Python UI to display and read data from a nova PM2.5/PM10 sensor (SDS011)
This is a simple TKinter UI to poll and display data from a nova PM2.5/PM10 (particulate matter) sensor. TK window size is set to 480x320 in order to fit onto a Waveshare 3.5" TFT (touch) display.
The script was created to build a portable PM2.5/PM10 monitoring device using a battery-powered Pi Zero W/ Raspberry Pi3 and 3.5" touch TFT.
All components are attached to a Raspberry Pi via USB or using it's GPIO header. The SDS sensor is connected through a USB-Serial-Converter, so that PM data are retrieved from /dev/ttyUSB0. Information on how to convert sensor data into PM2.5 and PM10 values can be found within the SDS011 user guide
Pressing the UI "Sleep" button sends the sensor into sleep mode. It disables both, fan and laser diode in order to extend the their life-span. This feature isn't documented in the manufacturer's datasheet, but was already implemented in the Windows software that is shipped with the sensor. To re-enable laser diode and fan, simply press the "Wake" button.
For single data recordings, press the "Read" button. It will spin-up the fan, polls the sensor once and sends it to sleep again.
Furthermore, a discontinuos "Auto" mode for sensor reading was implemented. The record button enables discontinuos sensor reading for a period of 10 minutes and writes data each 30 seconds into a CSV file which is located in (/home/<username>/data.csv).
During data recording, a live plot PM2.5/PM10 is generated in a mathplotlib window (see screenshot).
Note: In order to fit onto the display you may want to disable window decorations by uncommenting the line:
The Python skript of the master branch provides only basic functionality and does not support GPS. Both, the gpsdata and the googlemaps branch require a GPS mouse attached to your Pi. The gpsdata branch depends on the simplekml Python module and represents sensor data as placemarks. The googlemaps branch interconnects placemarks with colored lines.
For storing geographical data, I attached an (optional) NEO6 ublox GPS device to my Raspberry Pi. When a GPS signals is available, the script generates a KML file which can be imported to Google Maps and/or GoogleEarth.
PM values are represented as placemarks. The waypoints are interconnected by colored lines, where green color indicates values below 25 ug/m3, orange color values above 25 < 49 ug/m3 and red color values above 50 ug/m3.
To extend the sensors life-span, an udev.rule was created, which calls the Python script sds011_sleep.py. The 99-sds011_sensor.rules must be copied into /etc/udev/rules.d and the file sds011_sleep.py to /usr/local/bin.
When you plug the USB connector into your Raspberry, fan and laser diode will be disabled automatically.
In order to run this script, python-matplotlib and python-tk must be installed on your machine.
On a Raspberry Pi do:
sudo apt-get install python-matplotlib python-tk
To connect with and read from GPS:
sudo apt-get install python gpsd gpsd-clients
For generating klm files (Google Maps Layer):
sudo pip install simplekml
NTP and timezone
If you are going to build a portable sensor for outdoor use, you have to manually set the correct time on your Raspberry. However, ntpd is able to retrieve the correct time from the GPS module. First, install the ntp damon:
sudo apt-get install ntp
and add the following lines to your /etc/ntp.conf
server 127.127.28.0 fudge 127.127.28.0 refid GPSa server 127.127.28.1 fudge 127.127.28.1 refid GPSp
- 2017-03-08 Initial version.
- 2017-03-11 Interconnect data points.
- 2017-03-17 New branch: Support ublox-6 GPS Requires installation of gps-tools
- 2017-03-18 UI improvements Created udev.rule and python script to disable fan/ diode on USB connection
- 2017-12-28 Small bugfixes, UI improvements
- Add date time display.
- Sensor read fails sometimes for unknown reason.