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Changes in version 2.1.2-alpha (18 Nov 2012)
Libevent 2.1.2-alpha includes more portable for monotonic timers,
refactors much of Libevent's internal and external infrastructure,
closes some longstanding gaps in the interface, makde other
improvements. Ths log below tries to organize features by rough area of
effect. It omits a few commits which were pure bugfixes on other commits
listed below. For more detail, see the git changelogs. For more
insight, see the "whatsnew-2.1.txt" document included in the Libevent
2.1.2-alpha distribution.
Libevent 2.1.2-alpha also includes all changes made in 2.0.19-stable
through 2.0.21-stable inclusive.
Performance (core):
o Replace pipe-based notification with EVFILT_USER where possible. This
should make multithreaded programs on OSX and *BSD alert the main thread a
little faster. (53a07fe)
o Make th_base_lock nonrecursive. (9cd5acb)
New/Changed API Functions:
o New event_get_priority() function to return an event's priority (f90e255)
o Add a bufferevent_get_priority() function (bd39554)
o Add an event_base_loopcontinue() to tell Libevent to rescan for more
events right away (7d6aa5e)
o Add a new callback to get called on evbuffer_file_segment free
(e9f8feb yangacer, 64051b9)
o Expose event_base_foreach_event() as a public API. (84fd6d7 Roman
Puls, 232055e, ffe1643)
o Add an event_remove_timer() to remove timer on an event without
deleting it (e3b2e08)
o Make bufferevent_set_timeouts(bev, NULL, NULL) have plausible
semantics (9dee36b)
o Rename event_enable_lock_debuging() to ..._debugging(). (The old name
should still work.) (07e132e)
o Add missing implementation for event_enable_debug_logging (3b3e21d)
Libevent 2.1.2 includes internal support for monotonic timers on
(nearly) all supported platforms, including Windows, and OSX. Libevent
applications should now be more resilient to jumps forwards or backwards
in the system clock. Also, on Linux systems with epoll, we now
optionally support microsecond-level timeouts (whereas epoll only
supports millisecond-precision timeouts).
o Use mach_absolute_time() for monotonic clock support on OSX. (b8fd6f9)
o Do not track use_monotonic field when is no monotonic clock (cb653a0)
o EVENT_BASE_FLAG_PRECISE_TIMER indicates we want fine timer precision
o On Linux, use CLOCK_MONOTONIC_COARSE by default (55780a7)
o Implement a GetTickCount-based monotonic timer for Windows (d5e1d5a)
o Refactor monotonic timer handling into a new type and set of
functions; add a gettimeofday-based ratcheting implementation (f5e4eb0)
o Add EVENT_PRECISE_TIMER environment var for selecting precise-but-slow
timer (a2598ec)
o Implement fast/precise monotonic clocks on Windows (2c47045)
o Simple unit tests for monotonic timers (630f077)
o Improve the monotonic-time unit test: make it check the step size (7428c78)
o When PRECISE_TIMERS is set with epoll, use timerfd for microsecond
precision (26c7582)
o Split out time-related evutil functions into a new evutil_time.c (c419485)
o Split out time-related prototypes into time-internal.h (71bca50)
o Add evutil_time.obj to Makefile.nmake (0ba0683)
o Avoid giving a spurious warning when timerfd support is unavailable
(1aaf9f0 Dave Hart)
o Make test_evutil_monotonic a little more tolerant (def3b83)
o Avoid unused-var warning on systems with clock_gettime but without
If a callback added by event_base_once() is never invoked, Libevent no
longer leaks internal memory.
o Free dangling event_once objects on event_base_free() (c17dd59)
o Add a unit test in which an event is created with event_base_once()
but never fires (4343edf)
Libevent now disables by default its unit tests that would touch the
network, or that tend to fail on heavily-loaded systems. To re-enable
them, invoke the ./test/regress program with the @all alias.
o Simplify code significantly. (9b856fd Ross Lagerwall)
o Make all tests that hit the network disabled by default (f2cea87)
o Avoid a resource leak on error in http client benchmark (ea92fba)
o Update to latest tinytest (911b4f0349377) (ef7c4f7)
o Avoid (unlikely) overflow in bench_httpclient.c (5671033)
o Shave 700 msec off the persistent_timeout_jump test (21205b8)
o Check return value of write() in regress.c (c8009d2)
o Make load-dependent monotonic timer tests off-by-default (2b6fe8b)
o Add deferred_cb_skew to list of timing-dependent tests (34c8f31)
o Avoid test -e; older shs don't have one. (f1bd938)
o Fix renegotiation test to work around openssl 1.0.1 bug (c2f3086)
o Fix a couple of compile warnings in the unit tests (5a9a014)
o Change evutil_weakrand_() to avoid platform random() (e86af4b Nicholas
Marriott, 3aa4415)
INFRASTRUCTURE (Active-later events):
As a simplification and optimization to Libevent's "deferred callback"
logic (introduced in 2.0 to avoid callback recursion), Libevent now
treats all of its deferrable callback types using the same logic it uses
for active events. Now deferred events no longer cause priority
inversion, no longer require special code to cancel them, and so on.
o Refactor the callback part of an event into its own event_callback
type (cba59e5)
o Add "active later" event_callbacks to supersede deferred (745a63d)
o event_base_assert_ok: check value of event_active_count for
correctness (fec8bae)
o Replace deferred_cbs with event_callback-based implementation. (ae2b84b)
o Replace more deferred_cb names with event_callback (a4079aa)
o Give event_base_process_active a single exit path (581b5be)
o Restore our priority-inversion-prevention code with deferreds (c0e425a)
o Refactor event_persist_closure: raise and extract some common logic
o Remove the unused bits from EVLIST_ALL (9889a3d)
Libevent 2.1.2-alpha modernizes Libevent's use of autotools, and makes
numerous other build system. Parallel builds should be faster, and all
builds should be quieter.
o Split long lists in into one-item-per-line (2711cda)
o Remove unnecessary code in (e65914f Ross Lagerwall)
o attempt to support OpenSSL in Makefile.nmake (eba0eb2 Patrick Pelletier)
o Use newer syntax for autoconf/automake init (7d60ba8)
o Enable silent build rules by default. Override with V=1 (7b18e5c)
o Switch to non-recursive makefiles (7092f3b)
o Rename subordinate Makefile.ams to (6cdfeeb)
o Make quiet build even quieter (371a123)
o New --quiet option for (aa59c1e)
o Be quiet when making regress.gen.[ch] (607a8ff)
o Fix handling of no-python case for nonrecursive make (1e3123d)
o We now require automake 1.9 or later. Modernize! (b7f6e89)
o Rename to (b3fea67 Ross Lagerwall)
o Use correct openssl libs and includes in pkgconfig file (d70af27)
o Use the same CFLAGS for openssl when building unit tests as with
libevent (1d9d511)
o Note that make_base_notifiable should not be necessary (26ee5f9)
o Be more clear that LEV_OPT_DEFERRED_ACCEPT has tricky prereqs (371efeb)
o Add caveat to docs about bufferevent_free() with data in outbuf (6fab9ee)
o Make it more clear that NOLOCK means "I promise, no multithreading"
o Fix a comment in test-fdleak after 077c7e949. (3881d8f Ross Lagerwall)
o Make the Makefile.nmake warning slightly less dire (e7bf4c8)
o Fix typo : events instead of evets (05f1aca Azat Khuzhin)
o Additional comments about OPENSSL_DIR variable, prompted by Dave Hart
(6bde2ef Patrick Pelletier)
o ignore LWS after field-content in headers (370a2c0 Artem Germanov)
o Clean up rtrim implementation (aa59d80)
o Remove trailing tabs in HTTP headers as well. (ac42519)
o Remove internal ws from multiline http headers correctly (c6ff381)
o Move evutil_rtrim_lws_ to evutil.c where it belongs (61b93af)
o add evhttp_request_get_response_code_line (4f4d0c9 Jay R. Wren)
o Use EVUTIL_SOCKET_ERROR() wrapper to save/restore errno in
evhttp_connection_fail_ (7afbd60)
o preserve errno in evhttp_connection_fail_ for inspection by the
callback (36d0ee5 Patrick Pelletier)
o Correctly handle running on a system where accept4 doesn't work. (9fbfe9b)
o Avoid double-free on error in evbuffer_add_file. Found by
coverity. (6a81b1f)
o Fix another possible uninitialized read in dns regression tests. Found
by coverity. (13525c5)
o Add checks for functions in test-ratelim.c; found by Coverity (aa501e1)
o Avoid memory leak in test_event_calloc unit test; found by coverity
o Fix a shadowed variable in addfile_test_readcb; found by coverity
o Check return value when using LEV_OPT_DEFERRED_ACCEPT. Found by
coverity (6487f63)
o Prevent reference leak of bufferevent if getaddrinfo fails. (b757786
Joachim Bauch)
o Make event_base_getnpriorities work with old "implicit base" code
o Simplify and correct evutil_open_closeonexec_ (0de587f)
o Fix event_dlist definition when sys/queue not included (81b6209
Derrick Pallas)
Changes in version 2.1.1-alpha (4 Apr 2012)
Libevent 2.1.1-alpha includes a number of new features and performance
improvements. The log below tries to organize them by rough area of
effect. It omits some commits which were pure bugfixes on other commits
listed below. For more detail, see the git changelogs. For more
insight, see the "whatsnew-2.1.txt" document included in the Libevent
2.1.1-alpha distribution.
Performance: Core
o Replace several TAILQ users with LIST. LIST can be a little faster than
TAILQ for cases where we don't need queue-like behavior. (f9db33d,
6494772, d313c29, 974d004)
o Disabled code to optimize the case where we reinsert an existing
timeout (e47042f, 09cbc3d)
o Remove a needless base-notify when rescheduling the first timeout (77a96fd)
o Save a needless comparison when removing/adjusting timeouts (dd5189b)
o Possible optimization: split event_queue_insert/remove into
separate functions. needs testing (efc4dc5)
o Make event_count maintenance branchless at the expense of an
extra shift. Needs benchmarking (d1cee3b)
o In the 2.1 branch, let's try out lazy gettimeofday/clock_gettime
comparison (2a83ecc)
o Optimization in event_process_active(): ignore maxcb & endtime
for highest priority events. (a9866aa Alexander Drozdov)
o Bypass event_add when using event_base_once() for a 0-sec timeout (35c5c95)
o Remove the eventqueue list and the ev_next pointers. (604569b 066775e)
Performance: Evbuffers
o Roughly 20% speed increase when line-draining a buffer using
EVBUFFER_EOL_CRLF (5dde0f0 Mina Naguib)
o Try to squeeze a little more speed out of EVBUFFER_EOL_CRLF (7b9d139)
o Fix a bug in the improved EOL_CRLF code (d927965)
o Remove a needless branch in evbuffer_drain() (d19a326)
Performance: Linux
o Infrastructure for using faster/fewer syscalls when creating
sockets (a1c042b)
o Minimize syscalls during socket creation in listener.c (7e9e289)
o Use a wrapper function to create the notification
pipe/socketpair/eventfd (ca76cd9)
o Use pipes for telling signals to main thread when possible (a35f396)
o Save syscalls when constructing listener sockets for evhttp (af6c9d8)
o Save some syscalls when creating evdns sockets (713e570)
o Save some syscalls when constructing a socket for a bufferevent (33fca62)
o Prefer epoll_create1 on Linuxen that have it (bac906c)
Performance: Epoll backend
o Use current event set rather than current pending change when
deciding whether to no-op a del (04ba27e Mike Smellie)
o Replace big chain of if/thens in epoll.c with a table lookup (8c83eb6)
o Clean up error handling in epoll_apply_one_change() a little (2d55a19)
Performance: Evport backend
o evport: use evmap_io to track fdinfo status. Should save time and
RAM. (4687ce4)
o evport: Remove a linear search over recent events when
reactivating them (0f77efe)
o evport: Use portev_user to remember fdinfo struct (276ec0e)
o evport: don't scan more events in ed_pending than needed (849a5cf)
o evport: Remove artificial low limit on max events per getn call (c04d927)
o Reenable main/many_events_slow_add for evport in 2.1 (e903db3)
Performance: Windows
o Use GetSystemTimeAsFileTime to implement gettimeofday on
win32. It's faster and more accurate than our old
approach. (b8b8aa5)
New functions and features: debugging
o Add event_enable_debug_logging() to control use of debug logs (e30a82f)
New functions and features: core
o Add event_config function to limit time/callbacks between calls
to dispatch (fd4de1e, 9fa56bd, a37a0c0, 3c63edd)
o New EVLOOP_NO_EXIT_ON_EMPTY option to keep looping even when no
events are pending (084e68f)
o Add event_base_get_npriorities() function. (ee3a4ee Alexander Drozdov)
o Make evbase_priority_init() and evbase_get_npriorities()
threadsafe (3c55b5e)
o New event_base_update_cache_time() to set cached_tv to current
time (212533e Abel Mathew)
o Add event_self_cbarg() to be used in conjunction with
event_new(). (ed36e6a Ross Lagerwall, fa931bb, 09a1906, 1338e6c,
o Add a new libevent_global_shutdown() to free all globals before
exiting. (041ca00 Mark Ellzey, f98c158, 15296d0, 55e991b)
o Use getifaddrs to detect our interfaces if possible (7085a45)
o Add event_base_get_running_event() to get the event* whose cb we
are in (c5732fd, 13dad99)
New functions and features: building
o Implement --enable-gcc-hardening configure option (7550267 Sebastian Hahn)
New functions and features: evbuffers
o Add evbuffer_add_file_segment() so one fd can be used efficiently
in more than one evbuffer_add_file at a time (e72afae, c2d9884,
3f405d2, 0aad014)
o Fix windows file segment mappings (8254de7)
o Allow evbuffer_ptr_set to yield a point just after the end of the
buffer. (e6fe1da)
o Allow evbuffer_ptr to point to position 0 in an empty evbuffer
(7aeb2fd Nir Soffer)
o Set the special "not found" evbuffer_ptr consistently. (e3e97ae Nir Soffer)
o support adding buffers to other buffers non-destructively
(9d7368a Joachim Bauch)
o prevent nested multicast references, reworked locking (26041a8
Joachim Bauch)
o New EVBUFFER_EOL_NUL to read NUL-terminated strings from an
evbuffer (d7a8b36 Andrea Montefusco, 54142c9)
o Make evbuffer_file_segment_types adaptable (c6bbbf1)
o Added evbuffer_add_iovec and unit tests. (aaec5ac Mark Ellzey, 27b5398)
o Add evbuffer_copyout_from to copy data from the middle of a
buffer (27e2225)
New functions and features: bufferevents
o Allow users to set allow_dirty_shutdown (099d27d Catalin Patulea)
o Tweak allow_dirty_shutdown documentation (a44cd2b)
o Fix two issues in the allow_dirty_shutdown code. (f3b89de)
o Add a bufferevent_getcb() to find a bufferevent's current
callbacks (a650394)
o bufferevent: Add functions to set/get max_single_read/write
values. (998c813 Alexander Drozdov)
o bev_ssl: Be more specific in event callbacks. evhttp in particular gets
confused without at least one of BEV_EVENT_{READING|WRITING}. (f7eb69a
Catalin Patulea)
New functions and features: evconnlisteners
o Support TCP_DEFER_ACCEPT sockopts for listeners (5880e4a Mark Ellzey,
o Add another caveat to the TCP_DEFER_ACCEPT documentation (a270728)
o Allow evconnlistener to be created in disabled state. (9593a33
Alexander Drozdov)
o The LEV_OPT_CLOSE_ON_EXEC flag now applies to accepted listener
sockets too (4970329)
o Add new evhttp_{connection_}set_timeout_tv() functions to set
finger-grained http timeouts (6350e6c Constantine Verutin)
o Performance tweak to evhttp_parse_request_line. (aee1a97 Mark Ellzey)
o Add missing break to evhttp_parse_request_line (0fcc536)
o Add evhttp callback for bufferevent creation; this lets evhttp
support SSL. (8d3a850)
o Remove calls to deprecated bufferevent functions from evhttp.c (4d63758)
o evhttp: Add evhttp_foreach_bound_socket. (a2c48e3 Samy Al Bahra)
Build improvements:
o Add AC_USE_SYSTEM_EXTENSIONS to Requires follow on
patches for correctness and robustness. (1fa7dbe Kevin Bowling)
o Filter '# define' statements from autoconf and generate
event-private.h (321b558 Kevin Bowling)
o Remove internal usage of _GNU_SOURCE (3b26541 Kevin Bowling)
o Eliminate a couple more manual internal _GNU_SOURCE defines (c51ef93
Kevin Bowling)
o Add AC_GNU_SOURCE to the fallback case. (ea8fa4c Kevin Bowling)
o Use a Configuration Header Template for evconfig-private.h (868f888
Kevin Bowling)
o Fix a comment warning and add evconfig-private.h to .gitignore
(f6d66bc Kevin Bowling)
o Include evconfig-private.h in internal files for great good. (0915ca0
Kevin Bowling)
o Backport libevent to vanilla Autoconf 2.59 (as used in RHEL5)
(ad03952 Kevin Bowling)
o Prefer the ./configure evconfig-private.h in MinGW, just in
case. (f964b72 Kevin Bowling)
o Shell hack for weird mkdir -p commands (fd7b5a8 Kevin Bowling)
o Add evconfig-private to remaining files (ded0a09 Kevin Bowling)
o Allow use of --enable-silent-rules for quieter compilation with
automake 1.11 (f1f8514 Dave Hart)
o Use "_WIN32", not WIN32: it's standard and we don't need to fake it
o In configure, test for _WIN32 not WIN32. (85078b1 Peter Rosin)
o Do not define WIN32 in Makefile.nmake (d41f3ea Peter Rosin)
o Provide the autoconf m4 macros for the new OpenSSL via pkg-config
stuff. (674dc3d Harlan Stenn)
o Use pkg-config (if available) to handle OpenSSL. (1c63860 Harlan Stenn)
o We need AM_CPPFLAGS when compiling bufferevent_openssl.c (6d2613b
Harlan Stenn)
o Fix OSX build: $(OPENSSL_INCS) needs to be after
$(AM_CPPFLAGS). (46f1769 Zack Weinberg)
o Make gcc warnings on by default, and --enable-gcc-warnings only add
-Werror (d46517e Sebastian Hahn)
o Split up extra-long AC_CHECK_FUNCS/HEADERS lines in (88a30ad)
o Move libevent 1.x headers to include/, to put all public headers in
one place. (bbea8d6)
o Put #ifdef around some files to support alternate build
systems. (76d4c92 Ross Lagerwall)
o Also make win32select.c conditional for IDE users (bf2c5a7)
o Add a magic number to debug_locks to better catch lock-coding
errors. (b4a29c0 Dave Hart)
o munge the debug_lock signature before freeing it: it might help us
catch use-after-free (f28084d)
o Added --enable-event-debugging in configure (bc7b4e4, a9c2c9a Mark Ellzey)
o Debug addition for printing usec on TIMEOUT debugging. (ac43ce0 Mark Ellzey)
o Added usec debug in another area for debug (3baab0d Mark Ellzey)
o added timeout debug logs to include event ptr. (4b7d298 Mark Ellzey)
o more event dbg updates (6727543 Mark Ellzey)
o Clarify event_enable_debug_logging a little (6207826)
o Make --enable-verbose-debug option match its help text (10c3450)
o Add argument checks to some memory functions in `event.c'. (c8953d1
Mansour Moufid)
o More abstraction in (cd74c4e)
o Add failing test for evbuffer_search_range. (8e26154 Nir Soffer)
o Tweaks to return types with end-of-buf ptrs (9ab8ab8)
o Add an (internal) usleep function for use by unit tests (f25d9d3)
o Synchronize with upstream tinytest (6c81be7)
o Make test-changelist faster (7622d26)
o Reduce the timeout in the main/fork test. (ab14f7c)
o New evhttp function to adjust initial retry timeout (350a3c4)
o Make regression tests run over 3x faster. (67a1763)
o Use test_timeval_diff_eq more consistently (b77b43f)
o Allow more slop in deferred_cb_skew test; freebsd needs it (b9f7e5f)
o When including an -internal.h header outside the main tree, do so
early (95e2455)
o Add a new test: test-fdleak which tests for fd leaks by creating many
sockets. (2ef9278 Ross Lagerwall, f7af194, 1c4288f, etc)
o Add a unit test for event_base_dump_events() (7afe48a, 8d08cce)
o Test more bufferevent_ratelim features (c24f91a)
o Improve evbuffer_ptr documentation (261ba63)
o added comments to describe refcounting of multicast chains (ba24f61
Joachim Bauch)
o Add doxygen for event_base_dump_events (cad5753)
o Use "unlimited select" on OSX so that we can have more than
FD_SETSIZE fds (1fb5cc6)
o Use SIG_IGN instead of a do-nothing handler for signal events with
kqueue (148458e Zack Weinberg)
o now prints status information to stdout and errors to
stderr. (ffb0ba0 Ross Lagerwall)
Code improvement and refactoring:
o Make event_reinit() more robust and maintainable (272033e)
o Restore fast-path event_reinit() for slower backends (2c4b5de)
o Check changelist as part of checking representational integrity (39b3f38)
o Fix a compile warning in event_reinit (e4a56ed Sebastian Hahn)
o Refactor the functions that run over every event. (c89b4e6)
o Remove the last vestiges of _EVENT_USE_EVENTLIST (a3cec90)
o Make event-config.h depend on (2958a5c)
Build fixes:
o Don't do clang version detection when disabling some flags (083296b
Sebastian Hahn)
C standards conformance:
o Check for NULL return on win32 mm_calloc, and set ENOMEM. (af7ba69)
o Convert event-config.h macros to avoid reserved identifiers (68120d9)
o Generate event-config.h using the correct macros. (f82c57e)
o Convert include-guard macro convention to avoid reserved identifiers
o Make output conform to identifier conventions (372bff1)
o Stop referring to an obsolete include guard in bench_http.h (5c0f7e0)
o Make the generated event-config.h use correct include guards (639383a)
o Fix all identifiers with names beginning with underscore. (cb9da0b)
o Make output conform to identifier conventions, more
o Fix some problems introduced by automated identifier cleanup script
o Have all visible internal function names end with an underscore. (8ac3c4c)
o Apply the naming convention to our EVUTIL_IS* functions (c7848fa)
o Clean up lingering _identifiers. (946b584)
o Fix doxygen to use new macro conventions (da455e9)
o Do not use system EAI/AI values if we are not using the system
getaddrinfo. (7bcac07)
Sample Code:
o Fix up sample/event-test.c to use newer interfaces and make it
actually work. (19bab4f Ross Lagerwall)
o On Unix, remove event.fifo left by sample/event-test.c. (c0dacd2 Ross
o Rename event-test.c to event-read-fifo.c. (a5b370a Ross Lagerwall)
o event-read-fifo: Use EV_PERSIST appropriately (24dab0b)
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