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Pod Utilities

Pod utilities are small, focused Go programs used by plank to decorate user-provided PodSpecs in order to increase the ease of integration for new jobs into the entire CI infrastructure. The utilities today wrap the execution of the test code to ensure that the tests run against correct versions of the source code, that test commands run in the appropriate environment and that output from the test (in the form of status, logs and artifacts) is correctly uploaded to the cloud.

These utilities are integrated into a test run by adding InitContainers and sidecar Containers to the user-provided PodSpec, as well as by overwriting the Container entrypoint for the test Container provided by the user. The following utilities exist today:

  • clonerefs: clones source code under test
  • initupload: records the beginning of a test in cloud storage and reports the status of the clone operations
  • entrypoint: is injected into the test Container, wraps the test code to capture logs and exit status
  • sidecar: runs alongside the test Container, uploads status, logs and test artifacts to cloud storage once the test is finished

Writing a ProwJob that uses Pod Utilities

What the test container can expect

Example test container script:

pwd # my repo root
ls path/to/file/in/my/repo.txt # access repo file
ls ../other-repo # access repo file in another repo
echo success > ${ARTIFACTS}/results.txt # result info that will be uploaded to GCS.
# logs, and job metadata are automatically uploaded.

More specifically, a ProwJob using the Pod Utilities can expect the following:

  • Source Code - Jobs can expect to begin execution with their working directory set as the root of the checked out repo. The commit that is checked out depends on the type of job:
    • presubmit jobs will have the relevant PR checked out and merged with the base branch.
    • postsubmit jobs will have the upstream commit that triggered the job checked out.
    • periodic jobs will have the working directory set to the root of the repo specified by the first ref in extra_refs (if specified). See the extra_refs field if you need to clone more than one repo.
  • Metadata and Logs - Jobs can expect metadata about the job to be uploaded before the job starts, and additional metadata and logs to be uploaded when the job completes.
  • Artifact Directory - Jobs can expect an $ARTIFACTS environment variable to be specified. It indicates an existent directory where job artifacts can be dumped for automatic upload to GCS upon job completion.

How to configure

In order to use the pod utilities, you will need to configure plank with some settings first. See plank's README for reference.

ProwJobs may request Pod Utility decoration by setting decorate: true in their config. Example ProwJob configuration:

  - name: pull-job
    always_run: true
    decorate: true
      - image: alpine
        - "echo"
        - "The artifacts dir is $(ARTIFACTS)"

In addition to normal ProwJob configuration, ProwJobs using the Pod Utilities must specify the command field in the container specification instead of using the Dockerfile's ENTRYPOINT directive. Note that the command field is a string array not just a string. It should point to the test binary location in the container.

Additional fields may be required for some use cases:

  • Private repos need to do two things:
    • Add an ssh secret that gives the bot access to the repo to the build cluster and specify the secret name in the ssh_key_secrets field of the job decoration config.
    • Set the clone_uri field of the job spec to{{.Org}}/{{.Repo}}.git.
  • Repos requiring a non-standard clone path can use the path_alias field to clone the repo to different go import path than the default of /home/prow/go/src/{{.Org}}/{{.Repo}}/ (e.g. path_alias: -> /home/prow/go/src/
  • Jobs that require additional repos to be checked out can arrange for that with the exta_refs field. If the cloned path of this repo must be used as a default working dir the workdir: true must be specified.
  • Jobs that do not want submodules to be cloned should set skip_submodules to true
  • Jobs that want to perform shallow cloning can use clone_depth field. It can be set to desired clone depth. By default, clone_depth get set to 0 which results in full clone of repo.
- name: post-job
  decorate: true
    - ssh-secret
  clone_uri: "<YOUR_ORG>/<YOUR_REPO>.git"
  - org: kubernetes
    repo: other-repo
    base_ref: master
    workdir: false
  skip_submodules: true
  clone_depth: 0
    - image: alpine
      - "echo"
      - "The artifacts dir is $(ARTIFACTS)"

Why use Pod Utilities?

Writing a ProwJob that uses the Pod Utilities is much easier than writing one that doesn't because the Pod Utilities will transparently handle many of the tasks the job would otherwise need to do in order to prepare its environment and output more than pass/fail. Historically, this was achieved by wrapping every job with a script that handled cloning source code, preparing the test environment, and uploading job metadata, logs, and artifacts. This was cumbersome to configure and required every job to be wrapped with the script in the job image. The pod utilities achieve the same goals with less configuration and much simpler job images that are easier to develop and less coupled to Prow.

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