// First write session affinity rules, if applicable.
if svcInfo.SessionAffinityType() == v1.ServiceAffinityClientIP {
for _, endpointChain := range endpointChains {
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(svcChain),
)
args = proxier.appendServiceCommentLocked(args, svcNameString)
args = append(args,
"-m", "recent", "--name", string(endpointChain),
"--rcheck", "--seconds", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.StickyMaxAgeSeconds()), "--reap",
"-j", string(endpointChain),
)
writeLine(proxier.natRules, args...)
}
}
// Now write loadbalancing & DNAT rules.
n := len(endpointChains)
localEndpointChains := make([]utiliptables.Chain, 0)
for i, endpointChain := range endpointChains {
// Write ingress loadbalancing & DNAT rules only for services that request OnlyLocal traffic.
if svcInfo.OnlyNodeLocalEndpoints() && endpoints[i].IsLocal {
localEndpointChains = append(localEndpointChains, endpointChains[i])
}
epIP := endpoints[i].IP()
if epIP == "" {
// Error parsing this endpoint has been logged. Skip to next endpoint.
continue
}
// Balancing rules in the per-service chain.
args = append(args[:0], "-A", string(svcChain))
args = proxier.appendServiceCommentLocked(args, svcNameString)
if i < (n - 1) {
// Each rule is a probabilistic match.
args = append(args,
"-m", "statistic",
"--mode", "random",
"--probability", proxier.probability(n-i))
}
// The final (or only if n == 1) rule is a guaranteed match.
args = append(args, "-j", string(endpointChain))
writeLine(proxier.natRules, args...)
// Rules in the per-endpoint chain.
args = append(args[:0], "-A", string(endpointChain))
args = proxier.appendServiceCommentLocked(args, svcNameString)
// Handle traffic that loops back to the originator with SNAT.
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args,
"-s", utilproxy.ToCIDR(net.ParseIP(epIP)),
"-j", string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
// Update client-affinity lists.
if svcInfo.SessionAffinityType() == v1.ServiceAffinityClientIP {
args = append(args, "-m", "recent", "--name", string(endpointChain), "--set")
}
// DNAT to final destination.
args = append(args, "-m", protocol, "-p", protocol, "-j", "DNAT", "--to-destination", endpoints[i].Endpoint)
writeLine(proxier.natRules, args...)
}
// The logic below this applies only if this service is marked as OnlyLocal
if !svcInfo.OnlyNodeLocalEndpoints() {
continue
}
// First rule in the chain redirects all pod -> external VIP traffic to the
// Service's ClusterIP instead. This happens whether or not we have local
// endpoints; only if localDetector is implemented
if proxier.localDetector.IsImplemented() {
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(svcXlbChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment",
`"Redirect pods trying to reach external loadbalancer VIP to clusterIP"`,
)
writeLine(proxier.natRules, proxier.localDetector.JumpIfLocal(args, string(svcChain))...)
}
// Next, redirect all src-type=LOCAL -> LB IP to the service chain for externalTrafficPolicy=Local
// This allows traffic originating from the host to be redirected to the service correctly,
// otherwise traffic to LB IPs are dropped if there are no local endpoints.
args = append(args[:0], "-A", string(svcXlbChain))
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args,
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"masquerade LOCAL traffic for %s LB IP"`, svcNameString),
"-m", "addrtype", "--src-type", "LOCAL", "-j", string(KubeMarkMasqChain))...)
writeLine(proxier.natRules, append(args,
"-m", "comment", "--comment", fmt.Sprintf(`"route LOCAL traffic for %s LB IP to service chain"`, svcNameString),
"-m", "addrtype", "--src-type", "LOCAL", "-j", string(svcChain))...)
numLocalEndpoints := len(localEndpointChains)
if numLocalEndpoints == 0 {
// Blackhole all traffic since there are no local endpoints
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(svcXlbChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment",
fmt.Sprintf(`"%s has no local endpoints"`, svcNameString),
"-j",
string(KubeMarkDropChain),
)
writeLine(proxier.natRules, args...)
} else {
// First write session affinity rules only over local endpoints, if applicable.
if svcInfo.SessionAffinityType() == v1.ServiceAffinityClientIP {
for _, endpointChain := range localEndpointChains {
writeLine(proxier.natRules,
"-A", string(svcXlbChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", svcNameString,
"-m", "recent", "--name", string(endpointChain),
"--rcheck", "--seconds", strconv.Itoa(svcInfo.StickyMaxAgeSeconds()), "--reap",
"-j", string(endpointChain))
}
}
// Setup probability filter rules only over local endpoints
for i, endpointChain := range localEndpointChains {
// Balancing rules in the per-service chain.
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(svcXlbChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment",
fmt.Sprintf(`"Balancing rule %d for %s"`, i, svcNameString),
)
if i < (numLocalEndpoints - 1) {
// Each rule is a probabilistic match.
args = append(args,
"-m", "statistic",
"--mode", "random",
"--probability", proxier.probability(numLocalEndpoints-i))
}
// The final (or only if n == 1) rule is a guaranteed match.
args = append(args, "-j", string(endpointChain))
writeLine(proxier.natRules, args...)
}
}
}
// Delete chains no longer in use.
for chain := range existingNATChains {
if !activeNATChains[chain] {
chainString := string(chain)
if !strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-SVC-") && !strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-SEP-") && !strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-FW-") && !strings.HasPrefix(chainString, "KUBE-XLB-") {
// Ignore chains that aren't ours.
continue
}
// We must (as per iptables) write a chain-line for it, which has
// the nice effect of flushing the chain. Then we can remove the
// chain.
writeBytesLine(proxier.natChains, existingNATChains[chain])
writeLine(proxier.natRules, "-X", chainString)
}
}
// Finally, tail-call to the nodeports chain. This needs to be after all
// other service portal rules.
isIPv6 := proxier.iptables.IsIPv6()
for address := range nodeAddresses {
// TODO(thockin, m1093782566): If/when we have dual-stack support we will want to distinguish v4 from v6 zero-CIDRs.
if utilproxy.IsZeroCIDR(address) {
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(kubeServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", `"kubernetes service nodeports; NOTE: this must be the last rule in this chain"`,
"-m", "addrtype", "--dst-type", "LOCAL",
"-j", string(kubeNodePortsChain))
writeLine(proxier.natRules, args...)
// Nothing else matters after the zero CIDR.
break
}
// Ignore IP addresses with incorrect version
if isIPv6 && !utilnet.IsIPv6String(address) || !isIPv6 && utilnet.IsIPv6String(address) {
klog.Errorf("IP address %s has incorrect IP version", address)
continue
}
// create nodeport rules for each IP one by one
args = append(args[:0],
"-A", string(kubeServicesChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", `"kubernetes service nodeports; NOTE: this must be the last rule in this chain"`,
"-d", address,
"-j", string(kubeNodePortsChain))
writeLine(proxier.natRules, args...)
}
// Drop the packets in INVALID state, which would potentially cause
// unexpected connection reset.
// https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/issues/74839
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeForwardChain),
"-m", "conntrack",
"--ctstate", "INVALID",
"-j", "DROP",
)
// If the masqueradeMark has been added then we want to forward that same
// traffic, this allows NodePort traffic to be forwarded even if the default
// FORWARD policy is not accept.
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeForwardChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", `"kubernetes forwarding rules"`,
"-m", "mark", "--mark", fmt.Sprintf("%s/%s", proxier.masqueradeMark, proxier.masqueradeMark),
"-j", "ACCEPT",
)
// The following two rules ensure the traffic after the initial packet
// accepted by the "kubernetes forwarding rules" rule above will be
// accepted.
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeForwardChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", `"kubernetes forwarding conntrack pod source rule"`,
"-m", "conntrack",
"--ctstate", "RELATED,ESTABLISHED",
"-j", "ACCEPT",
)
writeLine(proxier.filterRules,
"-A", string(kubeForwardChain),
"-m", "comment", "--comment", `"kubernetes forwarding conntrack pod destination rule"`,
"-m", "conntrack",
"--ctstate", "RELATED,ESTABLISHED",
"-j", "ACCEPT",
)
// Write the end-of-table markers.
writeLine(proxier.filterRules, "COMMIT")
writeLine(proxier.natRules, "COMMIT")
// Sync rules.
// NOTE: NoFlushTables is used so we don't flush non-kubernetes chains in the table
proxier.iptablesData.Reset()
proxier.iptablesData.Write(proxier.filterChains.Bytes())
proxier.iptablesData.Write(proxier.filterRules.Bytes())
proxier.iptablesData.Write(proxier.natChains.Bytes())
proxier.iptablesData.Write(proxier.natRules.Bytes())
klog.V(5).Infof("Restoring iptables rules: %s", proxier.iptablesData.Bytes())
err = proxier.iptables.RestoreAll(proxier.iptablesData.Bytes(), utiliptables.NoFlushTables, utiliptables.RestoreCounters)
if err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to execute iptables-restore: %v", err)
metrics.IptablesRestoreFailuresTotal.Inc()
// Revert new local ports.
klog.V(2).Infof("Closing local ports after iptables-restore failure")
utilproxy.RevertPorts(replacementPortsMap, proxier.portsMap)
return
}
success = true
for name, lastChangeTriggerTimes := range endpointUpdateResult.LastChangeTriggerTimes {
for _, lastChangeTriggerTime := range lastChangeTriggerTimes {
latency := metrics.SinceInSeconds(lastChangeTriggerTime)
metrics.NetworkProgrammingLatency.Observe(latency)
klog.V(4).Infof("Network programming of %s took %f seconds", name, latency)
}
}
// Close old local ports and save new ones.
for k, v := range proxier.portsMap {
if replacementPortsMap[k] == nil {
v.Close()
}
}
proxier.portsMap = replacementPortsMap
if proxier.healthzServer != nil {
proxier.healthzServer.Updated()
}
metrics.SyncProxyRulesLastTimestamp.SetToCurrentTime()
// Update service healthchecks. The endpoints list might include services that are
// not "OnlyLocal", but the services list will not, and the serviceHealthServer
// will just drop those endpoints.
if err := proxier.serviceHealthServer.SyncServices(serviceUpdateResult.HCServiceNodePorts); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Error syncing healthcheck services: %v", err)
}
if err := proxier.serviceHealthServer.SyncEndpoints(endpointUpdateResult.HCEndpointsLocalIPSize); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Error syncing healthcheck endpoints: %v", err)
}
// Finish housekeeping.
// TODO: these could be made more consistent.
for _, svcIP := range staleServices.UnsortedList() {
if err := conntrack.ClearEntriesForIP(proxier.exec, svcIP, v1.ProtocolUDP); err != nil {
klog.Errorf("Failed to delete stale service IP %s connections, error: %v", svcIP, err)
}
}
proxier.deleteEndpointConnections(endpointUpdateResult.StaleEndpoints)
}
// Join all words with spaces, terminate with newline and write to buf.
func writeLine(buf *bytes.Buffer, words ...string) {
// We avoid strings.Join for performance reasons.
for i := range words {
buf.WriteString(words[i])
if i < len(words)-1 {
buf.WriteByte(' ')
} else {
buf.WriteByte('\n')
}
}
}
func writeBytesLine(buf *bytes.Buffer, bytes []byte) {
buf.Write(bytes)
buf.WriteByte('\n')
}
func openLocalPort(lp *utilproxy.LocalPort, isIPv6 bool) (utilproxy.Closeable, error) {
// For ports on node IPs, open the actual port and hold it, even though we
// use iptables to redirect traffic.
// This ensures a) that it's safe to use that port and b) that (a) stays
// true. The risk is that some process on the node (e.g. sshd or kubelet)
// is using a port and we give that same port out to a Service. That would
// be bad because iptables would silently claim the traffic but the process
// would never know.
// NOTE: We should not need to have a real listen()ing socket - bind()
// should be enough, but I can't figure out a way to e2e test without
// it. Tools like 'ss' and 'netstat' do not show sockets that are
// bind()ed but not listen()ed, and at least the default debian netcat
// has no way to avoid about 10 seconds of retries.
var socket utilproxy.Closeable
switch lp.Protocol {
case "tcp":
network := "tcp4"
if isIPv6 {
network = "tcp6"
}
listener, err := net.Listen(network, net.JoinHostPort(lp.IP, strconv.Itoa(lp.Port)))
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
socket = listener
case "udp":
network := "udp4"
if isIPv6 {
network = "udp6"
}
addr, err := net.ResolveUDPAddr(network, net.JoinHostPort(lp.IP, strconv.Itoa(lp.Port)))
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
conn, err := net.ListenUDP(network, addr)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
socket = conn
default:
return nil, fmt.Errorf("unknown protocol %q", lp.Protocol)
}
klog.V(2).Infof("Opened local port %s", lp.String())
return socket, nil
}