Lua bindings to ImageMagick for LuaJIT using FFI
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README.md

magick

Build Status

Lua bindings to ImageMagick's MagicWand or GraphicsMagick's Wand for LuaJIT using FFI.

Installation

You'll need both LuaJIT (any version) and MagickWand or GraphicsMagickinstalled.

On Ubuntu, to use ImageMagick, you might run:

$ sudo apt-get install luajit
$ sudo apt-get install libmagickwand-dev

You can install GraphicsMagick in place of, or alongside, ImageMagick:

$ sudo apt-get install libgraphicsmagick1-dev

It's recommended to use LuaRocks to install magick.

$ sudo apt-get install luarocks
$ luarocks install magick

Basic Usage

If you just need to resize/crop an image, use the thumb function. It provides a shorthand syntax for common operations.

local magick = require("magick")
magick.thumb("input.png", "100x100", "output.png")

The second argument to thumb is a size string, it can have the following kinds of values:

"500x300"       -- Resize image such that the aspect ratio is kept,
                --  the width does not exceed 500 and the height does
                --  not exceed 300
"500x300!"      -- Resize image to 500 by 300, ignoring aspect ratio
"500x"          -- Resize width to 500 keep aspect ratio
"x300"          -- Resize height to 300 keep aspect ratio
"50%x20%"       -- Resize width to 50% and height to 20% of original
"500x300#"      -- Resize image to 500 by 300, but crop either top
                --  or bottom to keep aspect ratio
"500x300+10+20" -- Crop image to 500 by 300 at position 10,20

If you need more advanced image operations, you'll need to work with the Image object. Read on.

Functions

All functions contained in the table returned by require("magick").

thumb(input_fname, size_str, out_fname=nil)

Loads and resizes image. Write output to out_fname if provided, otherwise return image blob. (input_fname can optionally be an instance of Image)

load_image(fname)

Return a new Image instance, loaded from filename. Returns nil and error message if image could not be loaded.

load_image_from_blob(blob)

Loads an image from a Lua string containing the binary image data.

Image object

Calling load_image or load_image_from_blob returns an Image object.

local magick = require "magick"

local img = assert(magick.load_image("hello.png"))

print("width:", img:get_width(), "height:", img:get_height());

img:resize(200, 200)
img:write("resized.png")

Images are automatically freed from memory by LuaJIT's garbage collector, but images can take up a lot of space in memory when loaded so it's recommended to call destroy on the image object as soon as possible.

Using GraphicsMagick

ImageMagick and GraphicsMagick implement the same interface. By default the magick module will include ImageMagick. You can specify which library you use by calling require on the module for the appropriate library. At the moment it's impossible to include both libraries into the same process due to collision of function names in the C namespace.

Load ImageMagick directly:

magick = requrie "magick.wand"
local img = magick.load_image("some_image.png")

Load GraphicsMagick directly:

magick = requrie "magick.gmwand"
local img = magick.load_image("some_image.png")

Note: not all methods on Image for ImageMagick are available in GraphicsMagick right now. Pull requests welcome.

Methods

Methods mutate the current image when appropriate. Use clone to get an independent copy.

img:resize(w,h, f="Lanczos2", blur=1.0)

Resizes the image, f is resize function, see Filer Types

img:adaptive_resize(w,h)

Resizes the image using adaptive resize

img:crop(w,h, x=0, y=0)

Crops image to w,h where the top left is x, y

img:blur(sigma, radius=0)

Blurs the image with specified paramaters. See Blur Arguments

img:rotate(degrees, r=0, g=0, b)

Rotates the image by specified number of degrees. The image dimensions will enlarge to prevent cropping. The triangles on the corners are filled with the color specified by r, g, b. The color components are specified as floating point numbers from 0 to 1.

img:sharpen(sigma, radius=0)

Sharpens the image with specified parameters. See Sharpening Images

img:resize_and_crop(w,h)

Resizes the image to w,h. The image will be cropped if necessary to maintain its aspect ratio.

img:get_blob()

Returns Lua string containing the binary data of the image. The blob is formatated the same as the image's current format (eg. PNG, Gif, etc.). Use image:set_format to change the format.

img:write(fname)

Writes the the image to disk

img:get_width()

Gets the width of the image

img:get_height()

Gets the height of the image

img:get_format()

Gets the current format of image as a file extension like "png" or "bmp". Use image:set_format to change the format.

img:set_format(format)

Sets the format of the image, takes a file extension like "png" or "bmp"

img:get_quality()

Gets the image compression quality.

img:set_quality(quality)

Sets the image compression quality.

img:get_gravity()

Gets the image gravity type.

img:set_gravity(gravity)

Sets the image's gravity type:

gravity can be one of the values listed in data.moon

img:get_option(magick, key)

Returns all the option names that match the specified pattern associated with a image (e.g img:get_option("webp", "lossless"))

img:set_option(magick, key, value)

Associates one or options with the img (e.g img:set_option("webp", "lossless", "0"))

img:scale(w, h)

Scale the size of an image to the given dimensions.

img:coalesce()

Coalesces the current image by compositing each frame on the previous frame. This un-optimized animated images to make them suitable for other methods.

img:composite(source, x, y, compose)

Composite another image onto another at the specified offset x, y.

compose can be one of the values listed in data.moon

img:strip()

Strips image of all profiles and comments, useful for removing exif and other data

r,g,b,a = img:get_pixel(x, y)

Get the r,g,b,a color components of a pixel in the image as doubles from 0 to 1

img:clone()

Returns a copy of the image.

img:destroy()

Immediately frees the memory associated with the image, it is invalid to use the image after calling this method. It is unecessary to call this method normally as images are tracked by the garbage collector.

Tests

Tests use Busted. Install and execute the following command to run tests. You can check the output in spec/output_images/.

$ busted

Changelog

1.2.0 - Tue Jul 12 21:10:23 PDT 2016

1.1.0 - Thu Oct 22 05:11:41 UTC 2015

  • add automatic memory management with ffi.gc
  • fix some string memory leaks when getting type and options of image
  • add coalesce, rotate methods to image
  • use pkg-config instead of MagickWand-config to query library
  • all include paths provided by config are searched instead of first

Contact

Author: Leaf Corcoran (leafo) (@moonscript)
Email: leafot@gmail.com
Homepage: http://leafo.net