This code compress a webpage into an html file. Images are converted to base64 and integrated together with CSS files in the html. Useful for webpages on microcontrollers (or low memory devices), a complete offline copy of a webpage etc.
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squirelcrawl.py

README.md

SquirelCrawl

This code compress a webpage into an html file. Images are converted to base64 and integrated together with CSS files in the html. Useful for webpages on microcontrollers (or low memory devices), a complete offline copy of a webpage etc.

Requirements

The application was tested using Python 2.7. The following libraries are required:

These can be installed using pip as:

pip install <library>

A tutorial for installing pip on Windows can be found here. pip can be downloaded from get-pip.

Use

python squirelcrawl --url <http(s)://...> --path <folder>

Optional arguments are the following:

  • -iq (def.: 5): the images are compress before converted to base64, the option defines the image quality for the compression. Pillow library is used for the compression;
  • -csd (def.: 0): the css are crawled to search for image links (basically background(-image): url(...)). Only the used classes (in the html file) are searched. If this option is set, then all classes are crawled. This may need a lot of time;
  • -ie (def.: 1): the converted images are saved as txt in the base64/ folder;
  • --mcss (def.: 0): unused css classes are removed using the mincss library. This option reduces substantially the size of the resulting html. But it does not always work great;
  • --cjs (def.: 0): if set, remove all <script>...</script> sections. Be careful, bootstrap css may need some JavaScript to look great;
  • --cmeta (def.: 0): if set, remove all <meta .../> sections;
  • --clink (def.: 0): if set, remove all <link .../> sections;
  • --clink (def.: 0): if set, remove all <a ...>...</a> sections (including the texts)
  • --calinkref (def.: 1): if set, replace all href of the <a> sections with javascript:a_links() allowing to use a javascript to actuate while clicking;
  • --d (def.: 1: if set, debugging info is displayed;
  • --overlay (def.: 0): combines the overlay(-body).[css, js, html] files in the html file (**);

(**) squirelcrawl.py requires the following files, if the --overlay option is set to 1:

  • overlay.html - two overlay divs are included, for submit/link purposes respectively (included at the end of the body section)
  • overlay.css - includes the style for overlay.html (included in header section)
  • overlay.js - includes the necessarily JavaScript for an overlay (included in header section)
  • overlay-body.js - add the form actions to display the overlay (included at the end of the body section)

The files overlay.html and overlay.css can be modified by the user to include contain to the webpage.

The path folder is created and all files related are saved under this folder. Images and css files are saved in almost the same file structure of the website. A folder base64 is created if the option -ie is set, and the converted to base64 images are saved as txt files. Two files are generated (if --mcss) is set:

  • index.html: compressed webpage including css and images as based64 strings.
  • index-compressed.html: same as index.html but the <style> sections (which include the css files) are compressed using mincss library. The file results very small, but it does not always work (style problems).

Disclaimers

The author of the code assumes no responsibility for users' decision-making and their code usage.

License

Apache 2.0

Changelog

Revision 0.1: Initial submission.