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/*
Copyright 2016 The Kubernetes Authors.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
*/
package remotecommand
import (
"encoding/json"
"errors"
"fmt"
"io"
"net/http"
"time"
apierrors "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/api/errors"
metav1 "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/apis/meta/v1"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/httpstream"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/httpstream/spdy"
remotecommandconsts "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/remotecommand"
"k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/runtime"
"k8s.io/apiserver/pkg/util/wsstream"
"k8s.io/client-go/tools/remotecommand"
api "k8s.io/kubernetes/pkg/apis/core"
"k8s.io/klog"
)
// Options contains details about which streams are required for
// remote command execution.
type Options struct {
Stdin bool
Stdout bool
Stderr bool
TTY bool
}
// NewOptions creates a new Options from the Request.
func NewOptions(req *http.Request) (*Options, error) {
tty := req.FormValue(api.ExecTTYParam) == "1"
stdin := req.FormValue(api.ExecStdinParam) == "1"
stdout := req.FormValue(api.ExecStdoutParam) == "1"
stderr := req.FormValue(api.ExecStderrParam) == "1"
if tty && stderr {
// TODO: make this an error before we reach this method
klog.V(4).Infof("Access to exec with tty and stderr is not supported, bypassing stderr")
stderr = false
}
if !stdin && !stdout && !stderr {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("you must specify at least 1 of stdin, stdout, stderr")
}
return &Options{
Stdin: stdin,
Stdout: stdout,
Stderr: stderr,
TTY: tty,
}, nil
}
// context contains the connection and streams used when
// forwarding an attach or execute session into a container.
type context struct {
conn io.Closer
stdinStream io.ReadCloser
stdoutStream io.WriteCloser
stderrStream io.WriteCloser
writeStatus func(status *apierrors.StatusError) error
resizeStream io.ReadCloser
resizeChan chan remotecommand.TerminalSize
tty bool
}
// streamAndReply holds both a Stream and a channel that is closed when the stream's reply frame is
// enqueued. Consumers can wait for replySent to be closed prior to proceeding, to ensure that the
// replyFrame is enqueued before the connection's goaway frame is sent (e.g. if a stream was
// received and right after, the connection gets closed).
type streamAndReply struct {
httpstream.Stream
replySent <-chan struct{}
}
// waitStreamReply waits until either replySent or stop is closed. If replySent is closed, it sends
// an empty struct to the notify channel.
func waitStreamReply(replySent <-chan struct{}, notify chan<- struct{}, stop <-chan struct{}) {
select {
case <-replySent:
notify <- struct{}{}
case <-stop:
}
}
func createStreams(req *http.Request, w http.ResponseWriter, opts *Options, supportedStreamProtocols []string, idleTimeout, streamCreationTimeout time.Duration) (*context, bool) {
var ctx *context
var ok bool
if wsstream.IsWebSocketRequest(req) {
ctx, ok = createWebSocketStreams(req, w, opts, idleTimeout)
} else {
ctx, ok = createHTTPStreamStreams(req, w, opts, supportedStreamProtocols, idleTimeout, streamCreationTimeout)
}
if !ok {
return nil, false
}
if ctx.resizeStream != nil {
ctx.resizeChan = make(chan remotecommand.TerminalSize)
go handleResizeEvents(ctx.resizeStream, ctx.resizeChan)
}
return ctx, true
}
func createHTTPStreamStreams(req *http.Request, w http.ResponseWriter, opts *Options, supportedStreamProtocols []string, idleTimeout, streamCreationTimeout time.Duration) (*context, bool) {
protocol, err := httpstream.Handshake(req, w, supportedStreamProtocols)
if err != nil {
http.Error(w, err.Error(), http.StatusBadRequest)
return nil, false
}
streamCh := make(chan streamAndReply)
upgrader := spdy.NewResponseUpgrader()
conn := upgrader.UpgradeResponse(w, req, func(stream httpstream.Stream, replySent <-chan struct{}) error {
streamCh <- streamAndReply{Stream: stream, replySent: replySent}
return nil
})
// from this point on, we can no longer call methods on response
if conn == nil {
// The upgrader is responsible for notifying the client of any errors that
// occurred during upgrading. All we can do is return here at this point
// if we weren't successful in upgrading.
return nil, false
}
conn.SetIdleTimeout(idleTimeout)
var handler protocolHandler
switch protocol {
case remotecommandconsts.StreamProtocolV4Name:
handler = &v4ProtocolHandler{}
case remotecommandconsts.StreamProtocolV3Name:
handler = &v3ProtocolHandler{}
case remotecommandconsts.StreamProtocolV2Name:
handler = &v2ProtocolHandler{}
case "":
klog.V(4).Infof("Client did not request protocol negotiation. Falling back to %q", remotecommandconsts.StreamProtocolV1Name)
fallthrough
case remotecommandconsts.StreamProtocolV1Name:
handler = &v1ProtocolHandler{}
}
// count the streams client asked for, starting with 1
expectedStreams := 1
if opts.Stdin {
expectedStreams++
}
if opts.Stdout {
expectedStreams++
}
if opts.Stderr {
expectedStreams++
}
if opts.TTY && handler.supportsTerminalResizing() {
expectedStreams++
}
expired := time.NewTimer(streamCreationTimeout)
defer expired.Stop()
ctx, err := handler.waitForStreams(streamCh, expectedStreams, expired.C)
if err != nil {
runtime.HandleError(err)
return nil, false
}
ctx.conn = conn
ctx.tty = opts.TTY
return ctx, true
}
type protocolHandler interface {
// waitForStreams waits for the expected streams or a timeout, returning a
// remoteCommandContext if all the streams were received, or an error if not.
waitForStreams(streams <-chan streamAndReply, expectedStreams int, expired <-chan time.Time) (*context, error)
// supportsTerminalResizing returns true if the protocol handler supports terminal resizing
supportsTerminalResizing() bool
}
// v4ProtocolHandler implements the V4 protocol version for streaming command execution. It only differs
// in from v3 in the error stream format using an json-marshaled metav1.Status which carries
// the process' exit code.
type v4ProtocolHandler struct{}
func (*v4ProtocolHandler) waitForStreams(streams <-chan streamAndReply, expectedStreams int, expired <-chan time.Time) (*context, error) {
ctx := &context{}
receivedStreams := 0
replyChan := make(chan struct{})
stop := make(chan struct{})
defer close(stop)
WaitForStreams:
for {
select {
case stream := <-streams:
streamType := stream.Headers().Get(api.StreamType)
switch streamType {
case api.StreamTypeError:
ctx.writeStatus = v4WriteStatusFunc(stream) // write json errors
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdin:
ctx.stdinStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdout:
ctx.stdoutStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStderr:
ctx.stderrStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeResize:
ctx.resizeStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
default:
runtime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("unexpected stream type: %q", streamType))
}
case <-replyChan:
receivedStreams++
if receivedStreams == expectedStreams {
break WaitForStreams
}
case <-expired:
// TODO find a way to return the error to the user. Maybe use a separate
// stream to report errors?
return nil, errors.New("timed out waiting for client to create streams")
}
}
return ctx, nil
}
// supportsTerminalResizing returns true because v4ProtocolHandler supports it
func (*v4ProtocolHandler) supportsTerminalResizing() bool { return true }
// v3ProtocolHandler implements the V3 protocol version for streaming command execution.
type v3ProtocolHandler struct{}
func (*v3ProtocolHandler) waitForStreams(streams <-chan streamAndReply, expectedStreams int, expired <-chan time.Time) (*context, error) {
ctx := &context{}
receivedStreams := 0
replyChan := make(chan struct{})
stop := make(chan struct{})
defer close(stop)
WaitForStreams:
for {
select {
case stream := <-streams:
streamType := stream.Headers().Get(api.StreamType)
switch streamType {
case api.StreamTypeError:
ctx.writeStatus = v1WriteStatusFunc(stream)
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdin:
ctx.stdinStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdout:
ctx.stdoutStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStderr:
ctx.stderrStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeResize:
ctx.resizeStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
default:
runtime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("unexpected stream type: %q", streamType))
}
case <-replyChan:
receivedStreams++
if receivedStreams == expectedStreams {
break WaitForStreams
}
case <-expired:
// TODO find a way to return the error to the user. Maybe use a separate
// stream to report errors?
return nil, errors.New("timed out waiting for client to create streams")
}
}
return ctx, nil
}
// supportsTerminalResizing returns true because v3ProtocolHandler supports it
func (*v3ProtocolHandler) supportsTerminalResizing() bool { return true }
// v2ProtocolHandler implements the V2 protocol version for streaming command execution.
type v2ProtocolHandler struct{}
func (*v2ProtocolHandler) waitForStreams(streams <-chan streamAndReply, expectedStreams int, expired <-chan time.Time) (*context, error) {
ctx := &context{}
receivedStreams := 0
replyChan := make(chan struct{})
stop := make(chan struct{})
defer close(stop)
WaitForStreams:
for {
select {
case stream := <-streams:
streamType := stream.Headers().Get(api.StreamType)
switch streamType {
case api.StreamTypeError:
ctx.writeStatus = v1WriteStatusFunc(stream)
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdin:
ctx.stdinStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdout:
ctx.stdoutStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStderr:
ctx.stderrStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
default:
runtime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("unexpected stream type: %q", streamType))
}
case <-replyChan:
receivedStreams++
if receivedStreams == expectedStreams {
break WaitForStreams
}
case <-expired:
// TODO find a way to return the error to the user. Maybe use a separate
// stream to report errors?
return nil, errors.New("timed out waiting for client to create streams")
}
}
return ctx, nil
}
// supportsTerminalResizing returns false because v2ProtocolHandler doesn't support it.
func (*v2ProtocolHandler) supportsTerminalResizing() bool { return false }
// v1ProtocolHandler implements the V1 protocol version for streaming command execution.
type v1ProtocolHandler struct{}
func (*v1ProtocolHandler) waitForStreams(streams <-chan streamAndReply, expectedStreams int, expired <-chan time.Time) (*context, error) {
ctx := &context{}
receivedStreams := 0
replyChan := make(chan struct{})
stop := make(chan struct{})
defer close(stop)
WaitForStreams:
for {
select {
case stream := <-streams:
streamType := stream.Headers().Get(api.StreamType)
switch streamType {
case api.StreamTypeError:
ctx.writeStatus = v1WriteStatusFunc(stream)
// This defer statement shouldn't be here, but due to previous refactoring, it ended up in
// here. This is what 1.0.x kubelets do, so we're retaining that behavior. This is fixed in
// the v2ProtocolHandler.
defer stream.Reset()
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdin:
ctx.stdinStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStdout:
ctx.stdoutStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
case api.StreamTypeStderr:
ctx.stderrStream = stream
go waitStreamReply(stream.replySent, replyChan, stop)
default:
runtime.HandleError(fmt.Errorf("unexpected stream type: %q", streamType))
}
case <-replyChan:
receivedStreams++
if receivedStreams == expectedStreams {
break WaitForStreams
}
case <-expired:
// TODO find a way to return the error to the user. Maybe use a separate
// stream to report errors?
return nil, errors.New("timed out waiting for client to create streams")
}
}
if ctx.stdinStream != nil {
ctx.stdinStream.Close()
}
return ctx, nil
}
// supportsTerminalResizing returns false because v1ProtocolHandler doesn't support it.
func (*v1ProtocolHandler) supportsTerminalResizing() bool { return false }
func handleResizeEvents(stream io.Reader, channel chan<- remotecommand.TerminalSize) {
defer runtime.HandleCrash()
decoder := json.NewDecoder(stream)
for {
size := remotecommand.TerminalSize{}
if err := decoder.Decode(&size); err != nil {
break
}
channel <- size
}
}
func v1WriteStatusFunc(stream io.Writer) func(status *apierrors.StatusError) error {
return func(status *apierrors.StatusError) error {
if status.Status().Status == metav1.StatusSuccess {
return nil // send error messages
}
_, err := stream.Write([]byte(status.Error()))
return err
}
}
// v4WriteStatusFunc returns a WriteStatusFunc that marshals a given api Status
// as json in the error channel.
func v4WriteStatusFunc(stream io.Writer) func(status *apierrors.StatusError) error {
return func(status *apierrors.StatusError) error {
bs, err := json.Marshal(status.Status())
if err != nil {
return err
}
_, err = stream.Write(bs)
return err
}
}
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