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/* LibTomMath, multiple-precision integer library -- Tom St Denis
* LibTomMath is a library that provides multiple-precision
* integer arithmetic as well as number theoretic functionality.
* The library was designed directly after the MPI library by
* Michael Fromberger but has been written from scratch with
* additional optimizations in place.
* The library is free for all purposes without any express
* guarantee it works.
* Tom St Denis,,
#ifndef BN_H_
#define BN_H_
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <limits.h>
#undef MIN
#define MIN(x,y) ((x)<(y)?(x):(y))
#undef MAX
#define MAX(x,y) ((x)>(y)?(x):(y))
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
/* C++ compilers don't like assigning void * to mp_digit * */
#define OPT_CAST (mp_digit *)
/* C on the other hand doesn't care */
#define OPT_CAST
/* some default configurations.
* A "mp_digit" must be able to hold DIGIT_BIT + 1 bits
* A "mp_word" must be able to hold 2*DIGIT_BIT + 1 bits
* At the very least a mp_digit must be able to hold 7 bits
* [any size beyond that is ok provided it doesn't overflow the data type]
#ifdef MP_8BIT
typedef unsigned char mp_digit;
typedef unsigned short mp_word;
#elif defined(MP_16BIT)
typedef unsigned short mp_digit;
typedef unsigned long mp_word;
#elif defined(MP_64BIT)
/* for GCC only on supported platforms */
#ifndef CRYPT
typedef unsigned long long ulong64;
typedef signed long long long64;
typedef ulong64 mp_digit;
typedef unsigned long mp_word __attribute__ ((mode(TI)));
#define DIGIT_BIT 60
/* this is the default case, 28-bit digits */
/* this is to make porting into LibTomCrypt easier :-) */
#ifndef CRYPT
#if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
typedef unsigned __int64 ulong64;
typedef signed __int64 long64;
typedef unsigned long long ulong64;
typedef signed long long long64;
typedef unsigned long mp_digit;
typedef ulong64 mp_word;
#ifdef MP_31BIT
/* this is an extension that uses 31-bit digits */
#define DIGIT_BIT 31
/* default case is 28-bit digits, defines MP_28BIT as a handy macro to test */
#define DIGIT_BIT 28
#define MP_28BIT
/* define heap macros */
#ifndef CRYPT
/* default to libc stuff */
#ifndef XMALLOC
#define XMALLOC malloc
#define XFREE free
#define XREALLOC realloc
#define XCALLOC calloc
/* prototypes for our heap functions */
extern void *XMALLOC(size_t n);
extern void *REALLOC(void *p, size_t n);
extern void *XCALLOC(size_t n, size_t s);
extern void XFREE(void *p);
/* otherwise the bits per digit is calculated automatically from the size of a mp_digit */
#ifndef DIGIT_BIT
#define DIGIT_BIT ((int)((CHAR_BIT * sizeof(mp_digit) - 1))) /* bits per digit */
#define MP_MASK ((((mp_digit)1)<<((mp_digit)DIGIT_BIT))-((mp_digit)1))
/* equalities */
#define MP_LT -1 /* less than */
#define MP_EQ 0 /* equal to */
#define MP_GT 1 /* greater than */
#define MP_ZPOS 0 /* positive integer */
#define MP_NEG 1 /* negative */
#define MP_OKAY 0 /* ok result */
#define MP_MEM -2 /* out of mem */
#define MP_VAL -3 /* invalid input */
#define MP_YES 1 /* yes response */
#define MP_NO 0 /* no response */
typedef int mp_err;
/* you'll have to tune these... */
/* various build options */
#define MP_PREC 64 /* default digits of precision */
/* define this to use lower memory usage routines (exptmods mostly) */
/* #define MP_LOW_MEM */
/* size of comba arrays, should be at least 2 * 2**(BITS_PER_WORD - BITS_PER_DIGIT*2) */
#define MP_WARRAY (1 << (sizeof(mp_word) * CHAR_BIT - 2 * DIGIT_BIT + 1))
/* the infamous mp_int structure */
typedef struct {
int used, alloc, sign;
mp_digit *dp;
} mp_int;
/* callback for mp_prime_random, should fill dst with random bytes and return how many read [upto len] */
typedef int ltm_prime_callback(unsigned char *dst, int len, void *dat);
#define USED(m) ((m)->used)
#define DIGIT(m,k) ((m)->dp[(k)])
#define SIGN(m) ((m)->sign)
/* error code to char* string */
char *mp_error_to_string(int code);
/* ---> init and deinit bignum functions <--- */
/* init a bignum */
int mp_init(mp_int *a);
/* free a bignum */
void mp_clear(mp_int *a);
/* init a null terminated series of arguments */
int mp_init_multi(mp_int *mp, ...);
/* clear a null terminated series of arguments */
void mp_clear_multi(mp_int *mp, ...);
/* exchange two ints */
void mp_exch(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* shrink ram required for a bignum */
int mp_shrink(mp_int *a);
/* grow an int to a given size */
int mp_grow(mp_int *a, int size);
/* init to a given number of digits */
int mp_init_size(mp_int *a, int size);
/* ---> Basic Manipulations <--- */
#define mp_iszero(a) (((a)->used == 0) ? MP_YES : MP_NO)
#define mp_iseven(a) (((a)->used > 0 && (((a)->dp[0] & 1) == 0)) ? MP_YES : MP_NO)
#define mp_isodd(a) (((a)->used > 0 && (((a)->dp[0] & 1) == 1)) ? MP_YES : MP_NO)
/* set to zero */
void mp_zero(mp_int *a);
/* set to a digit */
void mp_set(mp_int *a, mp_digit b);
/* set a 32-bit const */
int mp_set_int(mp_int *a, unsigned long b);
/* copy, b = a */
int mp_copy(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* inits and copies, a = b */
int mp_init_copy(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* trim unused digits */
void mp_clamp(mp_int *a);
/* ---> digit manipulation <--- */
/* right shift by "b" digits */
void mp_rshd(mp_int *a, int b);
/* left shift by "b" digits */
int mp_lshd(mp_int *a, int b);
/* c = a / 2**b */
int mp_div_2d(mp_int *a, int b, mp_int *c, mp_int *d);
/* b = a/2 */
int mp_div_2(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* c = a * 2**b */
int mp_mul_2d(mp_int *a, int b, mp_int *c);
/* b = a*2 */
int mp_mul_2(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* c = a mod 2**d */
int mp_mod_2d(mp_int *a, int b, mp_int *c);
/* computes a = 2**b */
int mp_2expt(mp_int *a, int b);
/* Counts the number of lsbs which are zero before the first zero bit */
int mp_cnt_lsb(mp_int *a);
/* I Love Earth! */
/* makes a pseudo-random int of a given size */
int mp_rand(mp_int *a, int digits);
/* ---> binary operations <--- */
/* c = a XOR b */
int mp_xor(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* c = a OR b */
int mp_or(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* c = a AND b */
int mp_and(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* ---> Basic arithmetic <--- */
/* b = -a */
int mp_neg(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* b = |a| */
int mp_abs(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* compare a to b */
int mp_cmp(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* compare |a| to |b| */
int mp_cmp_mag(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* c = a + b */
int mp_add(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* c = a - b */
int mp_sub(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* c = a * b */
int mp_mul(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* b = a*a */
int mp_sqr(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* a/b => cb + d == a */
int mp_div(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, mp_int *d);
/* c = a mod b, 0 <= c < b */
int mp_mod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* ---> single digit functions <--- */
/* compare against a single digit */
int mp_cmp_d(mp_int *a, mp_digit b);
/* c = a + b */
int mp_add_d(mp_int *a, mp_digit b, mp_int *c);
/* c = a - b */
int mp_sub_d(mp_int *a, mp_digit b, mp_int *c);
/* c = a * b */
int mp_mul_d(mp_int *a, mp_digit b, mp_int *c);
/* a/b => cb + d == a */
int mp_div_d(mp_int *a, mp_digit b, mp_int *c, mp_digit *d);
/* a/3 => 3c + d == a */
int mp_div_3(mp_int *a, mp_int *c, mp_digit *d);
/* c = a**b */
int mp_expt_d(mp_int *a, mp_digit b, mp_int *c);
/* c = a mod b, 0 <= c < b */
int mp_mod_d(mp_int *a, mp_digit b, mp_digit *c);
/* ---> number theory <--- */
/* d = a + b (mod c) */
int mp_addmod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, mp_int *d);
/* d = a - b (mod c) */
int mp_submod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, mp_int *d);
/* d = a * b (mod c) */
int mp_mulmod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, mp_int *d);
/* c = a * a (mod b) */
int mp_sqrmod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* c = 1/a (mod b) */
int mp_invmod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* c = (a, b) */
int mp_gcd(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* c = [a, b] or (a*b)/(a, b) */
int mp_lcm(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* finds one of the b'th root of a, such that |c|**b <= |a|
* returns error if a < 0 and b is even
int mp_n_root(mp_int *a, mp_digit b, mp_int *c);
/* shortcut for square root */
#define mp_sqrt(a, b) mp_n_root(a, 2, b)
/* computes the jacobi c = (a | n) (or Legendre if b is prime) */
int mp_jacobi(mp_int *a, mp_int *n, int *c);
/* used to setup the Barrett reduction for a given modulus b */
int mp_reduce_setup(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* Barrett Reduction, computes a (mod b) with a precomputed value c
* Assumes that 0 < a <= b*b, note if 0 > a > -(b*b) then you can merely
* compute the reduction as -1 * mp_reduce(mp_abs(a)) [pseudo code].
int mp_reduce(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
/* setups the montgomery reduction */
int mp_montgomery_setup(mp_int *a, mp_digit *mp);
/* computes a = B**n mod b without division or multiplication useful for
* normalizing numbers in a Montgomery system.
int mp_montgomery_calc_normalization(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
/* computes x/R == x (mod N) via Montgomery Reduction */
int mp_montgomery_reduce(mp_int *a, mp_int *m, mp_digit mp);
/* returns 1 if a is a valid DR modulus */
int mp_dr_is_modulus(mp_int *a);
/* sets the value of "d" required for mp_dr_reduce */
void mp_dr_setup(mp_int *a, mp_digit *d);
/* reduces a modulo b using the Diminished Radix method */
int mp_dr_reduce(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_digit mp);
/* returns true if a can be reduced with mp_reduce_2k */
int mp_reduce_is_2k(mp_int *a);
/* determines k value for 2k reduction */
int mp_reduce_2k_setup(mp_int *a, mp_digit *d);
/* reduces a modulo b where b is of the form 2**p - k [0 <= a] */
int mp_reduce_2k(mp_int *a, mp_int *n, mp_digit k);
/* d = a**b (mod c) */
int mp_exptmod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, mp_int *d);
/* ---> Primes <--- */
/* number of primes */
#ifdef MP_8BIT
#define PRIME_SIZE 31
#define PRIME_SIZE 256
/* table of first PRIME_SIZE primes */
extern const mp_digit __prime_tab[];
/* result=1 if a is divisible by one of the first PRIME_SIZE primes */
int mp_prime_is_divisible(mp_int *a, int *result);
/* performs one Fermat test of "a" using base "b".
* Sets result to 0 if composite or 1 if probable prime
int mp_prime_fermat(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, int *result);
/* performs one Miller-Rabin test of "a" using base "b".
* Sets result to 0 if composite or 1 if probable prime
int mp_prime_miller_rabin(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, int *result);
/* This gives [for a given bit size] the number of trials required
* such that Miller-Rabin gives a prob of failure lower than 2^-96
int mp_prime_rabin_miller_trials(int size);
/* performs t rounds of Miller-Rabin on "a" using the first
* t prime bases. Also performs an initial sieve of trial
* division. Determines if "a" is prime with probability
* of error no more than (1/4)**t.
* Sets result to 1 if probably prime, 0 otherwise
int mp_prime_is_prime(mp_int *a, int t, int *result);
/* finds the next prime after the number "a" using "t" trials
* of Miller-Rabin.
* bbs_style = 1 means the prime must be congruent to 3 mod 4
int mp_prime_next_prime(mp_int *a, int t, int bbs_style);
/* makes a truly random prime of a given size (bytes),
* call with bbs = 1 if you want it to be congruent to 3 mod 4
* You have to supply a callback which fills in a buffer with random bytes. "dat" is a parameter you can
* have passed to the callback (e.g. a state or something). This function doesn't use "dat" itself
* so it can be NULL
* The prime generated will be larger than 2^(8*size).
int mp_prime_random(mp_int *a, int t, int size, int bbs, ltm_prime_callback cb, void *dat);
/* ---> radix conversion <--- */
int mp_count_bits(mp_int *a);
int mp_unsigned_bin_size(mp_int *a);
int mp_read_unsigned_bin(mp_int *a, unsigned char *b, int c);
int mp_to_unsigned_bin(mp_int *a, unsigned char *b);
int mp_signed_bin_size(mp_int *a);
int mp_read_signed_bin(mp_int *a, unsigned char *b, int c);
int mp_to_signed_bin(mp_int *a, unsigned char *b);
int mp_read_radix(mp_int *a, char *str, int radix);
int mp_toradix(mp_int *a, char *str, int radix);
int mp_radix_size(mp_int *a, int radix);
int mp_fread(mp_int *a, int radix, FILE *stream);
int mp_fwrite(mp_int *a, int radix, FILE *stream);
#define mp_read_raw(mp, str, len) mp_read_signed_bin((mp), (str), (len))
#define mp_raw_size(mp) mp_signed_bin_size(mp)
#define mp_toraw(mp, str) mp_to_signed_bin((mp), (str))
#define mp_read_mag(mp, str, len) mp_read_unsigned_bin((mp), (str), (len))
#define mp_mag_size(mp) mp_unsigned_bin_size(mp)
#define mp_tomag(mp, str) mp_to_unsigned_bin((mp), (str))
#define mp_tobinary(M, S) mp_toradix((M), (S), 2)
#define mp_tooctal(M, S) mp_toradix((M), (S), 8)
#define mp_todecimal(M, S) mp_toradix((M), (S), 10)
#define mp_tohex(M, S) mp_toradix((M), (S), 16)
/* lowlevel functions, do not call! */
int s_mp_add(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
int s_mp_sub(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
#define s_mp_mul(a, b, c) s_mp_mul_digs(a, b, c, (a)->used + (b)->used + 1)
int fast_s_mp_mul_digs(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, int digs);
int s_mp_mul_digs(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, int digs);
int fast_s_mp_mul_high_digs(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, int digs);
int s_mp_mul_high_digs(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c, int digs);
int fast_s_mp_sqr(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
int s_mp_sqr(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
int mp_karatsuba_mul(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
int mp_toom_mul(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
int mp_karatsuba_sqr(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
int mp_toom_sqr(mp_int *a, mp_int *b);
int fast_mp_invmod(mp_int *a, mp_int *b, mp_int *c);
int fast_mp_montgomery_reduce(mp_int *a, mp_int *m, mp_digit mp);
int mp_exptmod_fast(mp_int *G, mp_int *X, mp_int *P, mp_int *Y, int mode);
int s_mp_exptmod (mp_int * G, mp_int * X, mp_int * P, mp_int * Y);
void bn_reverse(unsigned char *s, int len);
extern const char *mp_s_rmap;
#ifdef __cplusplus
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