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Simulation of the ARM architecture written in Go.

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README.md

armsim

Overview

Simulation of the ARM architecture written in Go.

Requirements

  • Go
  • A Web browser that supports WebSockets Note: Firefox is the browser automatically launched by the simulator.

Run

If you just want to run the simulator,

  • Download Go
  • go get github.com/lseelenbinder/armsim
  • armsim
  • Open http://localhost:4567/ in Firefox or Chrome.

Build and Test

Go can be complicated to build the first time. The general methodology is to obtain the version of Go recommended for your platform, for more details see: http://golang.org/doc/install.

After using go get to fetch the project, it should already be built at $GOROOT/bin/armsim.

To test: go test armsim

  • there will be no output unless the tests fail
  • be patient, it can take 10 or 20 seconds for the test suite to run

Warning: the tests currently have an infinite loop bug. Run at your own risk.

Configuration

Command line options:

  • --load: a executable file to load (if running in command line mode, this file will also be automatically evaluated and run)
  • --log: a file name defining the location of log file (default: STDERR)
  • --gui: (boolean) whether to launch the GUI or not (default: true)
  • --mem: (integer) size of the memory for the simulator in bytes
  • --trace: (boolean) whether or not to output a trace file (always trace.log)
  • --exec: (boolean) with --load will execute the file automatically

You can also use 2> to redirect most of the log output, as well.

User Guide

To run the project, cd to the install/ directory of the project and run the armsim executable.

When run in command line mode (--gui=false), the simulator will load the file specified by --load and attempt to use it as an ELF structured executable. If the loading is successful, the simulator will being simulating an execution of the ARM instructions within the file, providing output as it goes.

When run in GUI mode (default), the simulator fires up a web server on port 4567 and attempts to run firefox http://localhost:4567. If this is unsuccessful, manually navigating to http://localhost:4567/ should bring up the GUI. In the GUI you will see an array of panels and buttons (we all like buttons!).

  • Buttons
    • Load: opens a prompt for a filename and asks the simulator to open that file
      • Note: This is important to understand. The filename must be relative to where the executable is! If you downloaded the complete project: ../test/test1.exe should be a valid executable.
    • Start: begins execution of the loaded file, updates the panels after execution has finished
    • Step: executes one step of the program, updates the panels
    • Stop/Break: ends execution of the program midstream (hey, maybe those 1,000,000 instructions were just a few too many!), updates the panels
    • Reset: reloads the file and starts over
    • Tracing On/Off: turns the trace.log file on and off
  • Panels
    • Instructions: shows the instructions that are close to the current instruction
    • Memory: shows the full contents of memory, you can even search for a specific address
    • Terminal: (not implemented) will eventually show output and allow input to the programs on the simulator
    • Flags: shows the status of the four CPSR flags (hint: if there's nothing there they aren't active; if there's a flag, it's true.)
    • Registers: shows the contents of r0 - r14, plus r15, the program counter
    • Stack: shows the top five spots in the stack

Instruction Implementation

Data Processing:

  • MOV
  • MNV
  • ADD
  • SUB
  • RSB
  • MUL
  • AND
  • EOR
  • ORR
  • BIC
  • CMP
  • MOVS for r15

Operand2 Addressing Modes:

  • Immediate
  • Register with immediate shift
  • Register with register shift

Load / Store:

  • LDR
  • LDRB
  • STR
  • STRB
  • LDM
  • STM

Branch:

  • B
  • BL
  • BX

Addressing Modes:

  • Pre-index with and without writeback
  • Post-index with adn without writeback
  • Increment before/after
  • Decrement before/after

Miscellaneous:

  • SWI

Shifts:

  • LSL
  • LSR
  • ROR
  • ASR

Bugs

  • The GUI state could become corrupt if the right set of circumstances occur.
  • Keyboard shortcuts enable certain commands to be run even when they should be disabled.
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