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Buffer Overflow found within IMA_ADPCM_decode pertaining to SDL_wave.c #3178

SDLBugzilla opened this issue Feb 11, 2021 · 0 comments


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This bug report was migrated from our old Bugzilla tracker.

These attachments are available in the static archive:

Reported in version: 2.0.9
Reported for operating system, platform: Linux, x86_64

Comments on the original bug report:

On 2019-02-25 10:17:29 +0000, Quang Nguyen wrote:

Created attachment 3658

The function is defined at line 393 in src/audio/SDL_wave.c:

An exploitable integer overflow vulnerability exists when opening a crafted WAV file in SDL 2.0.9. A specially crafted file can cause a buffer overflow resulting in too little memory being allocated which can lead to the reading out of the supplied input buffer. An attacker can provide a specially crafted wav file to trigger this vulnerability.

static int
IMA_ADPCM_decode(Uint8 ** audio_buf, Uint32 * audio_len)
////// .....................
/* Decode and store the other samples in this block */
samplesleft = (IMA_ADPCM_state.wSamplesPerBlock - 1) * channels;
while (samplesleft > 0) {
for (c = 0; c < channels; ++c) {
Fill_IMA_ADPCM_block(decoded, encoded,
c, channels, &state[c]);
encoded += 4; // vulnerability here, no-check
samplesleft -= 8;
decoded += (channels * 8 * 2);
encoded_len -= IMA_ADPCM_state.wavefmt.blockalign;

asan report

==6886==ERROR: AddressSanitizer: heap-buffer-overflow on address 0x602000000779 at pc 0x7fe9ea628b7a bp 0x7ffcc9ec5b30 sp 0x7ffcc9ec5b28
READ of size 1 at 0x602000000779 thread T0
    # 0 0x7fe9ea628b79 in Fill_IMA_ADPCM_block /mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/SDL/src/audio/SDL_wave.c:319:19
    # 1 0x7fe9ea628b79 in IMA_ADPCM_decode /mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/SDL/src/audio/SDL_wave.c:393
    # 2 0x7fe9ea628b79 in SDL_LoadWAV_RW_REAL /mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/SDL/src/audio/SDL_wave.c:635
    # 3 0x52d9b9 in main /mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/harness_sdl_wave.c:31:8
    # 4 0x7fe9e936a82f in __libc_start_main /build/glibc-Cl5G7W/glibc-2.23/csu/../csu/libc-start.c:291
    # 5 0x41ae08 in _start (/mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/fuzz/harness_sdl+0x41ae08)

0x602000000779 is located 0 bytes to the right of 9-byte region [0x602000000770,0x602000000779)
allocated by thread T0 here:
    # 0 0x4eceaf in malloc /mnt/data2/clang+llvm/llvm/projects/compiler-rt/lib/asan/
    # 1 0x7fe9ea717614 in SDL_malloc_REAL /mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/SDL/src/stdlib/SDL_malloc.c:5387:11
    # 2 0x52d9b9 in main /mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/harness_sdl_wave.c:31:8

SUMMARY: AddressSanitizer: heap-buffer-overflow /mnt/data2/fuzz/sdl_proj/SDL/src/audio/SDL_wave.c:319:19 in Fill_IMA_ADPCM_block
Shadow bytes around the buggy address:
  0x0c047fff8090: fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fa fa fa fd fd
  0x0c047fff80a0: fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fa fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd
  0x0c047fff80b0: fa fa fd fa fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd
  0x0c047fff80c0: fa fa fd fa fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd
  0x0c047fff80d0: fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fd
=>0x0c047fff80e0: fa fa fd fd fa fa fd fa fa fa 04 fa fa fa 00[01]
  0x0c047fff80f0: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c047fff8100: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c047fff8110: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c047fff8120: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
  0x0c047fff8130: fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa
Shadow byte legend (one shadow byte represents 8 application bytes):
  Addressable:           00
  Partially addressable: 01 02 03 04 05 06 07
  Heap left redzone:       fa
  Freed heap region:       fd
  Stack left redzone:      f1
  Stack mid redzone:       f2
  Stack right redzone:     f3
  Stack after return:      f5
  Stack use after scope:   f8
  Global redzone:          f9
  Global init order:       f6
  Poisoned by user:        f7
  Container overflow:      fc
  Array cookie:            ac
  Intra object redzone:    bb
  ASan internal:           fe
  Left alloca redzone:     ca
  Right alloca redzone:    cb
  Shadow gap:              cc

On 2019-06-10 16:00:51 +0000, Sam Lantinga wrote:

Simon, can you verify that your changes fix this issue?

On 2019-06-10 21:02:54 +0000, Simon Hug wrote:

The WAVE file (attachment 3658) specifies 24 bits per sample for IMA ADPCM.

With the current tip, SDL_LoadWAV_RW rejects this file with "Invalid IMA ADPCM bits per sample of 24" as it only supports 4-bit IMA ADPCM.

On 2019-06-11 13:27:13 +0000, Sam Lantinga wrote:

Great, thanks!

On 2019-07-23 23:43:11 +0000, Anselmo L. S. Melo wrote:

This was assigned CVE-2019-13626.

I see Simon's comment this was already fixed with the tip on 2019-06-10. Which commit fixed this issue? Thanks.

On 2019-08-09 13:34:23 +0000, Hugo Lefeuvre wrote:

This issue was probably fixed by the new sanity checks introduced in

Can anybody confirm? Thanks!

On 2019-08-21 21:38:11 +0000, Mike Gorse wrote:

I tried compiling loopwave.c, running
hg update 12805
and testing with the reproducer. I got a segfault. I updated to 12806 and ran the same test and saw an error, rather than a crash. So that (large) commit has the fix.

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