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#!/usr/bin/python
#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Be sure to add the python path that points to the LLDB shared library.
#
# To use this in the embedded python interpreter using "lldb":
#
# cd /path/containing/crashlog.py
# lldb
# (lldb) script import crashlog
# "crashlog" command installed, type "crashlog --help" for detailed help
# (lldb) crashlog ~/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports/a.crash
#
# The benefit of running the crashlog command inside lldb in the
# embedded python interpreter is when the command completes, there
# will be a target with all of the files loaded at the locations
# described in the crash log. Only the files that have stack frames
# in the backtrace will be loaded unless the "--load-all" option
# has been specified. This allows users to explore the program in the
# state it was in right at crash time.
#
# On MacOSX csh, tcsh:
# ( setenv PYTHONPATH /path/to/LLDB.framework/Resources/Python ; ./crashlog.py ~/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports/a.crash )
#
# On MacOSX sh, bash:
# PYTHONPATH=/path/to/LLDB.framework/Resources/Python ./crashlog.py ~/Library/Logs/DiagnosticReports/a.crash
#----------------------------------------------------------------------
import lldb
import commands
import optparse
import os
import plistlib
import re
import shlex
import sys
import time
import uuid
class Address:
"""Class that represents an address that will be symbolicated"""
def __init__(self, target, load_addr):
self.target = target
self.load_addr = load_addr # The load address that this object represents
# the resolved lldb.SBAddress (if any), named so_addr for
# section/offset address
self.so_addr = None
self.sym_ctx = None # The cached symbol context for this address
# Any original textual description of this address to be used as a
# backup in case symbolication fails
self.description = None
self.symbolication = None # The cached symbolicated string that describes this address
self.inlined = False
def __str__(self):
s = "%#16.16x" % (self.load_addr)
if self.symbolication:
s += " %s" % (self.symbolication)
elif self.description:
s += " %s" % (self.description)
elif self.so_addr:
s += " %s" % (self.so_addr)
return s
def resolve_addr(self):
if self.so_addr is None:
self.so_addr = self.target.ResolveLoadAddress(self.load_addr)
return self.so_addr
def is_inlined(self):
return self.inlined
def get_symbol_context(self):
if self.sym_ctx is None:
sb_addr = self.resolve_addr()
if sb_addr:
self.sym_ctx = self.target.ResolveSymbolContextForAddress(
sb_addr, lldb.eSymbolContextEverything)
else:
self.sym_ctx = lldb.SBSymbolContext()
return self.sym_ctx
def get_instructions(self):
sym_ctx = self.get_symbol_context()
if sym_ctx:
function = sym_ctx.GetFunction()
if function:
return function.GetInstructions(self.target)
return sym_ctx.GetSymbol().GetInstructions(self.target)
return None
def symbolicate(self, verbose=False):
if self.symbolication is None:
self.symbolication = ''
self.inlined = False
sym_ctx = self.get_symbol_context()
if sym_ctx:
module = sym_ctx.GetModule()
if module:
# Print full source file path in verbose mode
if verbose:
self.symbolication += str(module.GetFileSpec()) + '`'
else:
self.symbolication += module.GetFileSpec().GetFilename() + '`'
function_start_load_addr = -1
function = sym_ctx.GetFunction()
block = sym_ctx.GetBlock()
line_entry = sym_ctx.GetLineEntry()
symbol = sym_ctx.GetSymbol()
inlined_block = block.GetContainingInlinedBlock()
if function:
self.symbolication += function.GetName()
if inlined_block:
self.inlined = True
self.symbolication += ' [inlined] ' + \
inlined_block.GetInlinedName()
block_range_idx = inlined_block.GetRangeIndexForBlockAddress(
self.so_addr)
if block_range_idx < lldb.UINT32_MAX:
block_range_start_addr = inlined_block.GetRangeStartAddress(
block_range_idx)
function_start_load_addr = block_range_start_addr.GetLoadAddress(
self.target)
if function_start_load_addr == -1:
function_start_load_addr = function.GetStartAddress().GetLoadAddress(self.target)
elif symbol:
self.symbolication += symbol.GetName()
function_start_load_addr = symbol.GetStartAddress().GetLoadAddress(self.target)
else:
self.symbolication = ''
return False
# Dump the offset from the current function or symbol if it
# is non zero
function_offset = self.load_addr - function_start_load_addr
if function_offset > 0:
self.symbolication += " + %u" % (function_offset)
elif function_offset < 0:
self.symbolication += " %i (invalid negative offset, file a bug) " % function_offset
# Print out any line information if any is available
if line_entry.GetFileSpec():
# Print full source file path in verbose mode
if verbose:
self.symbolication += ' at %s' % line_entry.GetFileSpec()
else:
self.symbolication += ' at %s' % line_entry.GetFileSpec().GetFilename()
self.symbolication += ':%u' % line_entry.GetLine()
column = line_entry.GetColumn()
if column > 0:
self.symbolication += ':%u' % column
return True
return False
class Section:
"""Class that represents an load address range"""
sect_info_regex = re.compile('(?P<name>[^=]+)=(?P<range>.*)')
addr_regex = re.compile('^\s*(?P<start>0x[0-9A-Fa-f]+)\s*$')
range_regex = re.compile(
'^\s*(?P<start>0x[0-9A-Fa-f]+)\s*(?P<op>[-+])\s*(?P<end>0x[0-9A-Fa-f]+)\s*$')
def __init__(self, start_addr=None, end_addr=None, name=None):
self.start_addr = start_addr
self.end_addr = end_addr
self.name = name
@classmethod
def InitWithSBTargetAndSBSection(cls, target, section):
sect_load_addr = section.GetLoadAddress(target)
if sect_load_addr != lldb.LLDB_INVALID_ADDRESS:
obj = cls(
sect_load_addr,
sect_load_addr +
section.size,
section.name)
return obj
else:
return None
def contains(self, addr):
return self.start_addr <= addr and addr < self.end_addr
def set_from_string(self, s):
match = self.sect_info_regex.match(s)
if match:
self.name = match.group('name')
range_str = match.group('range')
addr_match = self.addr_regex.match(range_str)
if addr_match:
self.start_addr = int(addr_match.group('start'), 16)
self.end_addr = None
return True
range_match = self.range_regex.match(range_str)
if range_match:
self.start_addr = int(range_match.group('start'), 16)
self.end_addr = int(range_match.group('end'), 16)
op = range_match.group('op')
if op == '+':
self.end_addr += self.start_addr
return True
print 'error: invalid section info string "%s"' % s
print 'Valid section info formats are:'
print 'Format Example Description'
print '--------------------- -----------------------------------------------'
print '<name>=<base> __TEXT=0x123000 Section from base address only'
print '<name>=<base>-<end> __TEXT=0x123000-0x124000 Section from base address and end address'
print '<name>=<base>+<size> __TEXT=0x123000+0x1000 Section from base address and size'
return False
def __str__(self):
if self.name:
if self.end_addr is not None:
if self.start_addr is not None:
return "%s=[0x%16.16x - 0x%16.16x)" % (
self.name, self.start_addr, self.end_addr)
else:
if self.start_addr is not None:
return "%s=0x%16.16x" % (self.name, self.start_addr)
return self.name
return "<invalid>"
class Image:
"""A class that represents an executable image and any associated data"""
def __init__(self, path, uuid=None):
self.path = path
self.resolved_path = None
self.resolved = False
self.unavailable = False
self.uuid = uuid
self.section_infos = list()
self.identifier = None
self.version = None
self.arch = None
self.module = None
self.symfile = None
self.slide = None
@classmethod
def InitWithSBTargetAndSBModule(cls, target, module):
'''Initialize this Image object with a module from a target.'''
obj = cls(module.file.fullpath, module.uuid)
obj.resolved_path = module.platform_file.fullpath
obj.resolved = True
obj.arch = module.triple
for section in module.sections:
symb_section = Section.InitWithSBTargetAndSBSection(
target, section)
if symb_section:
obj.section_infos.append(symb_section)
obj.arch = module.triple
obj.module = module
obj.symfile = None
obj.slide = None
return obj
def dump(self, prefix):
print "%s%s" % (prefix, self)
def debug_dump(self):
print 'path = "%s"' % (self.path)
print 'resolved_path = "%s"' % (self.resolved_path)
print 'resolved = %i' % (self.resolved)
print 'unavailable = %i' % (self.unavailable)
print 'uuid = %s' % (self.uuid)
print 'section_infos = %s' % (self.section_infos)
print 'identifier = "%s"' % (self.identifier)
print 'version = %s' % (self.version)
print 'arch = %s' % (self.arch)
print 'module = %s' % (self.module)
print 'symfile = "%s"' % (self.symfile)
print 'slide = %i (0x%x)' % (self.slide, self.slide)
def __str__(self):
s = ''
if self.uuid:
s += "%s " % (self.get_uuid())
if self.arch:
s += "%s " % (self.arch)
if self.version:
s += "%s " % (self.version)
resolved_path = self.get_resolved_path()
if resolved_path:
s += "%s " % (resolved_path)
for section_info in self.section_infos:
s += ", %s" % (section_info)
if self.slide is not None:
s += ', slide = 0x%16.16x' % self.slide
return s
def add_section(self, section):
# print "added '%s' to '%s'" % (section, self.path)
self.section_infos.append(section)
def get_section_containing_load_addr(self, load_addr):
for section_info in self.section_infos:
if section_info.contains(load_addr):
return section_info
return None
def get_resolved_path(self):
if self.resolved_path:
return self.resolved_path
elif self.path:
return self.path
return None
def get_resolved_path_basename(self):
path = self.get_resolved_path()
if path:
return os.path.basename(path)
return None
def symfile_basename(self):
if self.symfile:
return os.path.basename(self.symfile)
return None
def has_section_load_info(self):
return self.section_infos or self.slide is not None
def load_module(self, target):
if self.unavailable:
return None # We already warned that we couldn't find this module, so don't return an error string
# Load this module into "target" using the section infos to
# set the section load addresses
if self.has_section_load_info():
if target:
if self.module:
if self.section_infos:
num_sections_loaded = 0
for section_info in self.section_infos:
if section_info.name:
section = self.module.FindSection(
section_info.name)
if section:
error = target.SetSectionLoadAddress(
section, section_info.start_addr)
if error.Success():
num_sections_loaded += 1
else:
return 'error: %s' % error.GetCString()
else:
return 'error: unable to find the section named "%s"' % section_info.name
else:
return 'error: unable to find "%s" section in "%s"' % (
range.name, self.get_resolved_path())
if num_sections_loaded == 0:
return 'error: no sections were successfully loaded'
else:
err = target.SetModuleLoadAddress(
self.module, self.slide)
if err.Fail():
return err.GetCString()
return None
else:
return 'error: invalid module'
else:
return 'error: invalid target'
else:
return 'error: no section infos'
def add_module(self, target):
'''Add the Image described in this object to "target" and load the sections if "load" is True.'''
if target:
# Try and find using UUID only first so that paths need not match
# up
uuid_str = self.get_normalized_uuid_string()
if uuid_str:
self.module = target.AddModule(None, None, uuid_str)
if not self.module:
self.locate_module_and_debug_symbols()
if self.unavailable:
return None
resolved_path = self.get_resolved_path()
self.module = target.AddModule(
resolved_path, self.arch, uuid_str, self.symfile)
if not self.module:
return 'error: unable to get module for (%s) "%s"' % (
self.arch, self.get_resolved_path())
if self.has_section_load_info():
return self.load_module(target)
else:
return None # No sections, the module was added to the target, so success
else:
return 'error: invalid target'
def locate_module_and_debug_symbols(self):
# By default, just use the paths that were supplied in:
# self.path
# self.resolved_path
# self.module
# self.symfile
# Subclasses can inherit from this class and override this function
self.resolved = True
return True
def get_uuid(self):
if not self.uuid and self.module:
self.uuid = uuid.UUID(self.module.GetUUIDString())
return self.uuid
def get_normalized_uuid_string(self):
if self.uuid:
return str(self.uuid).upper()
return None
def create_target(self):
'''Create a target using the information in this Image object.'''
if self.unavailable:
return None
if self.locate_module_and_debug_symbols():
resolved_path = self.get_resolved_path()
path_spec = lldb.SBFileSpec(resolved_path)
#result.PutCString ('plist[%s] = %s' % (uuid, self.plist))
error = lldb.SBError()
target = lldb.debugger.CreateTarget(
resolved_path, self.arch, None, False, error)
if target:
self.module = target.FindModule(path_spec)
if self.has_section_load_info():
err = self.load_module(target)
if err:
print 'ERROR: ', err
return target
else:
print 'error: unable to create a valid target for (%s) "%s"' % (self.arch, self.path)
else:
print 'error: unable to locate main executable (%s) "%s"' % (self.arch, self.path)
return None
class Symbolicator:
def __init__(self):
"""A class the represents the information needed to symbolicate addresses in a program"""
self.target = None
self.images = list() # a list of images to be used when symbolicating
self.addr_mask = 0xffffffffffffffff
@classmethod
def InitWithSBTarget(cls, target):
obj = cls()
obj.target = target
obj.images = list()
triple = target.triple
if triple:
arch = triple.split('-')[0]
if "arm" in arch:
obj.addr_mask = 0xfffffffffffffffe
for module in target.modules:
image = Image.InitWithSBTargetAndSBModule(target, module)
obj.images.append(image)
return obj
def __str__(self):
s = "Symbolicator:\n"
if self.target:
s += "Target = '%s'\n" % (self.target)
s += "Target modules:\n"
for m in self.target.modules:
s += str(m) + "\n"
s += "Images:\n"
for image in self.images:
s += ' %s\n' % (image)
return s
def find_images_with_identifier(self, identifier):
images = list()
for image in self.images:
if image.identifier == identifier:
images.append(image)
if len(images) == 0:
regex_text = '^.*\.%s$' % (re.escape(identifier))
regex = re.compile(regex_text)
for image in self.images:
if regex.match(image.identifier):
images.append(image)
return images
def find_image_containing_load_addr(self, load_addr):
for image in self.images:
if image.get_section_containing_load_addr(load_addr):
return image
return None
def create_target(self):
if self.target:
return self.target
if self.images:
for image in self.images:
self.target = image.create_target()
if self.target:
if self.target.GetAddressByteSize() == 4:
triple = self.target.triple
if triple:
arch = triple.split('-')[0]
if "arm" in arch:
self.addr_mask = 0xfffffffffffffffe
return self.target
return None
def symbolicate(self, load_addr, verbose=False):
if not self.target:
self.create_target()
if self.target:
live_process = False
process = self.target.process
if process:
state = process.state
if state > lldb.eStateUnloaded and state < lldb.eStateDetached:
live_process = True
# If we don't have a live process, we can attempt to find the image
# that a load address belongs to and lazily load its module in the
# target, but we shouldn't do any of this if we have a live process
if not live_process:
image = self.find_image_containing_load_addr(load_addr)
if image:
image.add_module(self.target)
symbolicated_address = Address(self.target, load_addr)
if symbolicated_address.symbolicate(verbose):
if symbolicated_address.so_addr:
symbolicated_addresses = list()
symbolicated_addresses.append(symbolicated_address)
# See if we were able to reconstruct anything?
while True:
inlined_parent_so_addr = lldb.SBAddress()
inlined_parent_sym_ctx = symbolicated_address.sym_ctx.GetParentOfInlinedScope(
symbolicated_address.so_addr, inlined_parent_so_addr)
if not inlined_parent_sym_ctx:
break
if not inlined_parent_so_addr:
break
symbolicated_address = Address(
self.target, inlined_parent_so_addr.GetLoadAddress(
self.target))
symbolicated_address.sym_ctx = inlined_parent_sym_ctx
symbolicated_address.so_addr = inlined_parent_so_addr
symbolicated_address.symbolicate(verbose)
# push the new frame onto the new frame stack
symbolicated_addresses.append(symbolicated_address)
if symbolicated_addresses:
return symbolicated_addresses
else:
print 'error: no target in Symbolicator'
return None
def disassemble_instructions(
target,
instructions,
pc,
insts_before_pc,
insts_after_pc,
non_zeroeth_frame):
lines = list()
pc_index = -1
comment_column = 50
for inst_idx, inst in enumerate(instructions):
inst_pc = inst.GetAddress().GetLoadAddress(target)
if pc == inst_pc:
pc_index = inst_idx
mnemonic = inst.GetMnemonic(target)
operands = inst.GetOperands(target)
comment = inst.GetComment(target)
#data = inst.GetData (target)
lines.append("%#16.16x: %8s %s" % (inst_pc, mnemonic, operands))
if comment:
line_len = len(lines[-1])
if line_len < comment_column:
lines[-1] += ' ' * (comment_column - line_len)
lines[-1] += "; %s" % comment
if pc_index >= 0:
# If we are disassembling the non-zeroeth frame, we need to backup the
# PC by 1
if non_zeroeth_frame and pc_index > 0:
pc_index = pc_index - 1
if insts_before_pc == -1:
start_idx = 0
else:
start_idx = pc_index - insts_before_pc
if start_idx < 0:
start_idx = 0
if insts_before_pc == -1:
end_idx = inst_idx
else:
end_idx = pc_index + insts_after_pc
if end_idx > inst_idx:
end_idx = inst_idx
for i in range(start_idx, end_idx + 1):
if i == pc_index:
print ' -> ', lines[i]
else:
print ' ', lines[i]
def print_module_section_data(section):
print section
section_data = section.GetSectionData()
if section_data:
ostream = lldb.SBStream()
section_data.GetDescription(ostream, section.GetFileAddress())
print ostream.GetData()
def print_module_section(section, depth):
print section
if depth > 0:
num_sub_sections = section.GetNumSubSections()
for sect_idx in range(num_sub_sections):
print_module_section(
section.GetSubSectionAtIndex(sect_idx), depth - 1)
def print_module_sections(module, depth):
for sect in module.section_iter():
print_module_section(sect, depth)
def print_module_symbols(module):
for sym in module:
print sym
def Symbolicate(command_args):
usage = "usage: %prog [options] <addr1> [addr2 ...]"
description = '''Symbolicate one or more addresses using LLDB's python scripting API..'''
parser = optparse.OptionParser(
description=description,
prog='crashlog.py',
usage=usage)
parser.add_option(
'-v',
'--verbose',
action='store_true',
dest='verbose',
help='display verbose debug info',
default=False)
parser.add_option(
'-p',
'--platform',
type='string',
metavar='platform',
dest='platform',
help='Specify the platform to use when creating the debug target. Valid values include "localhost", "darwin-kernel", "ios-simulator", "remote-freebsd", "remote-macosx", "remote-ios", "remote-linux".')
parser.add_option(
'-f',
'--file',
type='string',
metavar='file',
dest='file',
help='Specify a file to use when symbolicating')
parser.add_option(
'-a',
'--arch',
type='string',
metavar='arch',
dest='arch',
help='Specify a architecture to use when symbolicating')
parser.add_option(
'-s',
'--slide',
type='int',
metavar='slide',
dest='slide',
help='Specify the slide to use on the file specified with the --file option',
default=None)
parser.add_option(
'--section',
type='string',
action='append',
dest='section_strings',
help='specify <sect-name>=<start-addr> or <sect-name>=<start-addr>-<end-addr>')
try:
(options, args) = parser.parse_args(command_args)
except:
return
symbolicator = Symbolicator()
images = list()
if options.file:
image = Image(options.file)
image.arch = options.arch
# Add any sections that were specified with one or more --section
# options
if options.section_strings:
for section_str in options.section_strings:
section = Section()
if section.set_from_string(section_str):
image.add_section(section)
else:
sys.exit(1)
if options.slide is not None:
image.slide = options.slide
symbolicator.images.append(image)
target = symbolicator.create_target()
if options.verbose:
print symbolicator
if target:
for addr_str in args:
addr = int(addr_str, 0)
symbolicated_addrs = symbolicator.symbolicate(
addr, options.verbose)
for symbolicated_addr in symbolicated_addrs:
print symbolicated_addr
print
else:
print 'error: no target for %s' % (symbolicator)
if __name__ == '__main__':
# Create a new debugger instance
lldb.debugger = lldb.SBDebugger.Create()
Symbolicate(sys.argv[1:])