Skip to content
Configure firewalld and system-config-firewall/lokkit
Branch: master
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
defaults
library
meta
tasks
tests
COPYING
README.md
semaphore

README.md

firewall

This role configures the firewall on RHEL-6 and RHEL-7 machines using the default firewall system.

For the configuration the role tries to use the firewalld client interface which is available in RHEL-7. If this failes it tries to use the system-config-firewall interface which is available in RHEL-6 and in RHEL-7 as an alternative.

Limitations

Configuration over Network

The configuration of the firewall could limit access to the machine over the network. Therefore it is needed to make sure that the SSH port is still accessible for the ansible server.

Using MAC addresses

As MAC addresses can no be used in netfilter to identify interfaces, this role is doing a mapping from the MAC addresses to interfaces for netfilter. The network needs to be configured before the firewall to be able to get the mapping to interfaces. After a MAC address change on the system, the firewall needs to be configured again if the MAC address has been used in the configuration.

If the MAC address or an interface has been changed in RHEL-6, then it is needed to adapt the firewall configuration also. For RHEL-7 this could be done automatically if NetworkManager is controlling the affected interface.

The Error Case

If the configuration failed or if the firwall configuration limits access to the machine in a bad way, it is most likely be needed to get physical access to the machine to fix the issue.

Rule sorting

If you want to add forwarding rules to an interface that also is masqueraded, then the masquerading rules needs to be sorted before the forwarding rule.

Usage

This configures the firewall:

$ ansible-playbook -i hostname, example-firewall.yml

Variables

These are the variables that can be passed to the role:

firewall_setup_default_solution: false

This turns off the installation and start of the default firewall solution for the specific Fedora or RHEL release. This is intended for users of system-config-firewall on RHEL-7 or Fedora releases.

service: 'ftp'
service: [ 'ftp', 'tftp' ]

Name of a service or service list to add or remove inbound access to. The service needs to be defined in firewalld or system-config-firewall/lokkit configuration.

port: '443/tcp'
port: [ '443/tcp', '443/udp' ]

Port or port range or a list of them to add or remove inbound access to. It needs to be in the format <port>[-<port>]/<protocol>.

trust: 'eth0'
trust: [ 'eth0', 'eth1' ]

Interface to add or remove to the trusted interfaces.

trust_by_mac: "00:11:22:33:44:55"
trust_by_mac: [ "00:11:22:33:44:55", "00:11:22:33:44:56" ]

Interface to add or remove to the trusted interfaces by MAC address or MAC address list. Each MAC address will automatically be mapped to the interface that is using this MAC address.

masq: 'eth2'
masq: [ 'eth2', 'eth3' ]

Interface to add or remove to the interfaces that are masqueraded.

masq_by_mac: "11:22:33:44:55:66"
masq_by_mac: [ "11:22:33:44:55:66", "11:22:33:44:55:67", ]

Interface to add or remove to the interfaces that are masqueraded by MAC address or MAC address list. Each MAC address will automatically be mapped to the interface that is using this MAC address.

forward_port: 'eth0;447/tcp;;1.2.3.4'
forward_port: [ 'eth0;447/tcp;;1.2.3.4', 'eth0;448/tcp;;1.2.3.5' ]

Add or remove port forwarding for ports or port ranges over an interface. It needs to be in the format <interface>;<port>[-<port>]/<protocol>;[<to-port>];[<to-addr>].

forward_port_by_mac: '00:11:22:33:44:55;447/tcp;;1.2.3.4'
forward_port_by_mac: [ '00:11:22:33:44:55;447/tcp;;1.2.3.4', '00:11:22:33:44:56;447/tcp;;1.2.3.4' ]

"Add or remove port forwarding for ports or port ranges over an interface itentified ba a MAC address or MAC address list. It needs to be in the format <mac-addr>;<port>[-<port>]/<protocol>;[<to-port>];[<to-addr>]. Each MAC address will automatically be mapped to the interface that is using this MAC address.

state: 'enabled' | 'disabled'

Enable or disable the entry.

Example Playbook

- hosts: localhost
  vars:
    firewall:
      - { service: [ 'tftp', 'ftp' ],
          port: [ '443/tcp', '443/udp' ],
          trust: [ 'eth0', 'eth1' ],
          masq: [ 'eth2', 'eth3' ],
          forward_port: [ 'eth2;447/tcp;;1.2.3.4',
                          'eth2;448/tcp;;1.2.3.5' ],
          state: 'enabled' }
      - { service: 'tftp', state: 'enabled' }
      - { port: '443/tcp', state: 'enabled' }
      - { trust: 'foo', state: 'enabled' }
      - { trust_by_mac: '00:11:22:33:44:55', state: 'enabled' }
      - { masq: 'foo2', state: 'enabled' }
      - { masq_by_mac: '00:11:22:33:44:55', state: 'enabled' }
      - { forward_port: 'eth0;445/tcp;;1.2.3.4', state: 'enabled' }
      - { forward_port_by_mac: '00:11:22:33:44:55;445/tcp;;1.2.3.4',
          state: 'enabled' }
  roles:
    - firewall

The block with several services, ports, etc. will be applied at once. If there is something wrong in the block it will fail as a whole.

It is also possible to use the more common syntax:

- hosts: localhost
  vars:
    firewall:
      service: 'tftp'
      state: 'enabled'
  roles:
    - firewall

To do only one change.

License

GPLv2+

You can’t perform that action at this time.