A socket daemon to multiplex connections from and to iOS devices.
usbmuxd stands for "USB multiplexing daemon". This daemon is in charge of multiplexing connections over USB to an iOS device.
To users, it means you can use various applications to interact with your device.
To developers, it means you can connect to any listening localhost socket on the device.
Some key features are:
- Implementation: Open-Source implementation of proprietary usbmuxd daemon
- Cross-Platform: Tested on Linux, macOS, Windows and Android platforms
- Linux: Supports udev and systemd for automatic activation
- Compatibility: Supports latest device firmware releases
- Scalability: Supports multiple connections to different ports in parallel
usbmuxd is not used for tethering data transfers which uses a dedicated USB interface to act as a virtual network device.
The higher-level layers, especially if you want to write an application to interact with the device, are handled by libimobiledevice.
The low-level layer is handled by libusbmuxd.
Installation / Getting started
Debian / Ubuntu Linux
First install all required dependencies and build tools:
sudo apt-get install \ build-essential \ checkinstall \ git \ autoconf \ automake \ libtool-bin \ libplist-dev \ libusbmuxd-dev \ libimobiledevice-dev \ libusb-1.0-0-dev \ udev
If systemd is not installed and should control spawning the daemon use:
sudo apt-get install \ systemd
Then clone the actual project repository:
git clone https://github.com/libimobiledevice/usbmuxd.git cd usbmuxd
Now you can build and install it:
./autogen.sh make sudo make install
If you require a custom prefix or other option being passed to
you can pass them directly to
./autogen.sh like this:
./autogen.sh --prefix=/opt/local --without-preflight --without-systemd make sudo make install
To output a list of available configure options use:
The daemon is automatically started by udev or systemd depending on what you have configured upon hotplug of an iOS device and exits if the last device was unplugged.
When usbmuxd is running it provides a socket interface at
that is designed to be compatible with the socket interface that is provided
You should also create an
usbmux user that has access to USB devices on your
system. Alternatively, just pass a different username using the
The daemon also manages pairing records with iOS devices and the host in
/var/lib/lockdown (Linux) or
Ensure proper permissions are setup for the daemon to access the directory.
For debugging purposes it is helpful to start usbmuxd using the foreground
argument and enable verbose mode
-v to get suitable logs.
Please consult the usage information or manual page for a full documentation of available command line options:
usbmuxd --help man usbmuxd
We welcome contributions from anyone and are grateful for every pull request!
If you'd like to contribute, please fork the
master branch, change, commit and
send a pull request for review. Once approved it can be merged into the main
If you plan to contribute larger changes or a major refactoring, please create a ticket first to discuss the idea upfront to ensure less effort for everyone.
Please make sure your contribution adheres to:
- Try to follow the code style of the project
- Commit messages should describe the change well without being to short
- Try to split larger changes into individual commits of a common domain
- Use your real name and a valid email address for your commits
We are still working on the guidelines so bear with us!
- Homepage: https://libimobiledevice.org/
- Repository: https://git.libimobiledevice.org/usbmuxd.git
- Repository (Mirror): https://github.com/libimobiledevice/usbmuxd.git
- Issue Tracker: https://github.com/libimobiledevice/usbmuxd/issues
- Mailing List: https://lists.libimobiledevice.org/mailman/listinfo/libimobiledevice-devel
- Twitter: https://twitter.com/libimobiledev
This library and utilities are licensed under the GNU General Public License v3.0,
also included in the repository in the
The initial usbmuxd daemon implementation was authored by Hector Martin.
Apple, iPhone, iPad, iPod, iPod Touch, Apple TV, Apple Watch, Mac, iOS, iPadOS, tvOS, watchOS, and macOS are trademarks of Apple Inc.
usbmuxd is an independent software application and has not been authorized, sponsored, or otherwise approved by Apple Inc.
README Updated on: 2020-06-13