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It validates PSR-7 messages (HTTP request/response) against OpenAPI specifications
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lezhnev74 Merge pull request #25 from lezhnev74/reusable-schema-validation
Add ReusableSchema interface to validators
Latest commit 88e97e7 May 23, 2019

README.md

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OpenAPI PSR-7 Message (HTTP Request/Response) Validator

This package can validate PSR-7 messages against OpenAPI (3.0.x) specifications expressed in YAML or JSON.

Requirements

  • PHP 7.1 or higher

Installation

composer require lezhnev74/openapi-psr7-validator

OpenAPI (OAS) Terms

There are some specific terms that are used in the package. These terms come from OpenAPI:

  • specification - an OpenAPI document describing an API, expressed in JSON or YAML file
  • data - actual thing that we validate against a specification, including body and metadata
  • schema - the part of the specification that describes the body of the request / response
  • keyword - properties that are used to describe the instance are called key words, or schema keywords
  • path - a relative path to an individual endpoint
  • operation - a method that we apply on the path (like get /password)
  • response - described response (includes status code, content types etc)

How To Validate

ServerRequest Message

You can validate \Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface instance like this:

$yamlFile = "api.yaml";
$jsonFile = "api.json";

$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromYamlFile($yamlFile)->getServerRequestValidator();
#or
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromYaml(file_get_contents($yamlFile))->getServerRequestValidator();
#or
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromJson(file_get_contents($jsonFile))->getServerRequestValidator();
#or
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromJsonFile($jsonFile)->getServerRequestValidator();
#or
$schema = new \cebe\openapi\spec\OpenApi(); // generate schema object by hand
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromSchema($schema)->getServerRequestValidator();

$validator->validate($request);

Response Message

Validation of \Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface is a bit more complicated . Because you need not only YAML file and Response itself, but also you need to know which operation this response belongs to (in terms of OpenAPI).

Example:

$yamlFile = "api.yaml";
$jsonFile = "api.json";

$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromYamlFile($yamlFile)->getResponseValidator();
#or
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromYaml(file_get_contents($yamlFile))->getResponseValidator();
#or
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromJson(file_get_contents($jsonFile))->getResponseValidator();
#or
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromJsonFile($jsonFile)->getResponseValidator();
#or
$schema = new \cebe\openapi\spec\OpenApi(); // generate schema object by hand
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromSchema($schema)->getResponseValidator();

$operation = new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\OperationAddress('/password/gen', 'get') ;

$validator->validate($operation, $request);

Reuse Schema After Validation

\OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder reads and compiles schema in memory as instance of \cebe\openapi\spec\OpenApi. Validators use this instance to perform validation logic. You can reuse this instance after the validation like this:

$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromYamlFile($yamlFile)->getServerRequestValidator();
# or
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)->fromYamlFile($yamlFile)->getResponseValidator();

/** @var \cebe\openapi\spec\OpenApi */
$openApi = $validator->getSchema();

Request Message

\Psr\Http\Message\RequestInterface validation is not implemented.

PSR-15 Middleware

PSR-15 middleware can be used like this:

$yamlFile = 'api.yaml';
$jsonFile = 'api.json';

$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromYamlFile($yamlFile)->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromYaml(file_get_contents($yamlFile))->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromJsonFile($jsonFile)->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromJson(file_get_contents($jsonFile))->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$schema = new \cebe\openapi\spec\OpenApi(); // generate schema object by hand
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromSchema($schema)->getValidationMiddleware();

SlimFramework Middleware

Slim framework uses slightly different middleware interface, so here is an adapter which you can use like this:

$yamlFile = 'api.yaml';
$jsonFile = 'api.json';

$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromYamlFile($yamlFile)->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromYaml(file_get_contents($yamlFile))->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromJsonFile($jsonFile)->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$psr15Middleware = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromJson(file_get_contents($jsonFile))->getValidationMiddleware();
#or
$schema = new \cebe\openapi\spec\OpenApi(); // generate schema object by hand
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidationMiddlewareBuilder)->fromSchema($schema)->getValidationMiddleware();

$slimMiddleware = new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\SlimAdapter($psr15Middleware);

/** @var \Slim\App $app */
$app->add($slimMiddleware);

Caching Layer / PSR-6 Support

PSR-7 Validator has a built-in caching layer (based on PSR-6 interfaces) which saves time on parsing OpenAPI specs. It is optional. You enable caching if you pass a configured Cache Pool Object to the static constructor like this:

// Configure a PSR-6 Cache Pool
$cachePool = new ArrayCachePool();

// Pass it as a 2nd argument
$validator = (new \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\ValidatorBuilder)
    ->fromYamlFile($yamlFile)
    ->setCache($cachePool)
    ->getResponseValidator();
# or
\OpenAPIValidation\PSR15\ValidationMiddleware::fromYamlFile($yamlFile, $cachePool);

You can use ->setCache($pool, $ttl) call for both PSR-7 and PSR-15 builder in order to set proper expiration ttl in seconds (or explicit null)

If you want take control over the cache key for schema item, or your cache does not support cache key generation by itself you can ->overrideCacheKey('my_custom_key') to ensure cache uses key you want.

Standalone OpenAPI Validator

The package contains a standalone validator which can validate any data against an OpenAPI schema like this:

$spec = <<<SPEC
schema:
  type: string
  enum:
  - a
  - b
SPEC;
$data = "c";

$spec   = cebe\openapi\Reader::readFromYaml($spec);
# (optional) reference resolving
$spec->resolveReferences(new ReferenceContext($spec, "/"));
$schema = new cebe\openapi\spec\Schema($spec->schema);

try {
    (new \OpenAPIValidation\Schema\SchemaValidator())->validate($data, $schema);
} catch(\OpenAPIValidation\Schema\Exception\KeywordMismatch $e) {
    // you can evaluate failure details
    // $e->keyword() == "enum"
    // $e->data() == "c"
    // $e->dataBreadCrumb()->buildChain() -- only for nested data
}

Custom Type Formats

As you know, OpenAPI allows you to add formats to types:

schema:
  type: string
  format: binary

This package contains a bunch of built-in format validators:

  • string type:
    • byte
    • date
    • date-time
    • email
    • hostname
    • ipv4
    • ipv6
    • uri
    • uuid (uuid4)
  • number type
    • float
    • double

You can also add your own formats. Like this:

# A format validator must be a callable
# It must return bool value (true if format matched the data, false otherwise)

# A callable class:
$customFormat = new class()
{
    function __invoke($value): bool
    {
        return $value === "good value";
    }
};

# Or just a closure:
$customFormat = function ($value): bool {
    return $value === "good value";
};

# Register your callable like this before validating your data
\OpenAPIValidation\Schema\TypeFormats\FormatsContainer::registerFormat('string', 'custom', $customFormat);

Exceptions

The package throws a list of various exceptions which you can catch and handle. There are some of them:

  • Schema related:
    • \OpenAPIValidation\Schema\Exception\KeywordMismatch - Indicates that data was not matched against a schema's keyword
      • \OpenAPIValidation\Schema\Exception\TypeMismatch - Validation for type keyword failed against a given data. For example type:string and value is 12
      • \OpenAPIValidation\Schema\Exception\FormatMismatch - data mismatched a given type format. For example type: string, format: email won't match not-email.
  • PSR7 Messages related:
    • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\NoContentType - HTTP message(request/response) contains no Content-Type header. General HTTP errors.
    • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\NoPath - path is not found in the spec
    • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\NoOperation - operation os not found in the path
    • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\NoResponseCode - response code not found under the operation in the spec
    • Request related:
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception \MultipleOperationsMismatchForRequest - request matched multiple operations in the spec, but validation failed for all of them.
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\MissedRequestCookie - Request does not contain expected cookie
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\MissedRequestHeader - Request does not contain expected header
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\MissedRequestQueryArgument - Request does not have expected query argument
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\RequestBodyMismatch - request's body does not match the specification schema
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\RequestCookiesMismatch - request's cookie does not match the specification schema
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\RequestHeadersMismatch - request's headers do not match spec schema
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\RequestPathParameterMismatch - request's path does not match spec's path template
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\RequestQueryArgumentMismatch - request's query arguments does not match the spec schema
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\UnexpectedRequestContentType - request's body content type is unexpected
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\UnexpectedRequestHeader - request carries unexpected header
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\Request\Security\NoRequestSecurityApiKey - described security apiKey not found in the request
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\Request\Security\RequestSecurityMismatch - request does not match with the described security requirements
    • Response related:
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\MissedResponseHeader - response does not have a header
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\ResponseBodyMismatch - response body does not match a schema
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\ResponseHeadersMismatch - response headers do not match the spec
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\UnexpectedResponseHeader - response contains header not mentioned in the spec
      • \OpenAPIValidation\PSR7\Exception\UnexpectedResponseContentType - response contains unexpected content-type

Testing

You can run the tests with:

vendor/bin/phpunit

Contribution Guide

Feel free to open an Issue or add a Pull request. There is a certain code style that this package follows: doctrine/coding-standard.

To conform to this style please use a git hook, shipped with this package at .githooks/pre-commit.

How to use it:

  1. Clone the package locally and navigate to the folder
  2. Create a symlink to the hook like this: ln -s -f ../../.githooks/pre-commit .git/hooks/pre-commit
  3. Add execution rights: chmod +x .git/hooks/pre-commit
  4. Now commit any new changes and the code will be checked and formatted accordingly.
  5. If there are any issues with your code, check the log here: .phpcs-report.txt

Credits

People:

Resources:

  • Icons made by Freepik, licensed by CC 3.0 BY
  • cebe/php-openapi package for Reading OpenAPI files
  • slim3-psr15 package for Slim middleware adapter

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License.md file for more information.

TODO

  • Support Discriminator Object (note: apparently, this is not so straightforward, as discriminator can point to any external scheme)
  • parameters serialization
    • Does anyone use this serialization? It looks very... unpractical.
  • add validation for Request class.
    • Usually for serverside testing purposes ServerRequest is what we need. But, Request should be quite easy to add.
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