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contrib add contrib/mcount, a tool to count mails (possibly between pipes) May 16, 2020
man mrep: use Reply-From configuration to find From header May 23, 2020
t t/ work around a OpenBSD bug May 16, 2020
.mailmap add .mailmap Jul 3, 2017
.travis.yml add .travis.yml Mar 30, 2017
COPYING mytimegm: replace with own implementation Mar 28, 2020
GNUmakefile GNUmakefile: release: check ./VERSION is correct before release Feb 2, 2020 Add OS X Yosemite to Jun 24, 2017 update for 0.7 May 15, 2020
README mflag.1: tweak description Jan 31, 2019
VERSION update for 0.7 May 15, 2020 missing MIME-Version Jun 30, 2017
blaze822.c blaze822: blaze822_addr: null-terminate ttok at the current position … Apr 3, 2020
blaze822.h mytimegm: replace with own implementation Mar 28, 2020
filter.c style Aug 31, 2017
filter.example filter.example: use mflow Jul 26, 2017
maddr.c maddr: add -d to only print display name. Mar 30, 2020
magrep.c magrep: fix use of uninitialized memory Feb 28, 2019
mbnc add mbnc to bounce messages Jan 6, 2018
mcolor mcolor: support $NO_COLOR Jan 29, 2018
mcom mrep: use Reply-From configuration to find From header May 23, 2020
mdate.c mdate: style tweak Sep 1, 2016
mdeliver.c mdeliver: better usage when multiple arguments are given Jul 8, 2019
mdirs.c mdirs: extract DT_* handling Mar 8, 2020
mflag.c move uc macro to blaze822_priv.h Mar 8, 2020
mflow.c mflow: avoid adding a space after the leading quotes if there already… Jan 10, 2019
mgenmid.c mgenmid: do not use raw timestamp Dec 25, 2018
mhdr.c whitespace fixes May 23, 2018
minc.c minc: extract DT_* handling Mar 8, 2020
mless mless: only export LESSKEY once Sep 8, 2019
mlist.c mlist: fix dangling else warning May 15, 2020
mmime.c mmime: gen_file: remove check for trailing newline for 7bit transfer Apr 23, 2019
mmkdir mmkdir: create subdirectories in order like maildirmake Mar 9, 2020
mpick.c mpick: improve unknown binding error and add test case May 15, 2020
mquote mquote: fall back to rendering when no plaint text reply was found Jan 9, 2018
mrep rename mcomp -> mcom, mrepl -> mrep Aug 8, 2016
mscan.c mscan: fix underrun in %F when filename doesn't contain three slashes Jan 17, 2020
msed.c msed: improve zero initialization Mar 1, 2019
mseq.c mseq: extract DT_* handling, follow symlinks Mar 8, 2020
mshow.c mshow: don't spawn pager for -x Mar 14, 2020
msort.c style Aug 31, 2017
mthread.c mthread: remove count output May 16, 2020
mymemmem.c mymemmem: update with patch from musl mailing list Jul 11, 2017
mystrverscmp.c mystrverscmp: fix include Jul 26, 2016
pipeto.c use appropriate integer types Oct 6, 2017
rfc2045.c blaze822_walk_mime: limit recursion depth May 9, 2020
rfc2047.c rfc2047: blaze822_decode_rfc2047: account for space for trailing nul Mar 2, 2019
rfc2231.c rfc2231: fix memleak Feb 10, 2019
safe_u8putstr.c safe_u8putstr: whitespace fix Nov 14, 2018
slurp.c slurp: don't special-case empty files, instead behave like strdup("") Apr 23, 2019
squeeze_slash.c mlist: extract squeeze_slash Jul 12, 2017
u8decode.h u8decode: detect invalid encodings Nov 23, 2017


MBLAZE(7)              Miscellaneous Information Manual              MBLAZE(7)

     mblaze – introduction to the mblaze message system

     The mblaze message system is a set of Unix utilities for processing and
     interacting with mail messages which are stored in maildir folders.

     Its design is roughly inspired by MH, the RAND Message Handling System,
     but it is a complete implementation from scratch.

     mblaze consists of these Unix utilities that each do one job:

     maddr(1)     extract mail addresses from messages
     magrep(1)    search messages matching a pattern
     mbnc(1)      bounce messages
     mcom(1)      compose and send messages
     mdeliver(1)  deliver messages or import mbox file
     mdirs(1)     list maildir folders, recursively
     mexport(1)   export messages as mbox file
     mflag(1)     manipulate maildir message flags
     mflow(1)     reflow format=flowed plain text messages
     mfwd(1)      forward messages
     mgenmid(1)   generate a Message-ID
     mhdr(1)      print message headers
     minc(1)      incorporate new messages
     mless(1)     conveniently read messages in less(1)
     mlist(1)     list and filter messages
     mmime(1)     create MIME messages
     mmkdir(1)    create new maildir folders
     mpick(1)     advanced message filter
     mrefile(1)   move or copy messages between maildir folders
     mrep(1)      reply to messages
     mscan(1)     generate one-line message summaries
     msed(1)      manipulate message headers
     mseq(1)      manipulate message sequences
     mshow(1)     render messages and extract MIME parts
     msort(1)     sort messages
     mthread(1)   arrange messages into discussions

     mblaze is a classic command line MUA and has no features for receiving or
     transferring messages; you can operate on messages in a local maildir
     spool, or fetch your messages using fdm(1), getmail(1), offlineimap(1),
     or similar utilities, and send it using dma(8), msmtp(1), sendmail(8), as
     provided by OpenSMTPD, Postfix, or similar.

     mblaze operates directly on maildir folders and doesn't use its own
     caches or databases.  There is no setup needed for many uses.  All
     utilities have been written with performance in mind.  Enumeration of all
     messages in a maildir is avoided unless necessary, and then optimized to
     limit syscalls.  Parsing message metadata is optimized to limit I/O
     requests.  Initial operations on a large maildir may feel slow, but as
     soon as they are in the file system cache, everything is blazingly fast.
     The utilities are written to be memory efficient (i.e. not wasteful), but
     whole messages are assumed to fit into RAM easily (one at a time).

     mblaze has been written from scratch and is now well tested, but it is
     not 100% RFC-conforming (which is neither worth it, nor desirable).
     There may be issues with very old, nonconforming, messages.

     mblaze is written in portable C, using only POSIX functions (apart from a
     tiny Linux-only optimization), and has no external dependencies.  It
     supports MIME and more than 7-bit messages (everything the host iconv(3)
     can decode).  It assumes you work in a UTF-8 environment.  mblaze works
     well with other Unix utilities such as mairix(1), mu(1), or

     mblaze utilities are designed to be composed together in a pipe.  They
     are suitable for interactive use and for scripting, and integrate well
     into a Unix workflow.

     For example, you could decide you want to look at all unseen messages in
     your INBOX, oldest first.
           mlist -s ~/Maildir/INBOX | msort -d | mscan

     To operate on a set of messages in multiple steps, you can save it as a
     sequence, e.g. add a call to ‘mseq -S’ to the above command:
           mlist -s ~/Maildir/INBOX | msort -d | mseq -S | mscan

     Now mscan will show message numbers and you could look at the first five
     messages at once, for example:
           mshow 1:5

     Likewise, you could decide to incorporate (by moving from new to cur) all
     new messages in all folders, thread it and look at it interactively:
           mdirs ~/Maildir | xargs minc | mthread | mless

     Or you could list the attachments of the 20 largest messages in your
           mlist ~/Maildir/INBOX | msort -S | tail -20 | mshow -t

     Or apply the patches from the current message:
           mshow -O. '*.diff' | patch

     As usual with pipes, the sky is the limit.

     mblaze deals with messages (which are files), folders (which are maildir
     folders), sequences (which are newline-separated lists of messages,
     possibly saved on disk in ${MBLAZE:-$HOME/.mblaze}/seq), and the current
     message (kept as a symlink in ${MBLAZE:-$HOME/.mblaze}/cur).

     Messages in the saved sequence can be referred to using special syntax as
     explained in mmsg(7).

     Many utilities have a default behavior when used interactively from a
     terminal (e.g. operate on the current message or the current sequence).
     For scripting, you must make these arguments explicit.

     For configuration, see mblaze-profile(5).

     mailx(1), mblaze-profile(5), nmh(7)

     Leah Neukirchen <>

     There is a mailing list available at (to
     subscribe, send a message to and an
     IRC channel #vuxu on  Please report security-related
     bugs directly to the author.

     mblaze is in the public domain.

     To the extent possible under law, the creator of this work has waived all
     copyright and related or neighboring rights to this work.

Void Linux                      January 6, 2018                     Void Linux
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