fakeredis: A fake version of a redis-py
fakeredis is a pure python implementation of the redis-py python client that simulates talking to a redis server. This was created for a single purpose: to write unittests. Setting up redis is not hard, but many times you want to write unittests that do not talk to an external server (such as redis). This module now allows tests to simply use this module as a reasonable substitute for redis.
How to Use
The intent is for fakeredis to act as though you're talking to a real redis server. It does this by storing state in the fakeredis module. For example:
>>> import fakeredis >>> r = fakeredis.FakeRedis() >>> r.set('foo', 'bar') True >>> r.get('foo') 'bar' >>> r.lpush('bar', 1) 1 >>> r.lpush('bar', 2) 2 >>> r.lrange('bar', 0, -1) [2, 1]
By storing state in the fakeredis module, instances can share data:
>>> import fakeredis >>> r1 = fakeredis.FakeRedis() >>> r1.set('foo', 'bar') True >>> r2 = fakeredis.FakeRedis() >>> r2.get('foo') 'bar' >>> r2.set('bar', 'baz') True >>> r1.get('bar') 'baz' >>> r2.get('bar') 'baz'
All of the redis commands are implemented in fakeredis with these exceptions:
- debug object
- debug segfault
- config resetstat
- config get
- config set
Adding New Commands
Adding support for more redis commands is easy:
- Add unittests for the new command.
- Implement new command.
To ensure parity with the real redis, there are a set of integration tests that mirror the unittests. For every unittest that is written, the same test is run against a real redis instance using a real redis-py client instance. In order to run these tests you must have a redis server running on localhost, port 6379 (the default settings). The integration tests use db=10 in order to minimize collisions with an existing redis instance.
Running the Tests
To run all the tests, install the requirements file:
pip install -r requirements.txt
If you just want to run the unittests:
Because this module is attempting to provide the same interface as the python bindings to redis, a reasonable way to test this to to take each unittest and run it against a real redis server. fakeredis and the real redis server should give the same result. This ensures parity between the two. You can run these "integration" tests like this:
In terms of implementation,
TestRealRedis is a subclass of
TestFakeRedis that overrides a factory method to create
an instance of
redis.Redis (an actual python client for redis)
To run both the unittests and the "integration" tests, run:
If redis is not running and you try to run tests against a real redis server, these tests will have a result of 'S' for skipped.