Sanitize untrusted HTML (to prevent XSS) with a configuration specified by a Whitelist
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README.md

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Sanitize untrusted HTML (to prevent XSS) with a configuration specified by a Whitelist.

xss


xss is a module used to filter input from users to prevent XSS attacks. (What is XSS attack?)

Project Homepage: http://jsxss.com

Try Online: http://jsxss.com/en/try.html

中文版文档


Features

  • Specifies HTML tags and their attributes allowed with whitelist
  • Handle any tags or attributes using custom function.

Reference

Benchmark (for references only)

  • the xss module: 8.2 MB/s
  • xss() function from module validator@0.3.7: 4.4 MB/s

For test code please refer to benchmark directory.

Unit Test

Run npm test command in the source directary.

Install

NPM

$ npm install xss

Bower

$ bower install xss

Or

$ bower install https://github.com/leizongmin/js-xss.git

Usages

On Node.js

var xss = require('xss');
var html = xss('<script>alert("xss");</script>');
console.log(html);

On Browser

Shim mode (reference file test/test.html):

<script src="https://raw.github.com/leizongmin/js-xss/master/dist/xss.js"></script>
<script>
// apply function filterXSS in the same way
var html = filterXSS('<script>alert("xss");</scr' + 'ipt>');
alert(html);
</script>

AMD mode - shim:

<script>
require.config({
  baseUrl: './',
  paths: {
    xss: 'https://raw.github.com/leizongmin/js-xss/master/dist/xss.js'
  },
  shim: {
    xss: {exports: 'filterXSS'}
  }
})
require(['xss'], function (xss) {
  var html = xss('<script>alert("xss");</scr' + 'ipt>');
  alert(html);
});
</script>

Command Line Tool

Process File

You can use the xss command line tool to process a file. Usage:

xss -i <input_file> -o <output_file>

Example:

$ xss -i origin.html -o target.html

Active Test

Run the following command, them you can type HTML code in the command-line, and check the filtered output:

$ xss -t

For more details, please run $ xss -h to see it.

Custom filter rules

When using the xss() function, the second parameter could be used to specify custom rules:

options = {};  // Custom rules
html = xss('<script>alert("xss");</script>', options);

To avoid passing options every time, you can also do it in a faster way by creating a FilterXSS instance:

options = {};  // Custom rules
myxss = new xss.FilterXSS(options);
// then apply myxss.process()
html = myxss.process('<script>alert("xss");</script>');

Details of parameters in options would be described below.

Whitelist

By specifying a whiteList, e.g. { 'tagName': [ 'attr-1', 'attr-2' ] }. Tags and attributes not in the whitelist would be filter out. For example:

// only tag a and its attributes href, title, target are allowed
var options = {
  whiteList: {
    a: ['href', 'title', 'target']
  }
};
// With the configuration specified above, the following HTML:
// <a href="#" onclick="hello()"><i>Hello</i></a>
// would become:
// <a href="#">Hello</a>

For the default whitelist, please refer xss.whiteList.

Customize the handler function for matched tags

By specifying the handler function with onTag:

function onTag (tag, html, options) {
  // tag is the name of current tag, e.g. 'a' for tag <a>
  // html is the HTML of this tag, e.g. '<a>' for tag <a>
  // options is some addition informations:
  //   isWhite    boolean, whether the tag is in whitelist
  //   isClosing  boolean, whether the tag is a closing tag, e.g. true for </a>
  //   position        integer, the position of the tag in output result
  //   sourcePosition  integer, the position of the tag in input HTML source
  // If a string is returned, the current tag would be replaced with the string
  // If return nothing, the default measure would be taken:
  //   If in whitelist: filter attributes using onTagAttr, as described below
  //   If not in whitelist: handle by onIgnoreTag, as described below
}

Customize the handler function for attributes of matched tags

By specifying the handler function with onTagAttr:

function onTagAttr (tag, name, value, isWhiteAttr) {
  // tag is the name of current tag, e.g. 'a' for tag <a>
  // name is the name of current attribute, e.g. 'href' for href="#"
  // isWhiteAttr whether the tag is in whitelist
  // If a string is returned, the attribute would be replaced with the string
  // If return nothing, the default measure would be taken:
  //   If in whitelist: filter the value using safeAttrValue as described below
  //   If not in whitelist: handle by onIgnoreTagAttr, as described below
}

Customize the handler function for tags not in the whitelist

By specifying the handler function with onIgnoreTag:

function onIgnoreTag (tag, html, options) {
  // Parameters are the same with onTag
  // If a string is returned, the tag would be replaced with the string
  // If return nothing, the default measure would be taken (specifies using
  // escape, as described below)
}

Customize the handler function for attributes not in the whitelist

By specifying the handler function with onIgnoreTagAttr:

function onIgnoreTagAttr (tag, name, value, isWhiteAttr) {
  // Parameters are the same with onTagAttr
  // If a string is returned, the value would be replaced with this string
  // If return nothing, then keep default (remove the attribute)
}

Customize escaping function for HTML

By specifying the handler function with escapeHtml. Following is the default function (Modification is not recommended):

function escapeHtml (html) {
  return html.replace(/</g, '&lt;').replace(/>/g, '&gt;');
}

Customize escaping function for value of attributes

By specifying the handler function with safeAttrValue:

function safeAttrValue (tag, name, value) {
  // Parameters are the same with onTagAttr (without options)
  // Return the value as a string
}

Quick Start

Filter out tags not in the whitelist

By using stripIgnoreTag parameter:

  • true filter out tags not in the whitelist
  • false: by default: escape the tag using configured escape function

Example:

If stripIgnoreTag = true is set, the following code:

code:<script>alert(/xss/);</script>

would output filtered:

code:alert(/xss/);

Filter out tags and tag bodies not in the whitelist

By using stripIgnoreTagBody parameter:

  • false|null|undefined by default: do nothing
  • '*'|true: filter out all tags not in the whitelist
  • ['tag1', 'tag2']: filter out only specified tags not in the whitelist

Example:

If stripIgnoreTagBody = ['script'] is set, the following code:

code:<script>alert(/xss/);</script>

would output filtered:

code:

Filter out HTML comments

By using allowCommentTag parameter:

  • true: do nothing
  • false by default: filter out HTML comments

Example:

If allowCommentTag = false is set, the following code:

code:<!-- something --> END

would output filtered:

code: END

Examples

Allow attributes of whitelist tags start with data-

var source = '<div a="1" b="2" data-a="3" data-b="4">hello</div>';
var html = xss(source, {
  onIgnoreTagAttr: function (tag, name, value, isWhiteAttr) {
    if (name.substr(0, 5) === 'data-') {
      // escape its value using built-in escapeAttrValue function
      return name + '="' + xss.escapeAttrValue(value) + '"';
    }
  }
});

console.log('%s\nconvert to:\n%s', source, html);

Result:

<div a="1" b="2" data-a="3" data-b="4">hello</div>
convert to:
<div data-a="3" data-b="4">hello</div>

Allow tags start with x-

var source = '<x><x-1>he<x-2 checked></x-2>wwww</x-1><a>';
var html = xss(source, {
  onIgnoreTag: function (tag, html, options) {
    if (tag.substr(0, 2) === 'x-') {
      // do not filter its attributes
      return html;
    }
  }
});

console.log('%s\nconvert to:\n%s', source, html);

Result:

<x><x-1>he<x-2 checked></x-2>wwww</x-1><a>
convert to:
&lt;x&gt;<x-1>he<x-2 checked></x-2>wwww</x-1><a>

Parse images in HTML

var source = '<img src="img1">a<img src="img2">b<img src="img3">c<img src="img4">d';
var list = [];
var html = xss(source, {
  onTagAttr: function (tag, name, value, isWhiteAttr) {
    if (tag === 'img' && name === 'src') {
      // Use the built-in friendlyAttrValue function to escape attribute
      // values. It supports converting entity tags such as &lt; to printable
      // characters such as <
      list.push(xss.friendlyAttrValue(value));
    }
    // Return nothing, means keep the default handling measure
  }
});

console.log('image list:\n%s', list.join(', '));

Result:

image list:
img1, img2, img3, img4

Filter out HTML tags (keeps only plain text)

var source = '<strong>hello</strong><script>alert(/xss/);</script>end';
var html = xss(source, {
  whiteList:          [],        // empty, means filter out all tags
  stripIgnoreTag:     true,      // filter out all HTML not in the whilelist
  stripIgnoreTagBody: ['script'] // the script tag is a special case, we need
                                 // to filter out its content
});

console.log('text: %s', html);

Result:

text: helloend

License

Copyright (c) 2012-2016 Zongmin Lei(雷宗民) <leizongmin@gmail.com>
http://ucdok.com

The MIT License

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.