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📁 Archived - this module has been merged into js-libp2p

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Crypto primitives for libp2p

Table of contents


$ npm i @libp2p/crypto

Browser <script> tag

Loading this module through a script tag will make it's exports available as Libp2pCrypto in the global namespace.

<script src=""></script>

This repo contains the JavaScript implementation of the crypto primitives needed for libp2p. This is based on this go implementation.

Lead Maintainer

Jacob Heun


const crypto = require('libp2p-crypto')

// Now available to you:
// crypto.aes
// crypto.hmac
// crypto.keys
// etc.
// See full API details below...

Web Crypto API

The libp2p-crypto library depends on the Web Crypto API in the browser. Web Crypto is available in all modern browsers, however browsers restrict its usage to Secure Contexts.

This means you will not be able to use some libp2p-crypto functions in the browser when the page is served over HTTP. To enable the Web Crypto API and allow libp2p-crypto to work fully, please serve your page over HTTPS.



Exposes an interface to AES encryption (formerly Rijndael), as defined in U.S. Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 197.

This uses CTR mode.

crypto.aes.create(key, iv)

  • key: Uint8Array The key, if length 16 then AES 128 is used. For length 32, AES 256 is used.
  • iv: Uint8Array Must have length 16.

Returns Promise<{decrypt<Function>, encrypt<Function>}>

  • data: Uint8Array

Returns Promise<Uint8Array>

  • data: Uint8Array

Returns Promise<Uint8Array>

const crypto = require('libp2p-crypto')

// Setting up Key and IV

// A 16 bytes array, 128 Bits, AES-128 is chosen
const key128 = Uint8Array.from([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15])

// A 16 bytes array, 128 Bits,
const IV = Uint8Array.from([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15])

async function main () {
  const decryptedMessage = 'Hello, world!'

  // Encrypting
  const cipher = await crypto.aes.create(key128, IV)
  const encryptedBuffer = await cipher.encrypt(Uint8Array.from(decryptedMessage))
  // prints: <Uint8Array 42 f1 67 d9 2e 42 d0 32 9e b1 f8 3c>

  // Decrypting
  const decipher = await crypto.aes.create(key128, IV)
  const decryptedBuffer = await cipher.decrypt(encryptedBuffer)

  // prints: <Uint8Array 42 f1 67 d9 2e 42 d0 32 9e b1 f8 3c>

  // prints: Hello, world!



Exposes an interface to the Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) as defined in U.S. Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 198. An HMAC is a cryptographic hash that uses a key to sign a message. The receiver verifies the hash by recomputing it using the same key.

crypto.hmac.create(hash, secret)

  • hash: String
  • secret: Uint8Array

Returns Promise<{digest<Function>}>

  • data: Uint8Array

Returns Promise<Uint8Array>


const crypto = require('libp2p-crypto')

async function main () {
  const hash = 'SHA1' // 'SHA256' || 'SHA512'
  const hmac = await crypto.hmac.create(hash, uint8ArrayFromString('secret'))
  const sig = await hmac.digest(uint8ArrayFromString('hello world'))



Supported Key Types

The generateKeyPair, marshalPublicKey, and marshalPrivateKey functions accept a string type argument.

Currently the 'RSA', 'ed25519', and secp256k1 types are supported, although ed25519 and secp256k1 keys support only signing and verification of messages. For encryption / decryption support, RSA keys should be used.

crypto.keys.generateKeyPair(type, bits)

Returns Promise<{privateKey<Uint8Array>, publicKey<Uint8Array>}>

Generates a keypair of the given type and bitsize.


  • curve: String, one of 'P-256', 'P-384', 'P-521' is currently supported

Returns Promise

Generates an ephemeral public key and returns a function that will compute the shared secret key.

Focuses only on ECDH now, but can be made more general in the future.

Resolves to an object of the form:

  key: Uint8Array,
  genSharedKey: Function

crypto.keys.keyStretcher(cipherType, hashType, secret)

  • cipherType: String, one of 'AES-128', 'AES-256', 'Blowfish'
  • hashType: String, one of 'SHA1', SHA256, SHA512
  • secret: Uint8Array

Returns Promise

Generates a set of keys for each party by stretching the shared key.

Resolves to an object of the form:

  k1: {
    iv: Uint8Array,
    cipherKey: Uint8Array,
    macKey: Uint8Array
  k2: {
    iv: Uint8Array,
    cipherKey: Uint8Array,
    macKey: Uint8Array

crypto.keys.marshalPublicKey(key, [type])

  • key: keys.rsa.RsaPublicKey | keys.ed25519.Ed25519PublicKey | keys.secp256k1.Secp256k1PublicKey
  • type: String, see Supported Key Types above. Defaults to 'rsa'.

Returns Uint8Array

Converts a public key object into a protobuf serialized public key.


  • buf: Uint8Array

Returns RsaPublicKey|Ed25519PublicKey|Secp256k1PublicKey

Converts a protobuf serialized public key into its representative object.

crypto.keys.marshalPrivateKey(key, [type])

  • key: keys.rsa.RsaPrivateKey | keys.ed25519.Ed25519PrivateKey | keys.secp256k1.Secp256k1PrivateKey
  • type: String, see Supported Key Types above.

Returns Uint8Array

Converts a private key object into a protobuf serialized private key.


  • buf: Uint8Array

Returns Promise<RsaPrivateKey|Ed25519PrivateKey|Secp256k1PrivateKey>

Converts a protobuf serialized private key into its representative object.

crypto.keys.import(encryptedKey, password)

  • encryptedKey: string
  • password: string

Returns Promise<PrivateKey>

Converts an exported private key into its representative object. Supported formats are 'pem' (RSA only) and 'libp2p-key'.

privateKey.export(password, format)

  • password: string
  • format: string the format to export to: 'pem' (rsa only), 'libp2p-key'

Returns string

Exports the password protected PrivateKey. RSA keys will be exported as password protected PEM by default. Ed25519 and Secp256k1 keys will be exported as password protected AES-GCM base64 encoded strings ('libp2p-key' format).


  • number: Number

Returns Uint8Array

Generates a Uint8Array with length number populated by random bytes.

crypto.pbkdf2(password, salt, iterations, keySize, hash)

  • password: String
  • salt: String
  • iterations: Number
  • keySize: Number in bytes
  • hash: String the hashing algorithm ('sha1', 'sha2-512', ...)

Computes the Password Based Key Derivation Function 2; returning a new password.


Feel free to join in. All welcome. Open an issue!

This repository falls under the IPFS Code of Conduct.

API Docs


Licensed under either of


Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.