dezoomify-rs is a tiled image downloader. Some webpages present high-resolution zoomable images without a way to download them. These images are often tiled: the original large image has been split into smaller individual image files called tiles. The only way to download such an image is to download all the tiles separately and then stitch them together. This process can be automated by a tiled image downloader.
The most common tiled image downloader is probably dezoomify, an online tool which is very easy to use.
The goal of this project is not to replace the traditional dezoomify. However, some images are so large that they can't be efficiently downloaded and displayed inside a web browser. Other times, a website tries to protect its tiles by refusing access to them when certain HTTP headers are not set to the right values. dezoomify-rs is a desktop application for Windows, MacOs and linux that does not have the same limitations as the online zoomify. dezoomify-rs also lets the user choose between several image formats, whereas in dezoomify, you can only save the image as PNG.
dezoomify-rs supports several zoomable image formats, each backed by a dedicated dezoomer. The following dezoomers are currently available:
- Google Arts & Culture supports downloading images from artsandculture.google.com;
- zoomify supports the popular zoomable image format Zoomify.
- deepzoom supports Microsoft's DZI format (Deep Zoom Image), that is often used with the seadragon viewer.
- IIIF supports the widely used International Image Interoperability Framework format.
- Zoomify PFF supports the old zoomify single-file image format.
- Krpano supports the krpano panorama viewer
- IIPImage supports the iipimage image format
- NYPLImage supports the nypl image format
- generic For when the tile URLs follow a simple pattern.
- custom for advanced users. It allows you to specify a custom tile URL format that can contain multiple variables. This gives you the most flexibity, but requires some manual work.
First of all, you have to download the application.
- Go to the the latest release page,
- download the version that matches your operating system (Windows, MacOS, or Linux),
- Extract the binary from the compressed file.
On some operating systems, you may have to authorize the application execution before being able to launch it. See how to do in MacOS.
Supported output image formats
Dezoomify-rs supports multiple output image formats.
The format to use is determined by the name of the output file.
For instance, entering
dezoomify-rs http://example.com/ my_image.png on the command line
will create a PNG image.
Each image format encoder has a distinct set of features and limitations :
- PNG images are compressed losslessly, which means that the output image quality is (very slightly) better than JPEG, at the expense of much larger file sizes. The PNG encoder in dezoomify-rs can create very large images; it is not limited by the available memory on your computer. This format is chosen by default when the image is very large, or its size is not known in advance.
- JPEG is the most common image format. JPEG images cannot be more than 65,535 pixels wide or high. This format is chosen be default for images that fit within this limit. The JPEG encoder in dezoomify-rs requires the whole image to fit in memory on your computer.
- All formats supported by image-rs are also supported.
- IIIF, which allows you to re-create a zoomable image locally.
This is the recommended output format when your image is very large
(multiple hundreds of megapixels), since most image viewers do not accept huge PNGs or JPEGs.
If the output path ends with
.iiif, a folder will be created instead of a single file, with its structure following the IIIF specification. A file called
viewer.htmlwill be created inside this folder, which you can open in your browser to view the image.
By default, dezoomify-rs works entirely in memory, which is very fast.
However, the latest versions added the possibility to use a "tile cache".
When you launch dezoomify-rs from the commandline with
dezoomify-rs --tile-cache my_caching_folder http://myurl.com,
it will save all the image tiles it downloads to the specified folder.
If the download is interrupted before the end, you will be able to resume it later by specifying the same tile cache folder.
A tile cache also allows you to manually get the individual tiles if you want to stitch them manually.
Google Arts Culture
In order to download images from google arts and culture, just open
dezoomify-rs, and when asked, enter the URL of a viewing page, such as
You have to give dezoomify-rs an url to the
You can use dezoomify-extension to
find the URL of this file.
Alternatively, you can find it out manually by opening your network inspector.
If the image tile URLs have the form
then the URL to enter is
The IIIF dezoomer takes the URL of an
info.json file as input.
You can use dezoomify-extension to find the URL of this file.
Alternatively, you can find this url in your browser's network inspector when loading the image.
The DeepZoom dezoomer takes the URL of a
dzi file as input, which you can find using
You can find this url in your browser's network inspector when loading the image.
If the image tile URLs have the form
then the URL to enter is
is an old zoomable image file format format developed by zoomify.
You can give a pff meta-information URL (one that contains
to dezoomify-rs and it will download it.
Krpano is a zoomable image format often used for panoramas, virtual tours, photoshperes, and other 3d zoomable images. dezoomify-rs supports downloading individual image planes from such images. You need to provide the xml meta-information file for the image.
The digital collections of New York's Public Library use their own zoomable image format, which dezoomify-rs supports. Some images have a high-resolution version available, and work with this software. Others do not, and can be downloaded by simply right-clicking on them in your browser. To download an image, just enter the URL of its viewer page in dezoomify-rs, like for example:
IIPImage is an image web server that implements
the Internet Imaging Protocol.
Such images are easily recognizable by their tile URLs, which contain
You can pass an URL containing
FIF= to dezoomify-rs to let it download the image.
You can use this dezoomer if you know the format of tile URLs. For instance, if you noticed that the URL of the first tile is
and the second is
then you can guess what the general format will be, and give dezoomify-rs the following:
If the numbers have leading zeroes in the URL
image-01-00.jpg instead of
then you can specify them in the url template as follows:
The custom yaml dezoomer
is a powerful tool that lets you download tiled images in many different formats, including formats that are not explicitly
supported by dezoomify-rs.
In order to use this dezoomer, you'll need to create a
tiles.yaml file, which is a little bit technical.
However, we have a a tutorial for the custom YAML dezoomer
to help you.
If you are having troubles understanding the tutorial or adapting it to your use-case, you should get in touch by
opening a new github issue.
When using dezoomify-rs from the command-line
USAGE: dezoomify-rs [FLAGS] [OPTIONS] [--] [ARGS] FLAGS: --accept-invalid-certs Whether to accept connecting to insecure HTTPS servers --help Prints help information -l, --largest If several zoom levels are available, then select the largest one -V, --version Prints version information OPTIONS: --compression <compression> A number between 0 and 100 expressing how much to compress the output image. For lossy output formats such as jpeg, this affects the quality of the resulting image. 0 means less compression, 100 means more compression. Currently affects only the JPEG and PNG encoders [default: 20] --connect-timeout <connect-timeout> Time after which we should give up when trying to connect to a server [default: 6s] -d, --dezoomer <dezoomer> Name of the dezoomer to use [default: auto] -H, --header <headers>... Sets an HTTP header to use on requests. This option can be repeated in order to set multiple headers. You can use `-H "Referer: URL"` where URL is the URL of the website's viewer page in order to let the site think you come from the legitimate viewer --logging <logging> Level of logging verbosity. Set it to "debug" to get all logging messages [default: warn] -h, --max-height <max-height> If several zoom levels are available, then select the one with the largest height that is inferior to max- height --max-idle-per-host <max-idle-per-host> Maximum number of idle connections per host allowed at the same time [default: 32] -w, --max-width <max-width> If several zoom levels are available, then select the one with the largest width that is inferior to max- width -n, --parallelism <parallelism> Degree of parallelism to use. At most this number of tiles will be downloaded at the same time [default: 16] -r, --retries <retries> Number of new attempts to make when a tile load fails before giving up. Setting this to 0 is useful to speed up the generic dezoomer, which relies on failed tile loads to detect the dimensions of the image. On the contrary, if a server is not reliable, set this value to a higher number [default: 1] --retry-delay <retry-delay> Amount of time to wait before retrying a request that failed. Applies only to the first retry. Subsequent retries follow an exponential backoff strategy: each one is twice as long as the previous one [default: 2s] -c, --tile-cache <tile-storage-folder> A place to store the image tiles when after they are downloaded and decrypted. By default, tiles are not stored to disk (which is faster), but using a tile cache allows retrying partially failed downloads, or stitching the tiles with an external program --timeout <timeout> Maximum time between the beginning of a request and the end of a response before the request should be interrupted and considered failed [default: 30s] ARGS: <input-uri> Input URL or local file name <outfile> File to which the resulting image should be saved
- For documentation specific to this tool, see the dezoomify-rs wiki. Do not hesitate to contribute to it by creating new pages or modifying existing ones.
- For general purpose documentation about zoomable images, the dezoomify wiki may be useful.
dezoomify-rs does not yet have the ability to download multiple images at once itself. However, since it is a commandline application. You can use it within a for loop in a batch script in Windows or a bash script in Linux, MacOS (or windows with wsl).
For instance, in bash, you could create a file called
urls.txt containing all the urls you want to dezoomify, and then use xargs together with dezoomify-rs :
xargs -d '\n' -n 1 ./dezoomify-rs < ./urls.txt