Skip to content
Branch: master
Find file History
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.

id title custom_edit_url
Move IR Compiler

Move IR Compiler


The Move IR compiler compiles the Move IR down to its bytecode representation.


The Move IR compiler compiles modules and scripts written in Move down to their respective bytecode representations. The two data types used to represent these outputs are CompiledModule and CompiledScript. These data types are defined in

Beyond translating Move IR to Move bytecode, the compiler's purpose is as a testing tool for the bytecode verifier. Because of this, its job is to output bytecode programs that correspond as closely as possible to the input IR; optimizations and advanced semantic checks are specifically not performed during the compilation process. In fact, the compiler goes out of its way to push these semantic checks into the bytecode, and compile semantically invalid code in the Move IR to equivalent---semantically invalid---bytecode programs. The semantics of the compiled bytecode is then verified by the bytecode verifier. The compiler command line automatically calls the bytecode verifier at the end of compilation.

Command-line options

    compiler [FLAGS] [OPTIONS] <source_path>

    -h, --help                 Prints help information
    -l, --list_dependencies    Instead of compiling the source, emit a dependency list of the compiled source
    -m, --module               Treat input file as a module (default is to treat file as a program)
        --no-stdlib            Do not automatically compile stdlib dependencies
        --no-verify            Do not automatically run the bytecode verifier
    -V, --version              Prints version information

    -a, --address <address>       Account address used for publishing
        --deps <deps_path>        Path to the list of modules that we want to link with
    -o, --output <output_path>    Serialize and write the compiled output to this file

    <source_path>    Path to the Move IR source to compile

Example Usage

cargo build --bin compiler

  • This will build the compiler + verifier binary.
  • The binary can be found at libra/target/debug/compiler.
  • Alternatively, the binary can be run directly with cargo run -p compiler.

To compile and verify foo.mvir, which contains a Move IR module:

compiler -m foo.mvir

To compile and verify bar.mvir, which contains a transaction script:

compiler bar.mvir

Folder Structure

compiler                        # Main compiler crate. This depends on stdlib.
├── ir-to-bytecode              # Core backend compiler logic, independent of stdlib.
│   ├── src
│   │   ├──         # Main compiler logic - converts an AST generated by `` to a `CompiledModule` or `CompiledScript`.
│   │   └──           # Wrapper around Move IR syntax crate.
│   └── syntax                  # Crate containing Move IR syntax.
│       └── src
│           ├──          # Contains all the data structures used to build the AST representing the parsed Move IR input.
│           ├──        # Lexer for the Move IR language.
|           └──       # Parser for the Move IR language.
└── src
    ├──                 # Compiler driver - parses command line options and calls the parser, compiler, and bytecode verifier.
    └──                 # Misc compiler utilities.
You can’t perform that action at this time.