Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Find file Copy path
@muesli muesli Fixed typos 3c978b7 Jul 20, 2019
3 contributors

Users who have contributed to this file

@raz-varren @muesli @mjibson
265 lines (238 sloc) 7.52 KB
// Copyright (c) 2014 - Gustavo Niemeyer <gustavo@niemeyer.net>
//
// All rights reserved.
//
// Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
// modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
//
// 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
// list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
// 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
// this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
// and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
//
// THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND
// ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
// WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
// DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
// ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
// (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
// LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
// ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
// (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
// SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
// Package scram implements a SCRAM-{SHA-1,etc} client per RFC5802.
//
// http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5802
//
package scram
import (
"bytes"
"crypto/hmac"
"crypto/rand"
"encoding/base64"
"fmt"
"hash"
"strconv"
"strings"
)
// Client implements a SCRAM-* client (SCRAM-SHA-1, SCRAM-SHA-256, etc).
//
// A Client may be used within a SASL conversation with logic resembling:
//
// var in []byte
// var client = scram.NewClient(sha1.New, user, pass)
// for client.Step(in) {
// out := client.Out()
// // send out to server
// in := serverOut
// }
// if client.Err() != nil {
// // auth failed
// }
//
type Client struct {
newHash func() hash.Hash
user string
pass string
step int
out bytes.Buffer
err error
clientNonce []byte
serverNonce []byte
saltedPass []byte
authMsg bytes.Buffer
}
// NewClient returns a new SCRAM-* client with the provided hash algorithm.
//
// For SCRAM-SHA-256, for example, use:
//
// client := scram.NewClient(sha256.New, user, pass)
//
func NewClient(newHash func() hash.Hash, user, pass string) *Client {
c := &Client{
newHash: newHash,
user: user,
pass: pass,
}
c.out.Grow(256)
c.authMsg.Grow(256)
return c
}
// Out returns the data to be sent to the server in the current step.
func (c *Client) Out() []byte {
if c.out.Len() == 0 {
return nil
}
return c.out.Bytes()
}
// Err returns the error that occurred, or nil if there were no errors.
func (c *Client) Err() error {
return c.err
}
// SetNonce sets the client nonce to the provided value.
// If not set, the nonce is generated automatically out of crypto/rand on the first step.
func (c *Client) SetNonce(nonce []byte) {
c.clientNonce = nonce
}
var escaper = strings.NewReplacer("=", "=3D", ",", "=2C")
// Step processes the incoming data from the server and makes the
// next round of data for the server available via Client.Out.
// Step returns false if there are no errors and more data is
// still expected.
func (c *Client) Step(in []byte) bool {
c.out.Reset()
if c.step > 2 || c.err != nil {
return false
}
c.step++
switch c.step {
case 1:
c.err = c.step1(in)
case 2:
c.err = c.step2(in)
case 3:
c.err = c.step3(in)
}
return c.step > 2 || c.err != nil
}
func (c *Client) step1(in []byte) error {
if len(c.clientNonce) == 0 {
const nonceLen = 16
buf := make([]byte, nonceLen+b64.EncodedLen(nonceLen))
if _, err := rand.Read(buf[:nonceLen]); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("cannot read random SCRAM-SHA-256 nonce from operating system: %v", err)
}
c.clientNonce = buf[nonceLen:]
b64.Encode(c.clientNonce, buf[:nonceLen])
}
c.authMsg.WriteString("n=")
escaper.WriteString(&c.authMsg, c.user)
c.authMsg.WriteString(",r=")
c.authMsg.Write(c.clientNonce)
c.out.WriteString("n,,")
c.out.Write(c.authMsg.Bytes())
return nil
}
var b64 = base64.StdEncoding
func (c *Client) step2(in []byte) error {
c.authMsg.WriteByte(',')
c.authMsg.Write(in)
fields := bytes.Split(in, []byte(","))
if len(fields) != 3 {
return fmt.Errorf("expected 3 fields in first SCRAM-SHA-256 server message, got %d: %q", len(fields), in)
}
if !bytes.HasPrefix(fields[0], []byte("r=")) || len(fields[0]) < 2 {
return fmt.Errorf("server sent an invalid SCRAM-SHA-256 nonce: %q", fields[0])
}
if !bytes.HasPrefix(fields[1], []byte("s=")) || len(fields[1]) < 6 {
return fmt.Errorf("server sent an invalid SCRAM-SHA-256 salt: %q", fields[1])
}
if !bytes.HasPrefix(fields[2], []byte("i=")) || len(fields[2]) < 6 {
return fmt.Errorf("server sent an invalid SCRAM-SHA-256 iteration count: %q", fields[2])
}
c.serverNonce = fields[0][2:]
if !bytes.HasPrefix(c.serverNonce, c.clientNonce) {
return fmt.Errorf("server SCRAM-SHA-256 nonce is not prefixed by client nonce: got %q, want %q+\"...\"", c.serverNonce, c.clientNonce)
}
salt := make([]byte, b64.DecodedLen(len(fields[1][2:])))
n, err := b64.Decode(salt, fields[1][2:])
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("cannot decode SCRAM-SHA-256 salt sent by server: %q", fields[1])
}
salt = salt[:n]
iterCount, err := strconv.Atoi(string(fields[2][2:]))
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("server sent an invalid SCRAM-SHA-256 iteration count: %q", fields[2])
}
c.saltPassword(salt, iterCount)
c.authMsg.WriteString(",c=biws,r=")
c.authMsg.Write(c.serverNonce)
c.out.WriteString("c=biws,r=")
c.out.Write(c.serverNonce)
c.out.WriteString(",p=")
c.out.Write(c.clientProof())
return nil
}
func (c *Client) step3(in []byte) error {
var isv, ise bool
var fields = bytes.Split(in, []byte(","))
if len(fields) == 1 {
isv = bytes.HasPrefix(fields[0], []byte("v="))
ise = bytes.HasPrefix(fields[0], []byte("e="))
}
if ise {
return fmt.Errorf("SCRAM-SHA-256 authentication error: %s", fields[0][2:])
} else if !isv {
return fmt.Errorf("unsupported SCRAM-SHA-256 final message from server: %q", in)
}
if !bytes.Equal(c.serverSignature(), fields[0][2:]) {
return fmt.Errorf("cannot authenticate SCRAM-SHA-256 server signature: %q", fields[0][2:])
}
return nil
}
func (c *Client) saltPassword(salt []byte, iterCount int) {
mac := hmac.New(c.newHash, []byte(c.pass))
mac.Write(salt)
mac.Write([]byte{0, 0, 0, 1})
ui := mac.Sum(nil)
hi := make([]byte, len(ui))
copy(hi, ui)
for i := 1; i < iterCount; i++ {
mac.Reset()
mac.Write(ui)
mac.Sum(ui[:0])
for j, b := range ui {
hi[j] ^= b
}
}
c.saltedPass = hi
}
func (c *Client) clientProof() []byte {
mac := hmac.New(c.newHash, c.saltedPass)
mac.Write([]byte("Client Key"))
clientKey := mac.Sum(nil)
hash := c.newHash()
hash.Write(clientKey)
storedKey := hash.Sum(nil)
mac = hmac.New(c.newHash, storedKey)
mac.Write(c.authMsg.Bytes())
clientProof := mac.Sum(nil)
for i, b := range clientKey {
clientProof[i] ^= b
}
clientProof64 := make([]byte, b64.EncodedLen(len(clientProof)))
b64.Encode(clientProof64, clientProof)
return clientProof64
}
func (c *Client) serverSignature() []byte {
mac := hmac.New(c.newHash, c.saltedPass)
mac.Write([]byte("Server Key"))
serverKey := mac.Sum(nil)
mac = hmac.New(c.newHash, serverKey)
mac.Write(c.authMsg.Bytes())
serverSignature := mac.Sum(nil)
encoded := make([]byte, b64.EncodedLen(len(serverSignature)))
b64.Encode(encoded, serverSignature)
return encoded
}
You can’t perform that action at this time.