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alsa: avoid hardware parameters with an excessive number of periods.
The previous code attempted to use set_buffer_size / set_period_size
discretely, favoring the parameters which generated a buffer size that was
exactly 2x the requested buffer size. This solution ultimately prioritizes
only the buffer size, which comes at a large performance cost on some machines
where this results in an excessive number of periods. In my case, for a 4096
sample buffer, this configured the device to use 37 periods with a period size
of 221 samples and a buffer size of 8192 samples. With 37 periods, the SDL
Audio thread was consuming 25% of the CPU.

This code has been refactored to use set_period_size and set_buffer_size
together. set_period_size is called first to attempt to set the period to
exactly match the requested buffer size, and set_buffer_size is called second
to further refine the parameters to attempt to use only 2 periods. The
fundamental change here is that the period size / count won't go to extreme
values if the buffer size can't be exactly matched, the buffer size should
instead just increase to the next closest multiple of the target period size
that is supported. After changing this, for a 4096 sample buffer, the device
is configured to use 3 periods with a period size of 4096 samples and a buffer
size of 12288 samples. With only 3 periods, the SDL Audio thread doesn't even
show up when profiling.

Fixes Bugzilla #4156.
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inolen committed May 5, 2018
1 parent c70db0c commit c591429542f429aac4979fb6ae9bbe024491a1f1
Showing 1 changed file with 24 additions and 89 deletions.
@@ -435,35 +435,45 @@ ALSA_CloseDevice(_THIS)
}

static int
ALSA_finalize_hardware(_THIS, snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hwparams, int override)
ALSA_set_buffer_size(_THIS, snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params)
{
int status;
snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hwparams;
snd_pcm_uframes_t bufsize;
snd_pcm_uframes_t persize;

/* "set" the hardware with the desired parameters */
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params(this->hidden->pcm_handle, hwparams);
/* Copy the hardware parameters for this setup */
snd_pcm_hw_params_alloca(&hwparams);
ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_copy(hwparams, params);

/* Prioritize matching the period size to the requested buffer size */
persize = this->spec.samples;
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_set_period_size_near(
this->hidden->pcm_handle, hwparams, &persize, NULL);
if ( status < 0 ) {
return(-1);
}

/* Get samples for the actual buffer size */
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_get_buffer_size(hwparams, &bufsize);
/* Next try to restrict the parameters to having only two periods */
bufsize = this->spec.samples * 2;
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_set_buffer_size_near(
this->hidden->pcm_handle, hwparams, &bufsize);
if ( status < 0 ) {
return(-1);
}
if ( !override && bufsize != this->spec.samples * 2 ) {

/* "set" the hardware with the desired parameters */
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params(this->hidden->pcm_handle, hwparams);
if ( status < 0 ) {
return(-1);
}

/* !!! FIXME: Is this safe to do? */
this->spec.samples = bufsize / 2;
this->spec.samples = persize;

/* This is useful for debugging */
if ( SDL_getenv("SDL_AUDIO_ALSA_DEBUG") ) {
snd_pcm_uframes_t persize = 0;
unsigned int periods = 0;

ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_get_period_size(hwparams, &persize, NULL);
ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_get_periods(hwparams, &periods, NULL);

fprintf(stderr,
@@ -474,78 +484,6 @@ ALSA_finalize_hardware(_THIS, snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hwparams, int override)
return(0);
}

static int
ALSA_set_period_size(_THIS, snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params, int override)
{
const char *env;
int status;
snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hwparams;
snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
unsigned int periods;

/* Copy the hardware parameters for this setup */
snd_pcm_hw_params_alloca(&hwparams);
ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_copy(hwparams, params);

if ( !override ) {
env = SDL_getenv("SDL_AUDIO_ALSA_SET_PERIOD_SIZE");
if ( env ) {
override = SDL_atoi(env);
if ( override == 0 ) {
return(-1);
}
}
}

frames = this->spec.samples;
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_set_period_size_near(
this->hidden->pcm_handle, hwparams, &frames, NULL);
if ( status < 0 ) {
return(-1);
}

periods = 2;
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_set_periods_near(
this->hidden->pcm_handle, hwparams, &periods, NULL);
if ( status < 0 ) {
return(-1);
}

return ALSA_finalize_hardware(this, hwparams, override);
}

static int
ALSA_set_buffer_size(_THIS, snd_pcm_hw_params_t *params, int override)
{
const char *env;
int status;
snd_pcm_hw_params_t *hwparams;
snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;

/* Copy the hardware parameters for this setup */
snd_pcm_hw_params_alloca(&hwparams);
ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_copy(hwparams, params);

if ( !override ) {
env = SDL_getenv("SDL_AUDIO_ALSA_SET_BUFFER_SIZE");
if ( env ) {
override = SDL_atoi(env);
if ( override == 0 ) {
return(-1);
}
}
}

frames = this->spec.samples * 2;
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_hw_params_set_buffer_size_near(
this->hidden->pcm_handle, hwparams, &frames);
if ( status < 0 ) {
return(-1);
}

return ALSA_finalize_hardware(this, hwparams, override);
}

static int
ALSA_OpenDevice(_THIS, void *handle, const char *devname, int iscapture)
{
@@ -692,14 +630,11 @@ ALSA_OpenDevice(_THIS, void *handle, const char *devname, int iscapture)
this->spec.freq = rate;

/* Set the buffer size, in samples */
if ( ALSA_set_period_size(this, hwparams, 0) < 0 &&
ALSA_set_buffer_size(this, hwparams, 0) < 0 ) {
/* Failed to set desired buffer size, do the best you can... */
status = ALSA_set_period_size(this, hwparams, 1);
if (status < 0) {
return SDL_SetError("Couldn't set hardware audio parameters: %s", ALSA_snd_strerror(status));
}
status = ALSA_set_buffer_size(this, hwparams);
if (status < 0) {
return SDL_SetError("Couldn't set hardware audio parameters: %s", ALSA_snd_strerror(status));
}

/* Set the software parameters */
snd_pcm_sw_params_alloca(&swparams);
status = ALSA_snd_pcm_sw_params_current(pcm_handle, swparams);

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