Mock WS client for Play Framework
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README.md

Table of Contents

play-mockws

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Play MockWS is a mock WS client for Play Framework.

If:

  • you write an application in Scala with the Play Framework
  • the application makes HTTP calls to external web services with the WS client
  • you want to test your implementation

then you can use play-mockws to simulate HTTP requests to external web services in your tests.

Release Notes

see RELEASE-NOTES.md

Example

// simulation of a GET request to http://dns/url
val ws = MockWS {
  case (GET, "http://dns/url") => Action { Ok("http response") }
}

await(ws.url("http://dns/url").get()).body == "http response"

Adding play-mockws to your project

Add MockWS as test dependency in the build.sbt:

  • for Play 2.6.x:
libraryDependencies += "de.leanovate.play-mockws" %% "play-mockws" % "2.6.2" % Test
  • for Play 2.5.x:
libraryDependencies += "de.leanovate.play-mockws" %% "play-mockws" % "2.5.1" % Test
  • for Play 2.4.x:
libraryDependencies += "de.leanovate.play-mockws" %% "play-mockws" % "2.4.2" % Test
  • for Play 2.3.x:
libraryDependencies += "de.leanovate.play-mockws" %% "play-mockws" % "2.3.2" % Test

And use it:

import mockws.MockWS

val ws = MockWS { ... }

Usage

General usage

From the 2.6 version, it is recommended that your tests either extend trait MockWSHelpers or import MockWSHelpers. MockWSHelpers provides an implicit Materializer you need when working with Play's Actions.

class MySpec extends FreeSpec with Matchers with MockWSHelpers with BeforeAndAfterAll {
  ...

  override def afterAll(): Unit = {
    shutdownHelpers()
  }
}

or

import mockws.MockWSHelpers._

A MockWS instance can be directly constructed with a partial function like this:

val ws = MockWS {
  case (GET, "/") => Action { Ok("homepage") }
  case (POST, "/users") => Action { request => Created((request.body.asJson.get \ "id").as[String]) }
  case (GET, "/users/24") => Action { NotFound("") }
}

The partial function binds 2 Strings, an HTTP method and the URL, to a Play Action.

For clarity, this partial function is aliased as MockWS.Routes

When calling MockWS.url(), if the HTTP method and the URL are found, the defined play action is evaluated.

Controlling the routes

If you want more control on the routes, for example to know whether a route was called or how many times, use the Route class for this.

Routes can be defined together with the standard function orElse.

val route1 = Route {
  case (GET, "/route1") => Action { Ok("") }
}
val route2 = Route {
  case (GET, "/route2") => Action { Ok("") }
}

val ws = MockWS(route1 orElse route2)

await(ws.url("/route1").get())

route1.called == true
route2.called == false

route1.timeCalled == 1
route2.timeCalled == 0

An example how to structure an implementation to test it with MockWS can be found here.

Other examples can be found in the tests.

Compatibility Matrix

  • MockWS 2.6.x is actually only compatible with Play 2.6.y., with Scala 2.12 or 2.11.
  • MockWS 2.5.x is actually only compatible with Play 2.5.y., with Scala 2.11.
  • MockWS 2.4.x is actually only compatible with Play 2.4.y., with Scala 2.10 or 2.11.
  • MockWS 2.3.x is actually only compatible with Play 2.3.y., with Scala 2.10 or 2.11.