CMake-based MinGW-w64 Cross Toolchain
This thing’s primary use is to build Windows binaries of mpv.
In addition to CMake, you need the usual development stuff (Git, Subversion, GCC, Binutils, ragel, headers for GMP, MPFR and MPC).
You should also install Ninja and use CMake’s Ninja build file generator. It’s not only much faster than GNU Make, but also far less error-prone, which is important for this project because CMake’s ExternalProject module tends to generate makefiles which confuse GNU Make’s jobserver thingy.
As a build environment, any modern Linux distribution should work, however I am only testing this on openSUSE, which (as of November 2014) is using a 4.8 series GCC by default. Feel free to contribute fixes for other environments.
If you are looking for VM images with everything set up to work with this: https://github.com/lachs0r/mingw-w64-env
To set up the build environment, create a directory to store build files in:
mkdir build-64 cd build-64
Once you’ve changed into that directory, run CMake, e.g.:
cmake -DTARGET_ARCH=x86_64-w64-mingw32 -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=prefix -G Ninja ..
Once that’s done, you’re ready to build stuff. For example, to build mpv and all of its dependencies:
This will take a while (about 20 minutes on my machine).
The mpv package has some additional steps to generate files ready for distribution instead of installing it to the prefix.
If you wish to disable automatic updates of packages pulled from
development sources, use
-DENABLE_VCS_UPDATES=false on the CMake
Using the toolchain to build stuff which doesn’t have a package is usually very easy. There are two generated files in your build directory to help with this: “exec” and “toolchain.cmake”.
For most software (i.e. almost everything that uses GNU Autotools), you can use “exec” with the configure command:
~/mingw/build-64/exec ./configure --prefix=~/mingw/prefix-64/mingw --host=x86_64-w64-mingw32
An alternative is to run “source ~/mingw/build-64/exec” to set all the required environment variables in your current session.
For software that uses CMake, you can use “toolchain.cmake” like this:
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=~/mingw/build-64/toolchain.cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/mingw/prefix-64/mingw
In general, it is advisable to use static linking when building for Windows. To do that, use --disable-shared and/or --enable-static with Autotools-based configure scripts.
CMake doesn’t have a standard way to achieve this, so you’re on your own.
It’s usually easy to make CMake projects link statically if they don’t have
an option for it already. If you need an example, look at the patches for
To add a new package, create a new
.cmake file in the
directory (just look at how the existing packages work) and add it to the
packages/CMakeLists.txt (they must appear after their
See the CMake documentation on the ExternalProject module for further info.