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/*
* Copyright (c) 2003, 2004 Niels Provos <provos@citi.umich.edu>
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
* derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
* OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
* IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
* INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
* NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
* DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
* THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
* (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
* THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TYPES_H
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H
#include <sys/param.h>
#endif

#ifdef WIN32
#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#include <winsock2.h>
#include <windows.h>
#undef WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
#else
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#endif

#include <sys/queue.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TIME_H
#include <sys/time.h>
#endif

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifndef WIN32
#include <syslog.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif

#include "event.h"
#include "evutil.h"
#include "log.h"

int evtag_decode_int(ev_uint32_t *pnumber, struct evbuffer *evbuf);
int evtag_encode_tag(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t tag);
int evtag_decode_tag(ev_uint32_t *ptag, struct evbuffer *evbuf);

static struct evbuffer *_buf; /* not thread safe */

void
evtag_init(void)
{
if (_buf != NULL)
return;

if ((_buf = evbuffer_new()) == NULL)
event_err(1, "%s: malloc", __func__);
}

/*
* We encode integer's by nibbles; the first nibble contains the number
* of significant nibbles - 1; this allows us to encode up to 64-bit
* integers. This function is byte-order independent.
*/

void
encode_int(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t number)
{
int off = 1, nibbles = 0;
ev_uint8_t data[5];

memset(data, 0, sizeof(ev_uint32_t)+1);
while (number) {
if (off & 0x1)
data[off/2] = (data[off/2] & 0xf0) | (number & 0x0f);
else
data[off/2] = (data[off/2] & 0x0f) |
((number & 0x0f) << 4);
number >>= 4;
off++;
}

if (off > 2)
nibbles = off - 2;

/* Off - 1 is the number of encoded nibbles */
data[0] = (data[0] & 0x0f) | ((nibbles & 0x0f) << 4);

evbuffer_add(evbuf, data, (off + 1) / 2);
}

/*
* Support variable length encoding of tags; we use the high bit in each
* octet as a continuation signal.
*/

int
evtag_encode_tag(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t tag)
{
int bytes = 0;
ev_uint8_t data[5];

memset(data, 0, sizeof(data));
do {
ev_uint8_t lower = tag & 0x7f;
tag >>= 7;

if (tag)
lower |= 0x80;

data[bytes++] = lower;
} while (tag);

if (evbuf != NULL)
evbuffer_add(evbuf, data, bytes);

return (bytes);
}

static int
decode_tag_internal(ev_uint32_t *ptag, struct evbuffer *evbuf, int dodrain)
{
ev_uint32_t number = 0;
ev_uint8_t *data = EVBUFFER_DATA(evbuf);
int len = EVBUFFER_LENGTH(evbuf);
int count = 0, shift = 0, done = 0;

while (count++ < len) {
ev_uint8_t lower = *data++;
number |= (lower & 0x7f) << shift;
shift += 7;

if (!(lower & 0x80)) {
done = 1;
break;
}
}

if (!done)
return (-1);

if (dodrain)
evbuffer_drain(evbuf, count);

if (ptag != NULL)
*ptag = number;

return (count);
}

int
evtag_decode_tag(ev_uint32_t *ptag, struct evbuffer *evbuf)
{
return (decode_tag_internal(ptag, evbuf, 1 /* dodrain */));
}

/*
* Marshal a data type, the general format is as follows:
*
* tag number: one byte; length: var bytes; payload: var bytes
*/

void
evtag_marshal(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t tag,
    const void *data, ev_uint32_t len)
{
evtag_encode_tag(evbuf, tag);
encode_int(evbuf, len);
evbuffer_add(evbuf, (void *)data, len);
}

/* Marshaling for integers */
void
evtag_marshal_int(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t tag, ev_uint32_t integer)
{
evbuffer_drain(_buf, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));
encode_int(_buf, integer);

evtag_encode_tag(evbuf, tag);
encode_int(evbuf, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));
evbuffer_add_buffer(evbuf, _buf);
}

void
evtag_marshal_string(struct evbuffer *buf, ev_uint32_t tag, const char *string)
{
evtag_marshal(buf, tag, string, strlen(string));
}

void
evtag_marshal_timeval(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t tag, struct timeval *tv)
{
evbuffer_drain(_buf, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));

encode_int(_buf, tv->tv_sec);
encode_int(_buf, tv->tv_usec);

evtag_marshal(evbuf, tag, EVBUFFER_DATA(_buf),
EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));
}

static int
decode_int_internal(ev_uint32_t *pnumber, struct evbuffer *evbuf, int dodrain)
{
ev_uint32_t number = 0;
ev_uint8_t *data = EVBUFFER_DATA(evbuf);
int len = EVBUFFER_LENGTH(evbuf);
int nibbles = 0;

if (!len)
return (-1);

nibbles = ((data[0] & 0xf0) >> 4) + 1;
if (nibbles > 8 || (nibbles >> 1) + 1 > len)
return (-1);
len = (nibbles >> 1) + 1;

while (nibbles > 0) {
number <<= 4;
if (nibbles & 0x1)
number |= data[nibbles >> 1] & 0x0f;
else
number |= (data[nibbles >> 1] & 0xf0) >> 4;
nibbles--;
}

if (dodrain)
evbuffer_drain(evbuf, len);

*pnumber = number;

return (len);
}

int
evtag_decode_int(ev_uint32_t *pnumber, struct evbuffer *evbuf)
{
return (decode_int_internal(pnumber, evbuf, 1) == -1 ? -1 : 0);
}

int
evtag_peek(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t *ptag)
{
return (decode_tag_internal(ptag, evbuf, 0 /* dodrain */));
}

int
evtag_peek_length(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t *plength)
{
struct evbuffer tmp;
int res, len;

len = decode_tag_internal(NULL, evbuf, 0 /* dodrain */);
if (len == -1)
return (-1);

tmp = *evbuf;
tmp.buffer += len;
tmp.off -= len;

res = decode_int_internal(plength, &tmp, 0);
if (res == -1)
return (-1);

*plength += res + len;

return (0);
}

int
evtag_payload_length(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t *plength)
{
struct evbuffer tmp;
int res, len;

len = decode_tag_internal(NULL, evbuf, 0 /* dodrain */);
if (len == -1)
return (-1);

tmp = *evbuf;
tmp.buffer += len;
tmp.off -= len;

res = decode_int_internal(plength, &tmp, 0);
if (res == -1)
return (-1);

return (0);
}

int
evtag_consume(struct evbuffer *evbuf)
{
ev_uint32_t len;
if (decode_tag_internal(NULL, evbuf, 1 /* dodrain */) == -1)
return (-1);
if (evtag_decode_int(&len, evbuf) == -1)
return (-1);
evbuffer_drain(evbuf, len);

return (0);
}

/* Reads the data type from an event buffer */

int
evtag_unmarshal(struct evbuffer *src, ev_uint32_t *ptag, struct evbuffer *dst)
{
ev_uint32_t len;
ev_uint32_t integer;

if (decode_tag_internal(ptag, src, 1 /* dodrain */) == -1)
return (-1);
if (evtag_decode_int(&integer, src) == -1)
return (-1);
len = integer;

if (EVBUFFER_LENGTH(src) < len)
return (-1);

if (evbuffer_add(dst, EVBUFFER_DATA(src), len) == -1)
return (-1);

evbuffer_drain(src, len);

return (len);
}

/* Marshaling for integers */

int
evtag_unmarshal_int(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t need_tag,
    ev_uint32_t *pinteger)
{
ev_uint32_t tag;
ev_uint32_t len;
ev_uint32_t integer;

if (decode_tag_internal(&tag, evbuf, 1 /* dodrain */) == -1)
return (-1);
if (need_tag != tag)
return (-1);
if (evtag_decode_int(&integer, evbuf) == -1)
return (-1);
len = integer;

if (EVBUFFER_LENGTH(evbuf) < len)
return (-1);

evbuffer_drain(_buf, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));
if (evbuffer_add(_buf, EVBUFFER_DATA(evbuf), len) == -1)
return (-1);

evbuffer_drain(evbuf, len);

return (evtag_decode_int(pinteger, _buf));
}

/* Unmarshal a fixed length tag */

int
evtag_unmarshal_fixed(struct evbuffer *src, ev_uint32_t need_tag, void *data,
    size_t len)
{
ev_uint32_t tag;

/* Initialize this event buffer so that we can read into it */
evbuffer_drain(_buf, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));

/* Now unmarshal a tag and check that it matches the tag we want */
if (evtag_unmarshal(src, &tag, _buf) == -1 || tag != need_tag)
return (-1);

if (EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf) != len)
return (-1);

memcpy(data, EVBUFFER_DATA(_buf), len);
return (0);
}

int
evtag_unmarshal_string(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t need_tag,
    char **pstring)
{
ev_uint32_t tag;

evbuffer_drain(_buf, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));

if (evtag_unmarshal(evbuf, &tag, _buf) == -1 || tag != need_tag)
return (-1);

*pstring = calloc(EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf) + 1, 1);
if (*pstring == NULL)
event_err(1, "%s: calloc", __func__);
evbuffer_remove(_buf, *pstring, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));

return (0);
}

int
evtag_unmarshal_timeval(struct evbuffer *evbuf, ev_uint32_t need_tag,
    struct timeval *ptv)
{
ev_uint32_t tag;
ev_uint32_t integer;

evbuffer_drain(_buf, EVBUFFER_LENGTH(_buf));
if (evtag_unmarshal(evbuf, &tag, _buf) == -1 || tag != need_tag)
return (-1);

if (evtag_decode_int(&integer, _buf) == -1)
return (-1);
ptv->tv_sec = integer;
if (evtag_decode_int(&integer, _buf) == -1)
return (-1);
ptv->tv_usec = integer;

return (0);
}
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