FDX reader for Garmin GND10
This is software to read the FDX protocol data seen on the USB port of Garmin GND10 gateways.
The GND10 unit is used on boats and translates between Nexus FDX and NMEA2000.
fdxread is available from https://pypi.python.org/pypi/fdxread/ and should be installed using pip:
$ pip install fdxread $ fdxread --help # Should be in $PATH
Tested on Linux and OS X, with Python 2.7 and Python 3.6. Goal is that it should work laptops and on any raspberry pis out there.
Note that on Debian systems you need to run
apt-get install python-dev first
for the LatLon23 (dependency) module to install/compile correctly. (at least on
my armhf jessie system)
If you don't want to install it globally on the system, you can use a virtualenv like described in the development section below.
fdxread will read FDX either from a saved file (.dump/.nxb) or from a serial port.
It will send output to the terminal (stdout) on the format configured, normally NMEA0183.
$ fdxread /dev/ttyACM0 $FVMWV,268.64,R,0.06,K,A*20 $ZZXDR,P,102.23000,B,Barometer*25 $SDDBT,,f,4.86,m,,F*1C [ .. output cut .. ]
fdxread does not require root permissions. It should not be run under sudo. For
access to devices in
/dev/ the user it runs as should be added to the
dialout group. (on Debian/Ubuntu)
There may be parse warnings logged to stderr that clutter the screen. These can be
filtered with console redirection as usual:
When reading a saved file it is recommended to add "--pace 5" to slow down the output flow. A file for testing can be found in the source repository: https://github.com/lkarsten/fdxread/raw/master/dumps/onsdagsregatta-2016-08-24.dump
$ fdxread --pace 5 onsdagsregatta-2016-08-24.dump | head -10 WARNING:root:No handler for 6 byte 0x020200: 020200000081 $FVMWV,268.64,R,0.06,K,A*20 $ZZXDR,P,102.23000,B,Barometer*25 $ZZXDR,C,22.22,C,TempDir*13 $SDDBT,,f,4.86,m,,F*1C $SDVHW,0.0,T,0.0,M,0.00,N,0.0,K*72 $FVMWV,268.64,R,0.06,K,A*20 $SDDBT,,f,4.86,m,,F*1C $SDVHW,0.0,T,0.0,M,0.00,N,0.0,K*72 $FVMWV,262.14,R,1.08,K,A*22 $SDDBT,,f,4.86,m,,F*1C
Using it with OpenCPN and other software
For now the best way of running it is to pipe the output to a NMEA multiplexer using TCP.
I prefer the kplex multiplexer. After
installing it, it can be started with:
You then pipe the output from fdxread into it using netcat:
fdxread /dev/ttyACM0 | nc localhost 10110
Some information on how to set up OpenCPN and the Chrome application NMEA Sleuth can be found in https://github.com/lkarsten/fdxread/issues/6 .
usage: fdxread [-h] [--format fmt] [--seek n] [--pace n] [--send-psilfdx] [-v] inputfile fdxread v0.9.1 - Nexus FDX parser (incl. Garmin GND10) positional arguments: inputfile Serial port or file to read from. Examples: /dev/ttyACM0, COM3, ./file.dump optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --format fmt Output mode, default nmea0183. (json, signalk, nmea0183, none, raw) --seek n Seek this many bytes into file before starting (for files) --pace n Pace reading to n messages per second (for files) --send-psilfdx Send initial mode change command to port (for NX2 server) (experimental) -v, --verbose Verbose output fdxread is used to read FDX protocol data from Garmin GND10 units.
Everything here is deduced from staring at the arriving bytes while disconnecting some units and motoring in circles. Something was pretty simple to figure out, some other metrics I'm still not sure is right.
Use at your own risk.
On a side note, I believe this is the only open/freely available document on the format of the FDX protocol.
The development happens in git on https://github.com/lkarsten/fdxread/
$ git clone https://github.com/lkarsten/fdxread.git $ cd fdxread $ virtualenv --system-site-packages venv $ . venv/bin/activate $ pip install -r requirements.txt
The contents of this repository is licensed under GNU GPLv2. See the
file for more information.
Copyright (C) 2016-2017 Lasse Karstensen