cube.js -- JavaScript library for modeling and solving the 3x3x3 Rubik's Cube
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Latest commit 06cd3bd Oct 13, 2018

README.md

cube.js

Build Status npm version

cube.js is a JavaScript library for modeling and solving the 3x3x3 Rubik's Cube.

Most notably, it implements Herbert Kociemba's two-phase algorithm for solving any state of the cube very fast in 22 moves or less.

cube.js is written in CoffeeScript, and runs on node.js and modern browsers.

A full-fledged random state scrambler demo is available here.

Examples

cube.js gives you basic cube manipulation:

  • Web:
// Create a new solved cube instance
const cube = new Cube();

// Apply an algorithm or randomize the cube state
cube.move("U F R2 B' D2 L'");
cube.randomize();

// Create a new random cube
const randomCube = Cube.random();
  • Node:
const Cube = require('cubejs');

// Create a new solved cube instance
const cube = new Cube();

// Apply an algorithm or randomize the cube state
cube.move("U F R2 B' D2 L'");
cube.randomize();

// Create a new random cube
const randomCube = Cube.random();

From solve.js you can use the methods below, to solve the cube using Herbert Kociemba's two-phase algorithm.

  • Web:
// This takes 4-5 seconds on a modern computer
Cube.initSolver();

// These typically take from 0.01s to 0.4s, rarely up to 2s
cube.solve();        // => "D2 B' R' B L' B ..."
randomCube.solve();  // => "R B' R U' D' R' ..."

To offload the solving to a web worker, use async.js and worker.js:

Cube.asyncInit('lib/worker.js', function() {
    // Initialized
    Cube.asyncSolve(randomCube, function(algorithm) {
        console.log(algorithm);
    });
});
  • Node:
const Cube = require('cubejs');

// This takes 4-5 seconds on a modern computer
Cube.initSolver();

// These typically take from 0.01s to 0.4s, rarely up to 2s
cube.solve();        // => "D2 B' R' B L' B ..."
randomCube.solve();  // => "R B' R U' D' R' ..."

API Reference

All functionality is implemented in the Cube object. There are a bunch of files, of which cube.js is always required.

cube.js

cube.js gives you basic cube manipulation.

Class methods

Cube([state])

The constructor:

  • without arguments, constructs an identity cube (i.e. a solved cube).
  • with an argument, clones another cube or cube state.
const cube = new Cube();
const other = new Cube(cube);
const third = new Cube(cube.toJSON());
Cube.fromString(str)

Returns a cube that represents the given facelet string. The string consists of 54 characters, 9 per face:

"UUUUUUUUUR...F...D...L...B..."

U means a facelet of the up face color, R means a facelet of the right face color, etc.

The following diagram demonstrates the order of the facelets:

             +------------+
             | U1  U2  U3 |
             |            |
             | U4  U5  U6 |
             |            |
             | U7  U8  U9 |
+------------+------------+------------+------------+
| L1  L2  L3 | F1  F2  F3 | R1  R2  R3 | B1  B2  B3 |
|            |            |            |            |
| L4  L5  L6 | F4  F5  F6 | R4  R5  R6 | B4  B5  B6 |
|            |            |            |            |
| L7  L8  L9 | F7  F8  F9 | R7  R8  R9 | B7  B8  B9 |
+------------+------------+------------+------------+
             | D1  D2  D3 |
             |            |
             | D4  D5  D6 |
             |            |
             | D7  D8  D9 |
             +------------+
Cube.random()

Return a new, randomized cube.

const cube = Cube.random();
Cube.inverse(algoritm)

Given an algorithm (a string, array of moves, or a single move), returns its inverse.

Cube.inverse("F B' R");    // => "R' B F'"
Cube.inverse([1, 8, 12]);  // => [14, 6, 1]
Cube.inverse(8);           // => 8

See below for numeric moves.

Instance methods

init(state)

Resets the cube state to match another cube.

const random = Cube.random();
const cube = new Cube();
cube.init(random);
identity()

Resets the cube to the identity cube.

cube.identity();
cube.isSolved();  // => true
toJSON()

Returns the cube state as an object.

cube.toJSON();  // => {cp: [...], co: [...], ep: [...], eo: [...]}
asString()

Returns the cube's state as a facelet string. See Cube.fromString().

clone()

Returns a fresh clone of the cube.

randomize()

Randomizes the cube in place.

isSolved()

Returns true if the cube is solved (i.e. the identity cube), and false otherwise.

move(algorithm)

Applies an algorithm (a string, array of moves, or a single move) to the cube.

const cube = new Cube();
cube.isSolved();  // => true
cube.move("U R F'");
cube.isSolved();  // => false

See below for numeric moves.

Numeric moves

Internally, cube.js treats moves as numbers.

Move Number
U 0
U2 1
U' 2
F 3
F2 4
F' 5
L 6
L2 7
L' 8
D 9
D2 10
D' 11
B 12
B2 13
B' 14
R 15
R2 16
R' 17

solve.js

solve.js implements Herbert Kociemba's two-phase algorithm for solving the cube quickly in nearly optimal number of moves. The algorithm is a port of his simple Java implementation without symmetry reductions.

For the algorithm to work, a computationally intensive precalculation step is required. Precalculation results in a set of lookup tables that guide the heuristic tree search. Precalculation takes 4-5 seconds on a typical modern computer, but migh take longer on older machines.

After precalculation is done, solving a cube with at most 22 moves typically takes 0.01-0.4 seconds, but may take up to 1.5-2 seconds. Again, these figures apply for a modern computer, and might be bigger on older machines.

The maximum search depth (numer of moves) can be configured. The deeper search is allowed, the quicker the solving is. There's usually no reason to change the default of 22 moves.

Class methods

Cube.initSolver()

Perform the precalculation step described above. This must be called before calling solve().

Cube.scramble()

Generate a random scramble by taking a random cube state, solving it, and returning the inverse of the solving algorithm. By applying this algorithm to a cube, you end up to the random state.

Instance methods

solve([maxDepth])

Return an algorithm that solves the cube as a string. maxDepth is the maximum number of moves in the solution, and defaults to 22.

License

cube.js is licensed under the MIT License.

History

cube.js was created by Petri Lehtinen aka akheron. Thanks to him.