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<h1>Open Clang Projects</h1>
<p>Here are a few tasks that are available for newcomers to work on, depending
on what your interests are. This list is provided to generate ideas, it is not
intended to be comprehensive. Please ask on cfe-dev for more specifics or to
verify that one of these isn't already completed. :)</p>
<ul>
<li><b>Compile your favorite C/ObjC project with Clang</b>:
Clang's type-checking and code generation is very close to complete (but not bug free!) for C and Objective-C. We appreciate all reports of code that is
rejected or miscompiled by the front-end. If you notice invalid code that is not rejected, or poor diagnostics when code is rejected, that is also very important to us. For make-based projects,
the <a href="get_started.html#driver"><code>clang</code></a> driver works as a drop-in replacement for GCC.</li>
<li><b>Undefined behavior checking</b>: CodeGen could
insert runtime checks for all sorts of different undefined behaviors, from
reading uninitialized variables, buffer overflows, and many other things. This
checking would be expensive, but the optimizers could eliminate many of the
checks in some cases, and it would be very interesting to test code in this mode
for certain crowds of people. Because the inserted code is coming from clang,
the "abort" message could be very detailed about exactly what went wrong.</li>
<li><b>Improve target support</b>: The current target interfaces are heavily
stubbed out and need to be implemented fully. See the FIXME's in TargetInfo.
Additionally, the actual target implementations (instances of TargetInfoImpl)
also need to be completed.</li>
<li><b>Implement an tool to generate code documentation</b>: Clang's
library-based design allows it to be used by a variety of tools that reason
about source code. One great application of Clang would be to build an
auto-documentation system like doxygen that generates code documentation from
source code. The advantage of using Clang for such a tool is that the tool would
use the same preprocessor/parser/ASTs as the compiler itself, giving it a very
rich understanding of the code.</li>
<li><b>Use clang libraries to implement better versions of existing tools</b>:
Clang is built as a set of libraries, which means that it is possible to
implement capabilities similar to other source language tools, improving them
in various ways. Two examples are <a href="http://distcc.samba.org/">distcc</a>
and the <a href="http://delta.tigris.org/">delta testcase reduction tool</a>.
The former can be improved to scale better and be more efficient. The latter
could also be faster and more efficient at reducing C-family programs if built
on the clang preprocessor.</li>
<li><b>Use clang libraries to extend Ragel with a JIT</b>: <a
href="http://research.cs.queensu.ca/~thurston/ragel/">Ragel</a> is a state
machine compiler that lets you embed C code into state machines and generate
C code. It would be relatively easy to turn this into a JIT compiler using
LLVM.</li>
<li><b>Self-testing using clang</b>: There are several neat ways to
improve the quality of clang by self-testing. Some examples:
<ul>
<li>Improve the reliability of AST printing and serialization by
ensuring that the AST produced by clang on an input doesn't change
when it is reparsed or unserialized.
<li>Improve parser reliability and error generation by automatically
or randomly changing the input checking that clang doesn't crash and
that it doesn't generate excessive errors for small input
changes. Manipulating the input at both the text and token levels is
likely to produce interesting test cases.
</ul>
</li>
<li><b>Continue work on C++ support</b>: Implementing all of C++ is a very big
job, but there are lots of little pieces that can be picked off and implemented. Here are some small- to mid-sized C++ implementation projects:
<ul>
<li>Fix bugs: there are a number of XFAIL'd test cases in Clang's repository (particularly in the CXX subdirectory). Pick a test case and fix Clang to make it work!</li>
<li>Write tests: the CXX test subdirectory in Clang's repository has placeholders for tests of every paragraph in the C++ standard. Pick a paragraph, write a few tests, and see if they work! Even if they don't we'd still like the new tests (with XFAIL'd) so that we know what to fix.</li>
<li>Explicit calls to destructors and pseudo-destructor expressions (<code>x.~X()</code>).</li>
<li>AST representation for implicit C++ conversions: implicit conversions that involve non-trivial operations (e.g., invoking a user-defined conversion function, performing a base-to-derived or derived-to-base conversion) need explicit representation in Clang's AST.</li>
<li>Default arguments for function templates: these are currently ignored.</li>
<li>Parsing and semantic analysis for using declarations in classes</li>
</ul>
Also, see the <a href="cxx_status.html">C++ status report page</a> to
find out what is missing and what is already at least partially
supported.</li>
</ul>
<p>If you hit a bug with clang, it is very useful for us if you reduce the code
that demonstrates the problem down to something small. There are many ways to
do this; ask on cfe-dev for advice.</p>
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