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<?php
namespace Illuminate\Database\Concerns;
use Closure;
use Exception;
use Throwable;
trait ManagesTransactions
{
/**
* Execute a Closure within a transaction.
*
* @param \Closure $callback
* @param int $attempts
* @return mixed
*
* @throws \Exception|\Throwable
*/
public function transaction(Closure $callback, $attempts = 1)
{
for ($currentAttempt = 1; $currentAttempt <= $attempts; $currentAttempt++) {
$this->beginTransaction();
// We'll simply execute the given callback within a try / catch block and if we
// catch any exception we can rollback this transaction so that none of this
// gets actually persisted to a database or stored in a permanent fashion.
try {
return tap($callback($this), function () {
$this->commit();
});
}
// If we catch an exception we'll rollback this transaction and try again if we
// are not out of attempts. If we are out of attempts we will just throw the
// exception back out and let the developer handle an uncaught exceptions.
catch (Exception $e) {
$this->handleTransactionException(
$e, $currentAttempt, $attempts
);
} catch (Throwable $e) {
$this->rollBack();
throw $e;
}
}
}
/**
* Handle an exception encountered when running a transacted statement.
*
* @param \Exception $e
* @param int $currentAttempt
* @param int $maxAttempts
* @return void
*
* @throws \Exception
*/
protected function handleTransactionException($e, $currentAttempt, $maxAttempts)
{
// On a deadlock, MySQL rolls back the entire transaction so we can't just
// retry the query. We have to throw this exception all the way out and
// let the developer handle it in another way. We will decrement too.
if ($this->causedByDeadlock($e) &&
$this->transactions > 1) {
$this->transactions--;
throw $e;
}
// If there was an exception we will rollback this transaction and then we
// can check if we have exceeded the maximum attempt count for this and
// if we haven't we will return and try this query again in our loop.
$this->rollBack();
if ($this->causedByDeadlock($e) &&
$currentAttempt < $maxAttempts) {
return;
}
throw $e;
}
/**
* Start a new database transaction.
*
* @return void
*
* @throws \Exception
*/
public function beginTransaction()
{
$this->createTransaction();
$this->transactions++;
$this->fireConnectionEvent('beganTransaction');
}
/**
* Create a transaction within the database.
*
* @return void
*/
protected function createTransaction()
{
if ($this->transactions == 0) {
try {
$this->getPdo()->beginTransaction();
} catch (Exception $e) {
$this->handleBeginTransactionException($e);
}
} elseif ($this->transactions >= 1 && $this->queryGrammar->supportsSavepoints()) {
$this->createSavepoint();
}
}
/**
* Create a save point within the database.
*
* @return void
*/
protected function createSavepoint()
{
$this->getPdo()->exec(
$this->queryGrammar->compileSavepoint('trans'.($this->transactions + 1))
);
}
/**
* Handle an exception from a transaction beginning.
*
* @param \Throwable $e
* @return void
*
* @throws \Exception
*/
protected function handleBeginTransactionException($e)
{
if ($this->causedByLostConnection($e)) {
$this->reconnect();
$this->pdo->beginTransaction();
} else {
throw $e;
}
}
/**
* Commit the active database transaction.
*
* @return void
*/
public function commit()
{
if ($this->transactions == 1) {
$this->getPdo()->commit();
}
$this->transactions = max(0, $this->transactions - 1);
$this->fireConnectionEvent('committed');
}
/**
* Rollback the active database transaction.
*
* @param int|null $toLevel
* @return void
*
* @throws \Exception
*/
public function rollBack($toLevel = null)
{
// We allow developers to rollback to a certain transaction level. We will verify
// that this given transaction level is valid before attempting to rollback to
// that level. If it's not we will just return out and not attempt anything.
$toLevel = is_null($toLevel)
? $this->transactions - 1
: $toLevel;
if ($toLevel < 0 || $toLevel >= $this->transactions) {
return;
}
// Next, we will actually perform this rollback within this database and fire the
// rollback event. We will also set the current transaction level to the given
// level that was passed into this method so it will be right from here out.
try {
$this->performRollBack($toLevel);
} catch (Exception $e) {
$this->handleRollBackException($e);
}
$this->transactions = $toLevel;
$this->fireConnectionEvent('rollingBack');
}
/**
* Perform a rollback within the database.
*
* @param int $toLevel
* @return void
*/
protected function performRollBack($toLevel)
{
if ($toLevel == 0) {
$this->getPdo()->rollBack();
} elseif ($this->queryGrammar->supportsSavepoints()) {
$this->getPdo()->exec(
$this->queryGrammar->compileSavepointRollBack('trans'.($toLevel + 1))
);
}
}
/**
* Handle an exception from a rollback.
*
* @param \Exception $e
*
* @throws \Exception
*/
protected function handleRollBackException($e)
{
if ($this->causedByLostConnection($e)) {
$this->transactions = 0;
}
throw $e;
}
/**
* Get the number of active transactions.
*
* @return int
*/
public function transactionLevel()
{
return $this->transactions;
}
}
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