Migrana is a Datomic migration tool that gives you the control over how your Datomic database evolves.
Switch branches/tags
Clone or download
luchiniatwork Improve dry-run output in edge-cases
I've noticed this when running a dry-run with no applied migrations on
a new, empty DB. The old logic said the DB was up-to-date when in fact
it wasn't.

This commit fixes some of these edge-cases.
Latest commit 7a936cb Dec 17, 2017

README.md

Migrana

Clojars Project

Migrana is a Datomic migration tool loosely inspired in a mix of conformity and Rails' Active Record Migrations.

Migrana gives you the control over how your Datomic database evolves. It allows you to either write migrations and ensure that they run once and only once or let Migrana infer schema evolution to you.

Motivation

Datomic and its immutable nature simplifies migrations tremendously in comparison to more traditional databases. However, every now and again, a few things need change along the way. Two common scenarios are:

  1. When schema changes are not trivial and you end up needing to deal with alterations that are not directly possible without a few interventions beforehand (see Altering Schema Attributes for more details). An example would be for instance setting an attribute as :db/unique. Since uniqueness will be enforced, then making sure that the transaction takes care of such conflictious cases will guarantee that the new schema setting is applied successfully.
  2. When there are data transformations as part of the migration. An example is a hypothetical situation for example where all entities that used to have :card/ratings attribute now also need a default :card/has-been-rated? attached to them).

Table of Contents

Getting Started

The recommended approach is to install Migrana as a user-level plugin on your lein profiles.clj file (~/.lein/profiles.clj). This will make Migrana available globally:

{:user {:plugins [[migrana "<version>"]]}}

Then run from anywhere:

$ lein help migrana

Alternatevely you can use Migrana as a project-level plugin putting [migrana "<version>"] into the :plugins vector of your project.clj.

Then run from your project root:

$ lein help migrana

Latest Migrana version:

Clojars Project

Usage

Let's assume you have a Datomic schema file on resources/schema.edn:

[{:db/ident :person/name
  :db/valueType :db.type/string
  :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one}
 {:db/ident :person/relationship-status
  :db/valueType :db.type/ref
  :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one
  :db/doc "Whether the person is married or single."}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/single}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/married}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/divorced}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/widowed}]]

Then run:

$ lein migrana run datomic:dev://localhost:4334/my-db

Note: If you have the environment variable DATOMIC_URI set, you can call lein migrana run and it will connect to the DB specified there.

Migrana will make sure that your schema is in the DB and will also create a migration for you at resources/migrations with the timestamp YYYYMMDDHHMMSS_schema_inference.edn. I.e.:

$ ls resources/migrations
20171124200143_schema_inference.edn

If you run lein migrana run again, Migrana will not do anything because it will detect that the schema file is unchanged and that it has already been asserted into the DB.

If you check the contents of 20171124200143_schema_inference.edn you'll see:

{:tx-data [{:db/ident :person/name
            :db/valueType :db.type/string
            :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one}
           {:db/ident :person/relationship-status
            :db/valueType :db.type/ref
            :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one
            :db/doc "Whether the person is married or single."}
           {:db/ident :relationship-status/single}
           {:db/ident :relationship-status/married}
           {:db/ident :relationship-status/divorced}
           {:db/ident :relationship-status/widowed}]}

Now, let's suppose we need to add a new attribute for :person/email which we wish to be an identity and let's also add an index to :person/name. Let's change our resources/schema.edn to:

[{:db/ident :person/name
  :db/valueType :db.type/string
  :db/index true
  :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one}
 {:db/ident :person/email
  :db/valueType :db.type/string
  :db/unique :db.type/identity
  :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one}
 {:db/ident :person/relationship-status
  :db/valueType :db.type/ref
  :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one
  :db/doc "Whether the person is married or single."}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/single}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/married}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/divorced}
 {:db/ident :relationship-status/widowed}]]

After the change we run lein migrana run again:

$ lein migrana run datomic:dev://localhost:4334/my-db

And let's check what Migrana has done to our resources/migrations:

$ ls resources/migrations
20171124200143_schema_inference.edn 20171124200525_schema_inference.edn

When you check the content of the new file (20171124200525_schema_inference.edn), this is what you have:

{:tx-data [{:db/ident :person/name
            :db/index true}
           {:db/ident :person/email
            :db/valueType :db.type/string
            :db/unique :db.type/identity
            :db/cardinality :db.cardinality/one}]}

Schema Inference

You probably noticed that, until now, the migration files are named YYYYMMDDHHMMSS_schema_inference.edn. That's because running lein migrana run as we have been doing will use its schema inference features (Migrana will infer the migration required based on how the Datomic schema file has changed).

Migrana can detect only additions (such as we have seen before). Anything else more advanced will require a manual migration.

Dry Running Migrations

For those situations where you don't want to run the migrations but would want to verify which migrations would run against your database, you can simply run Migrana in the dry-run mode:

$ lein migrana dry-run

Manual Migrations

In some cases, the schema inference done by Migrana is not enough. In such cases you can create a manual migration with:

$ lein migrana create retract_name

This will create the migration YYYYMMDDHHMMSS_retract_name.edn in the resources/migrations path:

$ ls resources/migrations
20171124200143_schema_inference.edn 20171124200525_schema_inference.edn 20171124200733_retract_name.edn`

The file will be empty and you can write your own migration steps in as a vector of the :tx-data map entry.

After you edit the file, you can run lein migrana as usual and your migration will be sent to the DB.

Migrations as Code

In some cases you might want to have code that interacts with your manual migratation. In these cases, simply create an empty manual migration with:

$ lein migrana create code_as_migration

Then open the migration created in resources/migrations and edit to look like something like this:

{:tx-fn 'my-project.migrations/add-suffix-to-all-names}

Then in your src/my_project/migrations.clj you could have:

(ns my-project.migrations
  (:require [datomic.api :as d]))

(defn add-suffix-to-all-names [conn]
  (let [names (d/q '[:find (pull ?e [:db/id :person/name])
                     :where
                     [?e :person/name]]
                   (d/db conn))]
    (map (fn [n] {:db/id (:db/id (first n))
                  :person/name (str (:person/name (first n)) "Suffix")})
         names)))

After you edit the file, you can run lein migrana run as usual and your migration will be sent to the DB.

Options

$ lein help migrana
Datomic migration tool.

  Syntax: lein migrana <subtask> <options>

Subtasks available:
info      Shows current database information.
create    Creates new manual migration.
dry-run   Simulates what `run` would do.
run       Transacts pending migrations onto database.
set-db    Sets the database timestamp.

Run `lein help migrana $SUBTASK` for subtask details.

For dry-run, run, and set-db you also have (NOT IMPLEMENTED YET this issue:

Options for `run`, `dry-run`, and `set-db` commands:

  -s, --schema SCHEMA_FILE          Schema file (default resources/schema.edn)
  -m, --migrations MIGRATIONS_PATH  Migrations path (default resources/migrations/)
      --no-inference                Runs with no schema change inference

Bugs

If you find a bug, submit a Github issue.

Help

This project is looking for team members who can help this project succeed! If you are interested in becoming a team member please open an issue.

License

Copyright © 2017 Tiago Luchini

Distributed under the MIT License. See LICENSE