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edge-19.7.4

  • CLI
    • Made the linkerd routes command traffic-split aware
    • Fixed bug the linkerd upgrade config command that was causing it to crash
    • Added pod status to the output of the linkerd statcommand (thanks @jonathanbeber!)
    • Fixed incorrect "meshed" count in linkerd stat when resources share the same label selector for pods (thanks @jonathanbeber!)
    • Added namespace information to the linkerd edges command output and a new -o wide flag that shows the identity of the client and server if known
    • Added a new check to the linkerd check --pre command validating that if PSP is enabled, the NET_RAW capability is available
  • Controller
    • Added pod anti-affinity rules to the control plane pods when HA is enabled (thanks @Pothulapati!)
  • Proxy
    • Improved performance by using a constant-time load balancer
    • Added a new /proxy-log-level endpoint to update the log level at runtime

stable-2.4.0

This release adds traffic splitting functionality, support for the Kubernetes Service Mesh Interface (SMI), graduates high-availability support out of experimental status, and adds a tremendous list of other improvements, performance enhancements, and bug fixes.

Linkerd's new traffic splitting feature allows users to dynamically control the percentage of traffic destined for a service. This powerful feature can be used to implement rollout strategies like canary releases and blue-green deploys. Support for the Service Mesh Interface (SMI) makes it easier for ecosystem tools to work across all service mesh implementations.

Along with the introduction of optional install stages via the linkerd install config and linkerd install control-plane commands, the default behavior of the linkerd inject command only adds annotations and defers injection to the always-installed proxy injector component.

Finally, there have been many performance and usability improvements to the proxy and UI, as well as production-ready features including:

  • A new linkerd edges command that provides fine-grained observability into the TLS-based identity system
  • A --enable-debug-sidecar flag for the linkerd inject command that improves debugging efforts

Linkerd recently passed a CNCF-sponsored security audit! Check out the in-depth report here.

To install this release, run: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install | sh

Upgrade notes: Use the linkerd upgrade command to upgrade the control plane. This command ensures that all existing control plane's configuration and mTLS secrets are retained. For more details, please see the upgrade instructions for more details.

Special thanks to: @alenkacz, @codeman9, @dwj300, @jackprice, @liquidslr @matej-g, @Pothulapati, @zaharidichev,

Full release notes:

  • CLI
    • Breaking Change Removed the --proxy-auto-inject flag, as the proxy injector is now always installed
    • Breaking Change Replaced the --linkerd-version flag with the --proxy-version flag in the linkerd install and linkerd upgrade commands, which allows setting the version for the injected proxy sidecar image, without changing the image versions for the control plane
    • Introduced install stages: linkerd install config and linkerd install control-plane
    • Introduced upgrade stages: linkerd upgrade config and linkerd upgrade control-plane
    • Introduced a new --from-manifests flag to linkerd upgrade allowing manually feeding a previously saved output of linkerd install into the command, instead of requiring a connection to the cluster to fetch the config
    • Introduced a new --manual flag to linkerd inject to output the proxy sidecar container spec
    • Introduced a new --enable-debug-sidecar flag to linkerd inject, that injects a debug sidecar to inspect traffic to and from the meshed pod
    • Added a new check for unschedulable pods and PSP issues (thanks, @liquidslr!)
    • Disabled the spinner in linkerd check when running without a TTY
    • Ensured the ServiceAccount for the proxy injector is created before its Deployment to avoid warnings when installing the proxy injector (thanks, @dwj300!)
    • Added a linkerd check config command for verifying that linkerd install config was successful
    • Improved the help documentation of linkerd install to clarify flag usage
    • Added support for private Kubernetes clusters by changing the CLI to connect to the control plane using a port-forward (thanks, @jackprice!)
    • Fixed linkerd check and linkerd dashboard failing when any control plane pod is not ready, even when multiple replicas exist (as in HA mode)
    • New Added a linkerd edges command that shows the source and destination name and identity for proxied connections, to assist in debugging
    • Tap can now be disabled for specific pods during injection by using the --disable-tap flag, or by using the config.linkerd.io/disable-tap annotation
    • Introduced pre-install healthcheck for clock skew (thanks, @matej-g!)
    • Added a JSON option to the linkerd edges command so that output is scripting friendly and can be parsed easily (thanks @alenkacz!)
    • Fixed an issue when Linkerd is installed with --ha, running linkerd upgrade without --ha will disable the high availability control plane
    • Fixed an issue with linkerd upgrade where running without --ha would unintentionally disable high availability features if they were previously enabled
    • Added a --init-image-version flag to linkerd inject to override the injected proxy-init container version
    • Added the --linkerd-cni-enabled flag to the install subcommands so that NET_ADMIN capability is omitted from the CNI-enabled control plane's PSP
    • Updated linkerd check to validate the caller can create PodSecurityPolicy resources
    • Added a check to linkerd install to prevent installing multiple control planes into different namespaces avoid conflicts between global resources
    • Added support for passing a URL directly to linkerd inject (thanks @Pothulapati!)
    • Added more descriptive output to the linkerd check output for control plane ReplicaSet readiness
    • Refactored the linkerd endpoints to use the same interface as used by the proxy for service discovery information
    • Fixed a bug where linkerd inject would fail when given a path to a file outside the current directory
    • Graduated high-availability support out of experimental status
    • Modified the error message for linkerd install to provide instructions for proceeding when an existing installation is found
  • Controller
    • Added Go pprof HTTP endpoints to all control plane components' admin servers to better assist debugging efforts
    • Fixed bug in the proxy injector, where sporadically the pod workload owner wasn't properly determined, which would result in erroneous stats
    • Added support for a new config.linkerd.io/disable-identity annotation to opt out of identity for a specific pod
    • Fixed pod creation failure when a ResourceQuota exists by adding a default resource spec for the proxy-init init container
    • Fixed control plane components failing on startup when the Kubernetes API returns an ErrGroupDiscoveryFailed
    • Added Controller Component Labels to the webhook config resources (thanks, @Pothulapati!)
    • Moved the tap service into its own pod
    • New Control plane installations now generate a self-signed certificate and private key pair for each webhook, to prepare for future work to make the proxy injector and service profile validator HA
    • Added the config.linkerd.io/enable-debug-sidecar annotation allowing the --enable-debug-sidecar flag to work when auto-injecting Linkerd proxies
    • Added multiple replicas for the proxy-injector and sp-validator controllers when run in high availability mode (thanks to @Pothulapati!)
    • Defined least privilege default security context values for the proxy container so that auto-injection does not fail (thanks @codeman9!)
    • Default the webhook failure policy to Fail in order to account for unexpected errors during auto-inject; this ensures uninjected applications are not deployed
    • Introduced control plane's PSP and RBAC resources into Helm templates; these policies are only in effect if the PSP admission controller is enabled
    • Removed UPDATE operation from proxy-injector webhook because pod mutations are disallowed during update operations
    • Default the mutating and validating webhook configurations sideEffects property to None to indicate that the webhooks have no side effects on other resources (thanks @Pothulapati!)
    • Added support for the SMI TrafficSplit API which allows users to define traffic splits in TrafficSplit custom resources
    • Added the linkerd.io/control-plane-ns label to all Linkerd resources allowing them to be identified using a label selector
    • Added Prometheus metrics for the Kubernetes watchers in the destination service for better visibility
  • Proxy
    • Replaced the fixed reconnect backoff with an exponential one (thanks, @zaharidichev!)
    • Fixed an issue where load balancers can become stuck
    • Added a dispatch timeout that limits the amount of time a request can be buffered in the proxy
    • Removed the limit on the number of concurrently active service discovery queries to the destination service
    • Fix an epoll notification issue that could cause excessive CPU usage
    • Added the ability to disable tap by setting an env var (thanks, @zaharidichev!)
    • Changed the proxy's routing behavior so that, when the control plane does not resolve a destination, the proxy forwards the request with minimal additional routing logic
    • Fixed a bug in the proxy's HPACK codec that could cause requests with very large header values to hang indefinitely
    • Fixed a memory leak that can occur if an HTTP/2 request with a payload ends before the entire payload is sent to the destination
    • The l5d-override-dst header is now used for inbound service profile discovery
    • Added errors totals to response_total metrics
    • Changed the load balancer to require that Kubernetes services are resolved via the control plane
    • Added the NET_RAW capability to the proxy-init container to be compatible with PodSecurityPolicys that use drop: all
    • Fixed the proxy rejecting HTTP2 requests that don't have an :authority
    • Improved idle service eviction to reduce resource consumption for clients that send requests to many services
    • Fixed proxied HTTP/2 connections returning 502 errors when the upstream connection is reset, rather than propagating the reset to the client
    • Changed the proxy to treat unexpected HTTP/2 frames as stream errors rather than connection errors
    • Fixed a bug where DNS queries could persist longer than necessary
    • Improved router eviction to remove idle services in a more timely manner
    • Fixed a bug where the proxy would fail to process requests with obscure characters in the URI
  • Web UI
    • Added the Font Awesome stylesheet locally; this allows both Font Awesome and Material-UI sidebar icons to display consistently with no/limited internet access (thanks again, @liquidslr!)
    • Removed the Authorities table and sidebar link from the dashboard to prepare for a new, improved dashboard view communicating authority data
    • Fixed dashboard behavior that caused incorrect table sorting
    • Removed the "Debug" page from the Linkerd dashboard while the functionality of that page is being redesigned
    • Added an Edges table to the resource detail view that shows the source, destination name, and identity for proxied connections
    • Improved UI for Edges table in dashboard by changing column names, adding a "Secured" icon and showing an empty Edges table in the case of no returned edges
  • Internal
    • Known container errors were hidden in the integration tests; now they are reported in the output without having the tests fail
    • Fixed integration tests by adding known proxy-injector log warning to tests
    • Modified the integration test for linkerd upgrade in order to test upgrading from the latest stable release instead of the latest edge and reflect the typical use case
    • Moved the proxy-init container to a separate linkerd/proxy-init Git repository

edge-19.7.3

  • CLI
    • Graduated high-availability support out of experimental status
    • Modified the error message for linkerd install to provide instructions for proceeding when an existing installation is found
  • Controller
    • Added Prometheus metrics for the Kubernetes watchers in the destination service for better visibility

edge-19.7.2

  • CLI
    • Refactored the linkerd endpoints to use the same interface as used by the proxy for service discovery information
    • Fixed a bug where linkerd inject would fail when given a path to a file outside the current directory
  • Proxy
    • Fixed a bug where DNS queries could persist longer than necessary
    • Improved router eviction to remove idle services in a more timely manner
    • Fixed a bug where the proxy would fail to process requests with obscure characters in the URI

edge-19.7.1

  • CLI
    • Added more descriptive output to the linkerd check output for control plane ReplicaSet readiness
    • Breaking change Renamed config.linkerd.io/debug annotation to config.linkerd.io/enable-debug-sidecar, to match the --enable-debug-sidecar CLI flag that sets it
    • Fixed a bug in linkerd edges that caused incorrect identities to be displayed when requests were sent from two or more namespaces
  • Controller
    • Added the linkerd.io/control-plane-ns label to the SMI Traffic Split CRD
  • Proxy
    • Fixed proxied HTTP/2 connections returning 502 errors when the upstream connection is reset, rather than propagating the reset to the client
    • Changed the proxy to treat unexpected HTTP/2 frames as stream errors rather than connection errors

edge-19.6.4

This release adds support for the SMI Traffic Split API. Creating a TrafficSplit resource will cause Linkerd to split traffic between the specified backend services. Please see the spec for more details.

  • CLI
    • Added a check to install to prevent installing multiple control planes into different namespaces
    • Added support for passing a URL directly to linkerd inject (thanks @Pothulapati!)
    • Added the --all-namespaces flag to linkerd edges
  • Controller
    • Added support for the SMI TrafficSplit API which allows users to define traffic splits in TrafficSplit custom resources
  • Web UI
    • Improved UI for Edges table in dashboard by changing column names, adding a "Secured" icon and showing an empty Edges table in the case of no returned edges

edge-19.6.3

  • CLI
    • Updated linkerd check to validate the caller can create PodSecurityPolicy resources
  • Controller
    • Default the mutating and validating webhook configurations sideEffects property to None to indicate that the webhooks have no side effects on other resources (thanks @Pothulapati!)
  • Proxy
    • Added the NET_RAW capability to the proxy-init container to be compatible with PodSecurityPolicys that use drop: all
    • Fixed the proxy rejecting HTTP2 requests that don't have an :authority
    • Improved idle service eviction to reduce resource consumption for clients that send requests to many services
  • Web UI
    • Removed the "Debug" page from the Linkerd dashboard while the functionality of that page is being redesigned
    • Added an Edges table to the resource detail view that shows the source, destination name, and identity for proxied connections

edge-19.6.2

  • CLI
    • Added the --linkerd-cni-enabled flag to the install subcommands so that NET_ADMIN capability is omitted from the CNI-enabled control plane's PSP
  • Controller
    • Default to least-privilege security context values for the proxy container so that auto-inject does not fail on restricted PSPs (thanks @codeman9!)
    • Defined least privilege default security context values for the proxy container so that auto-injection does not fail on (thanks @codeman9!)
    • Default the webhook failure policy to Fail in order to account for unexpected errors during auto-inject; this ensures uninjected applications are not deployed
    • Introduced control plane's PSP and RBAC resources into Helm templates; these policies are only in effect if the PSP admission controller is enabled
    • Removed UPDATE operation from proxy-injector webhook because pod mutations are disallowed during update operations
  • Proxy
    • The l5d-override-dst header is now used for inbound service profile discovery
    • Include errors in response_total metrics
    • Changed the load balancer to require that Kubernetes services are resolved via the control plane
  • Web UI
    • Fixed dashboard behavior that caused incorrect table sorting

edge-19.5.4

  • CLI
    • Fixed an issue where, when Linkerd is installed with --ha, running linkerd upgrade without --ha will disable the high availability control plane
    • Added a --init-image-version flag to linkerd inject to override the injected proxy-init container version
  • Controller
    • Added multiple replicas for the proxy-injector and sp-validator controllers when run in high availability mode (thanks to @Pothulapati!)
  • Proxy
    • Fixed a memory leak that can occur if an HTTP/2 request with a payload ends before the entire payload is sent to the destination
  • Internal
    • Moved the proxy-init container to a separate linkerd/proxy-init Git repository

stable-2.3.2

This stable release fixes a memory leak in the proxy.

To install this release, run: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install | sh

Full release notes:

  • Proxy
    • Fixed a memory leak that can occur if an HTTP/2 request with a payload ends before the entire payload is sent to the destination

edge-19.5.4

  • CLI
    • Added a JSON option to the linkerd edges command so that output is scripting friendly and can be parsed easily (thanks @alenkacz!)
  • Controller
    • New Control plane installations now generate a self-signed certificate and private key pair for each webhook, to prepare for future work to make the proxy injector and service profile validator HA
    • Added a debug container annotation, allowing the --enable-debug-sidecar flag to work when auto-injecting Linkerd proxies
  • Proxy
    • Changed the proxy's routing behavior so that, when the control plane does not resolve a destination, the proxy forwards the request with minimal additional routing logic
    • Fixed a bug in the proxy's HPACK codec that could cause requests with very large header values to hang indefinitely
  • Web UI
    • Removed the Authorities table and sidebar link from the dashboard to prepare for a new, improved dashboard view communicating authority data
  • Internal
    • Modified the integration test for linkerd upgrade to test upgrading from the latest stable release instead of the latest edge, to reflect the typical use case

stable-2.3.1

This stable release adds a number of proxy stability improvements.

To install this release, run: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install | sh

Special thanks to: @zaharidichev and @11Takanori!

Full release notes:

  • Proxy
    • Changed the proxy's routing behavior so that, when the control plane does not resolve a destination, the proxy forwards the request with minimal additional routing logic
    • Fixed a bug in the proxy's HPACK codec that could cause requests with very large header values to hang indefinitely
    • Replaced the fixed reconnect backoff with an exponential one (thanks, @zaharidichev!)
    • Fixed an issue where requests could be held indefinitely by the load balancer
    • Added a dispatch timeout that limits the amount of time a request can be buffered in the proxy
    • Removed the limit on the number of concurrently active service discovery queries to the destination service
    • Fixed an epoll notification issue that could cause excessive CPU usage
    • Added the ability to disable tap by setting an env var (thanks, @zaharidichev!)

edge-19.5.3

  • CLI
    • New Added a linkerd edges command that shows the source and destination name and identity for proxied connections, to assist in debugging
    • Tap can now be disabled for specific pods during injection by using the --disable-tap flag, or by using the config.linkerd.io/disable-tap annotation
    • Introduced pre-install healthcheck for clock skew (thanks, @matej-g!)
  • Controller
    • Added Controller Component Labels to the webhook config resources (thanks, @Pothulapati!)
    • Moved the tap service into its own pod
  • Proxy
    • Fix an epoll notification issue that could cause excessive CPU usage
    • Added the ability to disable tap by setting an env var (thanks, @zaharidichev!)

edge-19.5.2

  • CLI
    • Fixed linkerd check and linkerd dashboard failing when any control plane pod is not ready, even when multiple replicas exist (as in HA mode)
  • Controller
    • Fixed control plane components failing on startup when the Kubernetes API returns an ErrGroupDiscoveryFailed
  • Proxy
    • Added a dispatch timeout that limits the amount of time a request can be buffered in the proxy
    • Removed the limit on the number of concurrently active service discovery queries to the destination service

Special thanks to @zaharidichev for adding end to end tests for proxies with TLS!

edge-19.5.1

  • CLI
    • Added a linkerd check config command for verifying that linkerd install config was successful
    • Improved the help documentation of linkerd install to clarify flag usage
    • Added support for private Kubernetes clusters by changing the CLI to connect to the control plane using a port-forward (thanks, @jackprice!)
  • Controller
    • Fixed pod creation failure when a ResourceQuota exists by adding a default resource spec for the proxy-init init container
  • Proxy
    • Replaced the fixed reconnect backoff with an exponential one (thanks, @zaharidichev!)
    • Fixed an issue where load balancers can become stuck
  • Internal
    • Fixed integration tests by adding known proxy-injector log warning to tests

edge-19.4.5

Significant Update

As of this edge release the proxy injector component is always installed. To have the proxy injector inject a pod you still can manually add the linkerd.io/inject: enable annotation into the pod spec, or at the namespace level to have all your pods be injected by default. With this release the behaviour of the linkerd inject command changes, where the proxy sidecar container YAML is no longer included in its output by default, but instead it will just add the annotations to defer the injection to the proxy injector. For use cases that require the full injected YAML to be output, a new --manual flag has been added.

Another important update is the introduction of install stages. You still have the old linkerd install command, but now it can be broken into linkerd install config which installs the resources that require cluster-level privileges, and linkerd install control-plane that continues with the resources that only require namespace-level privileges. This also applies to the linkerd upgrade command.

  • CLI

    • Breaking Change Removed the --proxy-auto-inject flag, as the proxy injector is now always installed
    • Breaking Change Replaced the --linkerd-version flag with the --proxy-version flag in the linkerd install and linkerd upgrade commands, which allows setting the version for the injected proxy sidecar image, without changing the image versions for the control plane
    • Introduced install stages: linkerd install config and linkerd install control-plane
    • Introduced upgrade stages: linkerd upgrade config and linkerd upgrade control-plane
    • Introduced a new --from-manifests flag to linkerd upgrade allowing manually feeding a previously saved output of linkerd install into the command, instead of requiring a connection to the cluster to fetch the config
    • Introduced a new --manual flag to linkerd inject to output the proxy sidecar container spec
    • Introduced a new --enable-debug-sidecar option to linkerd inject, that injects a debug sidecar to inspect traffic to and from the meshed pod
    • Added a new check for unschedulable pods and PSP issues (thanks, @liquidslr!)
    • Disabled the spinner in linkerd check when running without a TTY
    • Ensured the ServiceAccount for the proxy injector is created before its Deployment to avoid warnings when installing the proxy injector (thanks, @dwj300!)
  • Controller

    • Added Go pprof HTTP endpoints to all control plane components' admin servers to better assist debugging efforts
    • Fixed bug in the proxy injector, where sporadically the pod workload owner wasn't properly determined, which would result in erroneous stats
    • Added support for a new config.linkerd.io/disable-identity annotation to opt out of identity for a specific pod
  • Web UI

    • Added the Font Awesome stylesheet locally; this allows both Font Awesome and Material-UI sidebar icons to display consistently with no/limited internet access (thanks again, @liquidslr!)
  • Internal

    • Known container errors were hidden in the integration tests; now they are reported in the output, still without having the tests fail

stable-2.3.0

This stable release introduces a new TLS-based service identity system into the default Linkerd installation, replacing --tls=optional and the linkerd-ca controller. Now, proxies generate ephemeral private keys into a tmpfs directory and dynamically refresh certificates, authenticated by Kubernetes ServiceAccount tokens, and tied to ServiceAccounts as the identity primitive

In this release, all meshed HTTP communication is private and authenticated by default.

Among the many improvements to the web dashboard, we've added a Community page to surface news and updates from linkerd.io.

For more details, see the announcement blog post: https://linkerd.io/2019/04/16/announcing-linkerd-2.3/

To install this release, run: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install | sh

Upgrade notes: The linkerd-ca controller has been removed in favor of the linkerd-identity controller. If you had previously installed Linkerd with --tls=optional, manually delete the linkerd-ca deployment after upgrading. Also, --single-namespace mode is no longer supported. For full details on upgrading to this release, please see the upgrade instructions.

Special thanks to: @codeman9, @harsh-98, @huynq0911, @KatherineMelnyk, @liquidslr, @paranoidaditya, @Pothulapati, @TwinProduction, and @yb172!

Full release notes:

  • CLI
    • Introduced an upgrade command! This allows an existing Linkerd control plane to be reinstalled or reconfigured; it is particularly useful for automatically reusing flags set in the previous install or upgrade
    • Introduced the linkerd metrics command for fetching proxy metrics
    • Breaking Change: The --linkerd-cni-enabled flag has been removed from the inject command; CNI is configured at the cluster level with the install command and no longer applies to the inject command
    • Breaking Change Removed the --disable-external-profiles flag from the install command; external profiles are now disabled by default and can be enabled with the new --enable-external-profiles flag
    • Breaking change Removed the --api-port flag from the inject and install commands, since there's no benefit to running the control plane's destination API on a non-default port (thanks, @paranoidaditya)
    • Breaking change Removed the --tls=optional flag from the linkerd install command, since TLS is now enabled by default
    • Changed install to accept or generate an issuer Secret for the Identity controller
    • Changed install to fail in the case of a conflict with an existing installation; this can be disabled with the --ignore-cluster flag
    • Added the ability to adjust the Prometheus log level via --controller-log-level
    • Implemented --proxy-cpu-limit and --proxy-memory-limit for setting the proxy resources limits (--proxy-cpu and --proxy-memory were deprecated in favor of proxy-cpu-request and proxy-memory-request) (thanks @TwinProduction!)
    • Added a validator for the --proxy-log-level flag
    • Updated the inject and uninject subcommands to issue warnings when resources lack a Kind property (thanks @Pothulapati!)
    • The inject command proxy options are now converted into config annotations; the annotations ensure that these configs are persisted in subsequent resource updates
    • Changed inject to require fetching a configuration from the control plane; this can be disabled with the --ignore-cluster and --disable-identity flags, though this will prevent the injected pods from participating in mesh identity
    • Included kubectl version check as part of linkerd check (thanks @yb172!)
    • Updated linkerd check to ensure hint URLs are displayed for RPC checks
    • Fixed sporadic (and harmless) race condition error in linkerd check
    • Introduced a check for NET_ADMIN in linkerd check
    • Fixed permissions check for CRDs
    • Updated the linkerd dashboard command to serve the dashboard on a fixed port, allowing it to leverage browser local storage for user settings
    • Updated the linkerd routes command to display rows for routes that are not receiving any traffic
    • Added TCP stats to the stat command, under the -o wide and -o json flags
    • The stat command now always shows the number of open TCP connections
    • Removed TLS metrics from the stat command; this is in preparation for surfacing identity metrics in a clearer way
    • Exposed the install-cni command and its flags, and tweaked their descriptions
    • Eliminated false-positive vulnerability warnings related to go.uuid
  • Controller
    • Added a new public API endpoint for fetching control plane configuration
    • Breaking change Removed support for running the control plane in single-namespace mode, which was severely limited in the number of features it supported due to not having access to cluster-wide resources; the end goal being Linkerd degrading gracefully depending on its privileges
    • Updated automatic proxy injection and CLI injection to support overriding inject defaults via pod spec annotations
    • Added support for the config.linkerd.io/proxy-version annotation on pod specs; this will override the injected proxy version
    • The auto-inject admission controller webhook is updated to watch pods creation and update events; with this change, proxy auto-injection now works for all kinds of workloads, including StatefulSets, DaemonSets, Jobs, etc
    • Service profile validation is now performed via a webhook endpoint; this prevents Kubernetes from accepting invalid service profiles
    • Changed the default CPU request from 10m to 100m for HA deployments; this will help some intermittent liveness/readiness probes from failing due to tight resource constraints
    • Updated destination service to return TLS identities only when the destination pod is TLS-aware and is in the same controller namespace
    • Lessen klog level to improve security
    • Updated control plane components to query Kubernetes at startup to determine authorized namespaces and if ServiceProfile support is available
    • Modified the stats payload to include the following TCP stats: tcp_open_connections, tcp_read_bytes_total, tcp_write_bytes_total
    • Instrumented clients in the control plane connecting to Kubernetes, thus providing better visibility for diagnosing potential problems with those connections
    • Renamed the "linkerd-proxy-api" service to "linkerd-destination"
    • Bumped Prometheus to version 2.7.1 and Grafana to version 5.4.3
  • Proxy
    • Introduced per-proxy private key generation and dynamic certificate renewal
    • Fixed a connection starvation issue where TLS discovery detection on slow or idle connections could block all other connections from being accepted on the inbound listener of the proxy
    • Fixed a stream leak between the proxy and the control plane that could cause the linkerd-controller pod to use an excessive amount of memory
    • Added a readiness check endpoint on :4191/ready so that Kubernetes doesn't consider pods ready until they have acquired a certificate from the Identity controller
    • Some l5d-* informational headers have been temporarily removed from requests and responses because they could leak information to external clients
    • The proxy's connect timeouts have been updated, especially to improve reconnect behavior between the proxy and the control plane
    • Increased the inbound/router cap on MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS
    • The l5d-remote-ip header is now set on inbound requests and outbound responses
    • Fixed issue with proxy falling back to filesystem polling due to improperly sized inotify buffer
  • Web UI
    • New Added a Community page to surface news and updates from linkerd.io
    • Added a Debug page to the web dashboard, allowing you to introspect service discovery state
    • The Overview page in the Linkerd dashboard now renders appropriately when viewed on mobile devices
    • Added filter functionality to the metrics tables
    • Added stable sorting for table rows
    • Added TCP stats to the Linkerd Pod Grafana dashboard
    • Added TCP stat tables on the namespace landing page and resource detail page
    • The topology graph now shows TCP stats if no HTTP stats are available
    • Improved table display on the resource detail page for resources with TCP-only traffic
    • Updated the resource detail page to start displaying a table with TCP stats
    • Modified the Grafana variable queries to use a TCP-based metric, so that if there is only TCP traffic then the dropdowns don't end up empty
    • Fixed sidebar not updating when resources were added/deleted (thanks @liquidslr!)
    • Added validation to the "new service profile" form (thanks @liquidslr!)
    • Added a Grafana dashboard and web tables for displaying Job stats (thanks, @Pothulapati!)
    • Removed TLS columns from the dashboard tables; this is in preparation for surfacing identity metrics in a clearer way
    • Fixed the behavior of the Top query 'Start' button if a user's query returns no data
    • Fixed an issue with the order of tables returned from a Top Routes query
    • Added text wrap for paths in the modal for expanded Tap query data
    • Fixed a quoting issue with service profile downloads (thanks, @liquidslr!)
    • Updated sorting of route table to move default routes to the bottom
    • Removed 'Help' hierarchy and surfaced links on navigation sidebar
    • Ensured that all the tooltips in Grafana displaying the series are shared across all the graphs
  • Internals
    • Improved the bin/go-run script for the build process so that on failure, all associated background processes are terminated
    • Added more log errors to the integration tests
    • Removed the GOPATH dependence from the CLI dev environment
    • Consolidated injection code from CLI and admission controller code paths
    • Enabled the following linters: unparam, unconvert, goimports, goconst, scopelint, unused, gosimple
    • Bumped base Docker images
    • Added the flags -update and -pretty-diff to tests to allow overwriting fixtures and to print the full text of the fixtures upon mismatches
    • Introduced golangci-lint tooling, using .golangci.yml to centralize the config
    • Added a -cover parameter to track code coverage in go tests (more info in TEST.md)
    • Renamed a function in a test that was shadowing a go built-in function (thanks @huynq0911!)

edge-19.4.4

  • Proxy
    • Fixed a connection starvation issue where TLS discovery detection on slow or idle connections could block all other connections from being accepted on the inbound listener of the proxy
  • CLI
    • Fixed inject to allow the --disable-identity flag to be used without having to specify the --ignore-cluster flag
  • Web UI
    • The Overview page in the Linkerd dashboard now renders appropriately when viewed on mobile devices

edge-19.4.3

  • CLI
    • Fixed linkerd upgrade command not upgrading proxy containers (thanks @jon-walton for the issue report!)
    • Fixed linkerd upgrade command not installing the identity service when it was not already installed
    • Eliminate false-positive vulnerability warnings related to go.uuid

Special thanks to @KatherineMelnyk for updating the web component to read the UUID from the linkerd-config ConfigMap!

edge-19.4.2

  • CLI
    • Removed TLS metrics from the stat command; this is in preparation for surfacing identity metrics in a clearer way
    • The upgrade command now outputs a URL that explains next steps for upgrading
    • Breaking Change: The --linkerd-cni-enabled flag has been removed from the inject command; CNI is configured at the cluster level with the install command and no longer applies to the inject command
  • Controller
    • Service profile validation is now performed via a webhook endpoint; this prevents Kubernetes from accepting invalid service profiles
    • Added support for the config.linkerd.io/proxy-version annotation on pod specs; this will override the injected proxy version
    • Changed the default CPU request from 10m to 100m for HA deployments; this will help some intermittent liveness/readiness probes from failing due to tight resource constraints
  • Proxy
    • The CommonName field on CSRs is now set to the proxy's identity name
  • Web UI
    • Removed TLS columns from the dashboard tables; this is in preparation for surfacing identity metrics in a clearer way

edge-19.4.1

  • CLI
    • Introduced an upgrade command! This allows an existing Linkerd control plane to be reinstalled or reconfigured; it is particularly useful for automatically reusing flags set in the previous install or upgrade
    • The inject command proxy options are now converted into config annotations; the annotations ensure that these configs are persisted in subsequent resource updates
    • The stat command now always shows the number of open TCP connections
    • Breaking Change Removed the --disable-external-profiles flag from the install command; external profiles are now disabled by default and can be enabled with the new --enable-external-profiles flag
  • Controller
    • The auto-inject admission controller webhook is updated to watch pods creation and update events; with this change, proxy auto-injection now works for all kinds of workloads, including StatefulSets, DaemonSets, Jobs, etc
  • Proxy
    • Some l5d-* informational headers have been temporarily removed from requests and responses because they could leak information to external clients
  • Web UI
    • The topology graph now shows TCP stats if no HTTP stats are available
    • Improved table display on the resource detail page for resources with TCP-only traffic
    • Added validation to the "new service profile" form (thanks @liquidslr!)

edge-19.3.3

Significant Update

This edge release introduces a new TLS Identity system into the default Linkerd installation, replacing --tls=optional and the linkerd-ca controller. Now, proxies generate ephemeral private keys into a tmpfs directory and dynamically refresh certificates, authenticated by Kubernetes ServiceAccount tokens, via the newly-introduced Identity controller.

Now, all meshed HTTP communication is private and authenticated by default.

  • CLI
    • Changed install to accept or generate an issuer Secret for the Identity controller
    • Changed install to fail in the case of a conflict with an existing installation; this can be disabled with the --ignore-cluster flag
    • Changed inject to require fetching a configuration from the control plane; this can be disabled with the --ignore-cluster and --disable-identity flags, though this will prevent the injected pods from participating in mesh identity
    • Breaking change Removed the --tls=optional flag from the linkerd install command, since TLS is now enabled by default
    • Added the ability to adjust the Prometheus log level
  • Proxy
    • Fixed a stream leak between the proxy and the control plane that could cause the linkerd-controller pod to use an excessive amount of memory
    • Introduced per-proxy private key generation and dynamic certificate renewal
    • Added a readiness check endpoint on :4191/ready so that Kubernetes doesn't consider pods ready until they have acquired a certificate from the Identity controller
    • The proxy's connect timeouts have been updated, especially to improve reconnect behavior between the proxy and the control plane
  • Web UI
    • Added TCP stats to the Linkerd Pod Grafana dashboard
    • Fixed the behavior of the Top query 'Start' button if a user's query returns no data
    • Added stable sorting for table rows
    • Fixed an issue with the order of tables returned from a Top Routes query
    • Added text wrap for paths in the modal for expanded Tap query data
  • Internal
    • Improved the bin/go-run script for the build process so that on failure, all associated background processes are terminated

Special thanks to @liquidslr for many useful UI and log changes, and to @mmalone and @sourishkrout at @smallstep for collaboration and advice on the Identity system!

edge-19.3.2

  • Controller
    • Breaking change Removed support for running the control plane in single-namespace mode, which was severely limited in the number of features it supported due to not having access to cluster-wide resources
    • Updated automatic proxy injection and CLI injection to support overriding inject defaults via pod spec annotations
    • Added a new public API endpoint for fetching control plane configuration
  • CLI
    • Breaking change Removed the --api-port flag from the inject and install commands, since there's no benefit to running the control plane's destination API on a non-default port (thanks, @paranoidaditya)
    • Introduced the linkerd metrics command for fetching proxy metrics
    • Updated the linkerd routes command to display rows for routes that are not receiving any traffic
    • Updated the linkerd dashboard command to serve the dashboard on a fixed port, allowing it to leverage browser local storage for user settings
  • Web UI
    • New Added a Community page to surface news and updates from linkerd.io
    • Fixed a quoting issue with service profile downloads (thanks, @liquidslr!)
    • Added a Grafana dashboard and web tables for displaying Job stats (thanks, @Pothulapati!)
    • Updated sorting of route table to move default routes to the bottom
    • Added TCP stat tables on the namespace landing page and resource detail page

edge-19.3.1

  • CLI
    • Introduced a check for NET_ADMIN in linkerd check
    • Fixed permissions check for CRDs
    • Included kubectl version check as part of linkerd check (thanks @yb172!)
    • Added TCP stats to the stat command, under the -o wide and -o json flags
  • Controller
    • Updated the mutatingwebhookconfiguration so that it is recreated when the proxy injector is restarted, so that the MWC always picks up the latest config template during version upgrade
  • Proxy
    • Increased the inbound/router cap on MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS
    • The l5d-remote-ip header is now set on inbound requests and outbound responses
  • Web UI
    • Fixed sidebar not updating when resources were added/deleted (thanks @liquidslr!)
    • Added filter functionality to the metrics tables
  • Internal
    • Added more log errors to the integration tests
    • Removed the GOPATH dependence from the CLI dev environment
    • Consolidated injection code from CLI and admission controller code paths

edge-19.2.5

  • CLI
    • Updated linkerd check to ensure hint URLs are displayed for RPC checks
  • Controller
    • Updated the auto-inject admission controller webhook to respond to UPDATE events for deployment workloads
    • Updated destination service to return TLS identities only when the destination pod is TLS-aware and is in the same controller namespace
    • Lessen klog level to improve security
    • Updated control plane components to query Kubernetes at startup to determine authorized namespaces and if ServiceProfile support is available
    • Modified the stats payload to include the following TCP stats: tcp_open_connections, tcp_read_bytes_total, tcp_write_bytes_total
  • Proxy
    • Fixed issue with proxy falling back to filesystem polling due to improperly sized inotify buffer
  • Web UI
    • Removed 'Help' hierarchy and surfaced links on navigation sidebar
    • Added a Debug page to the web dashboard, allowing you to introspect service discovery state
    • Updated the resource detail page to start displaying a table with TCP stats
  • Internal
    • Enabled the following linters: unparam, unconvert, goimports, goconst, scopelint, unused, gosimple
    • Bumped base Docker images

stable-2.2.1

This stable release polishes some of the CLI help text and fixes two issues that came up since the stable-2.2.0 release.

To install this release, run: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install | sh

Full release notes:

  • CLI
    • Fixed handling of kubeconfig server urls that include paths
    • Updated the description of the --proxy-auto-inject flag to indicate that it is no longer experimental
    • Updated the profile help text to match the other commands
    • Added the "ep" alias for the endpoints command
  • Controller
    • Stopped logging an error when a route doesn't specify a timeout

edge-19-2.4

  • CLI
    • Implemented --proxy-cpu-limit and --proxy-memory-limit for setting the proxy resources limits (--proxy-cpu and --proxy-memory were deprecated in favor of proxy-cpu-request and proxy-memory-request) (thanks @TwinProduction!)
    • Updated the inject and uninject subcommands to issue warnings when resources lack a Kind property (thanks @Pothulapati!)
    • Exposed the install-cni command and its flags, and tweaked their descriptions
    • Fixed handling of kubeconfig server urls that include paths
    • Updated the description of the --proxy-auto-inject flag to indicate that it is no longer experimental
    • Updated the profile help text to match the other commands
    • Added the "ep" alias for the endpoints command (also @Pothulapati!)
    • Added a validator for the --proxy-log-level flag
    • Fixed sporadic (and harmless) race condition error in linkerd check
  • Controller
    • Instrumented clients in the control plane connecting to Kubernetes, thus providing better visibility for diagnosing potential problems with those connections
    • Stopped logging an error when a route doesn't specify a timeout
    • Renamed the "linkerd-proxy-api" service to "linkerd-destination"
    • Bumped Prometheus to version 2.7.1 and Grafana to version 5.4.3
  • Web UI
    • Modified the Grafana variable queries to use a TCP-based metric, so that if there is only TCP traffic then the dropdowns don't end up empty
    • Ensured that all the tooltips in Grafana displaying the series are shared across all the graphs
  • Internals
    • Added the flags -update and -pretty-diff to tests to allow overwriting fixtures and to print the full text of the fixtures upon mismatches
    • Introduced golangci-lint tooling, using .golangci.yml to centralize the config
    • Added a -cover parameter to track code coverage in go tests (more info in TEST.md)
    • Added integration tests for --single-namespace
    • Renamed a function in a test that was shadowing a go built-in function (thanks @huynq0911!)

stable-2.2.0

This stable release introduces automatic request retries and timeouts, and graduates auto-inject to be a fully-supported (non-experimental) feature. It adds several new CLI commands, including logs and endpoints, that provide diagnostic visibility into Linkerd's control plane. Finally, it introduces two exciting experimental features: a cryptographically-secured client identity header, and a CNI plugin that avoids the need for NET_ADMIN kernel capabilities at deploy time.

For more details, see the announcement blog post: https://blog.linkerd.io/2019/02/12/announcing-linkerd-2-2/

To install this release, run: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install | sh

Upgrade notes: The default behavior for proxy auto injection and service profile ownership has changed as part of this release. Please see the upgrade instructions for more details.

Special thanks to: @alenkacz, @codeman9, @jonrichards, @radu-matei, @yeya24, and @zknill

Full release notes:

  • CLI
    • Improved service profile validation when running linkerd check in order to validate service profiles in all namespaces
    • Added the linkerd endpoints command to introspect Linkerd's service discovery state
    • Added the --tap flag to linkerd profile to generate service profiles using the route results seen during the tap
    • Added support for the linkerd.io/inject: disabled annotation on pod specs to disable injection for specific pods when running linkerd inject
    • Added support for basePath in OpenAPI 2.0 files when running linkerd profile --open-api
    • Increased linkerd check client timeout from 5 seconds to 30 seconds to fix issues for clusters with slow API servers
    • Updated linkerd routes to no longer return rows for ExternalName services in the namespace
    • Broadened the set of valid URLs when connecting to the Kubernetes API
    • Added the --proto flag to linkerd profile to output a service profile based on a Protobuf spec file
    • Fixed CLI connection failures to clusters that use self-signed certificates
    • Simplified linkerd install so that setting up proxy auto-injection (flag --proxy-auto-inject) no longer requires enabling TLS (flag --tls)
    • Added links for each linkerd check failure, pointing to a relevant section in our new FAQ page with resolution steps for each case
    • Added optional linkerd install-sp command to generate service profiles for the control plane, providing per-route metrics for control plane components
    • Removed --proxy-bind-timeout flag from linkerd install and linkerd inject, as the proxy no longer accepts this environment variable
    • Improved CLI appearance on Windows systems
    • Improved linkerd check output, fixed bug with --single-namespace
    • Fixed panic when linkerd routes is called in single-namespace mode
    • Added linkerd logs command to surface logs from any container in the Linkerd control plane
    • Added linkerd uninject command to remove the Linkerd proxy from a Kubernetes config
    • Improved linkerd inject to re-inject a resource that already has a Linkerd proxy
    • Improved linkerd routes to list all routes, including those without traffic
    • Improved readability in linkerd check and linkerd inject outputs
    • Adjusted the set of checks that are run before executing CLI commands, which allows the CLI to be invoked even when the control plane is not fully ready
    • Fixed reporting of injected resources when the linkerd inject command is run on List type resources with multiple items
    • Updated the linkerd dashboard command to use port-forwarding instead of proxying when connecting to the web UI and Grafana
    • Added validation for the ServiceProfile CRD
    • Updated the linkerd check command to disallow setting both the --pre and --proxy flags simultaneously
    • Added --routes flag to the linkerd top command, for grouping table rows by route instead of by path
    • Updated Prometheus configuration to automatically load *_rules.yml files
    • Removed TLS column from the linkerd routes command output
    • Updated linkerd install output to use non-default service accounts, emptyDir volume mounts, and non-root users
    • Removed cluster-wide resources from single-namespace installs
    • Fixed resource requests for proxy-injector container in --ha installs
  • Controller
    • Fixed issue with auto-injector not setting the proxy ID, which is required to successfully locate client service profiles
    • Added full stat and tap support for DaemonSets and StatefulSets in the CLI, Grafana, and web UI
    • Updated auto-injector to use the proxy log level configured at install time
    • Fixed issue with auto-injector including TLS settings in injected pods even when TLS was not enabled
    • Changed automatic proxy injection to be opt-in via the linkerd.io/inject annotation on the pod or namespace
    • Move service profile definitions to client and server namespaces, rather than the control plane namespace
    • Added linkerd.io/created-by annotation to the linkerd-cni DaemonSet
    • Added a 10 second keepalive default to resolve dropped connections in Azure environments
    • Improved node selection for installing the linkerd-cni DaemonSet
    • Corrected the expected controller identity when configuring pods with TLS
    • Modified klog to be verbose when controller log-level is set to debug
    • Added support for retries and timeouts, configured directly in the service profile for each route
    • Added an experimental CNI plugin to avoid requiring the NET_ADMIN capability when injecting proxies
    • Improved the API for ListPods
    • Fixed GetProfiles API call not returning immediately when no profile exists (resulting in proxies logging warnings)
    • Blocked controller initialization until caches have synced with kube API
    • Fixed proxy-api handling of named target ports in service configs
    • Added parameter to stats API to skip retrieving prometheus stats
  • Web UI
    • Updated navigation to link the Linkerd logo back to the Overview page
    • Fixed console warnings on the Top page
    • Grayed-out the tap icon for requests from sources that are not meshed
    • Improved resource detail pages to show all resource types
    • Fixed stats not appearing for routes that have service profiles installed
    • Added "meshed" and "no traffic" badges on the resource detail pages
    • Fixed linkerd dashboard to maintain proxy connection when browser open fails
    • Fixed JavaScript bundling to avoid serving old versions after upgrade
    • Reduced the size of the webpack JavaScript bundle by nearly 50%
    • Fixed an indexing error on the top results page
    • Restored unmeshed resources in the network graph on the resource detail page
    • Adjusted label for unknown routes in route tables, added tooltip
    • Updated Top Routes page to persist form settings in URL
    • Added button to create new service profiles on Top Routes page
    • Fixed CLI commands displayed when linkerd is running in non-default namespace
  • Proxy
    • Modified the way in which canonicalization warnings are logged to reduce the overall volume of error logs and make it clearer when failures occur
    • Added TCP keepalive configuration to fix environments where peers may silently drop connections
    • Updated the Get and GetProfiles APIs to accept a proxy_id parameter in order to return more tailored results
    • Removed TLS fallback-to-plaintext if handshake fails
    • Added the ability to override a proxy's normal outbound routing by adding an l5d-override-dst header
    • Added LINKERD2_PROXY_DNS_CANONICALIZE_TIMEOUT environment variable to customize the timeout for DNS queries to canonicalize a name
    • Added support for route timeouts in service profiles
    • Improved logging for gRPC errors and for malformed HTTP/2 request headers
    • Improved log readability by moving some noisy log messages to more verbose log levels
    • Fixed a deadlock in HTTP/2 stream reference counts
    • Updated the proxy-init container to exit with a non-zero exit code if initialization fails, making initialization errors much more visible
    • Fixed a memory leak due to leaked UDP sockets for failed DNS queries
    • Improved configuration of the PeakEwma load balancer
    • Improved handling of ports configured to skip protocol detection when the proxy is running with TLS enabled

edge-19.2.3

  • Controller
    • Fixed issue with auto-injector not setting the proxy ID, which is required to successfully locate client service profiles
  • Web UI
    • Updated navigation to link the Linkerd logo back to the Overview page
    • Fixed console warnings on the Top page

edge-19.2.2

  • CLI
    • Improved service profile validation when running linkerd check in order to validate service profiles in all namespaces
  • Controller
    • Added stat and tap support for StatefulSets in the CLI, Grafana, and web UI
    • Updated auto-injector to use the proxy log level configured at install time
    • Fixed issue with auto-injector including TLS settings in injected pods even when TLS was not enabled
  • Proxy
    • Modified the way in which canonicalization warnings are logged to reduce the overall volume of error logs and make it clearer when failures occur

edge-19.2.1

  • Controller
    • Breaking change Changed automatic proxy injection to be opt-in via the linkerd.io/inject annotation on the pod or namespace. More info: https://linkerd.io/2/proxy-injection/
    • Breaking change ServiceProfiles are now defined in client and server namespaces, rather than the control plane namespace. ServiceProfiles defined in the client namespace take priority over ones defined in the server namespace
    • Added linkerd.io/created-by annotation to the linkerd-cni DaemonSet (thanks @codeman9!)
    • Added a 10 second keepalive default to resolve dropped connections in Azure environments
    • Improved node selection for installing the linkerd-cni DaemonSet (thanks @codeman9!)
    • Corrected the expected controller identity when configuring pods with TLS
    • Modified klog to be verbose when controller log-level is set to Debug
  • CLI
    • Added the linkerd endpoints command to introspect Linkerd's service discovery state
    • Added the --tap flag to linkerd profile to generate a ServiceProfile by using the route results seen during the tap
    • Added support for the linkerd.io/inject: disabled annotation on pod specs to disable injection for specific pods when running linkerd inject
    • Added support for basePath in OpenAPI 2.0 files when running linkerd profile --open-api
    • Increased linkerd check client timeout from 5 seconds to 30 seconds to fix issues for clusters with a slower API server
    • linkerd routes will no longer return rows for ExternalName services in the namespace
    • Broadened set of valid URLs when connecting to the Kubernetes API
    • Improved ServiceProfile field validation in linkerd check
  • Proxy
    • Added TCP keepalive configuration to fix environments where peers may silently drop connections
    • The Get and GetProfiles API now accept a proxy_id parameter in order to return more tailored results
    • Removed TLS fallback-to-plaintext if handshake fails

edge-19.1.4

  • Controller
    • Added support for timeouts! Configurable in the service profiles for each route
    • Added an experimental CNI plugin to avoid requiring the NET_ADMIN capability when injecting proxies (more details at https://linkerd.io/2/cni) (thanks @codeman9!)
    • Added more improvements to the API for ListPods (thanks @alenkacz!)
  • Web UI
    • Grayed-out the tap icon for requests from sources that are not meshed
  • CLI
    • Added the --proto flag to linkerd profile to output a service profile based on a Protobuf spec file
    • Fixed CLI connection failure to clusters that use self-signed certificates
    • Simplified linkerd install so that setting up proxy auto-injection (flag --proxy-auto-inject) no longer requires enabling TLS (flag --tls)
    • Added links for each linkerd check failure, pointing to a relevant section in our new FAQ page with resolution steps for each case

edge-19.1.3

  • Controller
    • Improved API for ListPods (thanks @alenkacz!)
    • Fixed GetProfiles API call not returning immediately when no profile exists (resulting in proxies logging warnings)
  • Web UI
    • Improved resource detail pages now show all resource types
    • Fixed stats not appearing for routes that have service profiles installed
  • CLI
    • Added optional linkerd install-sp command to generate service profiles for the control plane, providing per-route metrics for control plane components
    • Removed --proxy-bind-timeout flag from linkerd install and linkerd inject commands, as the proxy no longer accepts this environment variable
    • Improved CLI appearance on Windows systems
    • Improved linkerd check output, fixed check bug when using --single-namespace (thanks to @djeeg for the bug report!)
    • Improved linkerd stat now supports DaemonSets (thanks @zknill!)
    • Fixed panic when linkerd routes is called in single-namespace mode
  • Proxy
    • Added the ability to override a proxy's normal outbound routing by adding an l5d-override-dst header
    • Added LINKERD2_PROXY_DNS_CANONICALIZE_TIMEOUT environment variable to customize the timeout for DNS queries to canonicalize a name
    • Added support for route timeouts in service profiles
    • Improved logging for gRPC errors and for malformed HTTP/2 request headers
    • Improved log readability by moving some noisy log messages to more verbose log levels

edge-19.1.2

  • Controller
    • Retry support! Introduce an isRetryable property to service profiles to enable configuring retries on a per-route basis
  • Web UI
    • Add "meshed" and "no traffic" badges on the resource detail pages
    • Fix linkerd dashboard to maintain proxy connection when browser open fails
    • Fix JavaScript bundling to avoid serving old versions after upgrade
  • CLI
    • Add linkerd logs command to surface logs from any container in the Linkerd control plane (shout out to Stern!)
    • Add linkerd uninject command to remove the Linkerd proxy from a Kubernetes config
    • Improve linkerd inject to re-inject a resource that already has a Linkerd proxy
    • Improve linkerd routes to list all routes, including those without traffic
    • Improve readability in linkerd check and linkerd inject outputs
  • Proxy
    • Fix a deadlock in HTTP/2 stream reference counts

edge-19.1.1

  • CLI
    • Adjust the set of checks that are run before executing CLI commands, which allows the CLI to be invoked even when the control plane is not fully ready
    • Fix reporting of injected resources when the linkerd inject command is run on List type resources with multiple items
    • Update the linkerd dashboard command to use port-forwarding instead of proxying when connecting to the web UI and Grafana
    • Add validation for the ServiceProfile CRD (thanks, @alenkacz!)
    • Update the linkerd check command to disallow setting both the --pre and --proxy flags simultaneously (thanks again, @alenkacz!)
  • Web UI
    • Reduce the size of the webpack JavaScript bundle by nearly 50%!
    • Fix an indexing error on the top results page
  • Proxy
    • Fixed The proxy-init container now exits with a non-zero exit code if initialization fails, making initialization errors much more visible
    • Fixed The proxy previously leaked UDP sockets for failed DNS queries, causing a memory leak; this has been fixed

edge-18.12.4

Upgrade notes: The control plane components have been renamed as of the edge-18.12.1 release to reduce possible naming collisions. To upgrade an older installation, see the Upgrade Guide.

  • CLI
    • Add --routes flag to the linkerd top command, for grouping table rows by route instead of by path
    • Update Prometheus configuration to automatically load *_rules.yml files
    • Remove TLS column from the linkerd routes command output
  • Web UI
    • Restore unmeshed resources in the network graph on the resource detail page
    • Reduce the overall size of the asset bundle for the web frontend
  • Proxy
    • Improve configuration of the PeakEwma load balancer

Special thanks to @radu-matei for cleaning up a whole slew of Go lint warnings, and to @jonrichards for improving the Rust build setup!

edge-18.12.3

Upgrade notes: The control plane components have been renamed as of the edge-18.12.1 release to reduce possible naming collisions. To upgrade an older installation, see the Upgrade Guide.

  • CLI
    • Multiple improvements to the linkerd install config (thanks @codeman9!)
      • Use non-default service accounts for grafana and web deployments
      • Use emptyDir volume mount for prometheus and grafana pods
      • Set security context on control plane components to not run as root
    • Remove cluster-wide resources from single-namespace installs
      • Disable service profiles in single-namespace mode
      • Require that namespace already exist for single-namespace installs
    • Fix resource requests for proxy-injector container in --ha installs
  • Controller
    • Block controller initialization until caches have synced with kube API
    • Fix proxy-api handling of named target ports in service configs
    • Add parameter to stats API to skip retrieving prometheus stats (thanks, @alpeb!)
  • Web UI
    • Adjust label for unknown routes in route tables, add tooltip
    • Update Top Routes page to persist form settings in URL
    • Add button to create new service profiles on Top Routes page
    • Fix CLI commands displayed when linkerd is running in non-default namespace
  • Proxy
    • Proxies with TLS enabled now honor ports configured to skip protocol detection

stable-2.1.0

This stable release introduces several major improvements, including per-route metrics, service profiles, and a vastly improved dashboard UI. It also adds several significant experimental features, including proxy auto-injection, single namespace installs, and a high-availability mode for the control plane.

For more details, see the announcement blog post: https://blog.linkerd.io/2018/12/06/announcing-linkerd-2-1/

To install this release, run: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install | sh

Upgrade notes: The control plane components have been renamed in this release to reduce possible naming collisions. Please make sure to read the upgrade instructions if you are upgrading from the stable-2.0.0 release.

Special thanks to: @alenkacz, @alpeb, @benjdlambert, @fahrradflucht, @ffd2subroutine, @hypnoglow, @ihcsim, @lucab, and @rochacon

Full release notes:

  • CLI
    • linkerd routes command displays per-route stats for any resource
    • Service profiles are now supported for external authorities
    • linkerd routes --open-api flag generates a service profile based on an OpenAPI specification (swagger) file
    • linkerd routes command displays per-route stats for services with service profiles
    • Add --ha flag to linkerd install command, for HA deployment of the control plane
    • Update stat command to accept multiple stat targets
    • Fix authority stat filtering when the --from flag is present
    • Various improvements to check command, including:
      • Emit warnings instead of errors when not running the latest version
      • Add retries if control plane health check fails initially
      • Run all pre-install RBAC checks, instead of stopping at first failure
    • Fixed an issue with the --registry install flag not accepting hosts with ports
    • Added an --output stat flag, for printing stats as JSON
    • Updated the top table to set column widths dynamically
    • Added a --single-namespace install flag for installing the control plane with Role permissions instead of ClusterRole permissions
    • Added a --proxy-auto-inject flag to the install command, allowing for auto-injection of sidecar containers
    • Added --proxy-cpu and --proxy-memory flags to the install and inject commands, giving the ability to configure CPU + Memory requests
    • Added a --context flag to specify the context to use to talk to the Kubernetes apiserver
    • The namespace in which Linkerd is installed is configurable via the LINKERD_NAMESPACE env var, in addition to the --linkerd-namespace flag
    • The wait time for the check and dashboard commands is configurable via the --wait flag
    • The top command now aggregates by HTTP method as well
  • Controller
    • Rename snake case fields to camel case in service profile spec
    • Controller components are now prefixed with linkerd- to prevent name collisions with existing resources
    • linkerd install --disable-h2-upgrade flag has been added to control automatic HTTP/2 upgrading
    • Fix auto injection issue on Kubernetes v1.9.11 that would merge, rather than append, the proxy container into the application
    • Fixed a few issues with auto injection via the proxy-injector webhook:
      • Injected pods now execute the linkerd-init container last, to avoid rerouting requests during pod init
      • Original pod labels and annotations are preserved when auto-injecting
    • CLI health check now uses unified endpoint for data plane checks
    • Include Licence files in all Docker images
  • Proxy
    • The proxy's tap subsystem has been reimplemented to be more efficient and and reliable
      • The proxy now supports route metadata in tap queries and events
    • A potential HTTP/2 window starvation bug has been fixed
    • Prometheus counters now wrap properly for values greater than 2^53
    • Add controller client metrics, scoped under control_
    • Canonicalize outbound names via DNS for inbound profiles
    • Fix routing issue when a pod makes a request to itself
    • Only include classification label on response_total metric
    • Remove panic when failing to get remote address
    • Better logging in TCP connect error messages
  • Web UI
    • Top routes page, served at /routes
    • Route metrics are now available in the resource detail pages for services with configured profiles
    • Service profiles can be created and downloaded from the Web UI
    • Top Routes page, served at /routes
    • Fixed a smattering of small UI issues
    • Added a new Grafana dashboard for authorities
    • Revamped look and feel of the Linkerd dashboard by switching component libraries from antd to material-ui
    • Added a Help section in the sidebar containing useful links
    • Tap and Top pages
      • Added clear button to query form
    • Resource Detail pages
      • Limit number of resources shown in the graph
    • Resource Detail page
      • Better rendering of the dependency graph at the top of the page
      • Unmeshed sources are now populated in the Inbound traffic table
      • Sources and destinations are aligned in the popover
    • Tap and Top pages
      • Additional validation and polish for the form controls
      • The top table clears older results when a new top call is started
      • The top table now aggregates by HTTP method as well

edge-18.12.2

Upgrade notes: The control plane components have been renamed as of the edge-18.12.1 release to reduce possible naming collisions. To upgrade an older installation, see the Upgrade Guide.

  • Controller
    • Rename snake case fields to camel case in service profile spec

edge-18.12.1

Upgrade notes: The control plane components have been renamed in this release to reduce possible naming collisions. To upgrade an existing installation:

  • Install new CLI: curl https://run.linkerd.io/install-edge | sh
  • Install new control plane: linkerd install | kubectl apply -f -
  • Remove old deploys/cms: kubectl -n linkerd get deploy,cm -oname | grep -v linkerd | xargs kubectl -n linkerd delete
  • Re-inject your applications: linkerd inject my-app.yml | kubectl apply -f -
  • Remove old services: kubectl -n linkerd get svc -oname | grep -v linkerd | xargs kubectl -n linkerd delete

For more information, see the Upgrade Guide.

  • CLI
    • Improved linkerd routes command displays per-route stats for any resource!
    • New Service profiles are now supported for external authorities!
    • New linkerd routes --open-api flag generates a service profile based on an OpenAPI specification (swagger) file
  • Web UI
    • New Top routes page, served at /routes
    • New Route metrics are now available in the resource detail pages for services with configured profiles
    • New Service profiles can be created and downloaded from the Web UI
  • Controller
    • Improved Controller components are now prefixed with linkerd- to prevent name collisions with existing resources
    • New linkerd install --disable-h2-upgrade flag has been added to control automatic HTTP/2 upgrading
  • Proxy
    • Improved The proxy's tap subsystem has been reimplemented to be more efficient and and reliable
      • The proxy now supports route metadata in tap queries and events
    • Fixed A potential HTTP/2 window starvation bug has been fixed
    • Fixed Prometheus counters now wrap properly for values greater than 2^53 (thanks, @lucab!)

edge-18.11.3

  • CLI
    • New linkerd routes command displays per-route stats for services with service profiles
    • Experimental Add --ha flag to linkerd install command, for HA deployment of the control plane (thanks @benjdlambert!)
  • Web UI
    • Experimental Top Routes page, served at /routes
  • Controller
    • Fixed Fix auto injection issue on Kubernetes v1.9.11 that would merge, rather than append, the proxy container into the application
  • Proxy
    • Improved Add controller client metrics, scoped under control_
    • Improved Canonicalize outbound names via DNS for inbound profiles

edge-18.11.2

  • CLI
    • Improved Update stat command to accept multiple stat targets
    • Fixed Fix authority stat filtering when the --from flag is present
    • Various improvements to check command, including:
      • Emit warnings instead of errors when not running the latest version
      • Add retries if control plane health check fails initially
      • Run all pre-install RBAC checks, instead of stopping at first failure
  • Proxy / Proxy-Init
    • Fixed Fix routing issue when a pod makes a request to itself (#1585)
    • Only include classification label on response_total metric

edge-18.11.1

  • Proxy
    • Fixed Remove panic when failing to get remote address
    • Improved Better logging in TCP connect error messages
  • Web UI
    • Improved Fixed a smattering of small UI issues

edge-18.10.4

This release includes a major redesign of the web frontend to make use of the Material design system. Additional features that leverage the new design are coming soon! This release also includes the following changes:

  • CLI
    • Fixed Fixed an issue with the --registry install flag not accepting hosts with ports (thanks, @alenkacz!)
  • Web UI
    • New Added a new Grafana dashboard for authorities (thanks, @alpeb!)
    • New Revamped look and feel of the Linkerd dashboard by switching component libraries from antd to material-ui

edge-18.10.3

  • CLI
    • New Added an --output stat flag, for printing stats as JSON
    • Improved Updated the top table to set column widths dynamically
    • Experimental Added a --single-namespace install flag for installing the control plane with Role permissions instead of ClusterRole permissions
  • Controller
    • Fixed a few issues with auto injection via the proxy-injector webhook:
      • Injected pods now execute the linkerd-init container last, to avoid rerouting requests during pod init
      • Original pod labels and annotations are preserved when auto-injecting
  • Web UI
    • New Added a Help section in the sidebar containing useful links

edge-18.10.2

This release brings major improvements to the CLI as described below, including support for auto-injecting deployments via a Kubernetes Admission Controller. Proxy auto-injection is experimental, and the implementation may change going forward.

  • CLI
    • New Added a --proxy-auto-inject flag to the install command, allowing for auto-injection of sidecar containers (Thanks @ihcsim!)
    • Improved Added --proxy-cpu and --proxy-memory flags to the install and inject commands, giving the ability to configure CPU + Memory requests (Thanks @benjdlambert!)
    • Improved Added a --context flag to specify the context to use to talk to the Kubernetes apiserver (Thanks @ffd2subroutine!)

edge-18.10.1

  • Web UI
    • Improved Tap and Top pages
      • Added clear button to query form
    • Improved Resource Detail pages
      • Limit number of resources shown in the graph
  • Controller
    • CLI health check now uses unified endpoint for data plane checks
    • Include Licence files in all Docker images

Special thanks to @alenkacz for contributing to this release!

edge-18.9.3

  • Web UI
    • Improved Resource Detail page
      • Better rendering of the dependency graph at the top of the page
      • Unmeshed sources are now populated in the Inbound traffic table
      • Sources and destinations are aligned in the popover
    • Improved Tap and Top pages
      • Additional validation and polish for the form controls
      • The top table clears older results when a new top call is started
      • The top table now aggregates by HTTP method as well
  • CLI
    • New The namespace in which Linkerd is installed is configurable via the LINKERD_NAMESPACE env var, in addition to the --linkerd-namespace flag
    • New The wait time for the check and dashboard commands is configurable via the --wait flag
    • Improved The top command now aggregates by HTTP method as well

Special thanks to @rochacon, @fahrradflucht and @alenkacz for contributing to this release!

stable-2.0.0

edge-18.9.2

  • New edge and stable release channels
  • Web UI
    • Improved Tap & Top UIs with better layout and linking
  • CLI
    • Improved check --pre command verifies the caller has sufficient permissions to install Linkerd
    • Improved check command verifies that Prometheus has data for proxied pods
  • Proxy
    • Fix hyper crate dependency corrects HTTP/1.0 Keep-Alive behavior

v18.9.1

  • Web UI
    • New Default landing page provides namespace overview with expandable sections
    • New Breadcrumb navigation at the top of the dashboard
    • Improved Tap and Top pages
      • Table rendering performance improvements via throttling
      • Tables now link to resource detail pages
      • Tap an entire namespace when no resource is specified
      • Tap websocket errors provide more descriptive text
      • Consolidated source and destination columns
    • Misc ui updates
      • Metrics tables now include a small success rate chart
      • Improved latency formatting for seconds latencies
      • Renamed upstream/downstream to inbound/outbound
      • Sidebar scrolls independently from main panel, scrollbars hidden when not needed
      • Removed social links from sidebar
  • CLI
    • New linkerd check now validates Linkerd proxy versions and readiness
    • New linkerd inject now provides an injection status report, and warns when resources are not injectable
    • New linkerd top now has a --hide-sources flag, to hide the source column and collapse top results accordingly
  • Control Plane
    • Updated Prometheus to v2.4.0, Grafana to 5.2.4

v18.8.4

  • Web UI
    • Improved Tap and Top now have a better sampling rate
    • Fixed Missing sidebar headings now appear

v18.8.3

  • Web UI
    • Improved Kubernetes resource navigation in the sidebar
    • Improved resource detail pages:
      • New live request view
      • New success rate graphs
  • CLI
    • tap and top have been improved to sample up to 100 RPS
  • Control plane
    • Injected proxy containers now have readiness and liveness probes enabled

Special thanks to @sourishkrout for contributing a web readibility fix!

v18.8.2

  • CLI
    • New linkerd top command has been added, displays live traffic stats
    • linkerd check has been updated with additional checks, now supports a --pre flag for running pre-install checks
    • linkerd check and linkerd dashboard now support a --wait flag that tells the CLI to wait for the control plane to become ready
    • linkerd tap now supports a --output flag to display output in a wide format that includes src and dst resources and namespaces
    • linkerd stat includes additional validation for command line inputs
    • All commands that talk to the Linkerd API now show better error messages when the control plane is unavailable
  • Web UI
    • New individual resources can now be viewed on a resource detail page, which includes stats for the resource itself and its nearest neighbors
    • Experimental web-based Top interface accessible at /top, aggregates tap data in real time to display live traffic stats
    • The /tap page has multiple improvements, including displaying additional src/dst metadata, improved form controls, and better latency formatting
    • All resource tables have been updated to display meshed pod counts, as well as an icon linking to the resource's Grafana dashboard if it is meshed
    • The UI now shows more useful information when server errors are encountered
  • Proxy
    • The h2 crate fixed a HTTP/2 window management bug
    • The rustls crate fixed a bug that could improperly fail TLS streams
  • Control Plane
    • The tap server now hydrates metadata for both sources and destinations

v18.8.1

  • Web UI
    • New Tap UI makes it possible to query & inspect requests from the browser!
  • Proxy
    • New Automatic, transparent HTTP/2 multiplexing of HTTP/1 traffic reduces the cost of short-lived HTTP/1 connections
  • Control Plane
    • Improved linkerd inject now supports injecting all resources in a folder
    • Fixed linkerd tap no longer crashes when there are many pods
    • New Prometheus now only scrapes proxies belonging to its own linkerd install
    • Fixed Prometheus metrics collection for clusters with >100 pods

Special thanks to @ihcsim for contributing the inject improvement!

v18.7.3

Linkerd2 v18.7.3 completes the rebranding from Conduit to Linkerd2, and improves overall performance and stability.

  • Proxy
    • Improved CPU utilization by ~20%
  • Web UI
    • Experimental /tap page now supports additional filters
  • Control Plane
    • Updated all k8s.io dependencies to 1.11.1

v18.7.2

Linkerd2 v18.7.2 introduces new stability features as we work toward production readiness.

  • Control Plane
    • Breaking change Injected pod labels have been renamed to be more consistent with Kubernetes; previously injected pods must be re-injected with new version of linkerd CLI in order to work with updated control plane
    • The "ca-bundle-distributor" deployment has been renamed to "ca"
  • Proxy
    • Fixed HTTP/1.1 connections were not properly reused, leading to elevated latencies and CPU load
    • Fixed The process_cpu_seconds_total was calculated incorrectly
  • Web UI
    • New per-namespace application topology graph
    • Experimental web-based Tap interface accessible at /tap
    • Updated favicon to the Linkerd logo

v18.7.1

Linkerd2 v18.7.1 is the first release of the Linkerd2 project, which was formerly hosted at github.com/runconduit/conduit.

  • Packaging
    • Introduce new date-based versioning scheme, vYY.M.n
    • Move all Docker images to gcr.io/linkerd-io repo
  • User Interface
    • Update branding to reference Linkerd throughout
    • The CLI is now called linkerd
  • Production Readiness
    • Fix issue with destination service sending back incomplete pod metadata
    • Fix high CPU usage during proxy shutdown
    • ClusterRoles are now unique per Linkerd install, allowing multiple instances to be installed in the same Kubernetes cluster

v0.5.0

Conduit v0.5.0 introduces a new, experimental feature that automatically enables Transport Layer Security between Conduit proxies to secure application traffic. It also adds support for HTTP protocol upgrades, so applications that use WebSockets can now benefit from Conduit.

  • Security
    • New conduit install --tls=optional enables automatic, opportunistic TLS. See the docs for more info.
  • Production Readiness
    • The proxy now transparently supports HTTP protocol upgrades to support, for instance, WebSockets.
    • The proxy now seamlessly forwards HTTP CONNECT streams.
    • Controller services are now configured with liveness and readiness probes.
  • User Interface
    • conduit stat now supports a virtual authority resource that aggregates traffic by the :authority (or Host) header of an HTTP request.
    • dashboard, stat, and tap have been updated to describe TLS state for traffic.
    • conduit tap now has more detailed information, including the direction of each message (outbound or inbound).
    • conduit stat now more-accurately records histograms for low-latency services.
    • conduit dashboard now includes error messages when a Conduit-enabled pod fails.
  • Internals
    • Prometheus has been upgraded to v2.3.1.
    • A potential live-lock has been fixed in HTTP/2 servers.
    • conduit tap could crash due to a null-pointer access. This has been fixed.

v0.4.4

Conduit v0.4.4 continues to improve production suitability and sets up internals for the upcoming v0.5.0 release.

  • Production Readiness
    • The destination service has been mostly-rewritten to improve safety and correctness, especially during controller initialization.
    • Readiness and Liveness checks have been added for some controller components.
    • RBAC settings have been expanded so that Prometheus can access node-level metrics.
  • User Interface
    • Ad blockers like uBlock prevented the Conduit dashboard from fetching API data. This has been fixed.
    • The UI now highlights pods that have failed to start a proxy.
  • Internals
    • Various dependency upgrades, including Rust 1.26.2.
    • TLS testing continues to bear fruit, precipitating stability improvements to dependencies like Rustls.

Special thanks to @alenkacz for improving docker build times!

v0.4.3

Conduit v0.4.3 continues progress towards production readiness. It features a new latency-aware load balancer.

  • Production Readiness
    • The proxy now uses a latency-aware load balancer for outbound requests. This implementation is based on Finagle's Peak-EWMA balancer, which has been proven to significantly reduce tail latencies. This is the same load balancing strategy used by Linkerd.
  • User Interface
    • conduit stat is now slightly more predictable in the way it outputs things, especially for commands like watch conduit stat all --all-namespaces.
    • Failed and completed pods are no longer shown in stat summary results.
  • Internals
    • The proxy now supports some TLS configuration, though these features remain disabled and undocumented pending further testing and instrumentation.

Special thanks to @ihcsim for contributing his first PR to the project and to @roanta for discussing the Peak-EWMA load balancing algorithm with us.

v0.4.2

Conduit v0.4.2 is a major step towards production readiness. It features a wide array of fixes and improvements for long-running proxies, and several new telemetry features. It also lays the groundwork for upcoming releases that introduce mutual TLS everywhere.

  • Production Readiness
    • The proxy now drops metrics that do not update for 10 minutes, preventing unbounded memory growth for long-running processes.
    • The proxy now constrains the number of services that a node can route to simultaneously (default: 100). This protects long-running proxies from consuming unbounded resources by tearing down the longest-idle clients when the capacity is reached.
    • The proxy now properly honors HTTP/2 request cancellation.
    • The proxy could incorrectly handle requests in the face of some connection errors. This has been fixed.
    • The proxy now honors DNS TTLs.
    • conduit inject now works with statefulset resources.
  • Telemetry
    • New conduit stat now supports the all Kubernetes resource, which shows traffic stats for all Kubernetes resources in a namespace.
    • New the Conduit web UI has been reorganized to provide namespace overviews.
    • Fix a bug in Tap that prevented the proxy from simultaneously satisfying more than one Tap request.
    • Fix a bug that could prevent stats from being reported for some TCP streams in failure conditions.
    • The proxy now measures response latency as time-to-first-byte.
  • Internals
    • The proxy now supports user-friendly time values (e.g. 10s) from environment configuration.
    • The control plane now uses client for Kubernetes 1.10.2.
    • Much richer proxy debug logging, including socket and stream metadata.
    • The proxy internals have been changed substantially in preparation for TLS support.

Special thanks to @carllhw, @kichristensen, & @sfroment for contributing to this release!

Upgrading from v0.4.1

When upgrading from v0.4.1, we suggest that the control plane be upgraded to v0.4.2 before injecting application pods to use v0.4.2 proxies.

v0.4.1

Conduit 0.4.1 builds on the telemetry work from 0.4.0, providing rich, Kubernetes-aware observability and debugging.

  • Web UI
    • New Automatically-configured Grafana dashboards for Services, Pods, ReplicationControllers, and Conduit mesh health.
    • New conduit dashboard Pod and ReplicationController views.
  • Command-line interface
    • Breaking change conduit tap now operates on most Kubernetes resources.
    • conduit stat and conduit tap now both support kubectl-style resource strings (deploy, deploy/web, and deploy web), specifically:
      • namespaces
      • deployments
      • replicationcontrollers
      • services
      • pods
  • Telemetry
    • New Tap support for filtering by and exporting destination metadata. Now you can sample requests from A to B, where A and B are any resource or group of resources.
    • New TCP-level stats, including connection counts and durations, and throughput, wired through to Grafana dashboards.
  • Service Discovery
    • The proxy now uses the trust-dns DNS resolver. This fixes a number of DNS correctness issues.
    • The destination service could sometimes return incorrect, stale, labels for an endpoint. This has been fixed!

v0.4.0

Conduit 0.4.0 overhauls Conduit's telemetry system and improves service discovery reliability.

  • Web UI
    • New automatically-configured Grafana dashboards for all Deployments.
  • Command-line interface
    • conduit stat has been completely rewritten to accept arguments like kubectl get. The --to and --from filters can be used to filter traffic by destination and source, respectively. conduit stat currently can operate on Namespace and Deployment Kubernetes resources. More resource types will be added in the next release!
  • Proxy (data plane)
    • New Prometheus-formatted metrics are now exposed on :4191/metrics, including rich destination labeling for outbound HTTP requests. The proxy no longer pushes metrics to the control plane.
    • The proxy now handles SIGINT or SIGTERM, gracefully draining requests until all are complete or SIGQUIT is received.
    • SMTP and MySQL (ports 25 and 3306) are now treated as opaque TCP by default. You should no longer have to specify --skip-outbound-ports to communicate with such services.
    • When the proxy reconnected to the controller, it could continue to send requests to old endpoints. Now, when the proxy reconnects to the controller, it properly removes invalid endpoints.
    • A bug impacting some HTTP/2 reset scenarios has been fixed.
  • Service Discovery
    • Previously, the proxy failed to resolve some domain names that could be misinterpreted as a Kubernetes Service name. This has been fixed by extending the Destination API with a negative acknowledgement response.
  • Control Plane
    • The Telemetry service and associated APIs have been removed.
  • Documentation

Special thanks to @ahume, @alenkacz, & @xiaods for contributing to this release!

Upgrading from v0.3.1

When upgrading from v0.3.1, it's important to upgrade proxies before upgrading the controller. As you upgrade proxies, the controller will lose visibility into some data plane stats. Once all proxies are updated, conduit install |kubectl apply -f - can be run to upgrade the controller without causing any data plane disruptions. Once the controller has been restarted, traffic stats should become available.

v0.3.1

Conduit 0.3.1 improves Conduit's resilience and transparency.

  • Proxy (data plane)
    • The proxy now makes fewer changes to requests and responses being proxied. In particular, requests and responses without bodies or with empty bodies are better supported.
    • HTTP/1 requests with different Host header fields are no longer sent on the same HTTP/1 connection even when those hostnames resolve to the same IP address.
    • A connection leak during proxying of non-HTTP TCP connections was fixed.
    • The proxy now handles unavailable services more gracefully by timing out while waiting for an endpoint to become available for the service.
  • Command-line interface
    • $KUBECONFIG with multiple paths is now supported. (PR #482 by @hypnoglow).
    • conduit check now checks for the availability of a Conduit update. (PR #460 by @ahume).
  • Service Discovery
    • Kubernetes services with type ExternalName are now supported.
  • Control Plane
    • The proxy is injected into the control plane during installation to improve the control plane's resilience and to "dogfood" the proxy.
    • The control plane is now more resilient regarding networking failures.
  • Documentation

v0.3.0

Conduit 0.3 focused heavily on production hardening of Conduit's telemetry system. Conduit 0.3 should "just work" for most apps on Kubernetes 1.8 or 1.9 without configuration, and should support Kubernetes clusters with hundreds of services, thousands of instances, and hundreds of RPS per instance.

With this release, Conduit also moves from experimental to alpha---meaning that we're ready for some serious testing and vetting from you. As part of this, we've published the Conduit roadmap, and we've also launched some new mailing lists: conduit-users, conduit-dev, and conduit-announce.

  • CLI
    • CLI commands no longer depend on kubectl
    • conduit dashboard now runs on an ephemeral port, removing port 8001 conflicts
    • conduit inject now skips pods with hostNetwork=true
    • CLI commands now have friendlier error messages, and support a --verbose flag for debugging
  • Web UI
    • All displayed metrics are now instantaneous snapshots rather than aggregated over 10 minutes
    • The sidebar can now be collapsed
    • UX refinements and bug fixes
  • Conduit proxy (data plane)
    • Proxy does load-aware (P2C + least-loaded) L7 balancing for HTTP
    • Proxy can now route to external DNS names
    • Proxy now properly sheds load in some pathological cases when it cannot route
  • Telemetry system
    • Many optimizations and refinements to support scale goals
    • Per-path and per-pod metrics have been removed temporarily to improve scalability and stability; they will be reintroduced in Conduit 0.4 (#405)
  • Build improvements
    • The Conduit docker images are now much smaller.
    • Dockerfiles have been changed to leverage caching, improving build times substantially

Known Issues:

  • Some DNS lookups to external domains fail (#62, #155, #392)
  • Applications that use WebSockets, HTTP tunneling/proxying, or protocols such as MySQL and SMTP, require additional configuration (#339)

v0.2.0

This is a big milestone! With this release, Conduit adds support for HTTP/1.x and raw TCP traffic, meaning it should "just work" for most applications that are running on Kubernetes without additional configuration.

  • Data plane
    • Conduit now transparently proxies all TCP traffic, including HTTP/1.x and HTTP/2. (See caveats below.)
  • Command-line interface
    • Improved error handling for the tap command
    • tap also now works with HTTP/1.x traffic
  • Dashboard
    • Minor UI appearance tweaks
    • Deployments now searchable from the dashboard sidebar

Caveats:

  • Conduit will automatically work for most protocols. However, applications that use WebSockets, HTTP tunneling/proxying, or protocols such as MySQL and SMTP, will require some additional configuration. See the documentation for details.
  • Conduit doesn't yet support external DNS lookups. These will be addressed in an upcoming release.
  • There are known issues with Conduit's telemetry pipeline that prevent it from scaling beyond a few nodes. These will be addressed in an upcoming release.
  • Conduit is still in alpha! Please help us by filing issues and contributing pull requests.

v0.1.3

  • This is a minor bugfix for some web dashboard UI elements that were not rendering correctly.

v0.1.2

Conduit 0.1.2 continues down the path of increasing usability and improving debugging and introspection of the service mesh itself.

  • Conduit CLI
    • New conduit check command reports on the health of your Conduit installation.
    • New conduit completion command provides shell completion.
  • Dashboard
    • Added per-path metrics to the deployment detail pages.
    • Added animations to line graphs indicating server activity.
    • More descriptive CSS variable names. (Thanks @natemurthy!)
    • A variety of other minor UI bugfixes and improvements
  • Fixes
    • Fixed Prometheus config when using RBAC. (Thanks @FaKod!)
    • Fixed tap failure when pods do not belong to a deployment. (Thanks @FaKod!)

v0.1.1

Conduit 0.1.1 is focused on making it easier to get started with Conduit.

  • Conduit can now be installed on Kubernetes clusters that use RBAC.
  • The conduit inject command now supports a --skip-outbound-ports flag that directs Conduit to bypass proxying for specific outbound ports, making Conduit easier to use with non-gRPC or HTTP/2 protocols.
  • The conduit tap command output has been reformatted to be line-oriented, making it easier to parse with common UNIX command line utilities.
  • Conduit now supports routing of non-fully qualified domain names.
  • The web UI has improved support for large deployments and deployments that don't have any inbound/outbound traffic.

v0.1.0

Conduit 0.1.0 is the first public release of Conduit.

  • This release supports services that communicate via gRPC only. non-gRPC HTTP/2 services should work. More complete HTTP support, including HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1 and non-gRPC HTTP/2, will be added in an upcoming release.
  • Kubernetes 1.8.0 or later is required.
  • kubectl 1.8.0 or later is required. conduit dashboard will not work with earlier versions of kubectl.
  • When deploying to Minikube, Minikube 0.23 or 0.24.1 or later are required. Earlier versions will not work.
  • This release has been tested using Google Kubernetes Engine and Minikube. Upcoming releases will be tested on additional providers too.
  • Configuration settings and protocols are not stable yet.
  • Services written in Go must use grpc-go 1.3 or later to avoid grpc-go bug #1120.
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