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+++ title = "Middleware" description = "Echo middleware" type = "middleware" [menu.main] name = "Middleware" pre = "" weight = 2 identifier = "middleware" +++


Middleware is a function chained in the HTTP request-response cycle with access to Echo#Context which it uses to perform a specific action, for example, logging every request or limiting the number of requests.

Handler is processed in the end after all middleware are finished executing.

Middleware registered using Echo#Use() is only executed for paths which are registered after Echo#Use() has been called.


Root Level (Before router)

Echo#Pre() can be used to register a middleware which is executed before router processes the request. It is helpful to make any changes to the request properties, for example, adding or removing a trailing slash from the path so it matches the route.

The following built-in middleware should be registered at this level:

  • HTTPSRedirect
  • HTTPSWWWRedirect
  • WWWRedirect
  • NonWWWRedirect
  • AddTrailingSlash
  • RemoveTrailingSlash
  • MethodOverride
  • Rewrite

As router has not processed the request, middleware at this level won't have access to any path related API from echo.Context.

Root Level (After router)

Most of the time you will register a middleware at this level using Echo#Use(). This middleware is executed after router processes the request and has full access to echo.Context API.

The following built-in middleware should be registered at this level:

  • BodyLimit
  • Logger
  • Gzip
  • Recover
  • BasicAuth
  • JWTAuth
  • Secure
  • CORS
  • Static

Group Level

When creating a new group, you can register middleware just for that group. For example, you can have an admin group which is secured by registering a BasicAuth middleware for it.


e := echo.New()
admin := e.Group("/admin", middleware.BasicAuth())

You can also add a middleware after creating a group via admin.Use().

Route Level

When defining a new route, you can optionally register middleware just for it.


e := echo.New()
e.GET("/", <Handler>, <Middleware...>)

Skipping Middleware

There are cases when you would like to skip a middleware based on some condition, for that each middleware has an option to define a function Skipper func(c echo.Context) bool.


e := echo.New()
	Skipper: func(c echo.Context) bool {
		if strings.HasPrefix(c.Request().Host, "localhost") {
			return true
		return false

Example above skips Logger middleware when request host starts with localhost.

[Writing Custom Middleware]({{< ref "cookbook/">}})