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#!/usr/local/bin/thrift --java --php --py
# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
# or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file
# distributed with this work for additional information
# regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file
# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
# with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
# *** PLEASE REMEMBER TO EDIT THE VERSION CONSTANT WHEN MAKING CHANGES ***
# ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
#
# Interface definition for Cassandra Service
#
namespace java org.apache.cassandra.thrift
namespace cpp org.apache.cassandra
namespace csharp Apache.Cassandra
namespace py cassandra
namespace php cassandra
namespace perl Cassandra
namespace cl cassandra_2.1.0
# Thrift.rb has a bug where top-level modules that include modules
# with the same name are not properly referenced, so we can't do
# Cassandra::Cassandra::Client.
namespace rb CassandraThrift
# The API version (NOT the product version), composed as a dot delimited
# string with major, minor, and patch level components.
#
# - Major: Incremented for backward incompatible changes. An example would
# be changes to the number or disposition of method arguments.
# - Minor: Incremented for backward compatible changes. An example would
# be the addition of a new (optional) method.
# - Patch: Incremented for bug fixes. The patch level should be increased
# for every edit that doesn't result in a change to major/minor.
#
# See the Semantic Versioning Specification (SemVer) http://semver.org.
const string VERSION = "2.1.0"
#
# data structures
#
/** Basic unit of data within a ColumnFamily.
* @param name. A column name can act both as structure (a label) or as data (like value). Regardless, the name of the column
* is used as a key to its value.
* @param value. Some data
* @param timestamp. Used to record when data was sent to be written.
*/
struct Column {
1: required binary name,
2: required binary value,
3: required i64 timestamp,
}
/** A named list of columns.
* @param name. see Column.name.
* @param columns. A collection of standard Columns. The columns within a super column are defined in an adhoc manner.
* Columns within a super column do not have to have matching structures (similarly named child columns).
*/
struct SuperColumn {
1: required binary name,
2: required list<Column> columns,
}
/**
Methods for fetching rows/records from Cassandra will return either a single instance of ColumnOrSuperColumn or a list
of ColumnOrSuperColumns (get_slice()). If you're looking up a SuperColumn (or list of SuperColumns) then the resulting
instances of ColumnOrSuperColumn will have the requested SuperColumn in the attribute super_column. For queries resulting
in Columns, those values will be in the attribute column. This change was made between 0.3 and 0.4 to standardize on
single query methods that may return either a SuperColumn or Column.
@param column. The Column returned by get() or get_slice().
@param super_column. The SuperColumn returned by get() or get_slice().
*/
struct ColumnOrSuperColumn {
1: optional Column column,
2: optional SuperColumn super_column,
}
#
# Exceptions
# (note that internal server errors will raise a TApplicationException, courtesy of Thrift)
#
/** A specific column was requested that does not exist. */
exception NotFoundException {
}
/** Invalid request could mean keyspace or column family does not exist, required parameters are missing, or a parameter is malformed.
why contains an associated error message.
*/
exception InvalidRequestException {
1: required string why
}
/** Not all the replicas required could be created and/or read. */
exception UnavailableException {
}
/** RPC timeout was exceeded. either a node failed mid-operation, or load was too high, or the requested op was too large. */
exception TimedOutException {
}
/** invalid authentication request (user does not exist or credentials invalid) */
exception AuthenticationException {
1: required string why
}
/** invalid authorization request (user does not have access to keyspace) */
exception AuthorizationException {
1: required string why
}
#
# service api
#
/** The ConsistencyLevel is an enum that controls both read and write behavior based on <ReplicationFactor> in your
* storage-conf.xml. The different consistency levels have different meanings, depending on if you're doing a write or read
* operation. Note that if W + R > ReplicationFactor, where W is the number of nodes to block for on write, and R
* the number to block for on reads, you will have strongly consistent behavior; that is, readers will always see the most
* recent write. Of these, the most interesting is to do QUORUM reads and writes, which gives you consistency while still
* allowing availability in the face of node failures up to half of <ReplicationFactor>. Of course if latency is more
* important than consistency then you can use lower values for either or both.
*
* Write:
* ZERO Ensure nothing. A write happens asynchronously in background
* ANY Ensure that the write has been written once somewhere, including possibly being hinted in a non-target node.
* ONE Ensure that the write has been written to at least 1 node's commit log and memory table before responding to the client.
* QUORUM Ensure that the write has been written to <ReplicationFactor> / 2 + 1 nodes before responding to the client.
* ALL Ensure that the write is written to <code>&lt;ReplicationFactor&gt;</code> nodes before responding to the client.
*
* Read:
* ZERO Not supported, because it doesn't make sense.
* ANY Not supported. You probably want ONE instead.
* ONE Will return the record returned by the first node to respond. A consistency check is always done in a
* background thread to fix any consistency issues when ConsistencyLevel.ONE is used. This means subsequent
* calls will have correct data even if the initial read gets an older value. (This is called 'read repair'.)
* QUORUM Will query all storage nodes and return the record with the most recent timestamp once it has at least a
* majority of replicas reported. Again, the remaining replicas will be checked in the background.
* ALL Queries all storage nodes and returns the record with the most recent timestamp.
*/
enum ConsistencyLevel {
ZERO = 0,
ONE = 1,
QUORUM = 2,
DCQUORUM = 3,
DCQUORUMSYNC = 4,
ALL = 5,
ANY = 6,
}
/**
ColumnParent is used when selecting groups of columns from the same ColumnFamily. In directory structure terms, imagine
ColumnParent as ColumnPath + '/../'.
See also <a href="cassandra.html#Struct_ColumnPath">ColumnPath</a>
*/
struct ColumnParent {
3: required string column_family,
4: optional binary super_column,
}
/** The ColumnPath is the path to a single column in Cassandra. It might make sense to think of ColumnPath and
* ColumnParent in terms of a directory structure.
*
* ColumnPath is used to looking up a single column.
*
* @param column_family. The name of the CF of the column being looked up.
* @param super_column. The super column name.
* @param column. The column name.
*/
struct ColumnPath {
3: required string column_family,
4: optional binary super_column,
5: optional binary column,
}
/**
A slice range is a structure that stores basic range, ordering and limit information for a query that will return
multiple columns. It could be thought of as Cassandra's version of LIMIT and ORDER BY
@param start. The column name to start the slice with. This attribute is not required, though there is no default value,
and can be safely set to '', i.e., an empty byte array, to start with the first column name. Otherwise, it
must a valid value under the rules of the Comparator defined for the given ColumnFamily.
@param finish. The column name to stop the slice at. This attribute is not required, though there is no default value,
and can be safely set to an empty byte array to not stop until 'count' results are seen. Otherwise, it
must also be a valid value to the ColumnFamily Comparator.
@param reversed. Whether the results should be ordered in reversed order. Similar to ORDER BY blah DESC in SQL.
@param count. How many keys to return. Similar to LIMIT 100 in SQL. May be arbitrarily large, but Thrift will
materialize the whole result into memory before returning it to the client, so be aware that you may
be better served by iterating through slices by passing the last value of one call in as the 'start'
of the next instead of increasing 'count' arbitrarily large.
*/
struct SliceRange {
1: required binary start,
2: required binary finish,
3: required bool reversed=0,
4: required i32 count=100,
}
/**
A SlicePredicate is similar to a mathematic predicate (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predicate_(mathematical_logic)),
which is described as "a property that the elements of a set have in common."
SlicePredicate's in Cassandra are described with either a list of column_names or a SliceRange. If column_names is
specified, slice_range is ignored.
@param column_name. A list of column names to retrieve. This can be used similar to Memcached's "multi-get" feature
to fetch N known column names. For instance, if you know you wish to fetch columns 'Joe', 'Jack',
and 'Jim' you can pass those column names as a list to fetch all three at once.
@param slice_range. A SliceRange describing how to range, order, and/or limit the slice.
*/
struct SlicePredicate {
1: optional list<binary> column_names,
2: optional SliceRange slice_range,
}
/**
The semantics of start keys and tokens are slightly different.
Keys are start-inclusive; tokens are start-exclusive. Token
ranges may also wrap -- that is, the end token may be less
than the start one. Thus, a range from keyX to keyX is a
one-element range, but a range from tokenY to tokenY is the
full ring.
*/
struct KeyRange {
1: optional string start_key,
2: optional string end_key,
3: optional string start_token,
4: optional string end_token,
5: required i32 count=100
}
/**
A KeySlice is key followed by the data it maps to. A collection of KeySlice is returned by the get_range_slice operation.
@param key. a row key
@param columns. List of data represented by the key. Typically, the list is pared down to only the columns specified by
a SlicePredicate.
*/
struct KeySlice {
1: required string key,
2: required list<ColumnOrSuperColumn> columns,
}
struct Deletion {
1: required i64 timestamp,
2: optional binary super_column,
3: optional SlicePredicate predicate,
}
/**
A Mutation is either an insert, represented by filling column_or_supercolumn, or a deletion, represented by filling the deletion attribute.
@param column_or_supercolumn. An insert to a column or supercolumn
@param deletion. A deletion of a column or supercolumn
*/
struct Mutation {
1: optional ColumnOrSuperColumn column_or_supercolumn,
2: optional Deletion deletion,
}
struct TokenRange {
1: required string start_token,
2: required string end_token,
3: required list<string> endpoints,
}
/**
Authentication requests can contain any data, dependent on the AuthenticationBackend used
*/
struct AuthenticationRequest {
1: required map<string, string> credentials,
}
service Cassandra {
# auth methods
void login(1: required string keyspace, 2:required AuthenticationRequest auth_request) throws (1:AuthenticationException authnx, 2:AuthorizationException authzx),
# retrieval methods
/**
Get the Column or SuperColumn at the given column_path. If no value is present, NotFoundException is thrown. (This is
the only method that can throw an exception under non-failure conditions.)
*/
ColumnOrSuperColumn get(1:required string keyspace,
2:required string key,
3:required ColumnPath column_path,
4:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:NotFoundException nfe, 3:UnavailableException ue, 4:TimedOutException te),
/**
Get the group of columns contained by column_parent (either a ColumnFamily name or a ColumnFamily/SuperColumn name
pair) specified by the given SlicePredicate. If no matching values are found, an empty list is returned.
*/
list<ColumnOrSuperColumn> get_slice(1:required string keyspace,
2:required string key,
3:required ColumnParent column_parent,
4:required SlicePredicate predicate,
5:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
Perform a get for column_path in parallel on the given list<string> keys. The return value maps keys to the
ColumnOrSuperColumn found. If no value corresponding to a key is present, the key will still be in the map, but both
the column and super_column references of the ColumnOrSuperColumn object it maps to will be null.
@deprecated; use multiget_slice
*/
map<string,ColumnOrSuperColumn> multiget(1:required string keyspace,
2:required list<string> keys,
3:required ColumnPath column_path,
4:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
Performs a get_slice for column_parent and predicate for the given keys in parallel.
*/
map<string,list<ColumnOrSuperColumn>> multiget_slice(1:required string keyspace,
2:required list<string> keys,
3:required ColumnParent column_parent,
4:required SlicePredicate predicate,
5:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
returns the number of columns for a particular <code>key</code> and <code>ColumnFamily</code> or <code>SuperColumn</code>.
*/
i32 get_count(1:required string keyspace,
2:required string key,
3:required ColumnParent column_parent,
4:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
returns a subset of columns for a range of keys.
@Deprecated. Use get_range_slices instead
*/
list<KeySlice> get_range_slice(1:required string keyspace,
2:required ColumnParent column_parent,
3:required SlicePredicate predicate,
4:required string start_key="",
5:required string finish_key="",
6:required i32 row_count=100,
7:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
returns a subset of columns for a range of keys.
*/
list<KeySlice> get_range_slices(1:required string keyspace,
2:required ColumnParent column_parent,
3:required SlicePredicate predicate,
4:required KeyRange range,
5:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
# modification methods
/**
Insert a Column consisting of (column_path.column, value, timestamp) at the given column_path.column_family and optional
column_path.super_column. Note that column_path.column is here required, since a SuperColumn cannot directly contain binary
values -- it can only contain sub-Columns.
*/
void insert(1:required string keyspace,
2:required string key,
3:required ColumnPath column_path,
4:required binary value,
5:required i64 timestamp,
6:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
Insert Columns or SuperColumns across different Column Families for the same row key. batch_mutation is a
map<string, list<ColumnOrSuperColumn>> -- a map which pairs column family names with the relevant ColumnOrSuperColumn
objects to insert.
@deprecated; use batch_mutate instead
*/
void batch_insert(1:required string keyspace,
2:required string key,
3:required map<string, list<ColumnOrSuperColumn>> cfmap,
4:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
Remove data from the row specified by key at the granularity specified by column_path, and the given timestamp. Note
that all the values in column_path besides column_path.column_family are truly optional: you can remove the entire
row by just specifying the ColumnFamily, or you can remove a SuperColumn or a single Column by specifying those levels too.
*/
void remove(1:required string keyspace,
2:required string key,
3:required ColumnPath column_path,
4:required i64 timestamp,
5:ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
/**
Mutate many columns or super columns for many row keys. See also: Mutation.
mutation_map maps key to column family to a list of Mutation objects to take place at that scope.
**/
void batch_mutate(1:required string keyspace,
2:required map<string, map<string, list<Mutation>>> mutation_map,
3:required ConsistencyLevel consistency_level=ONE)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire, 2:UnavailableException ue, 3:TimedOutException te),
// Meta-APIs -- APIs to get information about the node or cluster,
// rather than user data. The nodeprobe program provides usage examples.
/** get property whose value is of type string. @Deprecated */
string get_string_property(1:required string property),
/** get property whose value is list of strings. @Deprecated */
list<string> get_string_list_property(1:required string property),
/** list the defined keyspaces in this cluster */
set<string> describe_keyspaces(),
/** get the cluster name */
string describe_cluster_name(),
/** get the thrift api version */
string describe_version(),
/** get the token ring: a map of ranges to host addresses,
represented as a set of TokenRange instead of a map from range
to list of endpoints, because you can't use Thrift structs as
map keys:
https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/THRIFT-162
for the same reason, we can't return a set here, even though
order is neither important nor predictable. */
list<TokenRange> describe_ring(1:required string keyspace)
throws (1:InvalidRequestException ire),
/** describe specified keyspace */
map<string, map<string, string>> describe_keyspace(1:required string keyspace)
throws (1:NotFoundException nfe),
/** experimental API for hadoop/parallel query support.
may change violently and without warning.
returns list of token strings such that first subrange is (list[0], list[1]],
next is (list[1], list[2]], etc. */
list<string> describe_splits(1:required string start_token,
2:required string end_token,
3:required i32 keys_per_split),
}