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libp2p-mdns JavaScript implementation

Discourse posts Dependency Status js-standard-style

JavaScript libp2p MulticastDNS discovery implementation

Lead Maintainer

Jacob Heun

Usage

const MDNS = require('libp2p-mdns')

const mdns = new MDNS(options)

mdns.on('peer', (peerData) => {
  console.log('Found a peer in the local network', peerData.id.toB58String(), peerData.multiaddrs)
})

// Broadcast for 20 seconds
mdns.start()
setTimeout(() => mdns.stop(), 20 * 1000)
  • options
    • peerId - PeerId to announce
    • multiaddrs - multiaddrs to announce
    • broadcast - (true/false) announce our presence through mDNS, default false
    • interval - query interval, default 10 * 1000 (10 seconds)
    • serviceTag - name of the service announce , default 'ipfs.local`
    • compat - enable/disable compatibility with go-libp2p-mdns, default true

MDNS messages

A query is sent to discover the IPFS nodes on the local network

{ type: 'query',
  questions: [ { name: 'ipfs.local', type: 'PTR' } ]
}

When a query is detected, each IPFS node sends an answer about itself

[ { name: 'ipfs.local',
    type: 'PTR',
    class: 'IN',
    ttl: 120,
    data: 'QmNPubsDWATVngE3d5WDSNe7eVrFLuk38qb9t6vdLnu2aK.ipfs.local' },
  { name: 'QmNPubsDWATVngE3d5WDSNe7eVrFLuk38qb9t6vdLnu2aK.ipfs.local',
    type: 'SRV',
    class: 'IN',
    ttl: 120,
    data:
     { priority: 10,
       weight: 1,
       port: '20002',
       target: 'LAPTOP-G5LJ7VN9' } },
  { name: 'QmNPubsDWATVngE3d5WDSNe7eVrFLuk38qb9t6vdLnu2aK.ipfs.local',
    type: 'TXT',
    class: 'IN',
    ttl: 120,
    data: ['QmNPubsDWATVngE3d5WDSNe7eVrFLuk38qb9t6vdLnu2aK'] },
  { name: 'LAPTOP-G5LJ7VN9',
    type: 'A',
    class: 'IN',
    ttl: 120,
    data: '127.0.0.1' },
  { name: 'LAPTOP-G5LJ7VN9',
    type: 'AAAA',
    class: 'IN',
    ttl: 120,
    data: '::1' } ]