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#!/usr/bin/env python3
import sys
if not sys.version.startswith('3'):
print('\n[-] This script will only work with Python3. Sorry!\n')
import subprocess
import os
import shutil
import argparse
import urllib.request
__author__ = "Jake Miller (@LaconicWolf)"
__date__ = "20190705"
__version__ = "0.01"
__description__ = '''A script to repackage an APK file to allow a user-installed SSL certificate.'''
def check_for_tools(name):
"""Checks to see whether the tool name is in current directory or in the PATH"""
if is_in_dir(name) or is_in_path(name):
return True
return False
def is_in_path(name):
"""Check whether name is on PATH and marked as executable.
return shutil.which(name) is not None
def is_in_dir(name, directory='.'):
"""Checks whether a file exists in a specified directory."""
files = (os.listdir(directory))
for file in files:
if file.lower() == name.lower():
if os.path.isfile(file):
return True
def apktool_decompile(filename):
"""Uses APKTool to decompile an APK"""
output = subprocess.getoutput("apktool d {} -o {}".format(filename, filename.replace('.apk', '_out')))
if 'Exception in' in output:
print('[-] An error occurred when decompiling the APK.')
os.rmdir(filename.replace('.apk', '_out'))
return False
return True
def apktool_build(filepath):
"""Uses APKTool to create a new APK"""
output = subprocess.getoutput("apktool b {}".format(filepath))
os.listdir(filepath + os.sep + 'dist')
except FileNotFoundError:
print('[-] An error occurred when rebuilding the APK.')
return False
return True
def do_keytool(keystore_name):
"""Uses keytool to generate a key."""
newline = os.linesep
'''Ugly hack to get around answering interactive prompts
The output would have been something like:
Generating 2,048 bit RSA key pair and self-signed certificate (SHA256withRSA) with a validity of 10,000 days
for: CN=Y, OU=Unknown, O=Y, L=Unknown, ST=Y, C=Unknown
[Storing test.keystore]'''
commands = ['Y', 'Y', 'Y', 'Y', 'Y', 'Y']
FNULL = open(os.devnull, 'w')
p = subprocess.Popen(['keytool', '-genkey', '-v', '-keystore',
keystore_name, '-storepass', 'password',
'-alias', 'android', '-keypass', 'password',
'-keyalg', 'RSA', '-keysize', '2048', '-validity',
stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT,
stdout=FNULL, universal_newlines=True)
keystore_present = True
def do_jarsigner(filepath, keystore):
"""Uses APKTool to create a new APK"""
output = subprocess.getoutput("jarsigner -verbose -keystore {} -storepass password -keypass password {} android".format(keystore, filepath))
if 'jar signed.' not in output:
print("[-] An error occurred during jarsigner: \n{}".format(output))
print("[*] Signed!")
def add_network_security_config(basedir):
"""Adds a network security config file that allows user
data = '''\
<!-- Trust preinstalled CAs -->
<certificates src="system" />
<!-- Trust user added CAs -->
<certificates src="user" />
<!-- Trust any CA in this folder -->
<certificates src="@raw/cacert"/>
with open(os.path.join(basedir, 'res', 'xml', 'network_security_config.xml'), 'w') as fh:
def do_network_security_config(directory):
"""Checks for a network security config file in the project.
If present, reads the file and adds a line to allow user certs.
If not present, creates one to allow user certs.
# Still need to add the line if the file already exists
if 'xml' in os.listdir(os.path.join(directory, 'res')):
if 'network_security_config.xml' in os.listdir(os.path.join(directory, 'res', 'xml')):
filepath = os.path.join(directory, 'res', 'xml', 'network_security_config.xml')
with open(filepath) as fh:
contents =
new_contents = contents.replace('<trust-anchors>', '<trust-anchors>\n <certificates src="user" />\n <certificates src="@raw/cacert"/>')
with open(filepath, 'w') as fh:
return True
print('[*] Adding network_security_config.xml to {}.'.format(os.path.join(directory, 'res', 'xml')))
print('[*] Creating {} and adding network_security_config.xml.'.format(os.path.join(directory, 'res', 'xml')))
os.mkdir(os.path.join(directory, 'res', 'xml'))
def check_for_burp(host, port):
"""Checks to see if Burp is running."""
url = ("http://{}:{}/".format(host, port))
resp = urllib.request.urlopen(url)
except Exception as e:
return False
if b"Burp Suite" in
return True
return False
def download_burp_cert(host, port):
"""Downloads the Burp Suite certificate."""
url = ("http://{}:{}/cert".format(host, port))
file_name = 'cacert.der'
# Download the file from url and save it locally under file_name:
with urllib.request.urlopen(url) as response, open(file_name, 'wb') as out_file:
data = # a bytes object
cert_present = True
return file_name
except Exception as e:
print('[-] An error occurred: {}'.format(e))
def edit_manifest(filepath):
'''Adds android:networkSecurityConfig="@xml/network_security_config"
to the manifest'''
with open(filepath) as fh:
contents =
new_contents = contents.replace("<application ", '<application android:networkSecurityConfig="@xml/network_security_config" ')
with open(filepath, 'w') as fh:
def main():
"""Checks for tools, and repackages an APK to allow
a user-installed SSL certificate.
# Check for required tools
print('[*] Checking for required tools...')
required_tools = ("apktool", "keytool", "jarsigner")
missing_tools = []
for tool in required_tools:
if not check_for_tools(tool):
if missing_tools:
for tool in missing_tools:
print("[-] {} could not be found in the current directory or in your PATH. Please ensure either of these conditions are met.".format(tool))
# Checks for Burp and adds the cert to the project
# Not sure why certname needs to be global. Kept getting an
# error saying I was referencing before defining it (shrug)
global certname
if not cert_present:
burp = check_for_burp(burp_host, burp_port)
if not burp:
print("[-] Burp not found on {}:{}. Please start Burp and specify ".format(burp_host, burp_port),
"the proxy host and port (-pr, or specify the ",
"path to the self-signed burp cert (-c path/to/cacert.der).")
# Download the burp cert
print("[*] Downloading Burp cert from http://{}:{}".format(burp_host, burp_port))
certname = download_burp_cert(burp_host, burp_port)
# Iterate through the APKs
for file in args.apk_input_file:
# Decompile the app with APKTool
print("[*] Decompiling {}...".format(file))
if not apktool_decompile(file):
project_dir = file.replace('.apk', '_out')
# Create or add to network_security_config.xml
config_exists = do_network_security_config(project_dir)
# Add the certificate to the project
print("[*] Adding the cert to {}".format(project_dir))
cert_dest_path = os.path.join(project_dir, 'res', 'raw', certname)
os.makedirs(os.path.join(project_dir, 'res', 'raw'), exist_ok=True)
shutil.copy2(certname, cert_dest_path)
print("[*] {} copied to {}".format(certname, cert_dest_path))
# Edit the manifest if there wasn't already a config
if not config_exists:
print('[*] Changing the manifest...')
manifest_filepath = project_dir + os.sep + 'AndroidManifest.xml'
# Repackage the APK
print('[*] Rebuilding the APK...')
if not apktool_build(project_dir):
new_apk = os.path.join(project_dir, 'dist', os.listdir(project_dir + os.sep + 'dist')[0])
# Sign the APK
print("[*] Signing the APK...")
if not keystore_present:
print("[*] Generating keystore...")
do_jarsigner(new_apk, keystore_filename)
print('[+] Repackaging complete. Install using "adb install {}"'.format(new_apk))
if __name__ == '__main__':
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
help='Specify the APK file(s) to repackage.')
parser.add_argument('-c', '--cert_path',
help='Specify the path to either a PEM or DER formatted file.')
parser.add_argument('-k', '--keystore_path',
help='Specify the path to an existing keystore.')
parser.add_argument("-pr", "--proxy",
help="Specify the host and port where burp is listening (default")
args = parser.parse_args()
keystore_present = False
if args.keystore_path:
if not os.path.exists(args.keystore_path):
print("[-] The file, {}, cannot be found, or you do not have permission to open the file. Please check the file path and try again.".format(file))
keystore_filename = args.keystore_path
keystore_present = True
keystore_filename = "my_keystore.keystore"
cert_present = False
if args.cert_path:
if not os.path.exists(args.cert_path):
print("[-] The file, {}, cannot be found, or you do not have permission to open the file. Please check the file path and try again.".format(file))
certname = args.cert_path
cert_present = True
certname = ''
for file in args.apk_input_file:
if not os.path.exists(file):
print("[-] The file, {}, cannot be found, or you do not have permission to open the file. Please check the file path and try again.".format(file))
if not file.endswith('.apk'):
print("[-] Please verify that the file, {}, is in apk file. If it is, just add .apk to the filename.".format(file))
if args.proxy.startswith('http'):
if '://' not in args.proxy:
print("[-] Unknown format for proxy. Please specify only a host and port (-pr")
args.proxy = ''.join(args.proxy.split("//")[1:])
burp_host = args.proxy.split(":")[0]
burp_port = int(args.proxy.split(":")[1])
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