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Example code for lolcommits plugin development
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README.md

Lolcommits Sample Plugin

Gem Travis Depfu Maintainability Test Coverage

lolcommits takes a snapshot with your webcam every time you git commit code, and archives a lolcat style image with it. Git blame has never been so much fun!

Lolcommit plugins allow developers to add features by running code before or after snapshots are taken. Installed plugin gems are automatically loaded before the capturing process starts.

This gem showcases an example plugin. It prints short messages to the screen before and after every lolcommit. After configuring the plugin to be enabled, you'll see something like this for a capture:

✨  Say cheese 😁 !
*** Preserving this moment in history.
📸  Snap
wow! 9e6303c at /path/to/lolcommit.jpg is your best looking commit yet!
(it was an image!)

Use this repo to jump-start development on your own plugin. It has tests, docs and hooks with useful tools; Travis, CodeClimate, Rdoc etc.

Developing your own plugin

First, there are some things your gem must do to be loaded and executed:

  • The gem name must have a lolcommits- prefix.
  • Require lolcommits in your gemspec file as a development dependency.
  • Include a class that inherits from Lolcommits::Plugin::Base (this will be the entry point to your plugin from the lolcommits gem).
  • This main plugin class must meet the requirements explained below.

Your Plugin Class

You plugin class must have a namespace and path that matches your gem name and be in the gem's LOAD_PATH.

# for a gem named lolcommits-zapier you should have a plugin class:
class Lolcommits::Plugin::Zapier < Lolcommits::Plugin::Base
  ...
end
# at lib/lolcommits/plugin/zapier.rb
# required in a file at lib/lolcommits/zapier.rb

# or a gem named lolcommits-super_awesome should have a plugin class:
class Lolcommits::Plugin::SuperAwesome < Lolcommits::Plugin::Base
  ...
end
# at lib/lolcommits/plugin/super_awesome.rb
# required in a file at lib/lolcommits/super_awesome.rb

The following methods can be overridden to execute code during the capture process:

  • run_pre_capture - executes before the capture starts, at this point you could alter the commit message/sha text.
  • run_post_capture - executes immediately after the camera captures, use this hook to manipulate the image (e.g. resize, apply filters, annotate).
  • run_capture_ready - executes after all run_post_capture hooks have ran, at this point we consider the capture to be ready for exporting or sharing.

Plugin configuration

Available options can be defined in an Array (@options instance var) and/or a Hash (by overriding the default_options method).

By default (on initialize), @options will be set to [:enabled]. This option is mandatory since enabled? checks configuration[:enabled] == true before any capture hooks can run.

Using a Hash to define default options allows you to:

  • fall back to default values (or nil) if the user enters nothing when prompted
  • define nested options (the user is prompted for each nested option key)

configure_option_hash will iterate over all options prompting the user for input while building the configuration Hash.

Lolcommits will save this Hash to a YAML file. During the capture process the configuration is loaded, parsed and available in the plugin class as configuration. Or if you want to fall back to default values, you should use the config_option method to dig into the Hash.

Alternatively you can override these methods to fully customise the configuration process.

  • def configure_options! - by default this prompts the user for option values (based on option names in the @options array and/or default_options) and returns a Hash that will be persisted.
  • def enabled? - by default checks if configuration[:enabled] == true to determine if the plugin should run.
  • def valid_configuration?- checks the persisted config Hash is valid.

By default a plugin will only run it's capture hooks if:

  • valid_configuration? returns true
  • enabled? returns true

A parse_user_input method is available to help parse strings from STDIN to Ruby objects (e.g. boolean, integer or nil).

During plugin configuration, your plugin class will be initialized with the optional config argument (and no runner). This allows you to read the existing saved options during configuration. E.g. to show existing options back to the user, allowing you to ask if they want to keep or change an option if reconfiguring.

NOTE: If your plugin does not require configuration and should be enabled by default (on gem install) you could override the enabled? method to always return true. Simply uninstalling the gem will disable the plugin.

For more help, check out the documentation for this plugin, or take a look at other lolcommit_plugins in the wild.

The Lolcommits 'runner'

The only required argument for your plugin class initializer is a Lolcommits::Runner instance. By default, the base plugin initializer will set this in the runner instance var for use in your plugin's code.

  • runner.message - the commit message
  • runner.sha - the sha for the current commit
  • runner.vcs_info - a reference to the Lolcommits::VCSInfo instance
  • runner.config - a reference to the Lolcommits::Configuration instance
  • runner.overlay - blank transparent PNG (MiniMagick::Image instance)
  • runner.lolcommits_path - the processed lolcommit file path (jpg, mp4 or gif)
  • runner.lolcommits_gif_path - the processed lolcommit animated gif path (may be nil)
  • runner.capture_video - true when a video capture was generated
  • runner.capture_gif - true when an animated gif capture was generated
  • runner.capture_image - true when an image (jpg) was captured, false for gifs/videos

After the capturing process completes, (i.e. in run_post_capture or run_capture_ready hooks) use runner.lolcommit_path to access the lolcommit file (jpg, mp4 or gif).

NOTE: it is possible for both an animated gif AND video to be generated, in this case lolcommits_path points to the mp4 video and runner.lolcommits_gif_path points to the animated gif.

Take a look at Lolcommits::Runner for more details.

Overlay PNG

After capturing (and resizing), the runner provides a blank (transparent) PNG for plugins to manipulate. It matches the width and height of the lolcommit capture.

To make use of this runner.overlay, reference it in any post_capture hook. You can use any MiniMagick::Image utility method. For example the lolcommits-loltext plugin annotates text, a border and overlay colour here.

After all post_capture hooks finish, this overlay PNG is composited on top of the snapshot and the final lolcommit file is available at runner.lolcommit_path for capture_ready hooks to use.

Testing your plugin

To make test setup easier, the lolcommits gem includes these helpers to work with command line IO and Git.

# add one (or both) of these to your plugin's test_helper file
require 'lolcommits/test_helpers/git_repo'
require 'lolcommits/test_helpers/fake_io'

# and include either (or both) modules in your test
include Lolcommits::TestHelpers::GitRepo
include Lolcommits::TestHelpers::FakeIO

Use the following methods to manage a test repo:

setup_repo               # create the test repo
commit_repo_with_message # perform a git commit in the test repo
last_commit              # commit info for the last test repo commit
teardown_repo            # destroy the test repo
in_repo(&block)          # run lolcommits within the test repo

For STDIN and capturing IO use the fake_io_capture method.

# capture the output of the `configure_options` method, sending the
# string input 'true' (followed by a carriage return) to STDIN:
output = fake_io_capture(inputs: %w(true)) do
  configured_plugin_options = plugin.configure_options!
end

For more examples take a look at the tests in this repo.

General advice

  • Use this gem as a starting point, renaming files, classes etc.
  • For more examples, take a look at other published lolcommit plugins.
  • If you feel something is missing (or out of date) in this guide. Post an issue.

Requirements

Installation

Follow the install guide for lolcommits first. Then run the following:

$ gem install lolcommits-sample_plugin

Next configure and enable this plugin with:

$ lolcommits --config -p sample_plugin
# set enabled to `true` and configure other options as you like

That's it! Every lolcommit now comes with it's own emoji themed commentary!

Development

Check out this repo and run bin/setup, this will install dependencies and generate docs. Run bundle exec rake to run all tests and generate a coverage report.

You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment with the gem code.

Tests

MiniTest is used for testing. Run the test suite with:

$ rake test

Docs

Generate docs for this gem with:

$ rake rdoc

Troubles?

If you think something is broken or missing, please raise a new issue. Take a moment to check it hasn't been raised in the past (and possibly closed).

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub.

When submitting pull requests, remember to add tests covering any new behaviour, and ensure all tests are passing on Travis CI. Read the contributing guidelines for more details.

This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct. See here for more details.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of LGPL-3.

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