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flesh out ad-hoc classs section

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Li Haoyi
Li Haoyi committed Feb 14, 2016
1 parent 1206570 commit 6e92e9bb4cd6f68a4f214f0e1cf830165ae7ab5b
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  1. +27 −0 posts/2 - Strategic Scala Style: Principle of Least Power.md
@@ -762,6 +762,33 @@ code knows at a glance roughly what to expect. When looking at an ad-hoc
used, and will have to actually read the documentation or dig through the
source code.
Furthermore, the fact that ad-hoc classes are so ad-hoc means you lose concrete
features that simpler data-types provide. For example:
- Built-ins and primitives are all trivially serializable, without reflection,
using implicits (e.g. using [spray-json](https://github.com/spray/spray-json))
- Case classes and sealed-traits are all almost-trivially serializable, without
reflection, using a few macros (e.g. using
[spray-json-shapeless](https://github.com/fommil/spray-json-shapeless) or
[uPickle](http://lihaoyi.github.io/upickle-pprint/upickle/))
- Built-ins, primitives, and case-classes all provide automatic, structural
`==` equality, `.hashCode`, and a meaningful `.toString`.
- Built-ins and case-classes all allow destructuring pattern matching, which
is often very convenient
These are all things you lose when you start using ad-hoc classes. In exchange
for the flexibility they offer, you lose a whole lot of features!
This isn't to say ad-hoc classes or traits are *bad*; in fact, most Scala
programs have tons of them, and Java programs are basically 100% ad-hoc
classes! What this means is that, where possible, you should try to avoid
using an ad-hoc class in favor of something simpler: a
[Simple Case Class](#SimpleCaseClass), [Sealed Traits](#SealedTraits),
[Functions](#Functions) or [Built-ins](#Builtins). Again, this applies
anywhere a type an be seen: as a method argument, as a return type, as the
type of a variable or value, whether local-to-a-method or belonging to
an object or class.
## Error Handling
1. *[If you know there is only one thing that can go wrong, use an Option](#Option)*

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